Source - LSE Regulatory
RNS Number : 3398T
Johnson Matthey PLC
24 November 2021
 

Half year results for the six months ended
30th September 2021

24th November 2021

 

Resilient performance in the first half

 

Underlying performance¹,²

·     

Sales of £1.9 billion, up 21%, driven by a strong recovery in Clean Air and Efficient Natural Resources

·     

Underlying operating profit of £293 million, up 102% and ahead of pre-pandemic levels, driven by strong sales growth and higher average precious metal prices

·     

Underlying EPS of 114.8 pence, up materially reflecting higher underlying operating profit and lower net finance costs

·     

Free cash flow of £189 million, benefiting from continued strong management of working capital (1H 2020/21: £256 million)

·     

Strong balance sheet with net debt of c.£700 million as lower auto demand benefited working capital; net debt to EBITDA of 0.9 times

·     

Return on invested capital (ROIC) of 17.7%, up from 10.4% in the prior year driven by higher underlying operating profit

 

Reported results

·     

Revenue increased 23% primarily driven by higher average precious metal prices

·     

Following the announcement of our intention to exit Battery Materials, the assets have been impaired by £314 million

·     

Operating profit of £20 million, reflecting the one-off impairment in Battery Materials

·     

Loss before tax of £9 million, driven by lower operating profit

·     

Reported loss per share of 14.8 pence

·     

Cash inflow from operating activities of £412 million (1H 2020/21: £482 million)

·     

Interim dividend of 22.0 pence per share, up 10%

·     

Share buyback of £200 million, beginning in the New Year

 

 

 

Reported results

 

Underlying results¹

 

 

 

Half year ended 30th September

% change

 

Half year ended 30th September

% change

% change, constant rates

 

2021

2020

 

2021

2020

 

Revenue

£ million

8,586

6,979

+23

 

 

 

 

 

 

Sales excluding
precious metals³

£ million

 

 

 

 

1,938

1,679

+15

+21

 

Operating profit

£ million

20

68

-71

 

293

151

+94

+102

 

(Loss) / profit before tax

£ million

(9)

26

n/a

 

264

109

+142

 

 

(Loss) / earnings per share

pence

(14.8)

12.3

n/a

 

114.8

47.7

+141

 

 

Interim dividend
per share

pence

22.0

20.0

+10

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Key developments

·     

A resilient trading performance, with strong sales growth driven by a recovery in Clean Air and Efficient Natural Resources

·     

Portfolio changes - agreed the sale of Advanced Glass Technologies for £178 million, and  in discussions about a potential sale of Health

·     

Announced intention to exit Battery Materials

·     

Good momentum across our hydrogen businesses of Fuel Cells and Green Hydrogen

 

·     

New five-year framework contract with EKPO (ElringKlinger Plastic Omnium JV) to supply fuel cell components into commercial vehicle applications

 

·     

Following the completion of our hydrogen technologies capacity expansion in the UK and China, planning further expansion across these regions

·     

Increasing pipeline of opportunities in blue hydrogen - now over 20 projects - including HyNet which continues to move towards commercialisation in 2025

·     

In Clean Air, on track for strong cash generation in 2021/22

·     

Delivered £42 million of cost savings, from our total programme of £110 million per annum by 2023/24

       

 

Robert MacLeod, Chief Executive, commented:

We delivered a resilient trading performance in what has been a challenging environment, given the supply chain volatility which has affected a number of our end markets.

 

Looking forward, the changing world around us means that Johnson Matthey has never been more relevant. Our metal expertise and process technologies are critical to many new markets focused on climate change solutions and give us a strong competitive advantage. We have strong foundations in Clean Air and in Efficient Natural Resources and exciting opportunities to drive our future growth in circularity, hydrogen and decarbonisation.

 

To ensure we are focusing our resources on these core growth opportunities we have taken some strategic decisions around our portfolio. In particular, we announced our intention to exit Battery Materials as we concluded that this business would not generate adequate returns for us. In addition, today we are announcing that we have agreed the sale of Advanced Glass Technologies and are in discussions about the potential sale of our Health business.

 

After eight years in the role, I will be stepping down as Chief Executive, with Liam Condon joining as my successor from 1st March 2022 and I wish him well in leading Johnson Matthey through the next stage of its evolution.

 

Outlook for the year ending 31st March 2022

Our expectations on guidance for the year ending 31st March 2022 are unchanged from our trading update on 11th November.

 

Demand remains strong in many of our end markets. However, supply chain volatility especially the shortage of semi-conductors is affecting production for a number of our auto and truck customers. Global auto production is now forecast to decline 5% for our fiscal year which is a 14% reduction since our trading update in July. Consequently, precious metal prices have also declined, largely because of the lower demand from the automotive industry. We are also experiencing acute temporary labour shortages in the US that are adversely impacting our Health business.

 

For 2021/22 we expect growth in underlying operating performance to be low single digit at constant precious metals prices⁵ and constant currency.

 

If precious metals prices remain at their current level⁶ for the rest of this year, we would expect a full year net benefit of c.£45 million.

 

At current foreign exchange rates⁷, translational foreign exchange movements for the year ending 31st March 2022 are expected to adversely impact underlying operating profit by
c.£15 million.

 

Our capital expenditure is now expected to be c.£450 million for the year⁸ given our intended exit from Battery Materials.

 

Dividend and share buyback

The board approved an interim dividend of 22.0 pence per share, an increase of 10% against the prior year (1H 2020/21: 20.0 pence per share). The interim dividend will be paid on 1st February 2022 to shareholders on the register at 3rd December 2021.

 

The board has also approved a share buyback of £200 million that will commence in the New Year.

 

Chief Executive Announcement

As previously announced, Robert MacLeod will step down as Chief Executive and from the board on 28th February 2022. Robert will stay on to support the transition process until the Company's Annual General Meeting on 21st July 2022, when he will then retire from JM. Liam Condon will succeed Robert MacLeod, joining as Chief Executive on 1st March 2022.

 

Group Management Committee Change

Joan Braca, Chief Executive Clean Air, has decided to leave Johnson Matthey. Joan's last day will be on 31st December 2021.

 

Enquiries: 

 

 

Investor Relations

 

 

Martin Dunwoodie

Louise Curran

Jane Crosby

Director of Investor Relations

Senior Investor Relations Manager

Investor Relations Manager

+44 20 7269 8241

+44 20 7269 8235

+44 20 7269 8242

Media

 

 

Barney Wyld

Harry Cameron 

Group Corporate Affairs Director

Tulchan Communications

+44 20 7269 8001

+44 7799 152148

 

 

 

 

Notes:

1. 

Underlying is before profit or loss on disposal of businesses, gain or loss on significant legal proceedings together with associated legal costs, amortisation of acquired intangibles, major impairment and restructuring charges and, where relevant, related tax effects. For definitions and reconciliations of other non-GAAP measures, see pages 46 to 50.

2. 

Unless otherwise stated, sales and operating profit commentary refers to performance at constant exchange rates. Growth at constant rates excludes the translation impact of foreign exchange movements, with 2020/21 results converted at 2021/22 average rates. In 1H 2021/22, the translational impact of exchange rates on group sales and underlying operating profit was negative c.£71 million and c.£6 million respectively.

3. 

Revenue excluding sales of precious metals to customers and the precious metal content of products sold to customers.

4. 

As forecast by external consultants - IHS (October 2021).

5. 

Based on actual precious metal prices in 2020/21.

6. 

Based on current precious metal prices as at 22nd November 2021.

7. 

Based on foreign exchange rates as at 22nd November 2021.

8. 

Our previous guidance was for capital expenditure of up to £600 million for the year, which included our investment in Battery Materials.

 

Sustainable solutions as we create a cleaner, healthier world

Our vision is for a cleaner, healthier world, and we have an exciting opportunity to apply our deep expertise in complex metal chemistry to develop technologies which enable the four essential transitions the world needs for a sustainable future: transport, energy, decarbonisation of industry and the creation of a circular economy.

 

We have set out our own sustainability goals (see page 7) but the real difference we make to society is in the products and technology we supply to our customers - not just today but in the new technologies of tomorrow.

 

In Clean Air, we continue to play a vital role in reducing harmful emissions generated by internal combustion engines, and in Efficient Natural Resources our technology and leading segment positions give us a strong base from which to pivot into new areas - helping our customers decarbonise their chemical value chains and create a circular economy through recycling scarce critical materials. These businesses provide the group with a strong foundation, underpinned by our core science.

 

Focusing capital on climate change solutions

At our heart is complex metal chemistry, particularly pgm and nickel metal expertise, which is used across the group. It has been developed over decades, is hard to replicate and critical to many of the new technologies which address climate change. We are focusing capital allocation on high growth, high return opportunities that leverage our core competencies.

 

1. 

PGM Services (circularity solutions) - in Efficient Natural Resources

2. 

Hydrogen Technologies (fuel cells and green hydrogen) - in New Markets

3. 

Catalyst Technologies (decarbonisation of chemicals) - in Efficient Natural Resources

 

These opportunities are underpinned by our strong balance sheet and sustained cash generation from Clean Air.

 

Clean Air on track to deliver at least £4 billion of cash over the coming ten years

Clean Air continues to play a vital role in reducing harmful emissions generated by internal combustion engines. As the powertrain evolves, Clean Air is undergoing a major transformation programme to drive greater efficiency and reduce costs. Our new simplified operating model is now in place and performing well, and we continue to execute footprint changes with the transfer of production away from less efficient sites into our newer plants. This includes the closure of our plant in the UK over the next two years. We remain confident that our strategy will deliver cash generation of at least £4 billion over the coming ten years1.

