Source - RNS
RNS Number : 4329K
Zibao Metals Recycling Holdings PLC
21 September 2016
 

21 September 2016

 

Zibao Metals Recycling Holdings Plc
("Zibao" or the "Company")

Full Year Results

 

Zibao Metals Recycling Holdings Plc (AIM: ZBO), a Hong Kong based, recyclable metal trader is pleased to announce its Final results for the year ending 31 March 2016. 

 

Highlights

·      Revenue HKD 497.0 million (2015: HKD 403.8 million)

·      Profit Before Tax HKD 0.6 million (2015: HKD 9.2 million)

·      Net Profit after tax HKD 0.6 million (2015: HKD 7.7million)

·      Cash position at period end HKD 5.3 million (2015: HKD 1.1 million)

·      Diversified customer base with over 50 customers

·      Due to the difficult trading conditions the Board will not declare a final dividend (2015: Nil)

 

 

For further information please contact:

 

Zibao Metals Recycling Holdings PLC

Wenjie "Joe" Zhou, Chairman

Jianfeng "Eddy" Li, Chief Executive Officer

Chor Wei "Alan" Ong, Finance Director

Tel: +852 2769 7662

www.zibaometals.com

ZAI Corporate Finance Limited (Nominated Adviser and Broker)

Ray Zimmerman/Tim Cofman

Tel: +44 (0)20 7060 2220

www.zaicf.com

 

About Zibao Metals Recycling Holdings PLC

Established in its current form in 2009, and incorporated as a UK registered company in 2013, Zibao is a trader in non-ferrous metals - principally aluminium and copper. It imports these from a variety of international sources and resells them into the People's Republic of China to operators who process them into a 'clean' form for sale to foundries.

The Company was formed by Wenjie 'Joe' Zhou, whose family has had interests in recyclable metals for nearly twenty years. During this period he has established good relationships with a range of overseas suppliers and developed an in-depth knowledge of the PRC rules and regulations for the metals recycling industry.

Metals recycling is a multi-million pounds global industry and China is the world's leading importer of copper and aluminium and needs recycling to supplement its demand.

In Feb 2015, Zibao acquired Zhengbao, a non-ferrous metal processing and stockholding yard based in Nanhai. Zhengbao provides processing services such as washing and sorting aluminium and stripping copper cable.

 

 

 

 

Chairman's Statement

 

Results

Revenue for the period ended 31st March 2016 increased by 23% from HKD 403.8 million to HKD497.0 million mainly due to an increase in sales through the Zhengbao stockyard acquired at the end of the previous year which in turn was offset by a material reduction in back to back trading. This refocusing of the business was undertaken in response to difficult market conditions. Notwithstanding the change in emphasis of the business, gross margins fell significantly from HKD17.6 million to HKD8.4 million and profit after taxation decreased from HKD7.7 million to HKD0.6 million

 

Business Model

Although China's rapid economic growth has slowed it still remains a major consumer of both aluminium and copper with these metals accounting for approximately 70% of the Group's turnover.

Prior to the acquisition of Zhengbao the Group imported "unprocessed" aluminium scrap (also known as "Zorba") and copper wiring. The Zorba which has already been shredded, requires sorting and cleaning before smelting, and the copper wiring, needs to be stripped from its casing before refining. These processes were typically undertaken by the Group's customers which then sold the metals on. The Zorbas and copper wiring were purchased on a back-to-back basis under which the group purchased material overseas against orders from buyers in the PRC. The risks to Zibao were largely the timing delays between shipping the goods and receiving payment from the buyer which also involved a credit risk.

As a consequence of the difficult trading conditions in the PRC, buyers had been increasingly applying pressure on Zibao to increase the credit terms from 30 days to 60 days. In the light of the  increased credit risk resulting from the longer cycle and the impact on capital requirements, particularly with a relatively restricted customer base, the Directors considered it prudent to move to a more sustainable business model. As a result back-to-back sales trading has been significantly reduced and the business largely refocussed on stock holding, processing and direct sales from the Zhengbao Yard. This, together with a competitive pricing policy has helped the Group maintain market position at a time when competition is intense.

Sales from the Yard accounted for 89% of total Group sales for the year ended 31 March 2016. The balance between back to-back and direct sales going forward will be kept under review in the light of customer demand and market conditions.

Zibao is now sourcing material locally in China which has simplified the operation and reduced the credit cycle to 20 days. As stock is mainly sourced in the PRC the transit times have also been significantly reduced. Stock turnover is usually effected within one month with stock levels kept to a minimum to reduce commodity pricing risk. Overall this has had a beneficial impact on working capital.

The long-term relationship with the Group's overseas suppliers has been a significant factor in reducing risk in the business, and although now much reduced, may return to significance depending on future economic conditions affecting our markets. With regard to the Group's customers in China where credit referencing is unreliable the Group has significantly extended its customer base and cut credit. In general the Group does not grant credit except in the case of those customers with a good track record and acceptable financial standing. The Group continues to rely on its own local knowledge of its customer base and the metal recycling market in the PRC generally.

 

 

Chairman's Statement (continued)

Suppliers

Goods are sourced globally, as is shown by the table below:

 

 Source

 

 

Asia (Including the PRC)

Australia

Europe

North America

Others

FY 2014

30%

11%

40%

19%

-%

FY 2015

60%

17%

16%

7%

-%

FY 2016

92%

-

6%

2%

0%

 

Goods shown as "sourced" from Asia are mainly supplied through the offices of international companies or importers based in Hong Kong which may in turn source them from other areas including the USA, Europe and Australia. The level of trade with individual suppliers varies significantly from year to year.

The increase in sales from Asia is largely the result of a higher proportion of the Group's sales being made through the Zhengbao Yard which sources from the PRC.

As at 31 March 2016, the Group held approximately HKD26 million [2015: HKD 17.2 million] of stock of which approximately HKD23.5 million [2015: HKD15.8 million] of inventory was held at the yard at Zhengbao with the remainder being goods in transit arising from overseas purchases.

Customers

The Group now has over 50 customers. The largest of which accounts for approximately 13% of turnover while the top five largest customers account for 45% of turnover. The comparative position for the financial year ended March 2015 was 30% and 80% respectively. Most of the Company's customers are based in Guangzhou province.

Trading and Outlook

The trading environment has become more difficult as a result of the PRC economy continuing to weaken with credit availability remaining tight.

The Group continues to adopt a prudent approach to the provision of credit to protect the balance sheet and limit the risks of the impact of any deterioration of the economy on its customer base but the outlook remains challenging and uncertain. The recent decline in the Chinese stock market and the depreciation of the RMB will make trading conditions more challenging not least, by increasing the local currency cost of imported scrap metals. The Chinese government is taking steps to address these issues by various methods including reducing interest rates and increasing investment spending; in the longer term, these measures are expected to have a positive impact on business environment in which the Company operates.

 

Wenjie Zhou

Chairman

21 September 2016

 

 

 

 

Directors and officers

 

The board of Zibao Metals Recycling Holdings Plc ("Company") consists of three executive directors and three non-executive directors.

Wenjie ("Joe") Zhou, CPA, Chairman and executive director, aged 49

Joe Zhou is the chairman and executive director of the Company. He is responsible for the strategic planning, development of strategic supplier and customer relationships and finance of the Group.

Joe Zhou is also the non-executive chairman of the Singapore listed Net Pacific Financial Holdings Limited. With over 15 years of experience in the industry of recycling of ferrous and non-ferrous metals, Joe Zhou holds non-executive directorships in various companies involved in the metal recycling business, including Wuzhou Junbao Metals Company Limited, Guixi Huibao Metals Company Limited, Foshan Zibao Metals Company Limited; Ningbo Global Recycling Resources Company Limited, Global Metals Limited and Global Metals America Limited Inc.

In addition, he also invests in property developments and investments in China and Australia, private equity funds in China, fund management and metal recycling related businesses. He graduated from the University of New South Wales, Australia with a Bachelor of Economics Degree (major in Accounting and Economics). He is a Certified Practising Accountant (of Australia).

Jianfeng ("Eddy") Li, Chief executive officer and executive director, aged 41

Eddy is the chief executive officer and executive director of the Company. He is responsible for the overall management, sales and purchases for the Group.

Eddy Li has over 15 years of experience in the industry of recycling of ferrous and non-ferrous metals, and holds non-executive directorships in Foshan Beifang Guangdian Metals Company Limited, Wuzhou Junbao Metals Company Limited and Guixi Huibao Metals Company Limited, all of which are involved in the metal recycling business.

He holds a Bachelor of Engineering Degree (major in Architecture) Guangdong University of Technology.

 

Chor Wei ("Alan") Ong, ACA, CPA, Executive finance director, aged 47

Alan Ong is the Company's Finance Director and is responsible for overseeing the finance function within the Group. Alan Ong is currently also a non-executive director of Joyas International Holdings Limited and an executive director of Net Pacific Financial Holdings Limited, both of which are listed in Singapore. He is also currently an independent non-executive director of Man Wah Holdings Limited, Nameson Holdings Limited, Denox Environmental & Technology Holdings Limited and O-Net Communications (Group) Limited, all of which are listed in Hong Kong. He is also a non-executive director of Hong Wai (Asia) Holdings Company Limited, a company listed in Hong Kong. He has over 20 years of experience in finance and accounting. He holds a Bachelor of Law degree from the London School of Economics and Political Science and a distance learning Master degree in Business Administration jointly awarded by the University of Wales and the University of Manchester. Alan is an associate member of The Institute of Chartered Accountants in England and Wales and a member of the Hong Kong Institute of Certified Public Accountants.

 

 

Directors and officers (continued)

 

Chin Phang Kwok, Independent non-executive director, aged 50

Chin Phang Kwok is a non-executive director of the Company. Mr. Kwok is a non-executive director of Joyas International Holdings Limited and an executive director of Net Pacific Financial Holdings Limited, both of which are listed in Singapore. He worked for Nomura Singapore Limited from 1994 to 2008 and has more than 15 years of experience in the investment banking industry. He has extensive experience in capital markets, corporate advisory and mergers and acquisitions. He graduated from King's College, University of London, with a Bachelor of Engineering Degree (First Class Honours) in Electrical and Electronic Engineering.

Peter George Greenhalgh, Independent non-executive director, aged 76

Peter Greenhalgh is a financial consultant and is an Associate Member of the Chartered Institute of Bankers. Between 1956 and 1990 he worked for Barclays Bank DCO/International in a variety of positions, mainly overseas, and which latterly included Regional Inspector for the Far East, based in Hong Kong. Between 1990 and 2000 he worked for Henry Ansbacher, a merchant bank, in audit and compliance roles, including that of compliance director. Since leaving Ansbacher he has worked for Hoodless Brennan & Partners Plc (a stockbroker) as projects director and Chancery Lane Finance Limited as managing director.

Ajay Kumar Rajpal, Independent non-executive director, aged 47

Ajay Rajpal is a Chartered Accountant and a member of the Institute of Chartered Accountants in England and Wales. Mr. Rajpal has a background in cross-border mergers and acquisitions, financial management and corporate recovery. Mr. Rajpal qualified with Arthur Andersen, and has worked for Smith Industries plc, as well as a number of other international firms.

 

 

Strategic Report

 

Review of the business

A review of the business of the Group, together with comments on future development is given in the Chairman's Statement.

 

Principal Risks and Uncertainties

The Directors continually and pro-actively identify, monitor and manage the risks and uncertainties affecting the Group. Risk is inherent in all businesses and the various risk factors which could have an impact on the Group's long-term performance are highlighted below. This list does not purport to be an exhaustive summary of the risks affecting the Group. The board actively seek to alleviate and reduce such risks wherever possible.

 

Political sensitivity

The export of aluminium and copper for reprocessing has on occasion been treated as an economically sensitive issue by some of the  exporting countries and historically has been subject to government and regulatory controls by certain jurisdictions (including the UK and the US). Were such controls to be reinstated by any of the countries from which the Group sources its supplies, this could have an adverse effect on the Group's business.

Insurance risk

The value of goods traded is high relative to the Group's profits. If a shipment were to be lost or delayed at sea the Group may be obliged to recover any loss from insurers or other contracting parties. Any delay in recovery would adversely affect the Group's working capital and could limit its ability to trade.

 

Competition risk

The metal recycling industry in China is highly fragmented with market players scattered throughout the country. Any increase in, or consolidation of, competition in the market may result in pressure on the Group's profit margin and business prospects.

 

Credit risk

The Group grants credit to some of its customers. If the customer defaults in payment, the Group will suffer from bad debts.

