GlaxoSmithKline has announced the presentation of further data from the pivotal phase III FULFIL study with investigational closed triple combination therapy fluticasone furoate/umeclidinium/vilanterol (FF/UMEC/VI 100/62.5/25 mcg) in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), at the European Respiratory Society International Congress taking place in London this week.
The FULFIL study was designed to evaluate the effects of once daily FF/UMEC/VI compared with twice daily Symbicort Turbohaler (budesonide/formoterol 400/12 mcg) in patients with advanced COPD.
The study, which reported headline results in June 2016, met its two co-primary endpoints. At 24 weeks, there was a clinically meaningful and statistically significant (p<0.001) benefit for FF/UMEC/VI in both lung function, measured as mean change from baseline in trough FEV1 (171mL, 95% confidence interval [148, 194]) and health-related quality of life, measured as mean change from baseline in St George's Respiratory Questionnaire (SGRQ) total score (-6.6 units for closed triple versus -4.3 units for budesonide/formoterol, difference of -2.2 units, 95% confidence interval [-3.5, -1.0]).
In addition, the proportion of patients who responded with the minimum clinically important difference in SGRQ (-4 units) was 50% on closed triple and 41% on budesonide/formoterol (odds ratio 1.41; p<0.001). This benefit of treatment with closed triple therapy was also observed in the subset of patients who received treatment for up to 52 weeks, with a statistically significant improvement of 179mL in trough FEV1 and a numerical improvement of -2.7 units in SGRQ total score at Week 52 with closed triple therapy compared with budesonide/formoterol.
The study also showed a statistically significant and clinically meaningful reduction in the annual rate of moderate/severe exacerbations with closed triple therapy compared to budesonide/formoterol, with closed triple therapy showing a 35% reduction versus budesonide/formoterol based on data up to 24 weeks (p=0.002) and a 44% reduction in the subset of patients that received treatment for up to 52 weeks (p=0.006).
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