 

1. PGM Services: creating a circular economy and underpinning the group

Platinum group metals (pgms) and other scarce metals are critical to many low carbon technologies such as hydrogen powered fuel cell vehicles and green hydrogen electrolysers. Recycling these metals will be crucial in providing low carbon routes to manufacture. The carbon intensity of recycled platinum group metals is c.2%2 that of mined metals. It is also a competitive advantage to be able to offer our customers recycling solutions in conjunction with our fuel cell and green hydrogen offerings as well as security of supply for these scarce metals. We are already the world leader in pgm recycling, twice the size of the next nearest player. This position and skillset gives us a strong foundation to capture more value over time from our existing recycling capabilities and expand our offering to develop new technologies which will enable the circular economy and help our customers meet their sustainability goals.

 

 

 

Notes:

1. 

At least £4 billion over the coming ten years from 1st April 2021.

2. 

Source: IPA.

2. Hydrogen Technologies: a new business to accelerate growth

Hydrogen - as a fuel source and energy carrier - has a huge role to play in reaching net zero, and the move to hydrogen is accelerating, with the number of large-scale hydrogen projects announced almost doubling since January 2021³.

 

We already have an established hydrogen business. We are well positioned to enable both the decarbonisation of transport through our hydrogen fuel cell technology and also energy through our hydrogen production technologies.

 

Our competitive advantage is founded on our core capabilities in pgm catalysis, electrochemistry and surface chemistry. This enables us to produce high performance components for fuel cells and green hydrogen electrolysers. We are positioned across the value chain, which includes manufacture of catalysts, membranes, catalyst coated membranes (CCM) and membrane electrode assemblies (MEA), enabling us to optimise to our customers' needs. Our customers also value the security of supply and the potential to offer recycling solutions and reduce their carbon footprint.

 

We created a new business - Hydrogen Technologies - which combines our Fuel Cells and Green Hydrogen businesses, accelerating our growth and scale-up in both markets. We are expanding our Hydrogen Technologies manufacturing capacity and, following the completion of our expansion last year, we now have 2GW capacity in the UK and China. We are planning further expansion in these regions to ensure we are able to meet growing demand.

 

Fuel Cells

We have been a leader in fuel cells and active for well over two decades, with our technology used as far back as the US Apollo moon landings. Our success is based on our pgm expertise, with these metals critical to producing efficient, high performance fuel cell components.

 

We have a track record of success, supplying components (CCMs and MEAs) which sit at the heart of the fuel cell stack. We have good relationships with many leading fuel cell system integrators and OEMs, and already supply Doosan, SFC Energy, REFIRE/Unilia and SinoHytech/Sino Fuel Cell. In addition, we signed a development and long-term supply agreement commencing in 2022 with a major German automotive supplier for the supply of next generation catalyst coated membranes into the global automotive market.

 

We continue to make good progress with customers. We recently signed a new five-year framework contract with EKPO Fuel Cell Technologies (a joint venture between ElringKlinger AG and Compagnie Plastic Omnium SE) - a tier one stack manufacturer - to supply CCMs into the global commercial vehicle market. Our customer pipeline includes more than 10 major truck and auto OEM platforms, for which we will supply fuel cell components, due to launch between c.2022 to 2025.

 

Green Hydrogen

Our Green Hydrogen business is based on the same CCM technology, pgm expertise and recycling capability as Fuel Cells. Given the commonality of technology, Fuel Cells and Green Hydrogen use the same manufacturing capacity and share expertise in developing key components, such as catalysts and CCMs. The strength of our existing position in Fuel Cells has enabled us to create this business in 18 months.

 

We are making good progress and expect our first commercial sales in 2022. We are testing with leading electrolyser manufacturers and in May 2021 we signed a memorandum of understanding (MoU) with Plug Power and more recently, with Hystar to develop key components for electrolysers. Hystar is a newly established Norwegian company, a high-tech spin-out from SINTEF, one of Europe's largest independent research institutions.

 

Notes:

3. 

Large-scale projects defined as projects larger than 1MW or equivalent. Hydrogen Council, McKinsey & Company

 

3. Catalyst Technologies: decarbonising chemicals and fuels

In Catalyst Technologies we are focused on the decarbonisation of chemical value chains. We are a well-established and leading provider of process technology and catalysts to the chemicals and energy sectors, notably within syngas which today is at the heart of many chemical value chains and used to manufacture a range of consumer products. Our process technology enables customers to decarbonise by re-engineering their processes to use sustainable feedstocks such as surplus carbon dioxide, biomass and renewable energy to create sustainable fuels and chemicals. This is an opportunity that offers structural growth as our customers focus on how they will decarbonise. Over the medium term we expect high single digit growth in this business which reflects growth in our existing markets, together with new technologies that will help the world decarbonise and move towards net zero. Our growth areas include:

 

·     

Blue hydrogen: We are seeing increasing interest from customers around the world. Our technology has been selected as part of the UK's HyNet project, one of the world's most progressed blue hydrogen projects, which continues to move towards commercialisation. HyNet was recently named as a Track 1 cluster by the UK government, which means that this project will begin decarbonising industry from 2025. We are working on a global pipeline of opportunities which is growing and now totals over 20 projects.

 

 

·     

Sustainable fuels and chemicals: This comprises a range of technologies which enable the production of fuels and chemicals from sustainable sources of hydrogen and carbon, replacing fossil fuel feedstocks. This plays to our strengths in syngas technology where we are one of the world's leading players.

 

 

We are making progress in this nascent market and recently supplied and supported the loading of the first catalyst for Fulcrum, for the production of sustainable aviation fuels. Also in this space, we recently signed an engineering agreement with Repsol and Aramco to enable the conversion of renewable energy to liquid fuels. In addition, our methanol technology was selected for the Haru Oni project in Chile, where we will also supply the catalyst, engineering and equipment. The JM designed unit will take atmospheric carbon dioxide as a feedstock for conversion to e-methanol to power gasoline vehicles. In the sustainable fuels and chemicals area, we are working on a pipeline of c.20 projects.

 

·     

Low carbon solutions: We have a strong position at the heart of many chemical value chains and our customers need to decarbonise their existing processes. There is a large installed base that utilises our existing technology that needs to be decarbonised, and for which we can offer low carbon solutions.

 

Capital allocation

We have a disciplined capital allocation framework. Our approach is designed to invest capital with a balance of appropriate shareholder return and risk, whilst maintaining a strong balance sheet given the working capital requirements of our metal refining businesses. We will target investment opportunities that will deliver superior returns. Where we have excess cash beyond our investment requirements, we will return that to shareholders.

 

Our forecast year end net debt position shows gearing returning towards our target level of net debt to EBITDA of 1.5-2.0 times, excluding the benefit of the proceeds from the sale of Advanced Glass Technologies (AGT). Consequently we will return excess capital (including proceeds from the sale of AGT) to shareholders in the form of a share buyback of £200 million beginning in the New Year.

 

Intention to exit Battery Materials

As announced on 11th November, following a detailed review and ahead of reaching a number of critical investment milestones, we have concluded that the potential returns from our Battery Materials business will not be adequate to justify further investment. The board has therefore decided to pursue the sale of all or parts of this business with the ultimate intention of exiting. We will move swiftly to determine the best outcome for all of our stakeholders and intend to make a further announcement as soon as possible.

 

Given the uncertainty of the outcome of this sales process, we have taken a prudent position and fully impaired the carrying value of our Battery Materials assets as at
30th September 2021, resulting in a charge of £314 million.

 

In the month of October, we reduced expenditure but still incurred an additional c.£26 million capex. Following the announcement of our intention to exit on 11th November, we took action to reduce further expenditure.

 

Portfolio changes

As we focus the group towards our core growth areas, we take an active approach to capital allocation and will continue to review our portfolio to focus on the areas of greatest opportunity with returns that are attractive to shareholders.

 

1. 

Strategic review of Health

 

We are in discussions about a potential sale and we will provide an update on its conclusion in due course.

 

2. 

Sale of Advanced Glass Technologies

 

We have agreed the disposal of Advanced Glass Technologies - reported in Other Markets (Value Businesses) - to Fenzi S.p.A for £178 million, with completion expected in the second half. AGT sales were £66 million in the year ended 31st March 2021.

 

Sustainability of our own operations

We have developed a sustainability framework and targets which focus on current and future technologies fundamental to addressing climate change.

 

We recently announced our goal to be net zero by 2040 as well as new, ambitious sustainability targets for 2030. Details of our goals and targets which are set out under three key pillars - Products and services, Operations, People - can be found in our 2021 annual report. We are signed up to the UN Global Compact's Business Ambition for 1.5°C and introduced science-based targets which have recently been independently verified by the Science Based Targets initiative (SBTi):

 

·     

Absolute reduction in Scope 1 and Scope 2 greenhouse gas emissions of at least 33% by 2030 (baseline 2019/20)⁴

·     

Absolute reduction of Scope 3 greenhouse gas emissions of at least 20% by 2030 (baseline 2019/20)⁴

 

We are increasingly being recognised by stakeholders for our efforts on sustainability. Recently, we were awarded a Platinum rating by EcoVadis - a leading provider of business sustainability ratings - which puts us in the top 1% of companies they assess.

 

To oversee our sustainability goals and process, we established a new board committee - the Societal Value Committee - which met for the first time in May 2021 and established a Sustainability Council within the company to manage the implementation of our strategy.

