Appointments

  • 3I Group Position: Financial Director
    Holding Balance: 703,374

All Deals

Declared Dealt Type EPIC Company Director Pos Shares Price Value Cur. price % Gain Gain Notes
30/03/20 27/03/20 BUY III 3i Group PLC Wilson, Julia FD 31,900 769.97p £245,620 873.20p 13.41 £32,930
30/03/20 27/03/20 BUY III 3i Group PLC Wilson, Julia FD 295 769.97p £2,271 873.20p 13.41 £305
03/12/19 02/12/19 TIN III 3i Group PLC Wilson, Julia FD 19,952 0.00p £0 873.20p Vesting
03/12/19 02/12/19 SELL III 3i Group PLC Wilson, Julia FD 9,406 1,067.70p £100,428 873.20p
02/07/19 01/07/19 TIN III 3i Group PLC Wilson, Julia FD 167,144 0.00p £0 873.20p Release of award
02/07/19 01/07/19 SELL III 3i Group PLC Wilson, Julia FD 78,725 1,111.28p £874,855 873.20p Sold to meet tax liabilities etc.
25/06/19 25/06/19 TIN III 3i Group PLC Wilson, Julia FD 47,587 0.00p £0 873.20p Vesting
25/06/19 25/06/19 SELL III 3i Group PLC Wilson, Julia FD 22,421 1,079.00p £241,923 873.20p Sold to meet tax liabilities etc.
06/06/19 03/06/19 TIN III 3i Group PLC Wilson, Julia FD 79,467 0.00p £0 873.20p Vesting
06/06/19 04/06/19 SELL III 3i Group PLC Wilson, Julia FD 37,435 1,038.45p £388,742 873.20p
20/12/18 20/12/18 BUY III 3i Group PLC Wilson, Julia FD 19 769.33p £146 873.20p 13.50 £20 Partnership Share purchase: Also awarded 38 Matching Shares
07/12/18 06/12/18 BUY III 3i Group PLC Wilson, Julia FD 12,193 766.64p £93,476 873.20p 13.90 £12,993
04/12/18 03/12/18 TIN III 3i Group PLC Wilson, Julia FD 20,675 0.00p £0 873.20p Release of award
04/12/18 03/12/18 SELL III 3i Group PLC Wilson, Julia FD 9,747 0.00p £0 873.20p Sold to meet tax liabilities etc.
31/08/18 31/08/18 BUY III 3i Group PLC Wilson, Julia FD 16 912.73p £146 873.20p -4.33 -£6 SIP Purchase: Also awarded 32 Matching Shares
03/07/18 29/06/18 AWD III 3i Group PLC Wilson, Julia FD 64,483 0.00p £0 873.20p £563,066
03/07/18 29/06/18 SEXR III 3i Group PLC Wilson, Julia FD 30,379 902.55p £274,186 873.20p
26/06/18 25/06/18 TIN III 3i Group PLC Wilson, Julia FD 95,174 0.00p £0 873.20p Release of award.
26/06/18 25/06/18 SELL III 3i Group PLC Wilson, Julia FD 44,833 911.03p £408,442 873.20p Sold to met tax liabilities etc.
12/06/18 11/06/18 TIN III 3i Group PLC Wilson, Julia FD 68,302 0.00p £0 873.20p Release of award.
12/06/18 11/06/18 SELL III 3i Group PLC Wilson, Julia FD 32,177 971.28p £312,529 873.20p Sold to meet tax liabilities etc.
05/06/18 01/06/18 TIN III 3i Group PLC Wilson, Julia FD 83,305 0.00p £0 873.20p Vesting
05/06/18 04/06/18 SELL III 3i Group PLC Wilson, Julia FD 39,243 956.04p £375,180 873.20p Sold to meet tax liabilities etc.
05/12/17 01/12/17 TIN III 3i Group PLC Wilson, Julia FD 24,201 0.00p £0 873.20p Vesting
05/12/17 01/12/17 SELL III 3i Group PLC Wilson, Julia FD 11,409 887.16p £101,216 873.20p
26/07/17 26/07/17 BUY III 3i Group PLC Wilson, Julia FD 115,292 0.00p £0 873.20p £1,006,730 Re the release of a share award
26/07/17 26/07/17 SELL III 3i Group PLC Wilson, Julia FD 54,307 928.33p £504,147 873.20p Sale post award release to settle tax & National Insurance liabilities
30/06/17 30/06/17 TIN III 3i Group PLC Wilson, Julia FD 128,965 0.00p £0 873.20p Release of award
30/06/17 30/06/17 SELL III 3i Group PLC Wilson, Julia FD 60,747 908.00p £551,583 873.20p Sold to meet tax liabilities etc.
