Appointments

  • 3I Group Position: Financial Director
    Holding Balance: 703,356

All Deals

Declared Dealt Type EPIC Company Director Pos Shares Price Value Cur. price % Gain Gain Notes
30/03/20 27/03/20 BUY III 3i Group PLC Wilson, Julia FD 31,900 769.97p £245,620 758.80p -1.45 -£3,563
30/03/20 27/03/20 BUY III 3i Group PLC Wilson, Julia FD 295 769.97p £2,271 758.80p -1.45 -£33
03/12/19 02/12/19 TIN III 3i Group PLC Wilson, Julia FD 19,952 0.00p £0 758.80p Vesting
03/12/19 02/12/19 SELL III 3i Group PLC Wilson, Julia FD 9,406 1,067.70p £100,428 758.80p
02/07/19 01/07/19 TIN III 3i Group PLC Wilson, Julia FD 167,144 0.00p £0 758.80p Release of award
02/07/19 01/07/19 SELL III 3i Group PLC Wilson, Julia FD 78,725 1,111.28p £874,855 758.80p Sold to meet tax liabilities etc.
25/06/19 25/06/19 TIN III 3i Group PLC Wilson, Julia FD 47,587 0.00p £0 758.80p Vesting
25/06/19 25/06/19 SELL III 3i Group PLC Wilson, Julia FD 22,421 1,079.00p £241,923 758.80p Sold to meet tax liabilities etc.
06/06/19 03/06/19 TIN III 3i Group PLC Wilson, Julia FD 79,467 0.00p £0 758.80p Vesting
06/06/19 04/06/19 SELL III 3i Group PLC Wilson, Julia FD 37,435 1,038.45p £388,742 758.80p
20/12/18 20/12/18 BUY III 3i Group PLC Wilson, Julia FD 19 769.33p £146 758.80p -1.37 -£2 Partnership Share purchase: Also awarded 38 Matching Shares
07/12/18 06/12/18 BUY III 3i Group PLC Wilson, Julia FD 12,193 766.64p £93,476 758.80p -1.02 -£956
04/12/18 03/12/18 TIN III 3i Group PLC Wilson, Julia FD 20,675 0.00p £0 758.80p Release of award
04/12/18 03/12/18 SELL III 3i Group PLC Wilson, Julia FD 9,747 0.00p £0 758.80p Sold to meet tax liabilities etc.
31/08/18 31/08/18 BUY III 3i Group PLC Wilson, Julia FD 16 912.73p £146 758.80p -16.86 -£25 SIP Purchase: Also awarded 32 Matching Shares
03/07/18 29/06/18 AWD III 3i Group PLC Wilson, Julia FD 64,483 0.00p £0 758.80p £489,297
03/07/18 29/06/18 SEXR III 3i Group PLC Wilson, Julia FD 30,379 902.55p £274,186 758.80p
26/06/18 25/06/18 TIN III 3i Group PLC Wilson, Julia FD 95,174 0.00p £0 758.80p Release of award.
26/06/18 25/06/18 SELL III 3i Group PLC Wilson, Julia FD 44,833 911.03p £408,442 758.80p Sold to met tax liabilities etc.
12/06/18 11/06/18 TIN III 3i Group PLC Wilson, Julia FD 68,302 0.00p £0 758.80p Release of award.
12/06/18 11/06/18 SELL III 3i Group PLC Wilson, Julia FD 32,177 971.28p £312,529 758.80p Sold to meet tax liabilities etc.
05/06/18 01/06/18 TIN III 3i Group PLC Wilson, Julia FD 83,305 0.00p £0 758.80p Vesting
05/06/18 04/06/18 SELL III 3i Group PLC Wilson, Julia FD 39,243 956.04p £375,180 758.80p Sold to meet tax liabilities etc.
05/12/17 01/12/17 TIN III 3i Group PLC Wilson, Julia FD 24,201 0.00p £0 758.80p Vesting
05/12/17 01/12/17 SELL III 3i Group PLC Wilson, Julia FD 11,409 887.16p £101,216 758.80p
26/07/17 26/07/17 BUY III 3i Group PLC Wilson, Julia FD 115,292 0.00p £0 758.80p £874,836 Re the release of a share award
26/07/17 26/07/17 SELL III 3i Group PLC Wilson, Julia FD 54,307 928.33p £504,147 758.80p Sale post award release to settle tax & National Insurance liabilities
30/06/17 30/06/17 TIN III 3i Group PLC Wilson, Julia FD 128,965 0.00p £0 758.80p Release of award
30/06/17 30/06/17 SELL III 3i Group PLC Wilson, Julia FD 60,747 908.00p £551,583 758.80p Sold to meet tax liabilities etc.