     

 

 

Notes:

4. 

Scope 1 covers direct greenhouse emissions from owned or controlled sources. Scope 2 covers indirect emissions from the generation of purchased electricity, steam, heating and cooling consumed by the reporting company. Scope 3 includes purchased goods and services.

 

 

Summary of underlying operating results

Unless otherwise stated, commentary refers to performance at constant rates. Percentage changes in the tables are calculated on rounded numbers

 

Sales

(£ million)

Half year ended
30th September

% change

% change,
constant rates

2021

20201

Clean Air

1,196

1,003

+19

+24

Efficient Natural Resources

523

411

+27

+33

Health

83

119

-30

-26

Other Markets

191

191

-

+5

Eliminations

(55)

(45)

 

 

Sales

1,938

1,679

+15

+21

 

 

Underlying operating profit
(£ million)

Half year ended
30th September

% change

% change,
 constant rates

2021

20201

Clean Air

150

77

+95

+103

Efficient Natural Resources

197

88

+124

+129

Health

(4)

15

n/a

n/a

Other Markets

(11)

(2)

n/a

n/a

Corporate

(39)

(27)

 

 

Underlying operating profit

293

151

+94

+102

 

 

Reconciliation of underlying operating profit to operating profit
(£ million)

 

Half year ended
30th September

2021

2020

Underlying operating profit

293

151

Amortisation of acquired intangibles

(3)

(5)

Major impairment and restructuring charges2

(314)

(78)

Gain on significant legal proceedings2

44

-

Operating profit

20

68

1 Restated following change to reporting segments and removal of inter-segment Copper Zeolites sales

2 For further detail on these items please see page 18.

 

 

 

Operating results by sector

 

Clean Air

 

Clean Air recovered strongly

·     

Global sales were up 24% as we saw a strong performance across all regions, despite the impact of OEM supply chain disruption caused principally by shortages of semi-conductor chips

·     

Underlying operating profit increased 103%. Whilst margins increased materially, driven by operational leverage and benefits from our transformation programme, they were held back by the impact of chip shortages

·     

ROIC increased to 19.9% reflecting higher operating profit and the continued good management of working capital

·     

On track for strong cash generation in 2021/22

 

 

Half year ended
30th September

% change

% change, constant rates

 

2021

2020

 

£ million

£ million

Sales

 

 

 

 

Light duty diesel

498

420

+19

+22

Light duty gasoline

270

260

+4

+8

Heavy duty diesel

428

323

+33

+40

Total sales

1,196

1,003

+19

+24

 

 

 

 

 

Underlying operating profit

150

77

+95

+103

Margin

12.5%

7.7%

 

 

Return on invested capital (ROIC)

19.9%

11.4%

 

 

Reported operating profit

149

42

 

 

 

A strong recovery in demand, but seeing impact from supply chain disruption

Clean Air provides catalysts for emission control after-treatment systems used in light and heavy duty vehicles powered by internal combustion engines. Global sales increased 24%, reflecting a strong recovery in demand in Europe and the Americas, against a prior period that was materially impacted by temporary customer shutdowns due to the pandemic.

 

Market demand remains strong across all regions. However, there was supply chain disruption across the industry principally due to the shortage of semi-conductor chips. This affected our volumes in our first half, with a more pronounced impact in our second quarter. Due to these shortages, we expect continued volume constraints on production levels through the second half. We are actively mitigating the impact through a combination of adjusting shift patterns, optimising production across our manufacturing footprint and working closely with customers to reduce the impact on our operations. To support our long-term performance and cash generation, we have already secured some Euro 7 business and are actively bidding on further platforms to meet this legislation.

 

Light duty catalysts - diesel and gasoline

Our light duty business provides catalysts for emission control after-treatment systems used in cars and other light duty vehicles powered by diesel and gasoline engines. Diesel accounts for c.65% of our light duty business, which is mostly in Europe.

 

 

Light duty diesel

In light duty diesel, global sales were up 22%. In Europe, where we hold a significant share of the light duty diesel market, sales growth was well ahead of market production due to a favourable platform mix. In Asia, sales grew in line with market production, and in the Americas, we saw strong sales growth and outperformed the market due to a beneficial platform mix.

 

Light duty gasoline

Sales in light duty gasoline were up 8%, above global vehicle production in aggregate due to a favourable platform mix. This outperformance was partially offset by the loss of two platforms in the Americas and in Europe, in line with our selective strategy.

 

Heavy duty diesel catalysts

In heavy duty diesel catalysts, we provide catalysts for emission control after-treatment systems for trucks, buses and non-road equipment. Sales recovered strongly, up 40% in the half, with growth in all regions.

 

In our Americas heavy duty business, where we hold a significant share of the market, we saw strong sales growth in line with market production which is benefiting from a cyclical recovery in the US Class 8 truck cycle. In Europe, heavy duty sales growth outperformed market production and was driven by a favourable platform mix. Heavy duty Asia sales grew very strongly in a market that declined, as we benefited from increased market share and increased value from tighter legislation in China.

 

Underlying operating profit

Underlying operating profit increased 103% and margin increased to 12.5%. Whilst margins increased materially, driven by operational leverage and benefits from our transformation programme, they were held back by the impact of chip shortages.

 

Return on invested capital (ROIC)

ROIC increased by 8.5 percentage points to 19.9%, reflecting higher operating profit and continued good management of working capital.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Efficient Natural Resources

 

Strong performance driven by PGM Services and a recovery in Catalyst Technologies

·     

Sales grew 33% reflecting a strong performance in PGM Services benefiting from volatile and higher average precious metal prices, and increased refinery volumes. Catalyst Technologies grew well driven by higher refill catalysts, principally ammonia and methanol

·     

Underlying operating profit up 129% and margin expanded 16.3 percentage points. This reflected strong growth in PGM Services (higher average pgm prices and increased volumes), strong performance in Catalyst Technologies, and efficiency benefits

·     

ROIC grew 34.2 percentage points to 53.9% reflecting higher operating profit and continued good management of working capital

 

 

Half year ended
30th September

  % change

% change, constant rates

 

2021

20201

 

£ million

£ million

Sales

 

 

 

 

PGM Services

300

215

+40

+46

Catalyst Technologies

223

196

+14

+19

Total sales

                  523

411

+27

+33

 

 

 

 

 

Underlying operating profit

197

88

+124

+129

Margin

37.7%

21.4%

 

 

Return on invested capital (ROIC)

53.9%

19.7%

 

 

Reported operating profit

239

67

 

 

           

1 Restated following change to reporting segments and removal of inter-segment Copper Zeolites sales.

PGM Services

PGM Services is the world's leading secondary recycler of platinum group metals (pgms). This business has an important role in enabling the energy transition through providing circular solutions as demand for scarce critical materials increases. These circular solutions are set to become increasingly important for customers as they seek metals with a lower carbon footprint. PGM Services also provides a strategic service to the group, supporting Clean Air and Hydrogen Technologies with security of metal supply in a volatile market.

 

PGM Services grew strongly, benefiting from higher average pgm prices

Sales in PGM Services increased 46% as we benefited from volatile and higher average precious metal prices and we saw increased volumes as we managed our refinery intakes in the prior period to optimise working capital.

 

Our other businesses in PGM Services also saw good performance. Sales grew in chemical products, primarily driven by Clean Air which uses pgm materials in its catalyst products. Industrial products containing pgms also grew well. In addition, following a recent change to our reporting structure Life Science Technologies (formerly part of New Markets) is now part of PGM Services. Life Science Technologies provides advanced pgm based catalysts to the pharmaceutical and agricultural chemicals markets. Sales were up strongly in this business due to phasing of orders.

 

Refinery backlogs remain at low levels

Refinery backlogs remain at low levels, which reflects our continued strong operational focus and efficient management of precious metal working capital. This supports the group's balance sheet efficiency.

 

 

Catalyst Technologies

Catalyst Technologies is focused on enabling the decarbonisation of chemical value chains. This business licenses key, proven and efficient process technology solutions and manufactures high value speciality catalysts and additives principally for the chemical and energy industries. We have leading positions in key end segments including syngas, methanol, ammonia, hydrogen and formaldehyde. Given our strong position in these important value chains, our technology can help customers decarbonise their operations by re-engineering their processes and using sustainable feedstocks.

 

Our main revenue streams in this business comprise refill catalysts (recurring business which makes up the majority of sales), first fill catalysts and licensing income. Overall, sales were up 19% primarily driven by higher demand for refill catalysts whilst additives were flat as demand for some fuels remained subdued. First fill catalysts also grew well, benefiting from catalyst sales for new technology. Our licensing business was marginally up and our project pipeline remains strong.

 

Refill catalysts grew double digit, with higher demand across key segments

Sales of refill catalysts grew double digit, with higher demand across our key segments. We saw continued good performance in ammonia whilst sales of methanol refills recovered as we benefited from orders which had been delayed due to the pandemic. Performance was also good in segments more impacted by COVID-19 in the prior year, such as formaldehyde which is largely used in construction.

 

First fills grew well, with the supply of the first catalyst for sustainable aviation fuel

Sales of first fill catalysts are driven by the start-up of new plants. They are a lead indicator of future refill catalyst demand. In the period, sales grew well. Although small in value at this stage, we supplied the first catalyst used by our Fischer Tropsch (FT) CANS™ technology to Fulcrum for one of the world's first plants for the production of sustainable fuel from municipal solid waste.

