Appointments

  • SSE Position: Chief Executive Officer
    Holding Balance: 244,076(0.02%)

All Deals

Declared Dealt Type EPIC Company Director Pos Shares Price Value Cur. price % Gain Gain Notes
09/08/19 06/08/19 BUY SSE SSE PLC Phillips-Dav... CEO 11 1,076.68p £118 1,095.75p 1.77 £2 SIP Purchase: Also awarded 3 Matching Shares
10/07/19 05/07/19 BUY SSE SSE PLC Phillips-Dav... CEO 11 1,152.15p £127 1,095.75p -4.90 -£6 SIP Purchase: Also awarded 3 Matching Shares
04/07/19 28/06/19 TIN SSE SSE PLC Phillips-Dav... CEO 8,426 0.00p £0 1,095.75p Vesting
04/07/19 28/06/19 SELL SSE SSE PLC Phillips-Dav... CEO 4,051 1,116.38p £45,224 1,095.75p Sold to meet tax liabilities etc
04/07/19 28/06/19 TIN SSE SSE PLC Phillips-Dav... CEO 33,247 0.00p £0 1,095.75p Vesting
04/07/19 28/06/19 SELL SSE SSE PLC Phillips-Dav... CEO 15,983 1,116.38p £178,430 1,095.75p Sold to meet tax liabilities etc
22/03/19 15/03/19 BUY SSE SSE PLC Phillips-Dav... CEO 133 1,215.11p £1,616 1,095.75p -9.82 -£159
11/01/19 04/01/19 BUY SSE SSE PLC Phillips-Dav... CEO 12 1,070.98p £129 1,095.75p 2.31 £3 SIP Purchase: Also awarded 3 Matching Shares
27/09/18 21/09/18 DRI SSE SSE PLC Phillips-Dav... CEO 301 1,131.69p £3,406 1,095.75p
03/07/18 28/06/18 TIN SSE SSE PLC Phillips-Dav... CEO 37,034 0.00p £0 1,095.75p Vesting
03/07/18 28/06/18 SELL SSE SSE PLC Phillips-Dav... CEO 17,804 1,353.09p £240,904 1,095.75p Sold to meet tax liabilities etc.
27/09/17 22/09/17 BUY SSE SSE PLC Phillips-Dav... CEO 210 1,413.87p £2,969 1,095.75p -22.50 -£668
04/08/17 04/08/17 BUY SSE SSE PLC Phillips-Dav... CEO 9 1,405.00p £126 1,095.75p -22.01 -£28 SIP Purchase: Also awarded 3 Matching Shares
07/07/17 06/07/17 BUY SSE SSE PLC Phillips-Dav... CEO 9 1,452.33p £131 1,095.75p -24.55 -£32 SIP Purchase: Also awarded 3 Matching Shares
29/06/17 26/06/17 TIN SSE SSE PLC Phillips-Dav... CEO 51,102 0.00p £0 1,095.75p Vesting
29/06/17 26/06/17 SELL SSE SSE PLC Phillips-Dav... CEO 24,055 1,500.53p £360,953 1,095.75p Sold to meet tax liabilities etc.
23/03/17 17/03/17 BUY SSE SSE PLC Phillips-Dav... CEO 82 1,501.70p £1,231 1,095.75p -27.03 -£333 SIP
07/02/17 06/02/17 BUY SSE SSE PLC Phillips-Dav... CEO 8 1,496.91p £120 1,095.75p -26.80 -£32 SIP Purchase: Also awarded 3 Matching Shares
27/09/16 23/09/16 AWD SSE SSE PLC Phillips-Dav... CEO 173 1,537.21p £2,659 1,095.75p -28.72 -£764
07/09/16 06/09/16 BUY SSE SSE PLC Phillips-Dav... CEO 9 1,545.00p £139 1,095.75p -29.08 -£40 Awarded 3 matching shares.
08/08/16 05/08/16 BUY SSE SSE PLC Phillips-Dav... CEO 8 1,552.50p £124 1,095.75p -29.42 -£37 SIP Purchase: Also awarded 3 Matching Shares
12/07/16 11/07/16 BUY SSE SSE PLC Phillips-Dav... CEO 8 1,577.31p £126 1,095.75p -30.53 -£39 Awarded 3 matching shares.