13/06/17 12/06/17 TIN III 3i Group PLC Wilson, Julia FD 68,302 0.00p £0 758.80p Release of award
13/06/17 12/06/17 SELL III 3i Group PLC Wilson, Julia FD 32,178 928.00p £298,612 758.80p Sold to meet tax liabiliites etc.
02/06/17 01/06/17 EXR III 3i Group PLC Wilson, Julia FD 65,151 0.00p £0 758.80p
02/06/17 01/06/17 SEXR III 3i Group PLC Wilson, Julia FD 30,694 918.79p £282,013 758.80p Sold to meet tax liabilities etc.
22/11/16 21/11/16 TIN III 3i Group PLC Wilson, Julia FD 34,904 0.00p £0 758.80p Release of award
22/11/16 21/11/16 SELL III 3i Group PLC Wilson, Julia FD 16,462 643.26p £105,893 758.80p
03/10/16 30/09/16 TIN III 3i Group PLC Wilson, Julia FD 136,604 0.00p £0 758.80p Release of award.
03/10/16 30/09/16 SELL III 3i Group PLC Wilson, Julia FD 64,381 639.04p £411,420 758.80p Sold to meet tax liabilities etc.
31/08/16 31/08/16 BUY III 3i Group PLC Wilson, Julia FD 24 615.00p £148 758.80p 23.38 £35 Awarded 48 matching shares.
29/07/16 29/07/16 BUY III 3i Group PLC Wilson, Julia FD 24 614.17p £147 758.80p 23.55 £35 SIP Purchase: Also awarded 48 Matching Shares
29/07/16 29/07/16 DRI III 3i Group PLC Wilson, Julia FD 385 614.17p £2,365 758.80p
28/07/16 27/07/16 TIN III 3i Group PLC Wilson, Julia FD 115,292 0.00p £0 758.80p Release of Share Award
28/07/16 27/07/16 SELL III 3i Group PLC Wilson, Julia FD 54,340 621.10p £337,506 758.80p Sale following award to cover statutory charges
30/06/16 30/06/16 BUY III 3i Group PLC Wilson, Julia FD 31 490.23p £152 758.80p 54.78 £83 Awarded 62 matching shares.
06/06/16 01/06/16 TIN III 3i Group PLC Wilson, Julia FD 150,486 0.00p £0 758.80p Vesting
06/06/16 01/06/16 SELL III 3i Group PLC Wilson, Julia FD 71,030 548.06p £389,287 758.80p Sold to meet tax liabilities etc.
31/05/16 31/05/16 BUY III 3i Group PLC Wilson, Julia FD 28 542.50p £152 758.80p 39.87 £61 Awarded 56 matching shares.
29/04/16 29/04/16 BUY III 3i Group PLC Wilson, Julia FD 31 483.30p £150 758.80p 57.00 £85
31/03/16 31/03/16 BUY III 3i Group PLC Wilson, Julia FD 32 456.47p £146 758.80p 66.23 £97 SIP. Awarded 64 matching shares.
29/02/16 29/02/16 BUY III 3i Group PLC Wilson, Julia FD 35 432.97p £152 758.80p 75.25 £114 SIP. Awarded 70 matching shares.
29/01/16 29/01/16 AWD III 3i Group PLC Wilson, Julia FD 35 436.20p £153 758.80p 73.96 £113 Awarded 70 matching shares.
31/12/15 31/12/15 BUY III 3i Group PLC Wilson, Julia FD 31 482.93p £150 758.80p 57.12 £86 Awarded 62 matching shares.
30/11/15 30/11/15 BUY III 3i Group PLC Wilson, Julia FD 30 500.47p £150 758.80p 51.62 £78 Co's SIP. Awarded 60 matching shares.
30/10/15 30/10/15 BUY III 3i Group PLC Wilson, Julia FD 30 501.57p £150 758.80p 51.28 £77 SIP. Awarded 60 matching shares.