 

Licensing marginally up in the period and a strong pipeline

Our licensing business is dependent on new plant builds and revenue is recognised over the period of construction. In the period, sales were marginally up reflecting income from recent licence wins, particularly oxoalcohol and methanol projects based in China.

 

Licensing activity remains good and we signed two new licences in the period (1H 20/21:
2 licences). We have a strong pipeline of projects and are working with customers on a number of future opportunities focused on our decarbonisation technology, including sustainable aviation fuel and low carbon blue hydrogen solutions. See more detail on our future growth in our strategy section (page 6).

 

During the period, we recognised a non-underlying gain of £44 million in relation to damages and interest from a company found to have unlawfully copied one of our technology designs. We received the cash for this in the half and the related profit was taken outside of underlying operating profit.

 

Underlying operating profit

Underlying operating profit up 129% and margin expanded 16.3 percentage points. This reflected strong growth in PGM Services (higher average pgm prices (+c.£60 million) and increased volumes), strong performance in Catalyst Technologies and efficiency benefits.

 

ROIC

ROIC grew 34.2 percentage points to 53.9% reflecting higher operating profit and continued good management of working capital.

 

 

Health

 

Weak performance - labour shortage in the US and supply chain constraints

·     

Performance across both Generics and Innovators is being impacted by acute temporary labour shortages in the US pharma market and global supply chain constraints

·     

Lower sales of speciality opiates in our Generics business (-43%) due mainly to pricing pressure and COVID-19 related delays to elective medical procedures affecting demand

·     

We continue to make progress with the development of our pipeline of new products, but we are no longer of the view that the business will achieve £100 million of additional operating profit by 2026

·     

We are in discussions about a potential sale and we will provide an update on its conclusion in due course

 

 

Half year ended
30th September

% change

% change, constant rates

 

2021

2020

 

£ million

£ million

 

 

Sales

 

 

 

 

Generics

40

70

-43

-40

Innovators

43

49

-12

-4

Total sales

83

119

-30

-26

 

 

 

 

 

Underlying operating (loss) / profit

(4)

15

n/a

n/a

Margin

-4.8%

12.6%

 

 

Return on invested capital (ROIC)

2.6%

4.6%

 

 

Reported operating (loss) / profit

(4)

4

 

 

 

Generics

Our Generics business develops and manufactures generic active pharmaceutical ingredients (APIs) for a variety of treatments. The majority of our business is controlled APIs.

 

In the period, sales declined 40% primarily driven by speciality opiates. In speciality opiates, sales of opioid addiction therapies were lower reflecting pricing pressure in the US as the market genericises and opioid analgesics decreased due to the delay of elective medical procedures. In addition, we also saw increased demand in the prior year for some products due to COVID-19. We also saw weaker performance across a number of other products due to new competitors entering the market and timing of orders.

 

Innovators

Our Innovators business provides customised development and manufacturing services for active ingredients of new drugs during their lifecycle, including for initial clinical evaluation and subsequently for commercial supply post regulatory approval.

 

Innovators slightly declined in the period, with sales down 4%. We continue to benefit from our multi-year contracts with Gilead and Sarepta, and commercial demand remains strong. Sales in the half were lower because of key raw material shortages due to global supply chain disruption and temporary US labour shortages which meant that we had a shortage of skilled operators. For Gilead, we supply an immuno-oncology drug linker used in a treatment for triple negative breast cancer, and remain excited by our future prospects given Gilead's approval from the FDA (Food and Drug Administration) for a further indication of the drug for the treatment of bladder cancer.

 

These sales declines were partly offset by a modest increase in clinical development work, where we undertake customised development and manufacturing services. We were also impacted in the prior period due to COVID-19 related shutdowns.

 

Strategic review update

We are in discussions about a potential sale and we will provide an update on its conclusion in due course.

 

Underlying operating loss

Underlying operating loss reflecting weaker sales in Generics and manufacturing challenges in both businesses due to temporary US labour market shortages and supply chain disruption.

 

ROIC

ROIC declined 2 percentage points to 2.6% due to an operating loss in the half. ROIC remains positive in the first half due to being measured over a rolling 12-month period.

 

Other Markets

 

Announced intention to exit Battery Materials, commercialising opportunities in Hydrogen at pace and driving value from non-core businesses

·   

Sales grew 5% driven by a strong recovery in Value Businesses. We saw lower sales in Fuel Cells primarily due to temporary manufacturing issues as we ramped up our new facilities, and we used a proportion of our capacity for new customer testing

·   

We continue to invest in the commercialisation of our new growth businesses, resulting in an underlying operating loss of £11 million

·   

On 11th November, we announced the intention to exit our Battery Materials business

·   

Sale of our glass coatings business Advanced Glass Technologies announced for a total consideration of £178 million

 

 

Half year ended
30th September

% change

% change, constant rates

 

2021

20201

 

£ million

£ million

Sales

 

 

 

 

New Markets

16

25

-36

-36

Value Businesses

175

166

+5

+11

Total sales

191

191

-

+5

 

 

 

 

 

Underlying operating loss

(11)

(2)

n/a

n/a

Margin

-5.8%

-1.0%

 

 

Return on invested capital (ROIC)

-1.4%

3.0%

 

 

Reported operating loss

(325)

(15)

 

 

1 Restated following change to reporting segments

New Markets

New Markets comprises Hydrogen Technologies (Fuel Cells and Green Hydrogen) and Battery Materials.  

 

In Fuel Cells, we continue to see increased interest for automotive and truck applications from customers principally in Asia and Europe. In Green Hydrogen, we are working at pace to commercialise key components used in green hydrogen electrolysers and expect our first commercial sales in 2022.

 

Our Battery Materials business includes our lithium iron phosphate materials, and high nickel eLNO cathode materials. We announced on 11th November our intention to exit Battery Materials. Whilst testing with customers is progressing well, this market is developing into a high volume, commoditised market and it has become clear that our capital intensity is too high compared with more established large scale, low cost producers. We have concluded that the potential returns from battery materials will not be adequate to justify further investment and have therefore announced our intention to exit this business.

 

New Markets sales declined 36% in the period, largely due to lower sales in Fuel Cells. We were impacted by temporary manufacturing issues as we ramped up our new facilities, which have now been resolved. We also used a proportion of our capacity for new customer testing.

 

Value Businesses

Value Businesses is managed to drive shareholder value from activities considered to be non-core to JM, and currently comprises Battery Systems, Medical Device Components, Diagnostic Services and Advanced Glass Technologies (AGT). Sales were up 11% in the half, trending back towards pre-pandemic levels. As we actively manage to drive value, we saw an improved performance in these businesses.

AGT mainly provides black obscuration enamels and silver paste for automotive glass applications. Sales were higher as we saw a strong rebound in automotive markets following pandemic disruption in the prior period. On 24th November 2021, we announced the disposal of this business to Fenzi S.p.A for £178 million and it is now classified as held for sale.

 

Our Battery Systems business saw a partial recovery in sales following a weak prior period that was impacted by disruption caused by the pandemic. In the half, we saw an impact from shortages of semi-conductor chips.

 

Medical Device Components performed well and saw good sales growth following the postponement of some elective medical procedures in 2020 due to the pandemic.

 

Diagnostic Services saw a good recovery in the half although performance remains impacted by the pandemic.

 

Underlying operating loss

We reported an underlying operating loss of £11 million. This was due to increased investment into our New Markets growth businesses such as Hydrogen Technologies and lower sales in Fuel Cells.

 

ROIC

ROIC declined by 4.4 percentage points to -1.4% due to higher assets as we invest for growth, and an operating loss.

 

Corporate

Corporate costs were £39 million, an increase of £12 million from the prior period, primarily due to building capability across our group functions and upgrading our core IT systems.

 

 

 

Financial review

 

Research and development (R&D)

R&D spend was £109 million in the half, including £20 million of capitalised R&D. This was up from £96 million in the prior period and represents c.5% of sales excluding precious metals. R&D spend was higher in the period, primarily driven by increased investment in Hydrogen Technologies as we commercialise our fuel cell and green hydrogen offerings, as well as Battery Materials which will now cease.

 

Foreign exchange

The calculation of growth at constant rates excludes the impact of foreign exchange movements arising from the translation of overseas subsidiaries' profit into sterling. The group does not hedge the impact of translation effects on the income statement.

 

The principal overseas currencies, which represented 75% of the non-sterling denominated underlying operating profit in the half year ended 30th September 2021, were:

 

 

Share of 1H 2021/22
non-sterling denominated
underlying operating profit

Average exchange rate

Half year ended

30th September

% change

 

 

2021

2020

US dollar

27%

1.39

1.27

+9

Euro

30%

1.16

1.12

+4

Chinese renminbi

18%

8.95

8.86

+1

 

For the half, the impact of exchange rates decreased sales by £71 million and underlying operating profit by £6 million.

 

If current exchange rates (£:$ 1.34, £:€ 1.19, £:RMB 8.57) are maintained throughout the year ending 31st March 2022, foreign currency translation will have a negative impact of approximately £15 million on underlying operating profit. A one cent change in the average US dollar and euro exchange rates and a ten fen change in the average rate of the Chinese renminbi each have an impact of approximately £1 million on full year underlying operating profit.

 

Efficiency savings

We are transforming our organisation to create a more simple and efficient group, allowing us to act with greater agility and pace in a dynamic external environment. This includes the consolidation of our Clean Air manufacturing footprint and the implementation of a new group operating model, which will deliver savings of £110 million per annum by 2023/24.