04/07/16 21/06/16 TIN SSE SSE PLC Phillips-Dav... CEO 4,087 0.00p £0 1,095.75p Vesting
04/07/16 21/06/16 SELL SSE SSE PLC Phillips-Dav... CEO 1,925 1,551.15p £29,860 1,095.75p Sold to meet tax liabilities etc.
06/06/16 06/06/16 BUY SSE SSE PLC Phillips-Dav... CEO 8 1,544.75p £124 1,095.75p -29.07 -£36 Awarded 3 matching shares.
09/05/16 06/05/16 BUY SSE SSE PLC Phillips-Dav... CEO 8 1,493.00p £119 1,095.75p -26.61 -£32 Awarded 3 matching shares.
07/04/16 06/04/16 BUY SSE SSE PLC Phillips-Dav... CEO 8 1,495.00p £120 1,095.75p -26.71 -£32 Awarded 3 matching shares.
22/03/16 18/03/16 DRI SSE SSE PLC Phillips-Dav... CEO 75 1,482.15p £1,112 1,095.75p
07/03/16 04/03/16 BUY SSE SSE PLC Phillips-Dav... CEO 9 1,434.48p £129 1,095.75p -23.61 -£30 SIP. Awarded 3 matching shares.
08/02/16 05/02/16 BUY SSE SSE PLC Phillips-Dav... CEO 9 1,405.56p £126 1,095.75p -22.04 -£28 SIP. 3 matching shares.
08/01/16 06/01/16 BUY SSE SSE PLC Phillips-Dav... CEO 8 1,513.00p £121 1,095.75p -27.58 -£33 Awarded 3 matching shares.
07/12/15 04/12/15 BUY SSE SSE PLC Phillips-Dav... CEO 910 1,444.69p £13,147 1,095.75p -24.15 -£3,175 Co's SIP. Awarded 3 matching shares.
09/11/15 06/11/15 BUY SSE SSE PLC Phillips-Dav... CEO 8 1,526.35p £122 1,095.75p -28.21 -£34 Co's SIP. Awarded 3 matching shares.
07/10/15 06/10/15 BUY SSE SSE PLC Phillips-Dav... CEO 8 1,535.70p £123 1,095.75p -28.65 -£35 Co's SIP. Allotted 3 matching shares.
22/09/15 18/09/15 DRI SSE SSE PLC Phillips-Dav... CEO 168 1,420.69p £2,387 1,095.75p
08/09/15 04/09/15 BUY SSE SSE PLC Phillips-Dav... CEO 9 1,459.20p £131 1,095.75p -24.91 -£33 Co's SIP Allocated 6 matching shares.
07/08/15 06/08/15 BUY SSE SSE PLC Phillips-Dav... CEO 8 1,529.00p £122 1,095.75p -28.34 -£35 Co's SIP. Allocated 6 matching shares.
07/07/15 06/07/15 BUY SSE SSE PLC Phillips-Dav... CEO 8 1,577.36p £126 1,095.75p -30.53 -£39 SIP Purchase: Also awarded 6 matching shares
29/06/15 25/06/15 TIN SSE SSE PLC Phillips-Dav... CEO 1,539 0.00p £0 1,095.75p Vesting. Net of shares sold to cover tax liabilities etc.
08/06/15 05/06/15 BUY SSE SSE PLC Phillips-Dav... CEO 8 1,607.00p £129 1,095.75p -31.81 -£41 Co's SIP. Allocated 6 matching shares.
07/05/15 06/05/15 BUY SSE SSE PLC Phillips-Dav... CEO 8 1,548.00p £124 1,095.75p -29.22 -£36 Co's SIP. Awarded 6 matching shares.
07/04/15 02/04/15 BUY SSE SSE PLC Phillips-Dav... CEO 8 1,503.00p £120 1,095.75p -27.10 -£33 Co's SIP. Awarded 6 matching shares.
23/03/15 20/03/15 DRI SSE SSE PLC Phillips-Dav... CEO 64 1,549.00p £991 1,095.75p Co's SIP
09/03/15 06/03/15 BUY SSE SSE PLC Phillips-Dav... CEO 8 1,551.00p £124 1,095.75p -29.35 -£36 Co's SIP. Allotted 6 matching shares.