 

Commodity risk

The market price of the Group's products are volatile. Any adverse change in the price of the products will affect the Group's selling price and the financial performance.

 

Financial and capital risk management

The Group has instigated certain financial capital risk management policies and procedures which are set out in note 25 to the financial statements.

 

Key Performance Indicators

The key performance indicators currently used by the Group are revenue, operating profit and cash resources.

 

These are discussed in detail in the Chairman's Statement.

 

Employees

The Group has continued to give full and fair consideration to applications made by disabled persons, having regard to their respective aptitudes and abilities, and to ensure that they benefit from training and career development programmes in common with all employees. The Group has continued its policy of employee involvement by making information available to employees through the medium of frequent staff meetings, together with personal appraisals and feedback sessions.

Wenjie Zhou

 

Director

21 September 2016

 

Directors Report

 

The directors have pleasure in submitting this report together with the accounts of Zibao Metals Recycling Holdings Plc ('the Company') and its subsidiary undertakings (together 'the Group') for the year ended 31 March 2016.

 

The Company was formed on 9 October 2013 as Zibao Metals Recycling Holdings Limited ("the Company") and changed to its current style on 28 March 2014. On 20 June 2014 the company gained admission to the Alternative Investment Market (AIM).

 

The Company was set up as a holding company for Masterpiece Enterprises Limited ("MEL"), a company registered and operating in Hong Kong. The Company acquired its 100% interest in MEL by way of a share for share exchange. This has been accounted for as a group reorganisation in the group accounts.

 

As the business combination involved entities under common control, the consolidated financial statements are issued in the name of the Group but they are a continuance of MEL.

 

Principal Activities

The principal activities of the Group are those of providing products and services in the metal recycling industry. 

 

Results and dividend

The results for the year are set out in the Consolidated Statement of Comprehensive Income on page 18.  Refer to Note 12 for details of interim dividends paid during the year by the Group. The Director's do not propose a final dividend.

 

Directors and their interests

The directors who held office during the year are as follows:

 

Wenjie ("Joe") Zhou

 

Jianfeng ("Eddy") Li

 

Chor Wei Ong ("Alan Ong")

 

Chin Phang Kwok

 

Peter George Greenhalgh

 

Ajay Kumar Rajpal

 

 

 

 

The interests of those directors serving at the year ended 31 March 2016, all of which are beneficial, in the share capital of the Company, were as follows:

 

 

Director

Shares of 0.1p each

%

Wenjie Zhou

58,000,000

47.5%

Sino Jump Global Inc (note 1)

10,000,000

8.2%

Add Profit Corporations (note 1)

10,000,000

8.2%

 

Note 1:

Wenjie Zhou owns 100% of the beneficial interest

 

Except as set out above, none of the Directors or their immediate families had at 31 March 2016, acquired or disposed of since that date, any interest in any shares in the Company or any of its subsidiaries, any rights to subscribe for shares in the Company or any of its Subsidiaries.

 

On 16 June 2014 the Company granted options on 525,000 ordinary shares to certain directors. The options are exercisable at 8p per share after the first anniversary of Admission, provided that the director remains in office until then.

 

Share Capital

Details of the Company's share capital are disclosed in Note 21 of the financial statements.

 

Directors report (continued)

 

Financial Instruments

Details of the use of financial instruments by the Company and its subsidiary undertakings are disclosed in Note 25 to the financial statements.

 

Statement to Auditors

So far as the directors are aware, there is no relevant audit information (as defined by section 418 of the Companies Act 2006) of which the Company's auditors are unaware, and each director has taken all the steps that he ought to have taken as a director in order to make himself aware of any relevant audit information and to establish that the Company's auditors are aware of that information.

 

Substantial Shareholdings

As at 27 July 2016, the following interests in 3% or more of the issued ordinary share capital appear in the register:

 

Shareholder

Number of shares

Percentage of issued share capital

Wenjie Zhou

58,000,000

47.5%

Solid Profits International Limited

24,760,000

20.3%

Sino Jump Global Inc

10,000,000

8.2%

Add Profit Corporation

10,000,000

8.2%

Liu Jian Jang

9,300,000

7.6%

 

 

 

Payment of Creditors

The Group does not follow any published code or statement on payment practice. However, it is the Group's policy to settle all amounts due to its creditors on a timely basis, taking into account the credit period allowed by each creditor.

 

Post Balance Sheet Events

Details of post-balance sheet events are disclosed in Note 31 to the financial statements.

 

Directors' Responsibilities

The directors are responsible for preparing the Annual Report and financial statements in accordance with applicable law and regulations.

 

Company law requires the directors to prepare financial statements for each financial year. The directors have elected to prepare the financial statements in accordance with International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS) as adopted for use in the European Union. The financial statements are required by law to give a true and fair view of the state of affairs of the Company, the Group and the profit or loss of the Group for that year.  In preparing these financial statements, the directors are required to:

 

-

select suitable accounting policies and apply them consistently;

-

make judgements and estimates that are reasonable and prudent;

-

prepare the Financial statements on the going concern basis unless it is inappropriate to presume that the company will continue in business.

-

state whether applicable IFRS standards as adopted by the European Union have been followed, subject to any material departures disclosed and explained in the financial statements.

 

The directors are responsible for keeping adequate accounting records which disclose with reasonable accuracy at any time the financial position of the company and the Group and to enable them to ensure that the financial statements comply with the Companies Act 2006. They are also responsible for safeguarding the assets of the Company and the Group and hence for taking reasonable steps for the prevention and detection of fraud and other irregularities.

 

Directors report (continued)

 

Listing

The Company's ordinary shares have been traded on London's AIM Market, since 20 June 2014. ZAI Corporate Finance Limited are the Company's Nominated Advisor and Joint Broker.

 

 

Publication of Financial Statements

The Company's financial statements will be made available on the Company's web-site http://www.zibaometals.com. The maintenance and integrity of the website is the responsibility of the directors. The directors' responsibility also extends to the financial statements contained therein.

 

Going Concern

After making appropriate enquiries, the directors consider that the Company and the Group have adequate resources to continue in operational existence for the foreseeable future. For this reason they continue to adopt the going concern basis in preparing the financial statements. This is reflected in the section 'Going Concern' in Note 2 to the financial statements.

 

Auditors

In accordance with Section 485 of the Companies Act 2006, a resolution proposing that Jeffreys Henry LLP be re-appointed as auditors will be put to the Annual General Meeting.

 

Strategic Report

In accordance with section 414C(11) of the Companies Act 2006 the Company choose to report the review of the business, the future outlook and the risks and uncertainties faced by the Group in the Strategic Report on page 8.

 

The Report of the Directors was approved by the Board on 21 September 2016 and signed on its behalf by:

 

 

Wenjie Zhou

 

Director

21 September 2016

 

 

Corporate Governance Statement

The Corporate Governance Code (the 'Code')

Though full compliance with the Code is not mandatory for the Group, it is the policy of the board to adopt its main principles and comply with its guidelines when it is reasonably practicable to do so.  The small size of the Company and its current stage of development mean that it would not be sensible or even possible to adhere to some of the guidelines in the Code. 

 

In addition to summarising its Corporate Governance procedures, the following statement also sets out those aspects of the Code with which the Company does not comply and explains why it does not or, where applicable, complies with the spirit of the Code by some other means.

 

The Role of the Board

At formal meetings, the board receives reports by Wenjie Zhou and/or Jianfeng Li, on the overall performance over the previous period together with reports on current and future issues, supported as necessary by financial reports prepared by the Finance Director. Minutes of board Committee meetings held since the previous formal board meeting are received and ratified where appropriate.

Matters formally reserved for the board include the setting of high‑level targets, approval of budgets, strategy, funding, capital expenditure, license agreements and incentive schemes.  Specific authority levels for expenditure are delegated by the board to individual executives or management where appropriate.

Although the development of budgets and strategy is largely undertaken by executive directors, within parameters set by the board as a whole, final approval is made by the board.

Financial information submitted to the board on a regular basis includes monthly balance sheets and profit & loss accounts; together with analyses of movements in cash, trade debtors and creditors, and fixed assets. 

Both of the two board Committees, the Remuneration Committee and the Audit Committee operate under terms of reference set by the board.

In the normal course, board Committees make recommendations to the board but also have certain limited powers delegated to them.  Minutes of Committee meetings are made available to the board as a whole but may be redacted at the discretion of the Chairman of the Committee, if appropriate in consultation with the Company Chairman.  Where it is urgent that a recommendation of a Committee needs to be accepted by the board, this is done by a directors' resolution in writing. 

Certain other high level decisions that cannot await the convening of a formal board meeting may be agreed by way of written resolutions.  In such cases supporting papers are submitted to the directors and they are given the opportunity to discuss the matter with other directors and executive management.  Written resolutions are deemed passed only if all directors vote in favour.

 

Overcoming geographic and time differences

The board is conscious of the need to overcome the difficulties that can arise from the time differences and geographic constraints faced by directors; both between and within regions. 

 

It is not practical or cost effective for the whole board to meet face-to-face at every board meeting. So where one or more director is unable to be physically present, use is made of telephone conference calls. 

During the course of 2016, there were 3 meetings of the board of which two were by conference call. All directors were present at all meetings, mostly in person but sometimes by telephone.  The Company's chairman attended all of the 3 meetings and in person in Hong Kong.

 

In addition to the board meeting, there are also frequent but less-formal telephone and email exchanges among directors.  On these occasions there may be discussion of monthly management accounts or any other topic a director may wish to raise.  These meetings are chaired by the Company's chairman.

 

 

 

Corporate Governance Statement (continued)

 

In addition to using their influence at board and board Committee meetings, non‑executive directors have direct access to the secretary of the board Committees.  This individual reports directly to the chairman of the Audit Committee, and has delegated to him all of the routine company secretarial work.

By these means, the non-executive directors believe that their roles are being discharged effectively.

 

Non-executive directors

Both non-executive directors are considered to be 'independent'.

The appointment of a senior non-executive director has not been considered necessary.

In addition to participating at board level the non-executive directors are involved either individually or jointly as members of the two board Committees.

The non-executive directors believe that they are able to discharge their responsibilities effectively. The service agreements for the non-executive directors were agreed by the board prior to the Admission to AIM, and these remain unchanged.

Composition and effectiveness of the Board

By virtue of his substantial direct/indirect shareholding in the Company, Wenjie Zhou is not considered to be an independent director.

 

The service agreements for the non-executive directors including the independent were agreed by the board before the Admission to AIM, and these have not been changed since.  Copies of the service contracts of all current directors' are available for inspection at the Company's registered office and at the location of the AGM for a period before that meeting begins.

 

All directors may have access to independent professional advice at Company expense if this is felt by them in their own judgement that it is needed to enable them to discharge their duties and that the cost of such advice is reasonable in the circumstances.

 

Emphasis is placed by the Chairman on the importance of familiarity with the board pack and the contributions made by directors.  However, given its size, a formal evaluation of board performance by an outside agency is not believed to be appropriate.  Instead, the Chairman's frequent contact with other directors provides sufficient opportunity for frequent and effective two-way 'calibration'.

Incentive schemes for staff and directors

All staff enjoy a bonus of 1 month, payable after the end of the calendar year where they remain in the employment of the Company.  In addition, selected staff may be paid a discretionary bonus subject to personal and company performance.  The broad guidelines for this are set by the Remuneration Committee. Any discretionary bonuses for senior staff are also set by that Committee.

 

Selected senior members of staff participate in the Company's share option scheme. The overall award of such grants is subject to approval by the Remuneration Committee.

 

 

 

 

 

Corporate Governance Statement (continued)

Board Committees

There are two standing Committees of the board. Each committee has written terms of reference approved by the board.  These are kept under review and updated as needed. During the year, the Remuneration Committee sat twice, and the Audit and Committee sat twice. All members were present on each occasion.

 

The membership and the chairmen of board Committees is determined by the board but, given the small number of directors, refreshing membership on a regular or frequent basis is not viable.

The main purposes and general terms of reference of each board Committee are set out below.

Remuneration Committee

The Remuneration Committee consists of Chin Phang Kwok and Ajay Rajpal. Chin Phang Kwok has been appointed chairman. The Remuneration Committee monitors the performance of each of the Company's executive Directors and senior executives to ensure they are rewarded fairly for their contribution. The recommendations of the Remuneration Committee are presented to a meeting of the full Board. The remuneration and terms and conditions of appointment of the non-executive directors are set by the Board as a whole.

 

The duties of the Remuneration Committee are to:

i         Reviewing and recommending the emoluments, pension entitlements and other benefits of the executive directors and as appropriate other senior executives; and

ii        Reviewing the operation of share option schemes and the granting of such options.