 

Initiative

£ million

Delivered

to 2020/21

Delivered

in half

 

Total delivered to date

Annualised benefits
by 2023/24

Total active efficiency programmes

37

42

 

79

110

 

 

 

 

 

Items outside of underlying operating profit

Major impairment and restructuring costs

Following the announcement of our intention to exit our Battery Materials business, the associated Battery Materials' assets were impaired by £314 million. The impairment comprises property, plant and equipment (£216 million), right-of-use assets (£5 million), other intangible assets (£78 million) and trade and other receivables (£15 million).

 

Related to our efficiency savings which will deliver savings of £110 million per annum by 2023/24, we incurred £230 million of one-off costs in total recognised outside of underlying operating profit in prior periods. Of these costs, £78 million were incurred in the first half of the prior year.

 

Gain on significant legal proceedings

During the period, the group recognised a gain of £44 million in relation to damages and interest from a company found to have unlawfully copied one of JM's technology designs.

 

Finance charges

 

Net finance charges in the period amounted to £29 million, down from £41 million in the first half of 2020/21. Due to the focus across the group on maintaining efficient levels of precious metal working capital and sustained lower borrowings, we have seen finance costs gradually decrease.

 

 

 

Taxation

 

The tax charge on underlying profit before tax for the half year ended 30th September 2021 was £42 million, an effective underlying tax rate of 16.0%, slightly up from 15.6% in the first half of 2020/21. The tax rate on underlying profit for the year ending 31st March 2022 is estimated to be c.16-17%.

 

 

 

The effective tax rate on reported profit for the half was 189.6%, up from 7.8% in the prior period. This represents a tax charge of £19 million, up from £2 million in the prior year. The increased effective rate is due to a major impairment arising in the first half, the majority of which arises in a jurisdiction where no tax relief is available.

 

 

 

Post-employment benefits

 

IFRS - accounting basis

 

At 30th September 2021, the group's net post-employment benefit position was a surplus of £203 million.

 

 

 

The cost of providing post-employment benefits in the period was £25 million, up from £21 million in the same period last year.

 

 

 

Actuarial - funding basis

 

The UK pension scheme has a legacy defined benefit career average section which was closed to new entrants on 1st October 2012, when a new defined benefit cash balance section was opened.

 

 

 

The last triennial actuarial valuation of the career average section as at 1st April 2018 revealed a deficit of £34 million, or a surplus of £9 million after taking account of the future additional deficit funding contributions from the special purpose vehicle set up in January 2013. The valuation results as at 1st April 2018 allowed for the equalisation of Guaranteed Minimum Pension. The triennial actuarial valuation of the scheme as at 1st April 2021 is currently underway and the results are expected by the end of the year.

 

 

 

The last triennial actuarial valuation of the cash balance section as at 1st April 2018 revealed a surplus of £0.2 million.

 

 

 

The latest actuarial valuations of our two US pension schemes showed a surplus of £9 million as at 1st July 2021, an improvement from a £7 million surplus as at 1st July 2020.

 

             

 

Capital expenditure

Capital expenditure was £228 million in the half, 2.4 times depreciation and amortisation (excluding amortisation of acquired intangibles). In the period, projects included:

·   

In Efficient Natural Resources, investing to increase the resilience and capacity of our pgm refining assets

·   

Development and commercialisation of eLNO, our portfolio of high nickel cathode materials within Battery Materials

·   

Upgrading our core IT business systems

 

Strong balance sheet

Net debt at 30th September 2021 was £699 million, a decrease of £76 million from 31st March 2021 and £179 million from 30th September 2020. Net debt is £39 million higher at £738 million when post tax pension deficits are included. The group's net debt (including post tax pension deficits) to EBITDA was 0.9 times (30th September 2020: 1.6 times), below our target range of 1.5 to 2.0 times.

 

As part of our continued focus on working capital management, we have maintained an efficient balance sheet and low levels of working capital. In the half, supply chain disruption across automotive and truck production resulted in a precious metal working capital volume benefit of c.£300 million, which will unwind as production recovers.

 

We use short term metal leases as part of our mix of funding for working capital, which are outside the scope of IFRS 16 as they qualify as short term leases. These amounted to £223 million at 30th September 2021 (31st March 2021: £437 million, 30th September 2020: £367 million). 

 

Free cash flow and working capital

Free cash flow was £189 million in the half, compared to £256 million in the prior period, largely reflecting higher non-precious metal working capital.

 

Excluding precious metal, average working capital days to 30th September 2021 decreased to 40 days compared to 70 days to 30th September 2020. The prior period was higher due to the lower average sales volume through the period. Our target range for average non-precious metal working capital days is between 50 and 60 days over the medium term.

 

Going concern

The group maintains a strong balance sheet with around £1.7 billion of available cash and undrawn committed facilities. Cash generation was strong during the period with free cash flow of around £189 million lowering net debt by £76 million since year end. As set out on page 28, the directors have reviewed the base case scenario forecasts for the group and have reasonable expectation that there are no material uncertainties that cast doubt about the group's ability to continue operating for at least twelve months from the date of approving these half-yearly accounts. In arriving at this view, the base case scenario was stress tested to a severe but plausible downside case which assumed a lower demand profile and slower recovery in end user market growth. Additionally, the group considered scenarios including the impact from metal price volatility, a short-term refinery shutdown and increases in the amount of metal that we would have to hold.

 

Under all scenarios, the group has sufficient headroom against committed facilities and key financial covenants are not in breach during the going concern period. The directors are therefore of the opinion that the group has adequate resources to fund its operations for the period of twelve months following the date of this announcement and so determine that it is appropriate to prepare the accounts on a going concern basis.

 

Risks and uncertainties

The principal risks and uncertainties, together with the group's strategies to manage them, are set out on pages 88 to 96 of the 2021 annual report. Updated risks are:

 

Existing market outlook - Changing assumptions in our key markets could have an unplanned or unforeseen impact that we are not agile enough to respond to. Since the publication of the 2021 annual report, this risk has been revised to reflect the impact of climate change and our transition to a low carbon economy. As we transition to a low carbon economy, there is a risk JM is unable to make and or sell products demanded by customers.

 

This risk includes the potential impact of legislative changes, including carbon pricing or taxation legislation, other market movements outside of our predictions, the extended impact of global pandemics, and emerging trends such as tariffs, as well as regional and global slowdowns to which our business may be sensitive.

 

Future growth - Ineffective execution of our strategic initiatives and investments could lead to failure to deliver planned growth and create value. Our intention to exit Battery Materials changes this risk profile in that we will have less exposure to a highly capital intensive and potentially low margin segment, but removes one of our strategic growth initiatives.

 

Competitive advantage - Failure to maintain our competitive advantage in existing markets and, as a result, not meeting customers' evolving needs as effectively and profitably as our competitors, particularly around increasing customer demand for net zero products.

 

Environment, health and safety (EHS) - Like other high hazard manufacturing companies, our business operations are subject to a wide range of challenging health, safety and environmental laws, standards and regulations set by government and non-governmental bodies around the world. If we fail to operate safely, we could injure our people or breach applicable laws, which could have a negative impact on our employees. This could result in lost production time and potentially attract negative interest from the media and regulators.

 

Supply failure - The nature of JM's operations means there are limited suppliers from which to source certain strategic raw materials including precious metals. Any significant breakdown in the supply of these materials would lead to an inability to manufacture our products and satisfy customer demand. Through our work on climate change impacts, we acknowledge that increased frequency of extreme weather events and natural disasters (drought, floods, storms, cyclones, heavy rain, sea level rise, heatwaves) may lead to disruption to supply chains across JM's value chain (upstream and downstream) resulting in disrupted delivery of raw materials and products and increased costs.

 

People - To successfully execute our strategy and deliver growth, we need an appropriate culture and a breadth and depth of leadership skills to drive a motivated, inclusive and engaged workforce, underpinned by adequate people data. This is especially important as we pivot away from more traditional areas of the business to ones that are higher growth and by implication higher risk.

 

Security of metal / highly regulated substances - We store and transport significant quantities of high value precious metals or highly regulated substances. Loss or theft due to a failure of our associated security management systems may result in financial loss and / or a failure to satisfy our customers, which could reduce customer confidence or result in legal action.

 

Intellectual property management - Failure to adequately manage our own, and third party, intellectual property, knowledge and information could lead to a loss in business advantage, loss of freedom to operate and reputational damage associated with litigation.

 

 

Asset failure - We may experience critical asset failures resulting in a material impact on the supply, performance, share value and reputation of JM. In addition, we recognise that increased frequency of extreme weather events and natural disasters (drought, floods, storms, cyclones, heavy rain, sea level rise, heatwaves) may lead to disruption of JM operations resulting in increased costs and detrimental effects on employee wellbeing. 

 

Ethics and compliance - Failure to comply with ethical and regulatory standards could lead to reputational damage, and leave the company or individuals open to potential criminal or legal action.

 

Business transition - Failure to manage and deliver change in a controlled manner to achieve expected business benefits.

 

Product quality - Customers use our products in a wide range of their own end products, processes and systems. It is crucial, therefore, that our products work properly and meet the established quality criteria. Performance failure or quality defects could cause harm to consumers or leave us exposed to liability claims. This could lead to loss of future business, licence to operate and reputational damage.

 

Information, technology and cyber security - Failure to adapt our IT systems to changing business requirements, significant disruption to those systems or a major cyber security incident could adversely affect our financial position, harm our reputation and lead to regulatory penalties, or non-compliance with laws.