13/06/17 12/06/17 TIN III 3i Group PLC Wilson, Julia FD 68,302 0.00p £0 873.20p Release of award
13/06/17 12/06/17 SELL III 3i Group PLC Wilson, Julia FD 32,178 928.00p £298,612 873.20p Sold to meet tax liabiliites etc.
02/06/17 01/06/17 EXR III 3i Group PLC Wilson, Julia FD 65,151 0.00p £0 873.20p
02/06/17 01/06/17 SEXR III 3i Group PLC Wilson, Julia FD 30,694 918.79p £282,013 873.20p Sold to meet tax liabilities etc.
22/11/16 21/11/16 TIN III 3i Group PLC Wilson, Julia FD 34,904 0.00p £0 873.20p Release of award
22/11/16 21/11/16 SELL III 3i Group PLC Wilson, Julia FD 16,462 643.26p £105,893 873.20p
03/10/16 30/09/16 TIN III 3i Group PLC Wilson, Julia FD 136,604 0.00p £0 873.20p Release of award.
03/10/16 30/09/16 SELL III 3i Group PLC Wilson, Julia FD 64,381 639.04p £411,420 873.20p Sold to meet tax liabilities etc.
31/08/16 31/08/16 BUY III 3i Group PLC Wilson, Julia FD 24 615.00p £148 873.20p 41.98 £62 Awarded 48 matching shares.
29/07/16 29/07/16 BUY III 3i Group PLC Wilson, Julia FD 24 614.17p £147 873.20p 42.18 £62 SIP Purchase: Also awarded 48 Matching Shares
29/07/16 29/07/16 DRI III 3i Group PLC Wilson, Julia FD 385 614.17p £2,365 873.20p
28/07/16 27/07/16 TIN III 3i Group PLC Wilson, Julia FD 115,292 0.00p £0 873.20p Release of Share Award
28/07/16 27/07/16 SELL III 3i Group PLC Wilson, Julia FD 54,340 621.10p £337,506 873.20p Sale following award to cover statutory charges
30/06/16 30/06/16 BUY III 3i Group PLC Wilson, Julia FD 31 490.23p £152 873.20p 78.12 £119 Awarded 62 matching shares.
06/06/16 01/06/16 TIN III 3i Group PLC Wilson, Julia FD 150,486 0.00p £0 873.20p Vesting
06/06/16 01/06/16 SELL III 3i Group PLC Wilson, Julia FD 71,030 548.06p £389,287 873.20p Sold to meet tax liabilities etc.
31/05/16 31/05/16 BUY III 3i Group PLC Wilson, Julia FD 28 542.50p £152 873.20p 60.96 £93 Awarded 56 matching shares.
29/04/16 29/04/16 BUY III 3i Group PLC Wilson, Julia FD 31 483.30p £150 873.20p 80.67 £121
31/03/16 31/03/16 BUY III 3i Group PLC Wilson, Julia FD 32 456.47p £146 873.20p 91.29 £133 SIP. Awarded 64 matching shares.
29/02/16 29/02/16 BUY III 3i Group PLC Wilson, Julia FD 35 432.97p £152 873.20p 101.68 £154 SIP. Awarded 70 matching shares.
29/01/16 29/01/16 AWD III 3i Group PLC Wilson, Julia FD 35 436.20p £153 873.20p 100.18 £153 Awarded 70 matching shares.
31/12/15 31/12/15 BUY III 3i Group PLC Wilson, Julia FD 31 482.93p £150 873.20p 80.81 £121 Awarded 62 matching shares.
30/11/15 30/11/15 BUY III 3i Group PLC Wilson, Julia FD 30 500.47p £150 873.20p 74.48 £112 Co's SIP. Awarded 60 matching shares.
30/10/15 30/10/15 BUY III 3i Group PLC Wilson, Julia FD 30 501.57p £150 873.20p 74.09 £111 SIP. Awarded 60 matching shares.