Audit Committee

The Audit Committee consists of Peter Greenhalgh and Ajay Rajpal. Ajay Rajpal has been appointed chairman. The Audit Committee is responsible for ensuring that the Combined Code is implemented in respect to matters relating to the Company's external audit. In addition, the Committee also discusses the scope of the audit before its commencement and it receives reports from the external auditors. The Committee also recommends the appointment of, and will review the fees of, the external auditors. The Audit Committee meets the external auditors and meets internally at least twice per year. It also meets on an ad hoc basis as required.

The duties of the Audit Committee are to:

i         Review of the annual financial statements and interim reports prior to approval, focusing on changes in accounting policies and practices, major judgemental areas, significant audit adjustments, going concern and compliance with accounting standards, Stock Exchange and legal requirements;

ii        Receive and consider reports on internal financial controls, including reports from the auditors and report their findings to the Group Board;

iii       Consider the appointment of the auditors and their remuneration including reviewing and monitoring of independence and objectivity;

iv        Meet with the auditors to discuss the scope of the audit, issues arising from their work and any matters the auditors wish to raise; and

v        Develop and implement policy on the engagement of the external auditor to supply non-audit services.

vi        Develop and implement policy on the engagement of the internal auditor.

 

 

 

 

 

Corporate Governance Statement (continued)

Board Committees (continued)

The Audit Committee will be provided with details of any proposed related party transactions in order to consider and approve the terms and conditions of such transactions.

Bribery Act, 2010 (the 'Act')

The Group has in place a full "Anti-bribery Policy" and this is augmented by a "Whistle-blower's Policy".  Both have been translated into the Chinese language and all members of staff are required to read and understand the policies and confirm in writing that they have done so. 

 

Under guidelines set by the board, a designated 'Group Compliance Officer' manages the processes and procedures that flow from the policies, in particular the areas perceived to represent most risk.  The Group Compliance Officer reports to the board or a board committee as needed.

 

Since its inception, the board has reviewed the practical implementation of the Anti-bribery Policy and will do so again at least once a year. The basic requirements include ensuring familiarity and acceptance of the policies, risk analysis and maintenance of an 'incident' book. 

 

 

 

On behalf of the board,

 

Wenjie Zhou

Chairman

21 September 2016

 

 

Independent Auditors' Report to the members of Zibao Metals Recycling Holdings Plc

 

We have audited the financial statements of Zibao Metals Recycling Holdings Plc for the year ended 31 March 2016, which comprise the Consolidated Statement of Comprehensive Income, Consolidated Statement of Changes in Equity, Company Statement of Changes in Equity, Consolidated Statement of Financial Position, Company Statement of Financial Position, Consolidated Statement of Cash Flows, Company Statement of Cash Flows and the related notes on pages 26 to 54. The financial reporting framework that has been applied in their preparation is applicable law and International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRSs) as adopted by the European Union.

 

This report is made solely to the Company's members, as a body, in accordance with Chapter 3 of Part 16 of the Companies Act 2006. Our audit work has been undertaken so that we might state to the Company's members those matters we are required to state to them in an auditors' report and for no other purpose. To the fullest extent permitted by law, we do not accept or assume responsibility to anyone other than the Company and the Company's members as a body, for our audit work, for this report, or for the opinions we have formed.

 

Respective responsibilities of directors and auditors

As explained more fully in the Statement of Directors' Responsibilities set out on page 9, the directors are responsible for the preparation of the financial statements and for being satisfied that they give a true and fair view. Our responsibility is to audit the financial statements in accordance with applicable law and International Standards on Auditing (UK and Ireland). Those standards require us to comply with the Auditing Practices Board's Ethical Standards for Auditors.

 

Scope of the audit of the financial statements

An audit involves obtaining evidence about the amounts and disclosures in the financial statements sufficient to give reasonable assurance that the financial statements are free from material misstatement, whether caused by fraud or error. This includes an assessment of: whether the accounting policies are appropriate to the Group's and Parent Company's circumstances and have been consistently applied and adequately disclosed; the reasonableness of significant accounting estimates made by the directors; and the overall presentation of the financial statements. In addition we read all the financial and non-financial information in the Chairman's Statement, Strategic Report and Directors' Report to identify material inconsistencies with the audited financial statements and to identify any information that is apparently materially incorrect based on, or materially inconsistent with, the knowledge acquired by us in the course of performing the audit. If we become aware of any material misstatement or inconsistencies we consider the implications for our report.

 

Opinion on financial statements

 

In our opinion:

 

-   the financial statements give a true and fair view, of the state of the Group's and Parent Company's affairs as at 31 March 2016 and of the Group's profit and the Group's and Parent Company's cash flows for the year then ended;

 

-   the financial statements have been properly prepared in accordance with International Financial Reporting Standards as adopted by the European Union;

 

-   the parent company financial statements have been properly prepared in accordance with International Financial Reporting Standards as adopted by the European Union and as applied in accordance with the provisions of the Companies Act 2006; and

 

-  the financial statements have been properly prepared in accordance with the Companies Act 2006.

 

 

Opinion on other matters prescribed by the Companies Act 2006

 

In our opinion, the information given in the Strategic Report and the Directors' Report for the financial year for which the financial statements are prepared is consistent with the financial statements.

 

Independent Auditors' Report (continued…)

 

Matters on which we are required to report by exception

 

We have nothing to report in respect of the following matters where the Companies Act 2006 requires us to report to you if, in our opinion:

 

-     adequate accounting records have not been kept by the Parent Company, or returns adequate for audit have not been received from branches not visited by us; or

 

-     the Company financial statements are not in agreement with the accounting records and returns; or

 

-     certain disclosures of Directors' remuneration specified by law are not made; or

 

-     we have not received all the information and explanations we require for our audit.

 

 

 

Sanjay Parmar

SENIOR STATUTORY AUDITOR

 

For and on behalf of Jeffreys Henry LLP, statutory auditor

 

 

Finsgate

5-7 Cranwood Street

London

EC1V 9EE

United Kingdom

 

21 September 2016

 

Consolidated Statement of Comprehensive Income

 

 

 

 

 

 

Notes

2016

2015

 

 

HKD'000

HKD'000

 

 

 

 

Continuing operations

 

 

 

Revenue

4

496,978

403,798

Cost of sales

 

(488,550)

(386,189)

 

 

───────

───────

Gross profit

 

8,428

17,609

Other revenue

5

751

1,031

Selling and distribution expenses

 

(346)

(692)

Administrative expenses

9

(8,247)

(8,524)

- Admission expenses

 

-

(581)

- Other administrative expenses

 

(8,247)

(7,943)

Finance costs

8

-

(250)

 

 

───────

───────

Profit / (loss) before tax

 

586

9,174

 

 

 

 

Income tax (expense) / credit

10

23

(1,431)

 

 

───────

───────

Profit / (loss) for the year

 

609

7,743

 

 

 

 

 

 

───────

───────

Profit / (loss) and total comprehensive income for the year

 

609

7,743

 

 

═══════

═══════

Profit / (loss) and total comprehensive income for the year attributable to the owners of the Parent

 

 

 

609

 

 

7,743

 

 

═══════

═══════

 

 

 

 

Earnings per share

 

2016

2015

 

HKD

HKD

Basic

11

0.005

0.082

Diluted

 

0.005

0.080

 

 

═════ 

═════ 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

           

 

The notes on pages 26 to 54 are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.

 

 

Consolidated Statement of Financial Position

 

 

 

 

 

Notes

2016

2015

 

 

HKD'000

HKD'000

Assets

 

 

 

Non-Current Assets

 

 

 

Property, plant and equipment

15

43,730

45,448

Intangible assets

14

1,658

1,772

 

 

───────

───────

 

 

45,388

47,220

 

 

───────

───────

Current Assets

 

 

 

Inventories

16

26,052

17,233

Trade receivables

17

2,663

14,774

Prepayments, deposits and other receivables

17

8,584

22,905

Tax recoverable

 

92

-

Cash and cash equivalents

18

5,289

1,104

 

 

───────

───────

 

 

42,680

56,016

 

 

───────

───────

Total Assets

 

88,068

103,236

 

 

═══════

═══════

Equity and liabilities

 

 

 

Equity attributable to owners of the Company

 

 

 

Share capital

21

15,549

15,549

Share Premium

 

42,167

42,167

Share based payment reserve

 

662

589

Group reorganisation reserve

22

(527)

(527)

Foreign exchange reserve

 

135

-

Retained earnings

 

7,199

6,590

 

 

───────

───────

Total Equity

 

65,185

64,368

 

 

───────

───────

Non-current liabilities

 

 

 

Deferred tax

20

177

200

 

 

───────

───────

 

 

177

200

 

 

───────

───────

Current liabilities

 

 

 

Trade payables

19

9,966

22,792

Accrued liabilities and other payables

19

3,624

3,518

Amount due to a director

23

-

3,004

Tax payable

10

9,116

9,354

 

 

───────

───────

Total Liabilities

 

22,706

38,668

 

 

───────

───────

 

 

 

 

 

 

───────

───────

Total Equity and Liabilities

 

88,068

103,236

 

 

═══════

═══════

           

 

 

 

 

Consolidated Statement of Financial Position (continued)

 

The financial statements were approved by the Board of directors and authorised for issue on 21 September 2016. They were signed on its behalf by:

 

 

Wenjie Zhou

Director

 

21 September 2016

 

Company Number: 08724168

 

 

The notes on pages 26 to 54 are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements. 

 

Consolidated Statement of Cash Flows

 

 

 

 

 

 

Notes

2016

2015

 

 

HKD'000

HKD'000

Cash flows from operating activities

 

 

 

Net cash from operating activities

28

4,480

(18,837)

Taxation

 

(237)

-

 

 

 

 

Investing activities

 

 

 

Addition of property, plant and equipment

 

(92)

-

Sales of property, plant and equipment

 

34

-

Interest received

 

-

1

Acquisition of subsidiary net cash acquired

 

-

304

 

 

─────

─────

Net cash used in investing activities

 

(58)

305

 

 

─────

─────

Financing activities

 

 

 

Dividend paid

 

-

(2,329)

Net proceeds from the issue of ordinary shares

 

-

15,935

 

 

─────

─────

Net cash from financing activities

 

-

13,606

 

 

─────

─────

Net increase / (decrease) in cash and cash equivalents

 

4,185

(4,926)

Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of the year

 

1,104

6,030

 

 

─────

─────

Cash and cash equivalents at the end of the year

 

5,289

1,104

 

 

═════

═════

Represented by:

 

 

 

Bank balances and cash

 

5,289

1,104

 

 

─────

─────

 

 

5,289

1,104

 

 

═════

═════

           

Cash and cash equivalents (which are presented as a single class of assets on the face of the balance sheet) comprise cash at bank and other short-term highly liquid investments with maturity of three months or less, as adjusted for any bank overdrafts.

 

The notes on pages 26 to 54 are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.

 

Consolidated Statement of Changes in Equity

 

 

Share Capital

Share Premium

Retained Earnings

Share based payment reserve

Group Reorgan-isation Reserve

Foreign exchange reserve

Total

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

HKD'000

HKD'000

HKD'000

HKD'000

HKD'000

HKD'000

HKD'000

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

As at 31 March 2014

             10,530

             -

          1,176

             -

             (527)

             -

         11,179

Total comprehensive income for the year

-

-

        7,743

-

-

-

       7,743

Dividends paid to equity holders of the Company                                                              

-

-

        (2,329)

-

-

-

         (2,329)

Share options and warrants issued in the period

-

-

-

589

-

-

589

Shares issued during the period

             5,019

             42,167

-

             -

-

-

         47,186

 

 ─────

 ─────

 ─────

 ─────

 ─────

 ─────

 ─────

As at 31 March 2015

             15,549

             42,167

          6,590

             589

            (527)

            -

         64,368

 

 ═════

 ═════

 ═════

 ═════

 ═════

 ═════

 ═════

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total comprehensive income for the year

-

-

       609

-

-

-

     609

Share option expense

-

-

-

73

-

-

73

Foreign exchange differences

-

-

-

-

-

135

135

 

 ─────

 ─────

 ─────

 ─────

 ─────

 ─────

 ─────

As at 31 March 2016

             15,549

             42,167

          7,199

             662

            (527)

            135

         65,185

 

 ═════

 ═════

 ═════

 ═════

 ═════

 ═════

 ═════

                                                                                 

                        

Share capital is the amount subscribed for shares at nominal value.

 

The Group reorganisation reserve relates to the effect on equity of the group reorganisation. See Note 22.