09/02/15 06/02/15 BUY SSE SSE PLC Phillips-Dav... CEO 8 1,631.00p £130 1,095.75p -32.82 -£43 Co's SIP. Allotted 6 matching shares.
07/01/15 06/01/15 BUY SSE SSE PLC Phillips-Dav... CEO 8 1,600.00p £128 1,095.75p -31.52 -£40 SIP Purchase: Also awarded 6 Matching Shares
08/12/14 05/12/14 BUY SSE SSE PLC Phillips-Dav... CEO 7 1,675.50p £117 1,095.75p -34.60 -£41 Co's SIP. Awarded 6 matching shares.
07/11/14 06/11/14 BUY SSE SSE PLC Phillips-Dav... CEO 8 1,573.00p £126 1,095.75p -30.34 -£38 Co's SIP. Awarded 6 matching shares.
07/10/14 06/10/14 BUY SSE SSE PLC Phillips-Dav... CEO 8 1,512.50p £121 1,095.75p -27.55 -£33 SIP Purchase: Also awarded 6 matching shares
23/09/14 19/09/14 DRI SSE SSE PLC Phillips-Dav... CEO 136 1,552.65p £2,112 1,095.75p Co's SIP.
08/09/14 05/09/14 BUY SSE SSE PLC Phillips-Dav... CEO 9 1,512.50p £136 1,095.75p -27.55 -£38 Co's SIP. Awarded 6 matching shares.
07/08/14 06/08/14 BUY SSE SSE PLC Phillips-Dav... CEO 8 1,459.00p £117 1,095.75p -24.90 -£29 Co's SIP. Awarded 6 matching shares.
07/07/14 04/07/14 BUY SSE SSE PLC Phillips-Dav... CEO 8 1,585.00p £127 1,095.75p -30.87 -£39 Co's SIP. Awarded 6 matching shares.
27/06/14 24/06/14 TIN SSE SSE PLC Phillips-Dav... CEO 6,562 0.00p £0 1,095.75p Vesting of Awards under Deferred Bonus Scheme
27/06/14 24/06/14 SEXR SSE SSE PLC Phillips-Dav... CEO 3,092 1,589.56p £49,149 1,095.75p
06/06/14 06/06/14 BUY SSE SSE PLC Phillips-Dav... CEO 8 1,561.00p £125 1,095.75p -29.80 -£37 Co's SIP. Awarded 6 matching shares.
08/05/14 06/05/14 BUY SSE SSE PLC Phillips-Dav... CEO 8 1,530.17p £122 1,095.75p -28.39 -£35 Co's SIP. Allotted 6 matching shares.
07/04/14 07/04/14 BUY SSE SSE PLC Phillips-Dav... CEO 8 1,478.19p £118 1,095.75p -25.87 -£31 Co's SIP. Awarded 6 matching shares.
27/03/14 21/03/14 DRIP SSE SSE PLC Phillips-Dav... CEO 58 1,506.50p £874 1,095.75p Co's SIP.
07/03/14 06/03/14 BUY SSE SSE PLC Phillips-Dav... CEO 8 1,420.00p £114 1,095.75p -22.83 -£26 Co's SIP. Awarded 6 matching shares.
07/02/14 06/02/14 BUY SSE SSE PLC Phillips-Dav... CEO 10 1,356.00p £136 1,095.75p -19.19 -£26 Co's SIP. Awarded 6 matching shares.
07/01/14 06/01/14 BUY SSE SSE PLC Phillips-Dav... CEO 9 1,355.00p £122 1,095.75p -19.13 -£23 Co's SIP. Awarded 6 matching shares.
10/12/13 06/12/13 BUY SSE SSE PLC Phillips-Dav... CEO 9 1,307.00p £118 1,095.75p -16.16 -£19 Co's SIP. Awarded 6 matching shares.
07/11/13 06/11/13 BUY SSE SSE PLC Phillips-Dav... CEO 9 1,401.00p £126 1,095.75p -21.79 -£27 Co's SIP. Awarded 6 matching shares.
07/10/13 04/10/13 BUY SSE SSE PLC Phillips-Dav... CEO 9 1,458.00p £131 1,095.75p -24.85 -£33 Co's SIP. Awarded 6 matching shares.
03/10/13 27/09/13 DRIP SSE SSE PLC Phillips-Dav... CEO 125 1,478.82p £1,849 1,095.75p Co's SIP.