30/09/15 30/09/15 BUY III 3i Group PLC Wilson, Julia FD 31 470.23p £146 873.20p 85.70 £125 Co's SIP. Awarded 62 matching shares.
28/08/15 28/08/15 BUY III 3i Group PLC Wilson, Julia FD 31 488.93p £152 873.20p 78.59 £119 Co's SIP. Awarded 62 matching shares.
31/07/15 31/07/15 BUY III 3i Group PLC Wilson, Julia FD 28 545.50p £153 873.20p 60.07 £92 Co's SIP. Awarded 56 matching shares.
30/07/15 30/07/15 TIN III 3i Group PLC Wilson, Julia FD 230,583 0.00p £0 873.20p Release of award
30/07/15 30/07/15 SELL III 3i Group PLC Wilson, Julia FD 108,665 546.10p £593,420 873.20p Sold to cover tax liabilities etc.
30/06/15 30/06/15 BUY III 3i Group PLC Wilson, Julia FD 28 532.00p £149 873.20p 64.14 £96 SIP Purchase: Also awarded 84 matching shares
03/06/15 01/06/15 TIN III 3i Group PLC Wilson, Julia FD 19,344 0.00p £0 873.20p Vesting
03/06/15 02/06/15 SELL III 3i Group PLC Wilson, Julia FD 9,124 560.70p £51,158 873.20p Sold to cover tax liabilities etc.
29/05/15 29/05/15 BUY III 3i Group PLC Wilson, Julia FD 27 556.33p £150 873.20p 56.96 £86 Co's SIP. Awarded 54 matching shares.
30/04/15 30/04/15 BUY III 3i Group PLC Wilson, Julia FD 29 508.00p £147 873.20p 71.89 £106 Co's SIP. Awarded 60 matching shares.
31/03/15 31/03/15 BUY III 3i Group PLC Wilson, Julia FD 31 488.10p £151 873.20p 78.90 £119 Co's SIP. Awarded 62 matching shares.s
27/02/15 27/02/15 BUY III 3i Group PLC Wilson, Julia FD 30 492.30p £148 873.20p 77.37 £114 Co's SIP. Awarded 60 matching shares.
30/01/15 30/01/15 BUY III 3i Group PLC Wilson, Julia FD 33 464.60p £153 873.20p 87.95 £135 Co's SIP. Awarded 66 matching shares.
31/12/14 31/12/14 BUY III 3i Group PLC Wilson, Julia FD 33 447.63p £148 873.20p 95.07 £140 Co's SIP. Awarded 66 matching shares.
28/11/14 28/11/14 BUY III 3i Group PLC Wilson, Julia FD 34 437.77p £149 873.20p 99.47 £148 Co's SIP. Awarded 68 matching shares.
31/10/14 31/10/14 BUY III 3i Group PLC Wilson, Julia FD 39 385.93p £151 873.20p 126.26 £190 Co's SIP. Awarded 78 matching shares.
30/09/14 30/09/14 BUY III 3i Group PLC Wilson, Julia FD 39 385.47p £150 873.20p 126.53 £190 Co's SIP. Awarded 78 matching shares.
29/08/14 29/08/14 BUY III 3i Group PLC Wilson, Julia FD 39 389.77p £152 873.20p 124.03 £189 SIP Purchase: Also awarded 78 matching shares
31/07/14 31/07/14 BUY III 3i Group PLC Wilson, Julia FD 38 398.43p £151 873.20p 119.16 £180 Co's SIP. Awarded 76 matching shares.
30/06/14 30/06/14 BUY III 3i Group PLC Wilson, Julia FD 32 399.80p £128 873.20p 118.41 £151 Co's SIP. Awarded 64 matching shares.
26/06/14 25/06/14 BUY III 3i Group PLC Wilson, Julia FD 3,003 393.28p £11,810 873.20p 122.03 £14,412
26/06/14 25/06/14 BUY III 3i Group PLC Wilson, Julia FD 3,005 393.08p £11,812 873.20p 122.14 £14,428
30/05/14 30/05/14 BUY III 3i Group PLC Wilson, Julia FD 29 429.63p £125 873.20p 103.24 £129 SIP Purchase: Also awarded 58 Matching Shares
30/04/14 30/04/14 BUY III 3i Group PLC Wilson, Julia FD 32 381.73p £122 873.20p 128.75 £157 Co's SIP. Awarded 64 matching shares.