                    

Retained earnings represent the cumulative profits of the Group attributable to equity shareholders.

 

 

The notes on pages 26 to 54 are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.
 

Company Statement of Financial Position

 

 

 

 

 

 

Notes

2016

2015

 

 

HKD'000

HKD'000

Assets

 

 

 

Non-Current Assets

 

 

 

Investment in subsidiaries

14

30,046

30,046

 

 

───────

───────

Current Assets

 

 

 

Prepayments and other receivables

17

47,260

54,209

 

 

───────

───────

Total Assets

 

77,306

84,255

 

 

═══════

═══════

Equity and liabilities

 

 

 

Equity attributable to owners of the Company

 

 

 

Share capital

21

15,549

15,549

Share premium

 

42,167

42,167

Share based payment reserve

 

662

589

Merger relief reserve

22

19,516

19,516

Retained earnings

 

        (966)

        1,080

 

 

───────

───────

Total Equity

 

76,928

78,901

 

 

═══════

═══════

 

 

 

 

Current Liabilities

 

 

 

Accrued liabilities and other payables

19

378

5,354

 

 

───────

───────

Total Liabilities

 

378

5,354

 

 

───────

───────

Total Equity and Liabilities

 

77,306

84,255

 

 

═══════

═══════

           

 

 

The financial statements were approved by the Board of directors and authorised for issue on 21 September 2016. They were signed on its behalf by:

 

 

 

Wenjie Zhou

Director

 

21 September 2016

 

Company Number: 08724168

 

 

 

The notes on pages 26 to 54 are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.

 

Company Statement of Cash Flows

 

 

 

 

 

 

Notes

2016

2015

 

 

HKD'000

HKD'000

Cash flows from operating activities

 

 

 

Loss for the year before tax

 

    (2,046)

    (3,599)

Adjustments for:

 

 

 

Share option charge

 

73

28

Charge for Warrants

 

-

561

Decrease/ (Increase) in other receivables

 

6,949

(22,958)

(Decrease)/ increase in accrued liabilities and other payables

 

(4,976)

(2,638)

 

 

─────

─────

Net cash used in operating activities

 

-

(28,606)

 

 

─────

─────

Cash flows from financing activities

 

 

 

Dividends paid

 

-

(2,329)

Dividends received

 

-

15,000

Net proceeds from the issue of ordinary shares

 

-

15,935

 

 

─────

─────

Net cash from financing activities

 

-

28,606

 

 

─────

─────

Net increase / (decrease) in cash and cash equivalents

 

-

-

Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of the year

 

-

-

 

 

─────

─────

Cash and cash equivalents at the end of the year

 

-

-

 

 

═════

═════

 

 

 

 

           

 

 

The notes on pages 26 to 54 are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.

 

 

 

 

Company Statement of Changes in Equity

 

 

 

 

Share Capital

Share Premium

Retained Earnings

Share Based Payment Reserve

Merger Relief Reserve

Total

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

HKD'000

HKD'000

HKD'000

HKD'000

HKD'000

HKD'000

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

As at 31 March 2014

 

             10,530

             -

                  (7,992) 

             -

            19,516

         22,054

Total comprehensive income for the year

 

-

-

        (3,599)

-

              -  

(3,599)

Dividend received from subsidiary

 

-

-

15,000

-

-

15,000

Dividend

 

-

-

(2,329)

-

-

(2,329)

Share options and warrants issued in the period

 

-

-

-

589

-

589

Shares issued during the period

 

            5,019

            42,167

-

-           

-           

       47,186

 

 

 ─────

 ─────

 ─────

 ─────

 ─────

 ─────

As at 31 March 2015

 

             15,549

             42,167

                  1,080 

             589


19,516

         78,901

 

 

 ═════

 ═════

 ═════

 ═════

 ═════

 ═════

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total comprehensive income for the year

 

-

-

        (2,046)

-

              -  

(2,046)

Share option expense

 

-

-

-

73

-

73

 

 

 ─────

 ─────

 ─────

 ─────

 ─────

 ─────

As at 31 March 2016

 

             15,549

             42,167

                  (966) 

             662


19,516

         76,928

 

 

 ═════

 ═════

 ═════

 ═════

 ═════

 ═════

 

 

Share capital is the amount subscribed for shares at nominal value.

 

Merger relief reserve arises from the 100% acquisition of the Masterpiece Group on 10 March 2014 whereby the excess of the fair value of the issued ordinary share capital issued over the nominal value of these shares is transferred to this reserve in accordance with section 612 of the Companies Act 2006.

 

Retained earnings represent the cumulative profits of the Group attributable to owners of the Company.

 

 

The notes on pages 26 to 54 are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.

 

 

 

Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements

 

1.  General information

 

      Zibao Metals Recycling Holdings Plc is a company incorporated in England on 9 October 2013 under the Companies Act 2006 but domiciled in Hong Kong. It was listed on the AIM market on 20 June 2014. The address of the registered office is given at the start of the annual report. The Group's principal activity is that of trading scrap metals. Further details are set out in the Chairman's Statement on pages 4 and 5.

 

2.   Basis of preparation and significant accounting policies

 

      The consolidated financial statements of Zibao Metals Recycling Holdings Plc have been prepared in accordance with International Financial Reporting Standards as adopted by the European Union (IFRS's as adopted by the EU), IFRS Interpretations Committee and the Companies Act 2006 applicable to companies reporting under IFRS.

 

      The consolidated financial statements have been prepared under the historical cost convention.

 

      The preparation of financial statements in conformity with IFRS requires the use of certain critical accounting estimates. It also requires management to exercise its judgement in the process of applying the Group's accounting policies. The areas involving a higher degree of judgment or complexity, or areas where assumptions and estimates are significant to the consolidated financial statements are disclosed in Note 3.

 

      The preparation of financial statements in conformity with IFRSs requires management to make judgements, estimates and assumptions that affect the application of accounting policies and reported amounts of assets, liabilities, income and expenses. Although these estimates are based on management's experience and knowledge of current events and actions, actual results may ultimately differ from these estimates.

 

      The estimates and underlying assumptions are reviewed on an on-going basis.  Revisions to accounting estimates are recognised in the period in which the estimates are revised if the revision affects only that period or in the period of the revision and future periods if the revision affects both current and future periods.

 

      Going concern

      These financial statements have been prepared on the assumption that the Group is a going concern.

 

      When assessing the foreseeable future, the directors have looked at a period of at least twelve months from the date of approval of this report. The forecast cash-flow requirements of the business are contingent upon the ability of the Group to generate future sales and renew long term borrowings.

 

      After making enquiries, the directors firmly believe that the Group has adequate resources to continue in operational existence for the foreseeable future. Accordingly, they continue to adopt the going concern basis in preparing the financial statements.

     

      New and amended standards adopted by the Company

      There are no IFRSs or IFRIC interpretations that are effective for the first time for the financial year beginning on or after 1 April 2015 that would be expected to have a material impact on the Group.

 

 

 

Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements (continued)

 

Standards, interpretations and amendments to published standards that are not yet effective.

The following new standards, amendments to standards and interpretations have been issued, but are not effective for the financial year beginning 1 April 2015 and have not been early adopted:

Reference

Title

Summary

Application date of standard

Application date of Group

IFRS 9

Financial Instruments

Revised standard for accounting for financial instruments

Periods commencing on or after 1 January 2018

1 April 2018

IFRS 15

Revenue from contracts with customers

Specifies how and when to recognise revenue from contracts as well as requiring more informative and relevant disclosures

Periods commencing on or after 1 January 2018

1 April 2018

IFRS 16

Lease

IFRS 16 Leases published

Periods commencing on or after 1 January 2019

1 April 2019

 

The directors anticipate that the adoption of these standards and the interpretations in future periods will have no material impact on the financial statements of the Group.

 (b) Basis of consolidation

The consolidated financial statements incorporate the financial statements of the Company and entities controlled by the Company (its subsidiaries) made up to 31st March each year. Control is achieved where the Company has the power to govern the financial and operating policies of an investee entity so as to obtain benefits from its activities.

 

The results of subsidiaries acquired or disposed of during the year are included in the consolidated statement of comprehensive income from the effective date of acquisition or up to the effective date of disposal, as appropriate.

 

Where necessary, adjustments are made to the financial statements of subsidiaries to bring their accounting policies into line with those used by other members of the Group.

 

All intra-group transactions, balances, income and expenses are eliminated on consolidation.

 

Changes in the Group's ownership interests in existing subsidiaries

 

Changes in the Group's ownership interests in subsidiaries that do not result in the Group losing control over the subsidiaries are accounted for as equity transactions. The carrying amounts of the Group's interests and the non-controlling interests are adjusted to reflect the changes in their relative interests in the subsidiaries. Any difference between the amount by which the non-controlling interests are adjusted and the fair value of the consideration paid or received is recognised directly in equity and attributed to owners of Zibao.

 

 

 

Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements (continued)

(b) Basis of consolidation (continued)

When the Group loses control of a subsidiary, the profit or loss on disposal is calculated as the difference between (i) the aggregate of the fair value of the consideration received and the fair value of any retained interest and (ii) the previous carrying amount of the assets (including goodwill), and liabilities of the subsidiary and any non-controlling interests. Where certain assets of the subsidiary are measured at revalued amounts or fair values and the related cumulative gain or loss has been recognised in other comprehensive income and accumulated in equity, the amounts previously recognised in other comprehensive income and accumulated in equity are accounted for as if the Company had directly disposed of the related assets (i.e. reclassified to profit or loss or transferred directly to retained earnings). The fair value of any investment retained in the former subsidiary at the date when control is lost is regarded as the fair value on initial recognition for subsequent accounting under IAS 39 "Financial Instruments: Recognition and Measurement" or, when applicable, the cost on initial recognition of an investment in an associate or a jointly controlled entity.

 

Business combinations

Acquisitions of businesses are accounted for using the acquisition method. The consideration transferred in a business combination is measured at fair value, which is calculated as the sum of the acquisition-date fair values of the assets transferred by the Group, liabilities incurred by the Group to the former owners of the acquiree and the equity interests issued by the Group in exchange for control of the acquiree. Acquisition-related costs are recognised in profit or loss as incurred.

 

At the acquisition date, the identifiable assets acquired and the liabilities assumed are recognised at their fair value at the acquisition date, except that:

-        deferred tax assets or liabilities and liabilities or assets related to employee benefit arrangements are recognised and measured in accordance with IAS 12 Income Taxes and IAS 19 Employee Benefits respectively;

-        liabilities or equity instruments related to share-based payment transactions of the acquiree or the replacement of an acquiree's share-based payment transactions with share-based payment transactions of the Group are measured in accordance with IFRS 2 Share-based Payment at the acquisition date; and

-        assets (or disposal groups) that are classified as held for sale in accordance with IFRS 5 Non-current Assets Held for Sale and Discontinued Operations are measured in accordance with that standard.

 

Goodwill is measured as the excess of the sum of the consideration transferred, the amount of any non-controlling interests in the acquiree, and the fair value of the acquirer's previously held equity interest in the acquiree (if any) over the net of the acquisition-date amounts of the identifiable assets acquired and the liabilities assumed. If, after assessment, the net of the acquisition-date amounts of the identifiable assets acquired and liabilities assumed exceeds the sum of the consideration transferred, the amount of any non-controlling interests in the acquiree and the fair value of the acquirer's previously held interest in the acquiree (if any), the excess is recognised immediately in profit or loss as a bargain purchase gain.

 

Group reorganisation accounting

The Company acquired its 100% interest in Masterpiece Enterprises Limited ("MEL") in 2014 by way of a share for share exchange.  This is a business combination involving entities under common control and the consolidated financial statements are issued in the name of the Group but they are a continuance of those of MEL.  Therefore the assets and liabilities of MEL have been recognised and measured in these consolidated financial statements at their pre combination carrying values. The retained earnings and other equity balances recognised in these consolidated financial statements are the retained earnings and other equity balances of the Company and MEL.  The equity structure appearing in these consolidated financial statements (the number and the type of equity instruments issued) reflect the equity structure of the Company including equity instruments issued by the Company to effect the consolidation. The difference between consideration given and net assets of MEL at the date of acquisition is included in a group reorganisation reserve. 
 

Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements (continued)

 

(c) Property, plant and equipment

Property, plant and equipment are stated at historical cost less subsequent accumulated depreciation and accumulated impairment losses, if any. Historical cost includes expenditure that is directly attributable to the acquisition of the items.

 

Subsequent costs are included in the asset's carrying amount or recognised as a separate asset, as appropriate, only when it is probable that future economic benefits associated with the item will flow to the Group and the cost of the item can be measured reliably. All other repairs and maintenance are charged to profit or loss during the financial period in which they are incurred.