09/09/13 06/09/13 BUY SSE SSE PLC Phillips-Dav... CEO 8 1,578.00p £126 1,095.75p -30.56 -£39 Co's SIP. Awarded 6 matching shares.
07/08/13 06/08/13 BUY SSE SSE PLC Phillips-Dav... CEO 8 1,573.83p £126 1,095.75p -30.38 -£38 Co's SIP. Awarded 6 matching shares.
08/07/13 05/07/13 BUY SSE SSE PLC Phillips-Dav... CEO 8 1,597.80p £128 1,095.75p -31.42 -£40 Co's SIP. Awarded 6 matching shares.
14/06/13 12/06/13 TIN SSE SSE PLC Phillips-Dav... CEO 7,863 0.00p £0 1,095.75p Vesting
14/06/13 12/06/13 SELL SSE SSE PLC Phillips-Dav... CEO 3,705 1,508.45p £55,888 1,095.75p Sold to cover tax liabilities
07/06/13 06/06/13 BUY SSE SSE PLC Phillips-Dav... CEO 8 1,525.00p £122 1,095.75p -28.15 -£34 Co's SIP. Awarded 6 matching shares.
07/05/13 03/05/13 BUY SSE SSE PLC Phillips-Dav... CEO 8 1,564.00p £125 1,095.75p -29.94 -£37 Cos SIP. Awarded 6 matching shares.
11/04/13 10/04/13 DRI SSE SSE PLC Phillips-Dav... CEO 50 1,525.21p £763 1,095.75p
08/04/13 05/04/13 BUY SSE SSE PLC Phillips-Dav... CEO 8 1,531.00p £122 1,095.75p -28.43 -£35 Co's SIP. Awarded 6 matching shares.
07/03/13 06/03/13 BUY SSE SSE PLC Phillips-Dav... CEO 8 1,471.00p £118 1,095.75p -25.51 -£30 Co's SIP. Awarded 6 matching shares.
07/02/13 06/02/13 BUY SSE SSE PLC Phillips-Dav... CEO 9 1,418.00p £128 1,095.75p -22.73 -£29 Co's SIP. Awarded 6 matching shares.
08/01/13 07/01/13 BUY SSE SSE PLC Phillips-Dav... CEO 9 1,460.00p £131 1,095.75p -24.95 -£33 Co's SIP. Awarded 6 matching shares.
07/12/12 06/12/12 BUY SSE SSE PLC Phillips-Dav... CEO 9 1,432.40p £129 1,095.75p -23.50 -£30 Co's SIP. Awarded 6 matching shares.
07/11/12 06/11/12 BUY SSE SSE PLC Phillips-Dav... CEO 8 1,452.50p £116 1,095.75p -24.56 -£29 Co's SIP. Awarded 6 matching shares
08/10/12 05/10/12 BUY SSE SSE PLC Phillips-Dav... CEO 9 1,422.50p £128 1,095.75p -22.97 -£29 Co's SIP. Awarded 6 matching shares
04/10/12 28/09/12 DRI SSE SSE PLC Phillips-Dav... CEO 106 1,405.90p £1,490 1,095.75p
07/09/12 06/09/12 BUY SSE SSE PLC Phillips-Dav... CEO 9 1,363.00p £123 1,095.75p -19.61 -£24 Awarded 6 matching shares
07/08/12 06/08/12 BUY SSE SSE PLC Phillips-Dav... CEO 10 1,320.00p £132 1,095.75p -16.99 -£22 Sip purchase: also awarded 10 matching shares
09/07/12 06/07/12 BUY SSE SSE PLC Phillips-Dav... CEO 8 1,399.00p £112 1,095.75p -21.68 -£24 Awarded 6 matching shares
25/06/12 22/06/12 TIN SSE SSE PLC Phillips-Dav... CEO 7,361 0.00p £0 1,095.75p Vesting
25/06/12 22/06/12 SELL SSE SSE PLC Phillips-Dav... CEO 3,836 1,371.51p £52,611 1,095.75p Sold to meet tax & NI liabilities
07/06/12 06/06/12 BUY SSE SSE PLC Phillips-Dav... CEO 10 1,333.00p £133 1,095.75p -17.80 -£24 Awarded 6 matching shares
09/05/12 04/05/12 BUY SSE SSE PLC Phillips-Dav... CEO 9 1,335.47p £120 1,095.75p -17.95 -£22 Awarded 6 matching shares
05/04/12 30/03/12 DRI SSE SSE PLC Phillips-Dav... CEO 13 1,322.42p £172 1,095.75p
07/03/12 06/03/12 BUY SSE SSE PLC Phillips-Dav... CEO 9 1,302.00p £117 1,095.75p -15.84 -£19 Allocated 6 matching shares.