31/03/14 31/03/14 BUY III 3i Group PLC Wilson, Julia FD 32 395.93p £127 873.20p 120.54 £153 Co's SIP. Awarded 64 matching shares.
28/02/14 28/02/14 BUY III 3i Group PLC Wilson, Julia FD 30 414.37p £124 873.20p 110.73 £138 Co's SIP. Awarded 60 matching shares.
31/01/14 31/01/14 BUY III 3i Group PLC Wilson, Julia FD 33 377.20p £124 873.20p 131.50 £164 Co's SIP. Awarded 66 matching shares.
31/12/13 31/12/13 BUY III 3i Group PLC Wilson, Julia FD 33 385.30p £127 873.20p 126.63 £161 Co's SIP. Awarded 66 matching shares.
29/11/13 29/11/13 BUY III 3i Group PLC Wilson, Julia FD 34 365.80p £124 873.20p 138.71 £173 Co's SIP. Awarded 68 matching shares.
31/10/13 31/10/13 BUY III 3i Group PLC Wilson, Julia FD 34 367.23p £125 873.20p 137.78 £172 Co's SIP. Awarded 68 matching shares.
30/09/13 30/09/13 BUY III 3i Group PLC Wilson, Julia FD 34 367.87p £125 873.20p 137.37 £172 SIP Purchase: Also awarded 68 matching shares
30/08/13 30/08/13 BUY III 3i Group PLC Wilson, Julia FD 34 359.50p £122 873.20p 142.89 £175 SIP Purchase: also awarded 70 matching shares
31/07/13 31/07/13 BUY III 3i Group PLC Wilson, Julia FD 32 384.03p £123 873.20p 127.38 £157 Co's SIP. Awarded 66 matching shares
31/07/13 31/07/13 DRI III 3i Group PLC Wilson, Julia FD 139 384.03p £534 873.20p
28/06/13 28/06/13 BUY III 3i Group PLC Wilson, Julia FD 38 329.63p £125 873.20p 164.90 £207 Co's SIP. Awarded 76 matching shares.
31/05/13 31/05/13 SELL III 3i Group PLC Wilson, Julia FD 36 346.53p £125 873.20p Co's SIP. Awarded 72 matching shares.
30/04/13 30/04/13 BUY III 3i Group PLC Wilson, Julia FD 37 338.17p £125 873.20p 158.21 £198 Co's SIP. Awarded 74 matching shares.
28/03/13 28/03/13 BUY III 3i Group PLC Wilson, Julia FD 40 312.57p £125 873.20p 179.36 £224 Co's SIP. Awarded 80 matching shares.
28/02/13 28/02/13 BUY III 3i Group PLC Wilson, Julia FD 40 311.87p £125 873.20p 179.99 £225 Co's SIP. Awarded 80 matching shares.
12/02/13 12/02/13 BUY III 3i Group PLC Wilson, Julia FD 3,921 285.98p £11,213 873.20p 205.34 £23,025
31/01/13 31/01/13 BUY III 3i Group PLC Wilson, Julia FD 47 266.07p £125 873.20p 228.18 £285 Awarded 94 matching shares.