30/09/15 30/09/15 BUY III 3i Group PLC Wilson, Julia FD 31 470.23p £146 758.80p 61.37 £89 Co's SIP. Awarded 62 matching shares.
28/08/15 28/08/15 BUY III 3i Group PLC Wilson, Julia FD 31 488.93p £152 758.80p 55.20 £84 Co's SIP. Awarded 62 matching shares.
31/07/15 31/07/15 BUY III 3i Group PLC Wilson, Julia FD 28 545.50p £153 758.80p 39.10 £60 Co's SIP. Awarded 56 matching shares.
30/07/15 30/07/15 TIN III 3i Group PLC Wilson, Julia FD 230,583 0.00p £0 758.80p Release of award
30/07/15 30/07/15 SELL III 3i Group PLC Wilson, Julia FD 108,665 546.10p £593,420 758.80p Sold to cover tax liabilities etc.
30/06/15 30/06/15 BUY III 3i Group PLC Wilson, Julia FD 28 532.00p £149 758.80p 42.63 £64 SIP Purchase: Also awarded 84 matching shares
03/06/15 01/06/15 TIN III 3i Group PLC Wilson, Julia FD 19,344 0.00p £0 758.80p Vesting
03/06/15 02/06/15 SELL III 3i Group PLC Wilson, Julia FD 9,124 560.70p £51,158 758.80p Sold to cover tax liabilities etc.
29/05/15 29/05/15 BUY III 3i Group PLC Wilson, Julia FD 27 556.33p £150 758.80p 36.39 £55 Co's SIP. Awarded 54 matching shares.
30/04/15 30/04/15 BUY III 3i Group PLC Wilson, Julia FD 29 508.00p £147 758.80p 49.37 £73 Co's SIP. Awarded 60 matching shares.
31/03/15 31/03/15 BUY III 3i Group PLC Wilson, Julia FD 31 488.10p £151 758.80p 55.46 £84 Co's SIP. Awarded 62 matching shares.s
27/02/15 27/02/15 BUY III 3i Group PLC Wilson, Julia FD 30 492.30p £148 758.80p 54.13 £80 Co's SIP. Awarded 60 matching shares.
30/01/15 30/01/15 BUY III 3i Group PLC Wilson, Julia FD 33 464.60p £153 758.80p 63.32 £97 Co's SIP. Awarded 66 matching shares.
31/12/14 31/12/14 BUY III 3i Group PLC Wilson, Julia FD 33 447.63p £148 758.80p 69.52 £103 Co's SIP. Awarded 66 matching shares.
28/11/14 28/11/14 BUY III 3i Group PLC Wilson, Julia FD 34 437.77p £149 758.80p 73.33 £109 Co's SIP. Awarded 68 matching shares.
31/10/14 31/10/14 BUY III 3i Group PLC Wilson, Julia FD 39 385.93p £151 758.80p 96.62 £145 Co's SIP. Awarded 78 matching shares.
30/09/14 30/09/14 BUY III 3i Group PLC Wilson, Julia FD 39 385.47p £150 758.80p 96.85 £146 Co's SIP. Awarded 78 matching shares.
29/08/14 29/08/14 BUY III 3i Group PLC Wilson, Julia FD 39 389.77p £152 758.80p 94.68 £144 SIP Purchase: Also awarded 78 matching shares
31/07/14 31/07/14 BUY III 3i Group PLC Wilson, Julia FD 38 398.43p £151 758.80p 90.45 £137 Co's SIP. Awarded 76 matching shares.
30/06/14 30/06/14 BUY III 3i Group PLC Wilson, Julia FD 32 399.80p £128 758.80p 89.79 £115 Co's SIP. Awarded 64 matching shares.
26/06/14 25/06/14 BUY III 3i Group PLC Wilson, Julia FD 3,003 393.28p £11,810 758.80p 92.94 £10,977
26/06/14 25/06/14 BUY III 3i Group PLC Wilson, Julia FD 3,005 393.08p £11,812 758.80p 93.04 £10,990
30/05/14 30/05/14 BUY III 3i Group PLC Wilson, Julia FD 29 429.63p £125 758.80p 76.62 £95 SIP Purchase: Also awarded 58 Matching Shares
30/04/14 30/04/14 BUY III 3i Group PLC Wilson, Julia FD 32 381.73p £122 758.80p 98.78 £121 Co's SIP. Awarded 64 matching shares.