07/02/12 06/02/12 BUY SSE SSE PLC Phillips-Dav... CEO 10 1,253.00p £125 1,095.75p -12.55 -£16 Also awarded 6 matching shares
09/01/12 06/01/12 BUY SSE SSE PLC Phillips-Dav... CEO 10 1,290.00p £129 1,095.75p -15.06 -£19 Also awarded 6 matching shares.
08/12/11 06/12/11 BUY SSE SSE PLC Phillips-Dav... CEO 10 1,259.00p £126 1,095.75p -12.97 -£16 SIP. Also awarded 6 matching shares
11/11/11 30/09/11 DRI SSE SSE PLC Phillips-Dav... CEO 102 1,298.45p £1,324 1,095.75p
04/11/11 04/11/11 BUY SSE SSE PLC Phillips-Dav... CEO 9 1,344.00p £121 1,095.75p -18.47 -£22 Also allocated 6 matching shares
07/10/11 06/10/11 BUY SSE SSE PLC Phillips-Dav... CEO 10 1,307.55p £131 1,095.75p -16.20 -£21 Also allocated 6 matching shares
08/09/11 06/09/11 BUY SSE SSE PLC Phillips-Dav... CEO 10 1,267.00p £127 1,095.75p -13.52 -£17 SIP purchase, also awarded 6 matching shares
08/08/11 04/08/11 BUY SSE SSE PLC Phillips-Dav... CEO 9 1,309.00p £118 1,095.75p -16.29 -£19 also allocated 6 matching shares
07/07/11 06/07/11 BUY SSE SSE PLC Phillips-Dav... CEO 9 1,419.75p £128 1,095.75p -22.82 -£29 Also awarded 6 matching shares.
15/06/11 13/06/11 TIN SSE SSE PLC Phillips-Dav... CEO 6,446 0.00p £0 1,095.75p
15/06/11 13/06/11 SELL SSE SSE PLC Phillips-Dav... CEO 3,359 1,377.13p £46,258 1,095.75p Sold to meet tax & NI liabilities
01/06/11 31/05/11 BUY SSE SSE PLC Phillips-Dav... CEO 9 1,379.00p £124 1,095.75p -20.54 -£25 Also allocated 6 matching shares.
05/05/11 03/05/11 BUY SSE SSE PLC Phillips-Dav... CEO 9 1,344.00p £121 1,095.75p -18.47 -£22 Also allocated 6 matching shares.
04/04/11 31/03/11 BUY SSE SSE PLC Phillips-Dav... CEO 10 1,260.00p £126 1,095.75p -13.04 -£16 Also awarded 6 matching shares.
04/03/11 01/03/11 BUY SSE SSE PLC Phillips-Dav... CEO 10 1,239.00p £124 1,095.75p -11.56 -£14 Also allocated 6 matching shares.
11/02/11 11/02/11 EXR SSE SSE PLC Phillips-Dav... CEO 1,865 886.00p £16,524 1,095.75p
24/01/11 24/01/11 BUY SSE SSE PLC Phillips-Dav... CEO 11 1,226.80p £135 1,095.75p -10.68 -£14 Also awarded 6 matching shares.
06/01/11 05/01/11 BUY SSE SSE PLC Phillips-Dav... CEO 10 1,239.65p £124 1,095.75p -11.61 -£14 Also awarded 6 matching shares
01/12/10 30/11/10 BUY SSE SSE PLC Phillips-Dav... CEO 11 1,123.68p £124 1,095.75p -2.49 -£3 Co's SIP. Also awarded 6 matching shares.
03/11/10 02/11/10 BUY SSE SSE PLC Phillips-Dav... CEO 10 1,163.98p £116 1,095.75p -5.86 -£7 co's SIP. Also awarded 6 matching shares.
01/10/10 29/09/10 BUY SSE SSE PLC Phillips-Dav... CEO 12 1,125.00p £135 1,095.75p -2.60 -£4 Co's SIP. Also allocated 6 matching shares.