31/01/13 31/01/13 DRI III 3i Group PLC Wilson, Julia FD 91 266.07p £242 873.20p
31/12/12 31/12/12 BUY III 3i Group PLC Wilson, Julia FD 57 218.37p £124 873.20p 299.87 £373 Co's SIP. Awarded 114 matching shares
30/11/12 30/11/12 BUY III 3i Group PLC Wilson, Julia FD 60 210.63p £126 873.20p 314.57 £398 Co's SIP. Allotted 120 matching shares
31/10/12 31/10/12 BUY III 3i Group PLC Wilson, Julia FD 57 218.73p £125 873.20p 299.21 £373 Co's SIP. Also awarded 114 matching shares
28/09/12 28/09/12 BUY III 3i Group PLC Wilson, Julia FD 55 224.10p £123 873.20p 289.65 £357 awarded 110 matching shares
31/08/12 31/08/12 BUY III 3i Group PLC Wilson, Julia FD 61 207.60p £127 873.20p 320.62 £406 Awarded 120 matching shares
31/07/12 31/07/12 BUY III 3i Group PLC Wilson, Julia FD 61 206.00p £126 873.20p 323.88 £407 Partnership Share purchase, also awarded 122 matching shares
31/07/12 31/07/12 DRI III 3i Group PLC Wilson, Julia FD 212 206.00p £437 873.20p
29/06/12 29/06/12 BUY III 3i Group PLC Wilson, Julia FD 67 187.53p £126 873.20p 365.63 £459 Co's SIP
31/05/12 31/05/12 BUY III 3i Group PLC Wilson, Julia FD 73 172.17p £126 873.20p 407.17 £512 Awarded 146 matching shares
30/04/12 30/04/12 BUY III 3i Group PLC Wilson, Julia FD 66 188.13p £124 873.20p 364.15 £452 Awarded 132 matching shares
30/03/12 30/03/12 BUY III 3i Group PLC Wilson, Julia FD 60 206.87p £124 873.20p 322.10 £400 also awarded 122 matching shares
29/02/12 29/02/12 BUY III 3i Group PLC Wilson, Julia FD 64 194.70p £125 873.20p 348.48 £434 Also allocated 128 matching shares.
31/01/12 31/01/12 BUY III 3i Group PLC Wilson, Julia FD 68 183.70p £125 873.20p 375.34 £469 Also awarded 136 matching shares
30/11/11 30/11/11 BUY III 3i Group PLC Wilson, Julia FD 68 183.50p £125 873.20p 375.86 £469 Also awarded 136 matching shares
31/10/11 31/10/11 BUY III 3i Group PLC Wilson, Julia FD 58 214.07p £124 873.20p 307.90 £382 also allocated 116 matching shares
30/09/11 30/09/11 BUY III 3i Group PLC Wilson, Julia FD 64 197.47p £126 873.20p 342.19 £432 SIP: also awarded 128 matching shares
31/08/11 31/08/11 BUY III 3i Group PLC Wilson, Julia FD 60 207.80p £125 873.20p 320.21 £399 Also allocated 120 matching shares
29/07/11 29/07/11 BUY III 3i Group PLC Wilson, Julia FD 45 274.13p £123 873.20p 218.54 £270 Also awarded 90 matching shares
04/07/11 30/06/11 BUY III 3i Group PLC Wilson, Julia FD 47 271.93p £128 873.20p 221.11 £283 also awarded 94 matching shares.
10/06/11 10/06/11 BUY III 3i Group PLC Wilson, Julia FD 10,000 272.60p £27,260 873.20p 220.32 £60,060
01/06/11 31/05/11 BUY III 3i Group PLC Wilson, Julia FD 43 286.73p £123 873.20p 204.54 £252 Also awarded 86 matching shares
28/04/11 28/04/11 BUY III 3i Group PLC Wilson, Julia FD 46 272.43p £125 873.20p 220.52 £276 Also allocated 92 matching shares.
31/03/11 31/03/11 BUY III 3i Group PLC Wilson, Julia FD 42 299.60p £126 873.20p 191.46 £241 Also awarded 84 matching shares
01/03/11 28/02/11 BUY III 3i Group PLC Wilson, Julia FD 40 308.00p £123 873.20p 183.51 £226 Also awarded 80 matching shares.
01/02/11 31/01/11 BUY III 3i Group PLC Wilson, Julia FD 40 315.87p £126 873.20p 176.44 £223 Also awarded 80 matching shares.
31/12/10 31/12/10 BUY III 3i Group PLC Wilson, Julia FD 37 334.10p £124 873.20p 161.36 £199 Also allocated 74 matching shares
01/12/10 30/11/10 BUY III 3i Group PLC Wilson, Julia FD 41 306.70p £126 873.20p 184.71 £232 Co's SIP. Also allocated 82 matching shares.
29/10/10 29/10/10 BUY III 3i Group PLC Wilson, Julia FD 42 295.20p £124 873.20p 195.80 £243 Co's SIP. Also allocated 84 matching shares.
30/09/10 30/09/10 BUY III 3i Group PLC Wilson, Julia FD 44 286.33p £126 873.20p 204.96 £258 Co's SIP. Also allocated 88 matching shares.
31/08/10 31/08/10 BUY III 3i Group PLC Wilson, Julia FD 49 258.00p £126 873.20p 238.45 £301 Co's SIP. Also awarded 96 matching shares.