 

Depreciation on property, plant and equipment is calculated using the straight-line method to write off their cost over their estimated useful lives at the following annual rates:

 

Land and buildings                            Over the lease term of 50 years

Furniture, fixtures and equipment        20%

Leasehold improvements                    20%

Plant and machinery                          20%

Computer equipment                         30%

 

Useful lives and depreciation method are reviewed and adjusted if appropriate, at the end of each reporting period.

 

An item of property, plant and equipment is derecognised upon disposal or when no future economic benefits are expected to arise from the continued use of the asset.  Any gain or loss arising on the disposal or retirement of an item of property, plant and equipment is determined as the difference between the sales proceeds and the carrying amount of the relevant asset, and is recognised in profit or loss in the year in which the asset is derecognised. 

 

(d) Intangible assets

Goodwill arises on the acquisition of subsidiaries and represents the excess of the consideration transferred over the fair value of the net assets acquired. In the event that the consideration is less than the fair value of net assets acquired, a gain on bargain purchase is recognised directly in the income statement. Goodwill is reviewed annually for impairment by reference to the recoverable amount of each cash generating unit. The recoverable amount is taken as the higher of the value in use or fair value less costs to sell. Any impairment is recognised immediately as an expense within the income statement and is considered irreversible.

(e) Investments in subsidiaries

Investments in subsidiaries are stated at cost less, where appropriate, provisions for impairment.               

(f)  Inventories

Inventories are carried at the lower of cost and net realisable value. Cost is determined using specific identification or first-in, first-out method as appropriate, and in the case of work in progress and finished goods, comprises the cost of purchase, cost of conversion and other costs incurred in bringing the inventories to their present location and condition. Net realisable value is the estimated selling price in the ordinary course of business less the estimated cost of completion and applicable selling expenses.

 

When the inventories are sold, the carrying amount of those inventories is recognised as an expense in the year in which the related revenue is recognised. The amount of any write-down of inventories to net realisable value and all losses of inventories are recognised as an expense in the year in which the write-down or loss occurs. The amount of any reversal of any write-down of inventories is recognised as an expense in the year in which the reversal occurs.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements (continued)

 

(g) Impairment of non-financial assets

The Group assesses at each reporting date whether there is an indication that an asset may be impaired. If any such indication exists, or when an annual impairment assessment for an asset is required, the Group makes an estimate of the asset's recoverable amount.  An asset's recoverable amount is the higher of an asset's or cash-generating unit's fair value less costs to sell and its value in use and is determined for an individual asset, unless the asset does not generate cash inflows that are largely dependent on those from other assets.  Where the carrying amount of an asset or cash generating unit exceeds its recoverable amount, the asset is considered impaired and is written down to its recoverable amount. In assessing value in use, the estimated future cash flows expected to be generated by the asset are discounted to their present value using a pre-tax discount rate that reflects current market assessments of the time value of money and the risks specific to the asset. In determining fair value less costs to sell, recent market transactions are taken into account, if available. If no such transactions can be identified, an appropriate valuation model is used. These calculations are corroborated by valuation multiples or other available fair value indicators.

 

Impairment losses are recognised in profit or loss in those expense categories consistent with the function of the impaired asset, except for assets that are previously revalued where the revaluation was taken to other comprehensive income. In this case, the impairment is also recognised in other comprehensive income up to the amount of any previous revaluation. 

 

An assessment is made at each reporting date as to whether there is any indication that previously recognised impairment losses may no longer exist or may have decreased. If such indication exists, the Group estimates the asset's or cash-generating unit's recoverable amount. A previously recognised impairment loss is reversed only if there has been a change in the estimates used to determine the recoverable amount of an asset since the last impairment loss was recognised. If that is the case, the carrying amount of the asset is increased to its recoverable amount. This increase cannot exceed the carrying amount that would have been determined, net of depreciation, had no impairment loss been recognised previously. Such a reversal is recognised in the profit and loss unless the asset is measured at revalued amount, in which case the reversal is treated as a revaluation increase.  

 

 

 

 

 

Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements (continued)

 

(h) Financial instruments

Financial assets and financial liabilities are recognised on the statement of financial position when an entity becomes a party to the contractual provisions of the instruments. Financial assets and financial liabilities are initially measured at fair value. Transaction costs that are directly attributable to the acquisition or issue of financial assets and financial liabilities (other than financial assets and financial liabilities at fair value through profit or loss) are added to or deducted from the fair value of the financial assets or financial liabilities, as appropriate, on initial recognition. Transaction costs directly attributable to the acquisition of financial assets or financial liabilities at fair value through profit or loss are recognised immediately in the income statement.

 

(i)  Financial assets

 

The Group's accounting policies for financial assets are set out below.

 

Management determine the classification of its financial assets at initial recognition depending on the purpose for which the financial assets were acquired and where allowed and appropriate, re-evaluate this designation at every reporting date.

 

All financial assets are recognised on a trade date when, and only when, the Group becomes a party to the contractual provisions of an instrument. When financial assets are recognised initially, they are measured at fair value plus transaction costs, except for those finance assets classified as at fair value through profit or loss ('FVTPL'), which are initially measured at fair value.

 

Financial assets are classified into the following specified categories: financial assets at FVTPL, 'held-to-maturity' investments, 'available for sale' (AFS) financial assets and loans and receivables.  The classification depends on the nature and purpose of the financial assets and is determined at the time of recognition.

 

Derecognition of financial assets occurs when the rights to receive cash flows from the investments expire or are transferred and substantially all of the risks and rewards of ownership have been transferred.

 

At each reporting date, financial assets are reviewed to assess whether there is objective evidence of impairment. If any such evidence exists, impairment loss is determined and recognised based on the classification of the financial asset.

     

Loans and receivables (including trade receivables, prepayments, deposits and other receivables, cash and bank balances) are non-derivative financial assets with fixed or determinable payments that are not quoted on an active market. At each reporting date subsequent to initial recognition, loans and receivables are carried at amortised cost using the effective interest method, less any identified impairment losses. An impairment loss is recognised in the statement of comprehensive income when there is objective evidence that the asset is impaired, and is measured as the difference between the asset's carrying amount and the present value of estimated future cash flows discounted at the original effective interest rate. Impairment losses are reversed in subsequent periods when an increase in the asset's recoverable amount can be related objectively to an event occurring after the impairment was recognised, subject to a restriction that the carrying amount of the asset at the date the impairment is reversed does not exceed what the amortised cost would have been had the impairment not been recognised.

 

(ii) Financial liabilities and equity

 

Financial liabilities and equity are recognised on the Group's statement of financial position when the Group becomes a party to a contractual provision of an instrument. Financial liabilities and equity instruments issued by the Group are classified according to the substance of the contractual arrangements entered into and the definitions of a financial liability and an equity instrument.

 

 

Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements (continued)

 

(ii) Financial liabilities and equity (continued)

 

An equity instrument is any contract that evidences a residual interest in the assets of the Group after deducting all of its liabilities. Equity instruments issued by the Group are recognised at the proceeds received, net of transaction costs.

 

The Group's financial liabilities include amounts due to a director, trade payables and accrued liabilities.  These financial liabilities are classified as Fair Value through the Profit and Loss ("FVTPL") are stated at fair value with any gains or losses arising on re-measurement recognised in profit or loss.  Other financial liabilities, including borrowings are initially measured at fair value, net of transaction costs.

 

Other financial liabilities, including borrowings, are subsequently measured at amortised cost using the effective interest rate method, with interest expense recognised on an effective yield basis.

 

The effective interest method is a method of calculating the amortised cost of a financial liability and of allocating interest expense over the relevant period.  The effective interest rate is the rate that exactly discounts estimated future cash payments through the expected life of the financial liability, or, where appropriate, a shorter period, to the net carrying amount on initial recognition.

Financial liabilities are derecognized when the obligation specified in the relevant contract is discharged, cancelled or expires. The difference between the carrying amount of the financial liability derecognised and the consideration paid is recognised in the statement of comprehensive income.

 

When an existing financial liability is replaced by another from the same lender on substantially different terms, or the terms of an existing liability are substantially modified, such an exchange or modification is treated as a derecognition of the original liability and a recognition of a new liability, and the difference in the respective carrying amounts is recognised in the statement of comprehensive income.

 

(iii)  Trade and other receivables

 

Trade and other receivables are recognised initially at fair value and subsequently measured at amortised cost using the effective interest method, less provision for impairment losses for bad and doubtful debts, except where the receivables are interest-free loans made to related parties without any fixed repayment terms or the effect of discounting would be material. In such cases, the receivables are stated at cost less impairment losses for bad and doubtful debts.

 

(iv)   Trade and other payables

 

Liabilities for trade and other payables which are recognised initially at their fair value and subsequently measured at amortised cost using the effective interest method, unless the effect of discounting would not be material, in which case they are stated at cost.

 

(v) Fair values

 

The carrying amounts of the financial assets and liabilities such as cash and cash equivalents, receivables and payables of the Group at the balance sheet date approximated their fair values, due to the relatively short term nature of these financial instruments.

 

 

 

 

 

Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements (continued)

 

(i)   Borrowings

   Borrowings are presented as current liabilities unless the Group has an unconditional right to defer settlement for at least 12 months after the statement of financial position date, in which case they are presented as non-current liabilities. 

 

Borrowings are initially recorded at fair value, net of transaction costs and subsequently carried for at amortised costs using the effective interest method. Any difference between the proceeds (net of transaction costs) and the redemption value is recognised in profit or loss over the period of the borrowings using the effective interest method.  Borrowings which are due to be settled within twelve months after the statement of financial position date are included in current borrowings in the statement of financial position even though the original term was for a period longer than twelve months and an agreement to refinance, or to reschedule payments, on a long-term basis is completed after the statement of financial position date and before the financial statements are authorised for issue.

 

(j)  Revenue recognition

Revenue is measured at the fair value of the consideration received or receivable and represents amounts receivable for the sales of goods and the use by others of the Group's assets yielding interest, net of rebates and discounts.

 

Revenue on sales of goods is recognised on the transfer of risks and rewards of ownership, which generally coincides with the time when the goods are delivered to customers and title has been passed.

 

Interest income from a financial asset, is recognised on an accrual basis using the effective interest rate method by applying the rate that exactly discounts the estimated future cash receipts through the expected life of the financial instrument or a shorter period, when appropriate, to the net carrying amount of the financial asset.

 

(k) Cost of sales

Cost of sales consists of all costs of purchase and other directly incurred costs.

 

Cost of purchase comprises the purchase price, import duties and other taxes (other than those subsequently recoverable by the Group from the taxing authorities), if any, and transport, handling and other costs directly attributable to the acquisition of goods. Trade discounts, rebates and other similar items are deducted in determining the costs of purchase.

 

Cost of conversion primarily consists of hiring charges of subcontractors incurred during the course of conversion.

 

(l)  Borrowing costs

Borrowing costs are expensed in the period in which they occur. Borrowing costs consist of interest and other costs that an entity incurs in connection with the borrowing of funds.  

 

(m)  Taxation

Income tax expense represents the sum of the tax currently payable and deferred tax.

 

The tax currently payable is based on taxable profit for the year. Taxable profit differs from net profit as reported in the statement of comprehensive income because it excludes items of income and expense that are taxable or deductible in other years, and it further excludes items that are never taxable or deductible. The Group's liability for current tax is calculated using tax rates that have been enacted or substantively enacted by the end of the reporting period.

 

Deferred tax is recognised on temporary differences between the carrying amount of assets and liabilities in the consolidated financial statements and the corresponding tax bases used in the computation of taxable profit. Deferred tax liabilities are generally recognised for all taxable temporary differences.

 

Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements (continued)

 

(m) Taxation (continued)

 

Deferred tax assets are generally recognised for all deductible temporary differences to the extent that it is probable that taxable profits will be available against which those deductible temporary differences can be utilised. Such deferred tax assets and liabilities are not recognised if the temporary differences arise from goodwill or from the initial recognition (other than in a business combination) of other assets and liabilities in a transaction that affects neither the taxable profit nor the accounting profit.

 

Deferred tax liabilities are recognised for taxable temporary differences associated with investments in subsidiaries, except where the Group is able to control the reversal of the temporary difference and it is probable that the temporary difference will not reverse in the foreseeable future. Deferred tax assets arising from deductible temporary differences associated with such investments are only recognised to the extent that it is probable that there will be sufficient taxable profits against which to utilise the benefits of the temporary differences and they are expected to reverse in the foreseeable future.