29/09/10 28/09/10 DRI SSE SSE PLC Phillips-Dav... CEO 95 1,127.01p £1,071 1,095.75p
01/09/10 31/08/10 BUY SSE SSE PLC Phillips-Dav... CEO 11 1,133.81p £125 1,095.75p -3.36 -£4 Co's SIP. Also awarded 6 matching shares
03/08/10 02/08/10 BUY SSE SSE PLC Phillips-Dav... CEO 11 1,118.32p £123 1,095.75p -2.02 -£2 Co's SIP. Also awarded 6 matching shares.
01/07/10 30/06/10 BUY SSE SSE PLC Phillips-Dav... CEO 11 1,121.27p £123 1,095.75p -2.28 -£3 Co's SIP. Also allocated 6 matching shares.
03/06/10 03/06/10 EXR SSE SSE PLC Phillips-Dav... CEO 3,877 0.00p £0 1,095.75p
02/06/10 01/06/10 BUY SSE SSE PLC Phillips-Dav... CEO 12 1,074.00p £129 1,095.75p 2.03 £3 Co's SIP. Also awarded 6 matching shares.
05/05/10 04/05/10 BUY SSE SSE PLC Phillips-Dav... CEO 11 1,092.68p £120 1,095.75p 0.28 £0 SIP. Also allocated 6 matching shares.
30/03/10 29/03/10 TIN SSE SSE PLC Phillips-Dav... CEO 7,610 0.00p £0 1,095.75p
30/03/10 29/03/10 SELL SSE SSE PLC Phillips-Dav... CEO 3,127 1,110.66p £34,730 1,095.75p
26/03/10 25/03/10 BUY SSE SSE PLC Phillips-Dav... CEO 11 1,127.35p £124 1,095.75p -2.80 -£3 Also allotted 6 matching shares
29/01/10 28/01/10 BUY SSE SSE PLC Phillips-Dav... CEO 11 1,175.18p £129 1,095.75p -6.76 -£9 Co's SIP
28/07/09 27/07/09 BUY SSE SSE PLC Phillips-Dav... CEO 11 1,122.91p £124 1,095.75p -2.42 -£3 Purchased through the Co's SIP
01/06/09 29/05/09 BUY SSE SSE PLC Phillips-Dav... CEO 11 1,182.47p £130 1,095.75p -7.33 -£10 Purchased through the Co's SIP
01/05/09 30/04/09 BUY SSE SSE PLC Phillips-Dav... CEO 11 1,102.00p £121 1,095.75p -0.57 -£1 Purchased through the Co's SIP
27/02/09 02/03/09 BUY SSE SSE PLC Phillips-Dav... CEO 11 1,144.00p £126 1,095.75p -4.22 -£5 Purchased through the Co's SIP
30/01/09 30/01/09 BUY SSE SSE PLC Phillips-Dav... CEO 11 1,190.00p £131 1,095.75p -7.92 -£10 Purchased under co's SIP
30/12/08 30/12/08 BUY SSE SSE PLC Phillips-Dav... CEO 10 1,200.00p £120 1,095.75p -8.69 -£10 Purchased through the Co's SIP
01/12/08 28/11/08 BUY SSE SSE PLC Phillips-Dav... CEO 12 1,101.75p £132 1,095.75p -0.54 -£1 Purchased through SIPNone
04/11/08 31/10/08 BUY SSE SSE PLC Phillips-Dav... CEO 11 1,171.00p £129 1,095.75p -6.43 -£8 Purch for SIP

Transaction types:

  • BUY - Buy
  • SELL - Sell
  • EXR - Exercise
  • SEXR - Sale Post-Exercise
  • DRI - Dividend Reinvestment
  • DRIP - Dividend Reinvestment Plan
  • AWD - Award
  • TIN - Transfer In
  • TOUT - Transfer Out
  • LOF - In Lieu of Fees/Salary
  • SI - Script Issue
  • PLAC - Placing
  • RIS - Rights Issue

Director positions:

  • CEO - Chief Executive Officer
  • CH - Chairman
  • MD - Managing Director
  • FD - Financial Director
  • NED - Non Executive Director
  • ED - Executive Director
  • RES - Resigned
  • D - Director / Unknown