 

Customer contract liability - Unfavourable customer contract terms could lead to significant loss or damage and expose us to high or unlimited liability, as well as other broader negative consequences.

 

 

 

Responsibility statement of the Directors in respect of the half yearly report

The half yearly report is the responsibility of the directors. Each of the directors as at the date of this responsibility statement, whose names and functions are set out below, confirms that to the best of their knowledge:

 

 

·     

the condensed consolidated accounts have been prepared in accordance with UK adopted International Accounting Standard (IAS) 34 - 'Interim Financial Reporting'; and

·     

the interim management report included in the Half-Yearly Report includes a fair review of the information required by:

 

 

 

a)  DTR 4.2.7R of the Financial Conduct Authority's Disclosure Guidance and Transparency Rules, being an indication of important events that have occurred during the first six months of the financial year and their impact on the condensed consolidated accounts; and a description of the principal risks and uncertainties for the remaining six months of the financial year; and 

 

 

b)  DTR 4.2.8R of the Financial Conduct Authority's Disclosure Guidance and Transparency Rules, being related party transactions that have taken place in the first six months of the current financial year and that have materially affected the financial position or performance of the company during that period; and any changes in the related party transactions described in the last annual report that could do so. 

 

 

The names and functions of the directors of Johnson Matthey Plc are as follows: 

 

 

 

Patrick Thomas

Chair of the Board and of the Nomination Committee

 

Robert MacLeod

Chief Executive

 

Stephen Oxley

Chief Financial Officer

 

John O'Higgins

Senior Independent Non-Executive Director

 

Rita Forst

Non-Executive Director

 

Jane Griffiths

Non-Executive Director and Chair of Societal Value Committee

 

Xiaozhi Liu

Non-Executive Director

 

Chris Mottershead

Non-Executive Director and Chair of the Remuneration Committee

 

Doug Webb

Non-Executive Director and Chair of the Audit Committee

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The responsibility statement was approved by the Board of Directors on 23rd November 2021 and is signed on its behalf by: 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Patrick Thomas

 

Chairman 

 

       

 

Independent Review Report

to Johnson Matthey Plc

Report on the condensed consolidated accounts

 

Our conclusion

We have reviewed Johnson Matthey Plc's condensed consolidated accounts (the "interim financial statements") in the half year results of Johnson Matthey Plc for the 6 month period ended 30th September 2021 (the "period").

 

Based on our review, nothing has come to our attention that causes us to believe that the interim financial statements are not prepared, in all material respects, in accordance with UK adopted International Accounting Standard 34, 'Interim Financial Reporting' and the Disclosure Guidance and Transparency Rules sourcebook of the United Kingdom's Financial Conduct Authority.

 

What we have reviewed

The interim financial statements comprise:

 

·    the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheet as at 30th September 2021;

·    the Condensed Consolidated Income Statement and Condensed Consolidated Statement of Total Comprehensive Income for the period then ended;

·    the Condensed Consolidated Cash Flow Statement for the period then ended;

·    the Condensed Consolidated Statement of Changes in Equity for the period then ended; and

·    the explanatory notes to the interim financial statements.

The interim financial statements included in the half year results of Johnson Matthey Plc have been prepared in accordance with UK adopted International Accounting Standard 34, 'Interim Financial Reporting' and the Disclosure Guidance and Transparency Rules sourcebook of the United Kingdom's Financial Conduct Authority.

Responsibilities for the interim financial statements and the review

 

Our responsibilities and those of the directors

The half year results, including the interim financial statements, is the responsibility of, and has been approved by the directors. The directors are responsible for preparing the half year results in accordance with the Disclosure Guidance and Transparency Rules sourcebook of the United Kingdom's Financial Conduct Authority.

Our responsibility is to express a conclusion on the interim financial statements in the half year results based on our review. This report, including the conclusion, has been prepared for and only for the company for the purpose of complying with the Disclosure Guidance and Transparency Rules sourcebook of the United Kingdom's Financial Conduct Authority and for no other purpose. We do not, in giving this conclusion, accept or assume responsibility for any other purpose or to any other person to whom this report is shown or into whose hands it may come save where expressly agreed by our prior consent in writing.

What a review of interim financial statements involves

We conducted our review in accordance with International Standard on Review Engagements (UK and Ireland) 2410, 'Review of Interim Financial Information Performed by the Independent Auditor of the Entity' issued by the Auditing Practices Board for use in the United Kingdom. A review of interim financial information consists of making enquiries, primarily of persons responsible for financial and accounting matters, and applying analytical and other review procedures.

A review is substantially less in scope than an audit conducted in accordance with International Standards on Auditing (UK) and, consequently, does not enable us to obtain assurance that we would become aware of all significant matters that might be identified in an audit. Accordingly, we do not express an audit opinion.

We have read the other information contained in the half year results and considered whether it contains any apparent misstatements or material inconsistencies with the information in the interim financial statements.

 

 

 

PricewaterhouseCoopers LLP

Chartered Accountants

London

23rd November 2021

 

Condensed Consolidated Income Statement

for the six months ended 30th September 2021

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

      Six months ended

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

30.9.21 

 

30.9.20

 

 

 

 

 

Notes

 

£ million 

 

£ million 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Revenue

 

 

2, 3

 

8,586

 

6,979

 

Cost of sales

 

 

 

 

(8,038)

 

(6,587)

 

Gross profit

 

 

 

 

548

 

392

 

Distribution costs

 

 

 

 

(57)

 

(54)

 

Administrative expenses

 

 

 

 

(198)

 

(187)

 

Amortisation of acquired intangibles

 

 

4

 

(3)

 

(5)

 

Gain on significant legal proceedings

 

 

4

 

44

 

-

 

Major impairment and restructuring charges

 

 

4

 

(314)

 

(78)

 

Operating profit

 

 

 

 

20

 

68

 

Finance costs

 

 

 

 

(38)

 

(77)

 

Finance income

 

 

 

 

9

 

36

 

Share of losses of joint ventures and associates

 

 

 

 

-

 

(1)

 

(Loss) / profit before tax

 

 

 

 

(9)

 

26

 

Tax expense

 

 

5

 

(19)

 

(2)

 

(Loss) / profit for the period

 

(28)

 

24

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

pence 

 

pence 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(Loss) / earnings per ordinary share

 

 

 

 

Basic 

 

 

6

 

(14.8)

 

12.3

 

 

Diluted

 

 

6

 

(14.8)

 

12.3

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


 

Condensed Consolidated Statement of Total Comprehensive Income

for the six months ended 30th September 2021

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

      Six months ended

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

30.9.21 

 

30.9.20 

 

 

 

 

 

Notes

 

£ million 

 

£ million 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(Loss) / profit for the period

 

 

(28)

 

24

 

Other comprehensive income

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Items that will not be reclassified to the income statement

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Remeasurements of post-employment benefit assets and liabilities

 

 

13

 

59

 

(103)

 

 

Fair value gains on equity investments at fair value through other comprehensive income

 

1

 

6

 

 

Tax on items that will not be reclassified to the income statement

 

 

(5)

 

21

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

55

 

(76)

 

Items that may be reclassified to the income statement:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Exchange differences on translation of foreign operations

 

 

 

 

40

 

(11)

 

 

Amounts credited / (charged) to hedging reserve

 

 

 

 

13

 

(6)

 

 

Fair value losses on net investment hedges

 

 

 

 

(2)

 

-

 

 

Tax on items that may be reclassified to the income statement

 

 

(3)

 

1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

48

 

(16)

 

Other comprehensive income / (expense) for the period

 

 

103

 

(92)

 

Total comprehensive income / (expense) for the period

75

 

(68)

 

 

 

Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheet

as at 30th September 2021

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

30.9.21 

 

31.3.21 

 

 

 

 

Notes

 

£ million 

 

£ million 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Assets

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Non-current assets

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Property, plant and equipment

 

 

8

 

1,326

 

1,424

 

Right-of-use assets

 

 

 

 

65

 

74

 

Goodwill

 

 

 

 

557

 

554

 

Other intangible assets

 

 

9

 

307

 

359

 

Investments in joint ventures and associates

 

 

 

 

2

 

2

 

Investments at fair value through other comprehensive income

 

 

54

 

53

 

Other receivables

 

 

10

 

30

 

50

 

Interest rate swaps

 

 

19

 

17

 

20

 

Deferred tax assets

 

 

 

 

113

 

140

 

Post-employment benefit net assets

 

 

13

 

249

 

194

 

Total non-current assets

 

 

 

 

2,720

 

2,870

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Current assets

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Inventories

 

 

 

 

2,004

 

1,814

 

Current tax assets

 

 

 

 

9

 

13

 

Trade and other receivables

 

 

10

 

1,916

 

2,422

 

Cash and cash equivalents

 

 

19

 

746

 

581

 

Interest rate swaps

 

 

19

 

3

 

-

 

Other financial assets

 

 

 

 

61

 

44

 

Assets classified as held for sale

 

 

12

 

52

 

-

 

Total current assets

 

 

 

 

4,791

 

4,874

 

Total assets

 

 

 

 

7,511

 

7,744

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Liabilities

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Current liabilities

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Trade and other payables

 

 

11

 

(3,050)

 

(3,325)

 

Lease liabilities

 

 

19

 

(11)

 

(11)

 

Current tax liabilities

 

 

 

 

(95)

 

(147)

 

Cash and cash equivalents ─ bank overdrafts

 

 

19

 

(42)

 

(36)

 

Borrowings and related swaps

 

 

19

 

(309)