 

The carrying amount of deferred tax assets is reviewed at the end of the each reporting period and reduced to the extent that it is no longer probable that sufficient taxable profits will be available to allow all or part of the asset to be recovered.

 

Deferred tax assets and liabilities are measured at the tax rates that are expected to apply in the period in which the liability is settled or the asset realised. The measurement of deferred tax assets and liabilities reflects the tax consequences that would follow from the manner in which the Group expects, at the end of the reporting period, to recover or settle the carrying amount of its assets and liabilities.

 

Current or deferred tax for the year is recognised in profit or loss, except when it relates to items that are recognised in other comprehensive income or directly in equity, in which case the current and deferred tax is also recognised in other comprehensive income or directly in equity respectively. Where current tax or deferred tax arises from the initial accounting for a business combination, the tax effect is included in the accounting for the business combination.

 

(n) Cash and cash equivalents

Cash and cash equivalents comprise cash at bank and on hand, demand deposits with banks and other financial institutions, and short-term, highly liquid investments that are readily convertible into known amounts of cash and which are subject to an insignificant risk of changes in value, having been within three months of maturity at acquisition.  Bank overdrafts that are repayable on demand and form an integral part of the Group's cash management are also included as a component of cash and cash equivalents for the purpose of the consolidated statement of cash flows.

 

(o) Provisions and contingencies

Provisions are recognised when the Group has a present obligation as a result of a past event, and it is probable that the Group will be required to settle that obligation. Provisions are measured at the directors' best estimate of the expenditure required to settle the obligation at the statement of financial position date, and are discounted to present value where the effect is material. Provisions are not recognised for future operating losses.

 

Where there are a number of similar obligations, the likelihood that an outflow will be required in settlement is determined by considering the class of obligations as a whole. A provision is recognised even if the likelihood of an outflow with respect to any one item included in the same class of obligations may be small.

 

 

 

Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements (continued)

 

(o) Provisions and contingencies (continued)

 

When the effect of discounting is material, the amount recognised for a provision is the present value at the reporting date of the future expenditures expected to be required to settle the obligation. The increase in the discounted present value amount arising from the passage of time is included in finance costs in the statement of comprehensive income.

 

Contingent liabilities are not recognised in the financial statements. They are disclosed unless the possibility of an outflow of resources embodying economic benefits is remote. A contingent asset is not recognised in the financial statements but disclosed when an inflow of economic benefits is probable.

 

(p) Share Capital

Ordinary shares are classified as equity. Proceeds from issuance of ordinary shares are classified as equity. Incremental costs directly attributable to the issuance of new ordinary shares are deducted against share capital.

 

(q)  Foreign currencies

In preparing the financial statements of each individual group entity, transactions in currencies other than the functional currency of that entity (foreign currencies) are recorded in the respective functional currency (i.e. the currency of the primary economic environment in which the entity operates) at the rates of exchanges prevailing on the dates of the transactions. At the end of the reporting period, monetary items denominated in foreign currencies are retranslated at the rates prevailing at that date. Non-monetary items carried at fair value that are denominated in foreign currencies are retranslated at the rates prevailing on the date when the fair value was determined. Non-monetary items that are measured in terms of historical costs in a foreign currency are not retranslated.

 

Exchange differences arising on the settlement of monetary items, and on translation of monetary items, are recognised in profit or loss in the period in which they arise. Exchange differences arising on the retranslation of non-monetary items carried at fair value are included in profit or loss for the period except for differences arising on the retranslation of non-monetary items in respect of which gains and losses are recognised directly in other comprehensive income, in which cases, the exchange differences are also recognised directly in other comprehensive income.

 

For the purposes of presenting the consolidated financial statements, assets and liabilities of the Group's foreign operations are translated into the presentation currency of the Group (i.e. Hong Kong Dollars) at the rate of exchange prevailing at the end of the reporting period, and their income and expenses are translated at the average exchange rates for the period, unless exchange rates fluctuate significantly during that period, in which cases, the exchange rates prevailing at the dates of transactions are used. Exchange differences arising, if any, are recognised in other comprehensive income and accumulated in equity.

 

The principal exchange rates during the year are set out in the table below:

 

Rate compared to HK$

Average rate 2016

Average rate 2015

Year end rate 2016

Year end rate 2015

GBP

11.70

12.48

11.14

11.51

US Dollar

7.75

7.75

7.75

7.75

Euro

8.56

9.79

8.81

8.42

 

 

 

 

 

 

Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements (continued)

(r) Operating leases

Assets held under finance leases are initially recognised as assets of the Group at their fair value at the inception of the lease or, if lower, at the present value of the minimum lease payments. The corresponding liability to the lessor is included in the statement of financial position as a finance lease obligation. Lease payments are treated as reduction of the lease obligation on the remaining balance of the liability. Finance expenses are recognised immediately in profit or loss, unless they are directly attributable to qualifying assets, in which case they are capitalised. Contingent rentals are recognised as expenses in the periods in which they are incurred.

 

Where the Group has the use of assets held under operating leases, payment made under the leases are charged to profit or loss over the accounting periods covered by the lease term except where an alternative basis is more representative of the pattern of benefits to be derived from the leased asset. Lease incentives received are recognised in profit or loss as an integral part of the aggregate net lease payments made. Contingent rentals are charged to profit or loss in the accounting period in which they are incurred.

 

(s) Employee benefits

 

(i)   Salaries, annual bonuses, paid annual leave, leave passage and the cost to the Group of non-monetary benefits are accrued in the period in which employees of the Group render the associated services. Where payment or settlement is deferred and the effect would be material, these amounts are stated at their present values.

 

(ii)   The Group participates in the mandatory provident fund for its employees in Hong Kong. Contributions to the funds by the Group and the employees are calculated as a percentage of the employees' basic salaries. The retirement benefit cost charged to the statement of comprehensive income represents contributions payable by the Group to the fund. The Group's contributions to the fund are expensed as incurred and the Group's voluntary contributions are reduced by contributions forfeited by those employees who leave the fund prior to vesting fully in the contributions. The assets of the fund are held separately from those of the Group in an independently administered fund.

 

(iii)  Several employees of the Group have completed the required number of years of services to the Group in order to be eligible for long service payments under the Hong Kong Employment Ordinance in the event of the termination of their employment. The Group is liable to make such payments in the event that such a termination of employment meets the circumstances specified in the Employment Ordinance.

 

Provision has not been recognised in respect of such possible payments, as it is not considered probable that the situation will result in a material outflow of resources from the Group.

 

 

(t)  Segmental reporting

Operating  segments  are  reported  in  a  manner  consistent  with  the  internal  reporting  provided to the chief  operating  decision maker. The chief operating decision-maker, who is responsible for allocating resources and assessing performance of the operating segments, has been identified as the executive directors who make strategic decisions.

 

 

 

Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements (continued)

 

3.  Critical accounting estimates and judgements

 

Estimates and judgements are continually evaluated and are based on historical experience and other factors, including expectations of future events that are believed to be reasonable under the circumstances.

 

In the application of the Group's accounting policies, which are described above, management is required to make estimates and assumptions about the carrying amounts of assets and liabilities that are not readily apparent from other sources. The estimates and assumptions that had a significant risk of causing a material adjustment to the carrying amount of assets and liabilities are discussed below.

 

(a) Inventory valuation

Inventory is valued at the lower of cost and net realisable value. Net realisable value of inventories is the estimated selling price in the ordinary course of business, less estimated costs of completion and selling expenses. These estimates are based on the current market conditions and the historical experience of selling products of a similar nature. It could change significantly as a result of competitors' actions in response to severe industry cycles. The Group reviews its inventories in order to identify slow-moving merchandise and uses markdowns to clear merchandise. Inventory value is reduced when the decision to markdown below cost is made.

 

(b) Impairment of receivables

The Group's management reviews receivables on a regular basis to determine if any provision for impairment is necessary. The policy for the impairment of receivables of the Group is based on, where appropriate, the evaluation of collectability and ageing analysis of the receivables and on management's judgement. A considerable amount of judgement is required in assessing the ultimate realisation of these outstanding receivables, including the current creditworthiness and the past collection history of each debtor. If the financial conditions of debtors of the Group were to deteriorate, resulting in an impairment of their ability to make payments, provision for impairment may be required. 

 

(c) Income Taxes

The Group is subject to income taxes in Hong Kong and Macau. Significant judgement is required in determining the provision for income taxes and the timing of payment of the related tax. There are certain transactions and calculations for which the ultimate tax determination is uncertain during the ordinary course of business. The Group recognises liabilities for anticipated tax based on estimates of whether additional taxes will be due. Where the final tax outcome of these matters is different from the amounts that were initially recorded, such differences will impact the income tax provision in the period in which such determination is made. 

 

(d) Depreciation and amortisation

The Group depreciates property, plant and equipment and amortises the leasehold land and land use rights on a straight-line method over the estimated useful lives. The estimated useful lives reflect the directors' estimate of the periods that the Group intends to derive future economic benefits from the use of the Group's property, plant and equipment and the leasehold land and land use rights.

 

 

 

Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements (continued)

 

4.   Segmental reporting

In the opinion of the directors, the Group has one class of business, being the trading of scrap materials. The Group's primary reporting format is determined by the geographical segment according to the location of its establishments. There is currently only one geographic reporting segment, which is China. All revenues and costs are derived from the single segment.

 

 

5.   Other revenue

 

 

2016

2015

 

 

HKD'000

HKD'000

 

 

 

 

Sundry income

 

748

1

Exchange gain

 

-

1,030

Bank interest income

 

3

-

 

 

───────

───────

Total other revenue

 

751

1,031

 

 

_________

_________

 

 

 

 

 

6.   Personnel expenses and staff numbers (excluding directors)

 

 

Group

            Company

 

 

2016

2015

2016

2015

 

 

Number

Number

Number

Number

The average number of employees in the year were:

 

 

 

 

 

-       Management

 

13

13

-

-

-       Accounts and administration

-       Production

 

15

           80

15

80

-

-

-

 

 

─────

─────

─────

──────

 

 

108

108

-

-

 

 

______

______

________

________

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

HKD'000

HKD'000

HKD'000

HKD'000

The aggregate payroll costs for these persons were:

 

 

 

 

 

-       Staff costs other than mandatory provident fund contributions

 

2,642

2,452

-

-

-       Mandatory provident fund contributions for employees

 

37

56

-

-

 

 

─────

─────

──────

──────

Total personnel expense

 

2,679

2,508

-

-

 

 

______

_______

________

________

 

 

 

 

Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements (continued)

 

7.   Directors' remuneration

 

2016

2016

2016

2015

 

Salaries and fees

Share based payment charge

 

Total

Total

 

HKD'000

HKD'000

HKD'000

HKD'000

Wenjie Zhou

480

-

480

420

Jianfeng Li

240

-

240

180

Chor Wei Ong

138

21

159

170

Chin Phang Kwok

138

21

159

170

Peter George Greenhalgh

138

12

150

167

Ajay Kumar Rajpal

138

19

157

169

 

───────

───────

───────

───────

Total

1,272

73

1,345

1,276

 

_________

_________

_________

_________

 

8.   Finance costs

 

 

 

2016

2015

 

 

 

HKD'000

HKD'000

 

 

 

 

 

Loan Interest

 

 

-

250

 

 

 

_________

_________

      The interest rate prevailing for the loan interest is 2%.

 

 

9.   Expenses - analysis by nature

 

 

2016

2015

 

 

HKD'000

HKD'000

 

 

 

 

Auditors' remuneration for audit services

(company only HKD 230,575 (2015: HKD 240,000))

 

450

427

Auditors' remuneration for non-audit services

 

-

-

Depreciation on property, plant and equipment

 

966

297

Rentals of premises under operating leases

 

278

421

Employee benefits (Note 6)

 

2,679

2,508

Management fees

 

-

1,440

Other expenses

 

3,874

2,850

 

 

───────

───────

Other administrative expenses

 

8,247

7,943

 

 

 

 

Admission expenses

 

-

581

 

 

───────

───────

Total administrative expenses

 

8,247

8,524

 

 

_________

_________

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements (continued)

 

10.   Taxation

The charge for the year can be reconciled to the profit before taxation per the consolidated statement of comprehensive income as follows:

 

 

 

 

2016

2015

 

 

 

HKD'000

HKD'000

 

 

 

 

 

Profit before taxation

 

 

586

9,174

 

 

 

_________

_________

 

 

 

 

 

Current income tax expense- Macau

 

 

-

1,214

Current income tax expense- Hong Kong

 

 

-

217

Deferred tax credit

 

 

(23)

-

 

 

 

───────

───────

Total income tax expense / (credit)

 

 

(23)

1,431

 

 

 

_________

_________

           

 

The Company is incorporated in the UK but is treated as a Hong Kong resident for tax purposes.