31/03/14 31/03/14 BUY III 3i Group PLC Wilson, Julia FD 32 395.93p £127 758.80p 91.65 £116 Co's SIP. Awarded 64 matching shares.
28/02/14 28/02/14 BUY III 3i Group PLC Wilson, Julia FD 30 414.37p £124 758.80p 83.12 £103 Co's SIP. Awarded 60 matching shares.
31/01/14 31/01/14 BUY III 3i Group PLC Wilson, Julia FD 33 377.20p £124 758.80p 101.17 £126 Co's SIP. Awarded 66 matching shares.
31/12/13 31/12/13 BUY III 3i Group PLC Wilson, Julia FD 33 385.30p £127 758.80p 96.94 £123 Co's SIP. Awarded 66 matching shares.
29/11/13 29/11/13 BUY III 3i Group PLC Wilson, Julia FD 34 365.80p £124 758.80p 107.44 £134 Co's SIP. Awarded 68 matching shares.
31/10/13 31/10/13 BUY III 3i Group PLC Wilson, Julia FD 34 367.23p £125 758.80p 106.63 £133 Co's SIP. Awarded 68 matching shares.
30/09/13 30/09/13 BUY III 3i Group PLC Wilson, Julia FD 34 367.87p £125 758.80p 106.27 £133 SIP Purchase: Also awarded 68 matching shares
30/08/13 30/08/13 BUY III 3i Group PLC Wilson, Julia FD 34 359.50p £122 758.80p 111.07 £136 SIP Purchase: also awarded 70 matching shares
31/07/13 31/07/13 BUY III 3i Group PLC Wilson, Julia FD 32 384.03p £123 758.80p 97.59 £120 Co's SIP. Awarded 66 matching shares
31/07/13 31/07/13 DRI III 3i Group PLC Wilson, Julia FD 139 384.03p £534 758.80p
28/06/13 28/06/13 BUY III 3i Group PLC Wilson, Julia FD 38 329.63p £125 758.80p 130.20 £163 Co's SIP. Awarded 76 matching shares.
31/05/13 31/05/13 SELL III 3i Group PLC Wilson, Julia FD 36 346.53p £125 758.80p Co's SIP. Awarded 72 matching shares.
30/04/13 30/04/13 BUY III 3i Group PLC Wilson, Julia FD 37 338.17p £125 758.80p 124.38 £156 Co's SIP. Awarded 74 matching shares.
28/03/13 28/03/13 BUY III 3i Group PLC Wilson, Julia FD 40 312.57p £125 758.80p 142.76 £178 Co's SIP. Awarded 80 matching shares.
28/02/13 28/02/13 BUY III 3i Group PLC Wilson, Julia FD 40 311.87p £125 758.80p 143.31 £179 Co's SIP. Awarded 80 matching shares.
12/02/13 12/02/13 BUY III 3i Group PLC Wilson, Julia FD 3,921 285.98p £11,213 758.80p 165.33 £18,539
31/01/13 31/01/13 BUY III 3i Group PLC Wilson, Julia FD 47 266.07p £125 758.80p 185.19 £232 Awarded 94 matching shares.