30/07/10 30/07/10 BUY III 3i Group PLC Wilson, Julia FD 43 291.03p £125 873.20p 200.04 £250 Co's SIP. Also allocated 86 matching shares.
30/07/10 30/07/10 DRI III 3i Group PLC Wilson, Julia FD 26 291.03p £76 873.20p
30/06/10 30/06/10 BUY III 3i Group PLC Wilson, Julia FD 44 278.80p £123 873.20p 213.20 £262 Co's SIP. Also allocated 88 matching shares.
28/05/10 28/05/10 BUY III 3i Group PLC Wilson, Julia FD 45 277.77p £125 873.20p 214.36 £268 Co's SIP. Also awarded 90 matching shares.
30/04/10 30/04/10 BUY III 3i Group PLC Wilson, Julia FD 46 270.97p £125 873.20p 222.25 £277 Co's SIP. Allocated 92 matching shares.
31/03/10 31/03/10 BUY III 3i Group PLC Wilson, Julia FD 43 293.33p £126 873.20p 197.69 £249 Co's SIP. Also allotted 86 matching shares
26/02/10 26/02/10 BUY III 3i Group PLC Wilson, Julia FD 47 265.37p £125 873.20p 229.05 £286
29/01/10 29/01/10 BUY III 3i Group PLC Wilson, Julia FD 47 265.60p £125 873.20p 228.77 £286 Thro' Co's SIP
31/12/09 31/12/09 BUY III 3i Group PLC Wilson, Julia FD 45 279.30p £126 873.20p 212.64 £267 Purchased through Co's SIP
02/11/09 30/10/09 BUY III 3i Group PLC Wilson, Julia FD 45 274.87p £124 873.20p 217.68 £269 Purchased through co's SIP
30/09/09 30/09/09 BUY III 3i Group PLC Wilson, Julia FD 44 286.10p £126 873.20p 205.21 £258 Purchased through Co's SIP
01/09/09 28/08/09 BUY III 3i Group PLC Wilson, Julia FD 41 303.20p £124 873.20p 187.99 £234 Purchased through Co's SIP
01/07/09 30/06/09 BUY III 3i Group PLC Wilson, Julia FD 53 239.25p £127 873.20p 264.97 £336 Purchased through the Co's SIP
15/06/09 12/06/09 BUY III 3i Group PLC Wilson, Julia FD 2,707 135.00p £3,654 873.20p 546.81 £19,983 Subscription
03/06/09 01/06/09 BUY III 3i Group PLC Wilson, Julia FD 39,682 252.00p £99,999 873.20p 246.51 £246,505 None
02/06/09 02/06/09 BUY III 3i Group PLC Wilson, Julia FD 50 246.33p £123 873.20p 254.48 £313 None
30/04/09 30/04/09 BUY III 3i Group PLC Wilson, Julia FD 40 313.17p £125 873.20p 178.83 £224 Purchased through the co's SIP
31/03/09 31/03/09 BUY III 3i Group PLC Wilson, Julia FD 49 257.08p £126 873.20p 239.66 £302 Co's SIP
31/12/08 31/12/08 BUY III 3i Group PLC Wilson, Julia FD 49 253.67p £124 873.20p 244.23 £304 Purchased through the co's SIP
28/11/08 28/11/08 BUY III 3i Group PLC Wilson, Julia FD 30 426.67p £128 873.20p 104.65 £134 Purchased through the co's SIP
31/10/08 31/10/08 BUY III 3i Group PLC Wilson, Julia FD 25 499.67p £125 873.20p 74.76 £93 Purch in Co's SIP

Transaction types:

  • BUY - Buy
  • SELL - Sell
  • EXR - Exercise
  • SEXR - Sale Post-Exercise
  • DRI - Dividend Reinvestment
  • DRIP - Dividend Reinvestment Plan
  • AWD - Award
  • TIN - Transfer In
  • TOUT - Transfer Out
  • LOF - In Lieu of Fees/Salary
  • SI - Script Issue
  • PLAC - Placing
  • RIS - Rights Issue

Director positions:

  • CEO - Chief Executive Officer
  • CH - Chairman
  • MD - Managing Director
  • FD - Financial Director
  • NED - Non Executive Director
  • ED - Executive Director
  • RES - Resigned
  • D - Director / Unknown