 

Macau and Hong Kong tax has been provided at a rate of 12% and 16.5% respectively. 

There was no unprovided deferred taxation in respect of the year (2015: HKD Nil).

 

The reconciliation of the current tax expense and the product of accounting profit multiplied by the applicable tax rate is as follows:

 

 

 

2016

2015

 

 

 

HKD'000

HKD'000

Accounting profit/(loss)

 

 

586

9,174

 

 

 

───────

───────

Tax at the domestic tax rate of 16.5% (2015: 16.5%)

 

 

97

1,513

 

 

 

 

 

Tax effect of non-deductible expenses

 

 

-

51

Losses carried forward

 

 

-

2

Effect of lower tax rates in Macau of 12% (2015: 12%)

-

(426)

Other adjustments

 

 

(97)

291

 

 

 

───────

───────

Income tax expense

 

 

-

1,431

 

 

 

_________

_________

 

The tax payable of HKD 9,116,000 (2015: 9,354,000) disclosed in the Consolidated Statement of Financial Position includes a liability for the current income tax expense and a provision that has been brought forward as at 1 April 2012 for tax payable in Macau.

 

 

 

Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements (continued)

 

11.  Profit / (loss) per share

      Profit / (loss) per share data is based on the Group profit or loss for the year and the weighted average number of shares in issue.

 

 

2016

2015

 

 

HKD'000

HKD'000

 

 

 

 

 

Profit / (loss) for the year from:

 

 

 

Continuing operations used in the calculation of basic and diluted earnings per share from continuing operations

609

7,743

 

 

 

 

 

 

─────

─────

 


Profit / (loss) for the year attributable to owners of Company

 

609

 

7,743

 

 

═════

═════

 

 

 

 

 

Weighted average number of ordinary shares for the purposes of basic earnings per share ( 000's)

122,010

94,662

 

diluted earnings per share ( 000's)

125,453

97,378

 

 

═════

═════

 

 

 

2016

2015

 

 

HKD

HKD

 

 

 

 

 

Basic earnings per share

0.005

0.082

 

Diluted earnings per share

0.005

0.080

 

 

═════

═════

 

 

12.  Dividends

 

 

 

 

 

2016

2015

 

 

HKD'000

HKD'000

 

Dividends paid

 

 

 

 

Interim

-

2,329

 

 

─────

─────

 

 

-

2,329

 

 

═════

═════

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

       

Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements (continued)

 

13.  Company's result for the year

The Company has elected to take the exemption under section 408 of the Companies Act 2006 not to present the parent Company income statement account.

 

The loss for the parent Company for the year was HKD 2,046,000 (2015: profit HKD 9,072,000).

14.   Fixed asset investments and intangible assets

 

 

 

 

Company

2016

2015

 

 

HKD'000

HKD'000

 

Cost

 

 

 

At 1 April

30,046

30,046

 

Addition

-

-

 

 

─────

─────

 

At 31 March 2015 & 2016

30,046

30,046

 

 

═════

═════

 

 

 

 

 

Carrying amount

 

 

 

At 31 March 2015 & 2016

30,046

30,046

 

 

═════

═════

       

 

 

       As at 31 March 2016, the company directly and indirectly held the following subsidiaries:

 

 

 

Name of entity

Principal

activities

Country of incorporation

and place of business

Proportion (%) of

equity interest

 

 

 

%

Masterpiece Enterprises Limited

 

Holding company

British Virgin Islands

100

Zibao Metals Company Limited*

Trading of scrap materials and provision of management related services

Hong Kong

100

 

 

 

 

 

Top Able Enterprises Limited (Trading as Global Metals Limited)*

Trading of scrap materials and provision of management related services

British Virgin Islands

100

 

 

 

 

Fine Luck Trading Limited*

Trading of scrap materials

Hong Kong

100

 

 

 

 

Zheng Bao*

Non-ferrous metal processing and stockholding yard

PRC

100

Zibao Metals Company Limited, Top Able Enterprises Limited, Fine Luck Trading Limited and Zheng Bao are wholly owned subsidiaries of Masterpiece Enterprises Limited.

 

*Indirectly held

Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements (continued)

 

14.  Fixed asset investments and intangible assets (continued…)

Intangible assets

 

 

 

 

 

 

Group

Goodwill

Customer Relationships

 

Total

 

 

 

HKD'000

HKD'000

HKD'000

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cost  

 

 

 

 

 

At 1 April 2015

764

1,008

1,772

 

 

Additions

-

-

-

 

 

 

─────

─────

─────

 

 

At 31 March 2016

764

1,008

1,772

 

 

 

═════

═════

═════

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Amortisation

 

 

 

 

 

At 1 April 2015

-

-

-

 

 

Amortisation charge for the year

-

(114)

(114)

 

 

 

─────

─────

─────

 

 

At 31 March 2016

-

(114)

(114)

 

 

 

═════

═════

═════

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Carrying amount

 

 

 

 

 

At 31 March 2016

764

894

1,658

 

 

At 31 March 2015

764

1,008

1,772

 

 

 

═════

═════

═════

 

                 

There are no accumulated impairment losses.

 

Goodwill has arisen as a result of the purchase of Zheng Bao. Zheng Bao was acquired on 16 February 2015, whose principle activity is the operation of non-ferrous metal processing and stock-holding yard.

 

The goodwill intangible asset represents the excess consideration paid over and above the fair value of the net assets of Zheng Bao.

 

Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements (continued)

 

 

15.     Property, plant and equipment

 

Group

 

Land and Buildings

Leasehold improve-ment

Furniture and fixtures

Computer equipment

Plant and machinery

 

Total

 

HKD'000

HKD'000

HKD'000

HKD'000

HKD'000

HKD'000

Cost

 

 

 

 

 

 

As at 31 March 2014

-

             141

          264

558

            -  

963

Acquisition of subsidiary

46,605

9,762

258

-

1,808

58,433

Additions

-

-

-

-

-

-

Disposals/ written off

-

(17)

(8)

(1)

-

(26)

 

─────

 ─────

 ─────

 ─────

 ─────

 ─────

As at 31 March 2015

46,605

9,886

514

557

1,808

59,370

Acquisition of subsidiary

-

-

-

-

-

-

Additions

-

-

-

-

92

92

Disposals/ written off

-

-

(16)

(18)

-

(34)

 

─────

 ─────

 ─────

 ─────

 ─────

 ─────

As at 31 March 2016

46,605

9,886

498

539

1,900

59,428

 

─────

 ─────

 ─────

 ─────

 ─────

 ─────

Accumulated depreciation

 

 

 

 

 

 

As at 31 March 2014

-

80

182

549

 -

811

Acquisition of subsidiary

5,192

5,551

227

-

1,660

12,630

Charge for the year

274

146

50

4

24

498

Written back

-

(9)

(7)

(1)

-

(17)

 

─────

 ─────

 ─────

 ─────

 ─────

 ─────

As at 31 March 2015

5,466

5,768

452

552

1,684

13,922

Acquisition of subsidiary

-

-

-

-

-

-

Charge for the year

1,097

513

60

4

136

1,810

Written back

-

-

(16)

(18)

-

(34)

 

─────

 ─────

 ─────

 ─────

 ─────

 ─────

As at 31 March 2016

6,563

6,281

496

538

1,820

15,698

 

─────

 ─────

 ─────

 ─────

 ─────

 ─────

Carrying amount

 

 

 

 

 

 

As at 31 March 2016

40,042

3,605

2

1

80

43,730

As at 31 March 2015

41,139

4,118

62

5

124

45,448

 

═════

 ═════

 ═════

 ═════

 ═════

 ═════

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

16.     Inventories

Group

 

 

2016

2015

 

 

 

HKD'000

HKD'000

 

 

 

 

 

Stock in Trade

 

 

26,052

17,233

 

 

 

───────

───────

 

 

 

26,052

17,233

 

 

 

_________

_________

 

The amount of inventories recognised as an expense during the year is HKD 496,858,000 (2015: HKD 387,140,000).

 

 

Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements (continued)

 

17.     Trade and other receivables

 

 

Group

Company

 

 

2016

2015

2016

2015

 

 

HKD'000

HKD'000

HKD'000

HKD'000

 

 

 

 

 

 

Trade receivables

 

2,663

14,774

-

-

 

 

_________

_________

_________

_________

Other receivables:

 

 

 

 

 

Deposits

 

2,121

2,917

-

-

Prepayments

 

6,435

19,961

156

209

Other receivables (non-trade)

 

28

27

-

-

Amounts due from subsidiaries

 

-

-

47,104

54,000

 

 

───────

───────

───────

───────

 

 

8,584

22,905

47,260

54,209

 

 

 

_________

_________

_________

_________

Trade receivables represent amounts receivable on the sale of scrap materials and are included at amortised cost. The average credit period taken is 30 days, there are no provisions for doubtful debts and five customers account for more than 5% of the total trade receivables. There are no debts past due at the year end based on credit term of 30 days.

 

18.      Cash and cash equivalents

Group

 

 

2016

2015

 

 

 

HKD'000

HKD'000

 

 

 

 

 

Cash and bank balances

 

 

5,289

1,104

 

 

 

───────

───────

Cash and bank balances as presented in balance sheets

 

 

5,289

1,104

 

 

 

───────

───────

Cash and cash equivalents as presented in consolidated statement of cash flows 

 

 

5,289

1,104

 

 

 

 _________

 _________

 

 

 

 

 

19.     Trade and other payables

 

 

    Group 

Company

 

 

2016

2015

2016

2015

 

 

HKD'000

HKD'000

HKD'000

HKD'000

 

 

 

 

 

 

Trade payables

 

9,966

22,792

-

-

 

 

_________

_________

_________

_________

Other payables:

 

 

 

 

 

-     Accrued expenses

 

1,058

2,220

378

855

-     Other payables

 

-

1

-

-

-     Amount due to shareholders

 

-

-

-

-

-     Amounts due to subsidiaries

 

-

-

-

4,499

-     Trade deposit received

 

2,566

1,297

-

-

-    

 

───────

───────

───────

───────

 

 

3,624

3,518

378

5,354

 

 

 

_________

_________

_________

_________

Trade payables represent amounts due for the purchase of scrap materials and administrative expenses and are included at amortised cost. The average credit period taken is 10 days. The directors consider that the carrying amount of trade payables approximates to their fair value.

 

Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements (continued)

 

20.     Deferred tax liability

 

 

 

2016

2015

 

 

 

HKD

HKD

At 1 April

 

 

200

-

Arising on acquisition of Zheng Bao

 

 

-

200

Deferred tax release

 

 

(23)

-

 

 

 

───────

───────

At 31 March

 

 

177

200

 

 

 

_________

_________

 

 

 

 

 

             

The deferred tax liability has arisen in respect of taxable timing differences in relation to the customer relationships intangible asset as mentioned in note 14.

 

 

21.     Share capital

Group

 

 

2016

2015

 

 

 

HKD

HKD

 

Class

Nominal Value

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Allotted, issued and fully paid

 

 

 

 

122,010,000

Ordinary

£0.01

15,549,000

15,549,000

 

 

 

_________

_________

The ordinary shares have attached to them full voting, dividend and capital distribution (including on winding up) rights; they do not confer any rights of redemption.      

           

 

22.     Other reserves

 

         Group

 

 

 

2016

2015

 

 

 

HKD'000

HKD'000

 

 

 

 

 

Group reorganisation reserve

 

 

527

527

 

 

 

_________

_________

The Group reorganisation reserve was a result of the group reorganisation of the old Masterpiece Enterprises Group. Masterpiece Enterprises Limited was formed before the acquisition by Zibao Metals Recycling Holdings Plc to hold the trading subsidiaries. The difference between the nominal value of the shares acquired of the trading subsidiaries and the value of the shares issued by Masterpiece Enterprises in exchange is taken as a reserve movement.

 

 

 

Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements (continued)

 

22.     Other reserves (continued)

 

Company

 

 

 

2016

2015

 

 

 

HKD'000

HKD'000

 

 

 

 

 

Merger relief reserve

 

 

19,516

19,516

 

 

 

_________

_________

 

The merger relief reserve arises from the 100% acquisition of the Masterpiece Group on 10 March 2014 whereby the excess of the fair value of the issued ordinary share capital issued over the nominal value of these shares is transferred to this reserve in accordance with section 612 of the Companies Act 2006.