31/01/13 31/01/13 DRI III 3i Group PLC Wilson, Julia FD 91 266.07p £242 758.80p
31/12/12 31/12/12 BUY III 3i Group PLC Wilson, Julia FD 57 218.37p £124 758.80p 247.48 £308 Co's SIP. Awarded 114 matching shares
30/11/12 30/11/12 BUY III 3i Group PLC Wilson, Julia FD 60 210.63p £126 758.80p 260.25 £329 Co's SIP. Allotted 120 matching shares
31/10/12 31/10/12 BUY III 3i Group PLC Wilson, Julia FD 57 218.73p £125 758.80p 246.91 £308 Co's SIP. Also awarded 114 matching shares
28/09/12 28/09/12 BUY III 3i Group PLC Wilson, Julia FD 55 224.10p £123 758.80p 238.60 £294 awarded 110 matching shares
31/08/12 31/08/12 BUY III 3i Group PLC Wilson, Julia FD 61 207.60p £127 758.80p 265.51 £336 Awarded 120 matching shares
31/07/12 31/07/12 BUY III 3i Group PLC Wilson, Julia FD 61 206.00p £126 758.80p 268.35 £337 Partnership Share purchase, also awarded 122 matching shares
31/07/12 31/07/12 DRI III 3i Group PLC Wilson, Julia FD 212 206.00p £437 758.80p
29/06/12 29/06/12 BUY III 3i Group PLC Wilson, Julia FD 67 187.53p £126 758.80p 304.63 £383 Co's SIP
31/05/12 31/05/12 BUY III 3i Group PLC Wilson, Julia FD 73 172.17p £126 758.80p 340.73 £428 Awarded 146 matching shares
30/04/12 30/04/12 BUY III 3i Group PLC Wilson, Julia FD 66 188.13p £124 758.80p 303.34 £377 Awarded 132 matching shares
30/03/12 30/03/12 BUY III 3i Group PLC Wilson, Julia FD 60 206.87p £124 758.80p 266.80 £331 also awarded 122 matching shares
29/02/12 29/02/12 BUY III 3i Group PLC Wilson, Julia FD 64 194.70p £125 758.80p 289.73 £361 Also allocated 128 matching shares.
31/01/12 31/01/12 BUY III 3i Group PLC Wilson, Julia FD 68 183.70p £125 758.80p 313.06 £391 Also awarded 136 matching shares
30/11/11 30/11/11 BUY III 3i Group PLC Wilson, Julia FD 68 183.50p £125 758.80p 313.51 £391 Also awarded 136 matching shares
31/10/11 31/10/11 BUY III 3i Group PLC Wilson, Julia FD 58 214.07p £124 758.80p 254.46 £316 also allocated 116 matching shares
30/09/11 30/09/11 BUY III 3i Group PLC Wilson, Julia FD 64 197.47p £126 758.80p 284.26 £359 SIP: also awarded 128 matching shares
31/08/11 31/08/11 BUY III 3i Group PLC Wilson, Julia FD 60 207.80p £125 758.80p 265.16 £331 Also allocated 120 matching shares
29/07/11 29/07/11 BUY III 3i Group PLC Wilson, Julia FD 45 274.13p £123 758.80p 176.80 £218 Also awarded 90 matching shares
04/07/11 30/06/11 BUY III 3i Group PLC Wilson, Julia FD 47 271.93p £128 758.80p 179.04 £229 also awarded 94 matching shares.
10/06/11 10/06/11 BUY III 3i Group PLC Wilson, Julia FD 10,000 272.60p £27,260 758.80p 178.36 £48,620
01/06/11 31/05/11 BUY III 3i Group PLC Wilson, Julia FD 43 286.73p £123 758.80p 164.64 £203 Also awarded 86 matching shares
28/04/11 28/04/11 BUY III 3i Group PLC Wilson, Julia FD 46 272.43p £125 758.80p 178.53 £224 Also allocated 92 matching shares.
31/03/11 31/03/11 BUY III 3i Group PLC Wilson, Julia FD 42 299.60p £126 758.80p 153.27 £193 Also awarded 84 matching shares
01/03/11 28/02/11 BUY III 3i Group PLC Wilson, Julia FD 40 308.00p £123 758.80p 146.36 £180 Also awarded 80 matching shares.
01/02/11 31/01/11 BUY III 3i Group PLC Wilson, Julia FD 40 315.87p £126 758.80p 140.23 £177 Also awarded 80 matching shares.
31/12/10 31/12/10 BUY III 3i Group PLC Wilson, Julia FD 37 334.10p £124 758.80p 127.12 £157 Also allocated 74 matching shares
01/12/10 30/11/10 BUY III 3i Group PLC Wilson, Julia FD 41 306.70p £126 758.80p 147.41 £185 Co's SIP. Also allocated 82 matching shares.
29/10/10 29/10/10 BUY III 3i Group PLC Wilson, Julia FD 42 295.20p £124 758.80p 157.05 £195 Co's SIP. Also allocated 84 matching shares.
30/09/10 30/09/10 BUY III 3i Group PLC Wilson, Julia FD 44 286.33p £126 758.80p 165.01 £208 Co's SIP. Also allocated 88 matching shares.
31/08/10 31/08/10 BUY III 3i Group PLC Wilson, Julia FD 49 258.00p £126 758.80p 194.11 £245 Co's SIP. Also awarded 96 matching shares.