 

(26)

 

Other financial liabilities

 

 

 

 

(28)

 

(18)

 

Provisions

 

 

 

 

(29)

 

(35)

 

Liabilities classified as held for sale

 

 

12

 

(13)

 

-

 

Total current liabilities

 

 

 

 

(3,577)

 

(3,598)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Non-current liabilities

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Borrowings and related swaps

 

 

19

 

(1,054)

 

(1,252)

 

Lease liabilities

 

 

19

 

(48)

 

(51)

 

Deferred tax liabilities

 

 

 

 

(28)

 

(28)

 

Employee benefit obligations

 

 

13

 

(100)

 

(98)

 

Provisions

 

 

 

 

(26)

 

(27)

 

Other payables

 

 

11

 

(5)

 

(5)

 

Total non-current liabilities

 

 

 

 

(1,261)

 

(1,461)

 

Total liabilities

 

 

 

 

(4,838)

 

(5,059)

 

Net assets

 

 

 

 

2,673

 

2,685

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Equity

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Share capital

 

 

 

 

221

 

221

 

Share premium

 

 

 

 

148

 

148

 

Shares held in employee share ownership trust (ESOT)

 

 

 

 

(24)

 

(29)

 

Other reserves

 

 

 

 

49

 

-

 

Retained earnings

 

 

 

 

2,279

 

2,345

 

Total equity

 

 

 

 

2,673

 

2,685

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Condensed Consolidated Cash Flow Statement

for the six months ended 30th September 2021

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

      Six months ended

 

 

 

 

 

 

30.9.21 

 

30.9.20 

 

 

 

 

Notes

 

£ million 

 

£ million 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash flows from operating activities

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(Loss) / profit before tax

 

 

 

 

(9)

 

26

 

Adjustments for:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 Share of losses of joint ventures and associates

 

 

 

 

-

 

1

 

Depreciation

 

 

 

 

77

 

76

 

Amortisation

 

 

 

 

22

 

13

 

Impairment losses

 

 

 

 

314

 

16

 

Loss on sale of non-current assets

 

 

 

 

-

 

1

 

 Share-based payments

 

 

 

 

9

 

5

 

 Increase in inventories

 

 

 

 

(179)

 

(177)

 

 Decrease / (increase) in receivables

 

 

 

 

532

 

(347)

 

 (Decrease) / increase in payables

 

 

 

 

(339)

 

840

 

 (Decrease) / increase in provisions

 

 

 

 

(8)

 

49

 

 Contributions less than / (in excess of) employee benefit obligations charge

 

5

 

(5)

 

 Changes in fair value of financial instruments

 

 

 

 

8

 

(37)

 

 Net finance costs

 

 

 

 

29

 

41

 

Income tax paid

 

 

 

 

(49)

 

(20)

 

Net cash inflow from operating activities

 

 

 

 

412

 

482

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash flows from investing activities

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Interest received

 

 

 

 

6

 

33

 

Purchases of property, plant and equipment

 

 

 

 

(141)

 

(139)

 

Purchases of intangible assets

 

 

 

 

(43)

 

(36)

 

Proceeds from sale of non-current assets

 

 

 

 

2

 

-

 

Net cash outflow from investing activities

 

 

 

 

(176)

 

(142)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash flows from financing activities

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Proceeds from borrowings

 

 

 

 

63

 

288

 

Repayment of borrowings

 

 

 

 

-

 

(4)

 

Dividends paid to equity shareholders

 

 

7

 

(96)

 

(60)

 

Interest paid

 

 

 

 

(40)

 

(77)

 

Principal element of lease payments

 

 

 

 

(7)

 

(7)

 

Net cash (outflow) / inflow from financing activities

 

 

 

 

(80)

 

140

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net increase in cash and cash equivalents

 

 

 

 

156

 

480

 

Exchange differences on cash and cash equivalents

 

 

 

 

3

 

(1)

 

Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of year

 

 

 

 

545

 

273

 

Cash and cash equivalents at end of period

 

 

19

 

704

 

752

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash and deposits

 

 

 

 

223

 

197

 

Money market funds

 

 

 

 

523

 

573

 

Bank overdrafts

 

 

 

 

(42)

 

(32)

 

Cash and deposits transferred to assets classified as held for sale

 

-

 

14

 

Cash and cash equivalents

 

 

19

 

704

 

752

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Condensed Consolidated Statement of Changes in Equity

for the six months ended 30th September 2021

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Share

 

Shares

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Share

 

premium

 

held in

 

Other

 

Retained

 

Total 

 

 

 

capital

 

account

 

ESOT

 

reserves

 

earnings

 

equity 

 

 

 

£ million

 

£ million

 

£ million

 

£ million

 

£ million

 

£ million 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

At 1st April 2020

 

221

 

148

 

(32)

 

142

 

2,345

 

2,824

 

Total comprehensive expense for the period

-

 

-

 

-

 

(10)

 

(58)

 

(68)

 

Dividends paid (note 7)

 

-

 

-

 

-

 

-

 

(60)

 

(60)

 

Share-based payments

 

-

 

-

 

-

 

-

 

9

 

9

 

Cost of shares transferred to employees

-

 

-

 

3

 

-

 

(7)

 

(4)

 

At 30th September 2020

 

221

 

148

 

(29)

 

132

 

2,229

 

2,701

 

Total comprehensive (expense) / income for the period

-

 

-

 

-

 

(132)

 

150

 

18

 

Dividends paid (note 7)

-

 

-

 

-

 

-

 

(39)

 

(39)

 

Share-based payments

 

-

 

-

 

-

 

-

 

7

 

7

 

Cost of shares transferred to employees

-

 

-

 

-

 

-

 

(3)

 

(3)

 

Tax on share-based payments

 

-

 

-

 

-

 

-

 

1

 

1

 

At 31st March 2021

 

221

 

148

 

(29)

 

-

 

2,345

 

2,685

 

Total comprehensive income for the period

-

 

-

 

-

 

49

 

26

 

75

 

Dividends paid (note 7)

-

 

-

 

-

 

-

 

(96)

 

(96)

 

Share-based payments

 

-

 

-

 

-

 

-

 

12

 

12

 

Cost of shares transferred to employees

-

 

-

 

5

 

-

 

(8)

 

(3)

 

At 30th September 2021

 

221

 

148

 

(24)

 

49

 

2,279

 

2,673

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

           Notes to the Accounts

               for the six months ended 30th September 2021

 

 

 

 

 

 

1

Basis of preparation and statement of compliance

 

On 31st December 2020, IFRS as adopted by the European Union at that date was brought into UK law and became UK-adopted International Accounting Standards, with future changes being subject to endorsement by the UK Endorsement Board. The group transitioned to UK-adopted International Accounting Standards in its consolidated financial statements on 1st April 2021. This change constitutes a change in accounting framework. However, there is no impact on recognition, measurement or disclosure in the period reported as a result of the change in framework. This condensed consolidated interim financial report for the half-year reporting period ended 30th September 2021 has been prepared in accordance with the UK-adopted International Accounting Standard 34, 'Interim Financial Reporting' and the Disclosure Guidance and Transparency Rules sourcebook of the UK's Financial Conduct Authority. The accounting policies applied are consistent with the accounting policies applied by the group in its consolidated accounts as at, and for the year ended, 31st March 2021, with the exception of the adoption of amended accounting policies and standards as explained below.

 

These condensed consolidated accounts do not constitute statutory accounts within the meaning of Section 435 of the Companies Act 2006. The interim report does not include all of the notes of the type normally included in an annual financial report. Accordingly, this report is to be read in conjunction with the annual report for the year ended 31st March 2021, which has been prepared in accordance with both International Accounting Standards (IAS) in conformity with the requirements of the Companies Act 2006 and International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS) issued by the International Accounting Standards Board (IASB), adopted pursuant to Regulation (EC) No 1606/2002 as it applies to the European Union, including the interpretations issued by the IFRS Interpretations Committee.

 

Information in respect of the year ended 31st March 2021 is derived from the company's statutory accounts for that year which have been delivered to the Registrar of Companies. The auditor's report on those statutory accounts was unqualified, did not include a reference to any matters to which the auditor drew attention by way of emphasis without qualifying its report and did not contain any statement under Section 498 (2) or Section 498 (3) of the Companies Act 2006.

 

The half-yearly accounts are unaudited, but have been reviewed by the auditors. They were approved by the board of directors on 23rd November 2021.

 

Going concern

The directors have reviewed the base case scenario, and the severe but plausible case scenario and have reasonable expectation that there are no material uncertainties that cast doubt about the group's ability to continue operating for at least twelve months from the date of approving these half-yearly accounts.

 

As at 30th September 2021, the group maintains a strong balance sheet with around £1.7 billion of available cash and undrawn committed facilities. Cash generation was strong during the period with free cash flow of around £189 million lowering net debt by £76 million since 31st March 2021 to £699 million. Net debt (including post tax pension deficits) to EBITDA, was below our target range at 0.9 times.

 

Overall, the group's performance during the period was resilient, both in terms of underlying operating profit and cash flow. For the purposes of assessing going concern, we have revisited our financial projections using the latest forecasts for our base case scenario. The base case scenario was stress tested to a severe but plausible downside case which assumed a lower demand profile and slower recovery in end user market growth.

 

Additionally, the group considered scenarios including the impact from metal price volatility, a short-term refinery shutdown and increases in the amount of metal that we would have to hold. Whilst the combined impact would reduce profitability and EBITDA against our latest forecast, our balance sheet remains strong.