 

23.     Related-party transactions

        

During the year, the Group entered into the following trading transactions with related parties that are not members of the Group:

 

Sales of goods

Purchase of goods

 

2016

2015

2016

2015

 

HKD'000

HKD'000

HKD'000

HKD'000

 

 

 

 

 

Trading Metals Pty Limited

-

-

-

15,161

 

 

 

 

 

Nanhai Tai Ping Metal Products Limited

-

29,412

-

-

 

 

 

 

 

Wang Kei Yip Development Limited

32,658

-

-

-

 

The following balances were outstanding at the end of the year:

 

Amounts owed by related parties

Amounts owed to related parties

 

2016

2015

2016

2015

 

HKD'000

HKD'000

HKD'000

HKD'000

 

 

 

 

 

Trading Metals Pty Limited

-

-

-

-

 

 

 

 

 

Nanhai Tai Ping Metal Products Limited

-

-

-

-

 

 

 

 

 

Wang Kei Yip Development Limited

263

-

1,866

-

 

 

 

 

 

Wenjie Zhou 

-

-

-

3,004

 

 

 

 

 

Zhou Yi is Wenjie Zhou's father and owns 50% of the share capital of Trading Metals Pty Limited and is therefore a related party.

 

Ben Lee is the brother in law of Wenjie Zhou, and is a director of Nanhai Tai Ping Metal Products Limited and Wang Kei Yip Development Limited. Nanhai Tai Ping Metal Products Limited and Wang Kei Yip Development Limited are therefore related parties.

 

The amount due to Wenjie Zhou is unsecured, interest-free and has no fixed term of repayment. All the above transactions were done at arm's length.

Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements (continued)

 

23.     Related-party transactions (continued)

 

         The parent Company statement of financial position includes amounts of HKD 47,104,000 (2015: HKD 15,000,000) due from Masterpiece Enterprises Limited, HKD nil (2015: HKD 39,000,000) due from Zibao Meals Company Limited and HKD nil (2015: HKD 4,499,000) owed to Masterpiece Enterprises Limited. All entities are wholly owned subsidiaries and all balance are repayable on demand.

 

24.     Operating lease commitments

 

         The Group has commitments for leases with independent third parties in respect of rented premises and staff quarters. The leases have varying terms and renewal rights.

 

         The future aggregate minimum lease payments under non-cancellable operating leases contracted for at the balance sheet date but not recognised as liabilities are as follows:

 

 

 

 

2016

2015

 

 

 

HKD'000

HKD'000

 

 

 

 

 

Within one year

 

 

180

287

Between two to five years

 

 

-

180

 

 

 

───────

───────

 

 

 

180

467

 

 

 

_________

_________

 

         The lease on the rented premises will expire on 31 January 2017. The current rent payable on the leases ranges from HKD 19,000 to HKD 18,000 (2015: HKD 14,000 to HKD 19,000) per month.

        

25.     Financial instruments

 

         Financial risk management objectives and policies 

 

The Group's major financial instruments include trade and other receivables, amounts due to/from related companies, bank balances and cash, trade and other payables, and amounts due to a director. Details of these financial instruments are disclosed in respective notes. The risks associated with these financial instruments include market risk (foreign exchange risk), credit risk, interest rate risk, liquidity risk and capital management risk. The Group's overall risk management programme focuses on the unpredictability of financial markets and seeks to minimise potential adverse effects on the Group's financial performance. The policies for managing these risks are summarised below.

 

It is the Group's policy not to trade in derivative contracts. 

 

         (a) Market risk 

         Foreign currency risk 

Currency risk is the risk that the holding of foreign currencies will affect the Group's position as a result of a change in foreign currency exchange rates. The Group has no significant foreign currency risk as most of the Group's financial assets and liabilities are denominated in functional currencies of relevant group entities. Accordingly, no quantitative market risk disclosures or sensitivity analysis for currency risk have been prepared.

 

         (b) Cash flow and fair value interest rate risk

               The Group currently does not have any interest bearing borrowings or financial instruments or any interest rate hedging policy. The director monitors the Group's exposure on an ongoing basis and will consider hedging interest rate risk should the need arise. Accordingly, no quantitative market risk disclosures or sensitivity analysis for interest rate risk have been prepared

 

Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements (continued)

 

25.     Financial instruments (continued)

 

         (c) Liquidity risk 

      The Group manages its liquidity risk by maintaining sufficient cash, by monitoring the liquidity requirements in the short and longer term.

 

      The Group monitors its liquidity risk and maintains a level of cash and cash equivalents deemed adequate by management to finance the Group's operations and to mitigate the effects of fluctuations in cash flows. Typically, the Group ensures that it has sufficient cash on demand to meet expected operational expenses including the servicing of financial obligations.  Management monitors the Group's liquidity reserve, comprising cash and cash equivalents (Note 18) on the basis of expected cash flows. 

 

      The following tables detail the remaining contractual maturity for non-derivative financial liabilities. The tables have been drawn up based on the undiscounted cash flows of financial liabilities based on the earliest date on which the Group can be required to pay. 

 

 

2016

 

On demand or not later than 1 year

Later than 1 year and not later than 5 years

 

 

HKD'000

HKD'000

 

 

          13,590

-

 

 

_________

_________

 

 

2015

 

On demand or not later than 1 year

Later than 1 year and not later than 5 years

 

 

HKD'000

HKD'000

 

 

          29,314

      -

 

 

_________

_________

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements (continued)

 

25.     Financial instruments (continued)

        

         (d) Credit risk

Credit risk refers to the risk that counterparty will default on its contractual obligations resulting in financial loss to the Group. The carrying amount of financial assets recorded in the consolidated financial statements, which is net of impairment losses, represents the Group's maximum exposure to credit risk. The Group has adopted a policy of only dealing with creditworthy counterparties as a means of mitigating the risk of financial loss from defaults. The Group's exposure and the credit ratings of its counterparties are continuously monitored. Credit exposure is controlled by counterparty limits that are reviewed and approved by the management regularly.

 

The Group has put in place policies to ensure that sales of products are made to customers with an appropriate credit history and the Group performs periodic credit evaluations of its customers. In this regard, the director of the Group considers that the Company's credit risk is significantly reduced.

 

The Group's bank balances and cash are deposited with banks in Hong Kong. The credit risk on liquid funds is limited because the counterparties are banks with good credit-rating.         

 

         (e) Financial instruments by category 

         The following table sets out the financial instruments as at the statement of balance sheet date:   

 

 

 

2016

2015

 

 

HKD'000

HKD'000

Financial assets:

 

 

 

Loans and receivables:

 

 

 

Trade receivables

 

2,663

14,774

Deposits and other receivables

 

2,150

2,944

 

 

 

 

Bank balances and cash

 

 

 

- denominated in HKD

 

482

213

- denominated in USD

 

4,659

751

- denominated in CNY

 

147

140

- denominated in JPY

 

1

-

 

 

─────

─────

 

 

10,102

18,822

 

 

═════

═════

Financial liabilities:

 

 

 

Financial liabilities measured at amortised cost:

 

 

 

Trade payables

 

9,966

22,792

Accrued liabilities and other payables

 

3,624

3,518

Amounts due to a director

 

-

3,004

 

 

─────

─────

 

 

13,590

29,314

 

 

═════

═════

 

        

 

 

25.     Financial instruments (continued)

 

(f)      Capital management risk 

               The Group's objectives when managing capital are to safeguard the Group's ability to continue as a going concern, so that it can continue to provide returns for shareholders and benefits for other stakeholders, and to provide an adequate return to shareholders.

              

               The Group manages its capital structure and makes adjustments to it in the light of changes in economic conditions and the risk characteristics of the underlying assets. In order to maintain or adjust the capital structure, the Group may adjust the amount of dividends paid to shareholders, return capital to shareholders, issue new shares, or sell assets to reduce debt.

 

               No changes were made in the objectives, policies and processes during the years of 2015 and 2016.  

 

         The Group monitors capital using a gearing ratio, which is the Group's net debts divided by its

         total capital. Net debt is calculated as total liabilities as shown in the statement of financial position less cash and bank balances. Total capital is calculated as equity, as shown in the statement of financial position, plus net debt. The Group's gearing ratios are as follows:

 

 

 

 

2016

2015

 

 

HKD'000

HKD'000

Total liabilities

 

22,706

38,668

Less: Cash and bank balances

 

(5,289)

(1,104)

 

 

─────

─────

Net debt

 

17,417

37,564

Total equity

 

65,185

64,368

 

 

─────

─────

Total capital

 

82,602

101,932

 

 

═════

═════

Gearing ratio

 

21.1%

36.9%

 

 

═════

═════

 

26.     Fair value of financial instruments

 

         Fair value estimates are made at a specific point in time and based on relevant market information and information about the financial instruments. These estimates are subjective in nature and involve uncertainties and matters of significant judgment and therefore cannot be determined with precision. Changes in assumptions could significantly affect these estimates. The Group does not currently have any derivative or other financial instruments measured at fair value through profit and loss and the carrying amounts of financial instruments in the balance sheet approximated their fair values.

 

 

27.     Controlling Party

 

The ultimate controlling party is Wenjie Zhou.

 

 

Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements (continued) 

 

 

28.     Cash generated from operations

 

 

2016

2015

 

HKD'000

HKD'000

Cash flows from operating activities before changes in working capital and provisions

 

 

 

 

 

 

Continuing activities

 

586

9,174

Discontinued activities

 

-

-

 

 

─────

─────

Profit before income tax

 

586

9,174

Adjustments for:                 

 

 

 

Depreciation on property, plant and equipment

 

966

498

Interest income

 

-

(1)

Amortisation

 

113

-

Written off for property, plant and equipment

 

-

9

Share option payment

 

73

28

Warrants

 

-

561

Foreign exchange difference

 

135

-

(Increase) / decrease in inventories

 

(8,819)

3,379

Decrease/(Increase) in trade receivables

 

12,111

19,539

Decrease / (increase) in prepayments, deposits and other receivables

 

15,038

29,763

Increase in trade payables

 

(12,825)

(26,791)

Increase in accrued liabilities and other payables

 

106

(58,000)

(Decrease) / increase in amounts due to a director

 

(3,004)

3,004

 

 

─────

─────

Cash used in operations

 

4,480

(18,837)

 

 

═════

═════

 

 

 

 

29.     Share options

 

On 16 June 2014 the Company granted options on 525,000 ordinary shares to certain directors. The options are exercisable at £0.08 per share after the first anniversary of Admission, provided that the director remains in office until then.

     

 

Number

of options

Exercise

price

Weighted average

remaining

contractual

life

At 31 March 2015

525,000

£0.08

5 years

Options issued in the period

-

-

-

 

─────

─────

─────

At 31 March 2016

525,000

£0.08

5 years

 

 

 

 

         

The fair value of the share options issued in the current period is HKD 0.19 and was derived using the Black Scholes model. The following assumptions were used in the calculation:

 

      

Bid price discount

25%

Risk-free rate

1.5%

Volatility

60%

Expected life

3 years

 

Expected volatility is based on a conservative estimate for a newly listed entity. The expected life used in the model has been adjusted, based on management's best estimate, for the effects of non-transferability, exercise restrictions and behavioural considerations.

 

A charge of HKD 73,175 (2015: HKD 27,756) has been recognised for the share based payments during the year.

 

 

  

 

Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements (continued) 

 

 

30.     Warrants

 

On 16 June 2014, the Company granted to ZAI warrants to subscribe for 2,917,500 Ordinary shares at an issue price of £0.08 at any time in the period to 16 June 2019.

 

     

 

Number

of warrants

Exercise

price

Weighted average

remaining

contractual

life

At 31 March 2015

2,917,500

£0.08

5 years

Warrants issued in the period

-

-

-

 

─────

─────

─────

At 31 March 2016

2,917,500

£0.08

5 years

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

         

The fair value of the warrants issued in the current period is HKD 0.19  and was derived using

the Black Scholes model. The following assumptions were used in the calculations: 

 

      

Bid price discount

25%

Risk-free rate

1.5%

Volatility

60%

Expected life

3 years

      

Expected volatility is based on a conservative estimate for a newly listed entity. The expected life used in the model has been adjusted, based on management's best estimate, for the effects of non-transferability, exercise restrictions and behavioural considerations.

 

A charge of HKD nil (2015: HKD 560,885) has been recognised for the share based payments in the period as the warrants vested immediately in the prior year upon listing.

 

 

31.     Events subsequent to 31 March 2016

 

There were no reportable subsequent events.

 


This information is provided by RNS
The company news service from the London Stock Exchange
 
END
 
 
FR SELSUFFMSESU