30/07/10 30/07/10 BUY III 3i Group PLC Wilson, Julia FD 43 291.03p £125 758.80p 160.73 £201 Co's SIP. Also allocated 86 matching shares.
30/07/10 30/07/10 DRI III 3i Group PLC Wilson, Julia FD 26 291.03p £76 758.80p
30/06/10 30/06/10 BUY III 3i Group PLC Wilson, Julia FD 44 278.80p £123 758.80p 172.17 £211 Co's SIP. Also allocated 88 matching shares.
28/05/10 28/05/10 BUY III 3i Group PLC Wilson, Julia FD 45 277.77p £125 758.80p 173.18 £216 Co's SIP. Also awarded 90 matching shares.
30/04/10 30/04/10 BUY III 3i Group PLC Wilson, Julia FD 46 270.97p £125 758.80p 180.03 £224 Co's SIP. Allocated 92 matching shares.
31/03/10 31/03/10 BUY III 3i Group PLC Wilson, Julia FD 43 293.33p £126 758.80p 158.68 £200 Co's SIP. Also allotted 86 matching shares
26/02/10 26/02/10 BUY III 3i Group PLC Wilson, Julia FD 47 265.37p £125 758.80p 185.94 £232
29/01/10 29/01/10 BUY III 3i Group PLC Wilson, Julia FD 47 265.60p £125 758.80p 185.69 £232 Thro' Co's SIP
31/12/09 31/12/09 BUY III 3i Group PLC Wilson, Julia FD 45 279.30p £126 758.80p 171.68 £216 Purchased through Co's SIP
02/11/09 30/10/09 BUY III 3i Group PLC Wilson, Julia FD 45 274.87p £124 758.80p 176.06 £218 Purchased through co's SIP
30/09/09 30/09/09 BUY III 3i Group PLC Wilson, Julia FD 44 286.10p £126 758.80p 165.22 £208 Purchased through Co's SIP
01/09/09 28/08/09 BUY III 3i Group PLC Wilson, Julia FD 41 303.20p £124 758.80p 150.26 £187 Purchased through Co's SIP
01/07/09 30/06/09 BUY III 3i Group PLC Wilson, Julia FD 53 239.25p £127 758.80p 217.16 £275 Purchased through the Co's SIP
15/06/09 12/06/09 BUY III 3i Group PLC Wilson, Julia FD 2,707 135.00p £3,654 758.80p 462.07 £16,886 Subscription
03/06/09 01/06/09 BUY III 3i Group PLC Wilson, Julia FD 39,682 252.00p £99,999 758.80p 201.11 £201,108 None
02/06/09 02/06/09 BUY III 3i Group PLC Wilson, Julia FD 50 246.33p £123 758.80p 208.04 £256 None
30/04/09 30/04/09 BUY III 3i Group PLC Wilson, Julia FD 40 313.17p £125 758.80p 142.30 £178 Purchased through the co's SIP
31/03/09 31/03/09 BUY III 3i Group PLC Wilson, Julia FD 49 257.08p £126 758.80p 195.16 £246 Co's SIP
31/12/08 31/12/08 BUY III 3i Group PLC Wilson, Julia FD 49 253.67p £124 758.80p 199.13 £248 Purchased through the co's SIP
28/11/08 28/11/08 BUY III 3i Group PLC Wilson, Julia FD 30 426.67p £128 758.80p 77.84 £100 Purchased through the co's SIP
31/10/08 31/10/08 BUY III 3i Group PLC Wilson, Julia FD 25 499.67p £125 758.80p 51.86 £65 Purch in Co's SIP

Transaction types:

  • BUY - Buy
  • SELL - Sell
  • EXR - Exercise
  • SEXR - Sale Post-Exercise
  • DRI - Dividend Reinvestment
  • DRIP - Dividend Reinvestment Plan
  • AWD - Award
  • TIN - Transfer In
  • TOUT - Transfer Out
  • LOF - In Lieu of Fees/Salary
  • SI - Script Issue
  • PLAC - Placing
  • RIS - Rights Issue

Director positions:

  • CEO - Chief Executive Officer
  • CH - Chairman
  • MD - Managing Director
  • FD - Financial Director
  • NED - Non Executive Director
  • ED - Executive Director
  • RES - Resigned
  • D - Director / Unknown