 

 

 

 

 

1

Basis of preparation and statement of compliance (continued)

 

Going concern (continued)

The group has a robust funding position comprising a range of long-term debt and a £1 billion five year committed revolving credit facility maturing in March 2026 which was entirely undrawn at 30th September 2021. There was £555 million of cash held in money market and bank deposits. Of the existing loans, around £255 million of term debt matures in the period to December 2023 which has been included in our going concern modelling.  As a long time, highly rated issuer in the US private placement market, the group expects to be able to access additional funding in its existing markets should it need to. The group also has a number of additional sources of funding available including uncommitted lease facilities that support precious metal funding. Whilst we would fully expect to be able to utilise the metal lease facilities, they are excluded from our going concern modelling.

 

Under all scenarios above, the group has sufficient headroom against committed facilities and key financial covenants are not in breach during the going concern period. There remain risks to the group including more extreme economic outcomes. Against these, the group has a range of levers which it could utilise to protect headroom including reducing capital expenditure, reducing PMM liquidity and future dividend distributions.

 

The directors are therefore of the opinion that the group has adequate resources to fund its operations for the period of twelve months following the date of this announcement and so determine that it is appropriate to prepare the accounts on a going concern basis.

 

Non-GAAP measures

The group uses various measures to manage its business which are not defined by generally accepted accounting principles (GAAP). The group's management believes these measures provide valuable additional information to users of the accounts in understanding the group's performance. The group's non-GAAP measures are defined and reconciled to GAAP measures in note 19.

 

Amended standards adopted by the group

The IASB ratified the IFRIC update on Configuration and Customisation ('CC') costs in a Cloud Computing Arrangement (IAS 38, Intangible Assets) in April 2021. The group reports 'CC' in cloud computing arrangements according to these updates.

 

The IASB has issued other amendments resulting from improvements to IFRS that the group considers do not have any impact on the accounting policies, financial position or performance of the group. The group has not early adopted any standard, interpretation or amendment that was issued but is not yet effective.

 

The group has elected not to apply the exemption granted in the 'COVID-19 related rent concessions' amendment to IFRS 16, Leases, as the group has not received material COVID-19 related rent concessions as a lessee.

 

Interest Rate Benchmark Reform Phase 2 - Amendments to IFRS 9, IAS 39, IFRS 7, IFRS 4 and IFRS 16

The IBOR reform, Phase 2 amendments were effective for annual periods beginning on or after the 1st January 2021. The Phase 2 amendments address issues that arise from implementation of the reforms, including the replacement of one benchmark with an alternative one. A practical expedient is provided such that the change to contractual cash flows for financial assets and liabilities (including lease liabilities) is accounted for prospectively by revising the effective interest rate. In addition, hedge accounting will not be discontinued solely because of the IBOR reform. The amendments are not expected to have a material impact on the results or financial position of the group.

 

The group has one IFRS 9 designated hedge relationship: the 3.26% $150 million Bonds 2022 which have been swapped into floating rate US dollars. This swap references six-month US dollar LIBOR, however the swap matures in 2022, before the amendments are effective for the group. The group does have access to a revolving credit facility which remains undrawn, the contract has been amended so that USD and GBP drawings will be subject to the new Secured Overnight Financing Rate (SOFR) and Sterling Overnight Index Average (SONIA) respectively from 30th November 2021. The implications on the wider business of IBOR reform have been assessed and there are no other arrangements that are materially impacted.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2

Segmental information

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Revenue, sales and underlying operating profit by sector

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

As part of the 31st March 2021 results press release, we announced small changes to our reporting segments to reflect how we are managing the business and increase visibility of our new growth businesses. Efficient Natural Resources now includes Life Science Technologies (formerly part of New Markets) and excludes Diagnostic Services and Advanced Glass Technologies (now part of Other Markets). Excluding Corporate costs, the group has four reporting segments, aligned to the needs of our customers and the global challenges we are tackling.

 

 

Clean Air - provides catalysts for emission control after-treatment systems to remove harmful emissions from vehicles and non-road equipment powered by diesel and gasoline.

 

 

Efficient Natural Resources - provides products and processing services for the efficient use and transformation of critical natural resources including oil, gas, biomass and platinum group metals to enable the decarbonisation of chemical value chains and provide circular economy solutions.

 

 

Health - develops and manufactures active pharmaceutical ingredients (APIs) for a variety of treatments and new drugs during their lifecycle, including for initial clinical evaluation and subsequently for commercial supply post regulatory approval.

 

 

Other Markets - a portfolio of businesses with particular focus on potential growth and value realisation opportunities. This includes Battery Systems, Fuel Cells, Diagnostic Services, Battery Materials and Green Hydrogen.

 

 

The Group Management Committee (the chief operating decision maker as defined by IFRS 8, Operating Segments) monitors the results of these operating sectors to assess performance and make decisions about the allocation of resources. Each operating sector is represented by a member of the Group Management Committee. These operating sectors represent the group's reportable segments and their principal activities are described on pages 42 to 57 of the 2021 Annual Report. The performance of the group's operating sectors is assessed on sales and underlying operating profit (see note 19). Sales between segments are made at market prices, taking into account the volumes involved.

 

 

Six months ended 30th September 2021

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Efficient 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Clean 

Natural 

 

Other 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Air 

Resources 

Health 

Markets 

Corporate

Eliminations

Total 

 

 

 

£ million 

£ million 

£ million 

£ million 

£ million 

£ million 

£ million 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Revenue from external customers

3,748

4,514

83

241

-

-

8,586

 

 

Inter-segment revenue

1

2,617

1

-

-

(2,619)

-

 

 

Revenue

3,749

7,131

84

241

-

(2,619)

8,586

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

External sales1

1,195

470

82

191

-

-

1,938

 

 

Inter-segment sales

1

53

1

-

-

(55)

-

 

 

Sales1

1,196

523

83

191

-

(55)

1,938

 

 

Underlying operating profit1

150

197

(4)

(11)

(39)

-

293

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Six months ended 30th September 2020

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Efficient 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Natural 

 

Other

 

 

 

 

 

 

Clean 

Resources 

 

Markets 

 

Eliminations

 

 

 

 

Air 

(restated)

Health 

(restated)

Corporate

(restated)

Total

 

 

 

£ million 

£ million 

£ million 

£ million 

£ million 

£ million 

£ million 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Revenue from external customers

2,888

3,743

122

226

-

-

6,979

 

 

Inter-segment revenue

2

1,965

-

-

-

(1,967)

-

 

 

Revenue

2,890

5,708

122

226

-

(1,967)

6,979

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

External sales1

1,002

367

119

191

-

-

1,679

 

 

Inter-segment sales

1

44

-

-

-

(45)

-

 

 

Sales1

1,003

411

119

191

-

(45)

1,679

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Underlying operating profit1

77

88

15

(2)

(27)

-

151

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1 Sales and underlying operating profit are non-GAAP measures (see note 19 for reconciliation to GAAP measures). Sales excludes the sale of precious metals. Underlying operating profit excludes profit or loss on disposal of businesses, gain or loss on significant legal proceedings, together with associated legal costs, amortisation of acquired intangibles and major impairment and restructuring charges.

 

 

 

 

The comparative period is restated to reflect the group's updated reporting segments and revised inter-segment revenue and sales for Efficient Natural Resources and eliminations for copper zeolite sales. The overall group total is as previously reported.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2

Segmental information (continued)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net assets by sector

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

At 30th September 2021

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Efficient 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Clean 

Natural 

 

Other 

 

 

 

 

 

Air 

Resources 

Health 

Markets 

Corporate

Total 

 

 

 

£ million 

£ million 

£ million 

£ million 

£ million 

£ million 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Segmental net assets

 

1,481

542

494

197

482

3,196

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net debt (see note 19)

 

 

 

 

 

(699)

 

Post-employment benefit net assets and liabilities

 

 

 

149

 

Deferred tax net assets

 

 

 

 

 

85

 

Provisions and non-current other payables

 

 

 

 

 

(60)

 

Investments in joint ventures and associates

 

 

 

 

 

2

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net assets

 

 

 

 

 

 

2,673

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

At 31st March 2021

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Efficient 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Natural 

 

Other 

 

 

 

 

 

Clean 

Resources 

 

Markets 

 

 

 

 

 

Air 

(restated)

Health 

(restated)

Corporate

Total

 

 

 

£ million 

£ million 

£ million 

£ million 

£ million 

£ million 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Segmental net assets

 

1,480

603

469

412

353

3,317

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net debt (see note 19)

 

 

 

 

 

(775)

 

Post-employment benefit net assets and liabilities

 

 

 

96

 

Deferred tax net assets

 

 

 

 

 

112

 

Provisions and non-current other payables

 

 

 

 

 

(67)

 

Investments in joint ventures and associates

 

 

 

 

 

2

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net assets

 

 

 

 

 

 

2,685

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The comparative period is restated to reflect the group's updated reporting segments. The overall group total is as previously reported.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2

Segmental information (continued)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Impact of exchange rate movements on sales and underlying operating profit by sector

 

 

                                         

 

The main impact of exchange rate movements on sales and underlying operating profit is from the translation of the results of foreign operations into sterling.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

      Six months ended

 

 

Average exchange rates

 

 

30.9.21 

 

30.9.20 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

US dollar / £

 

 

1.39

 

1.27

 

 

Euro / £

 

 

1.16

 

1.12

 

 

Chinese renminbi / £

 

 

8.95

 

8.86

 

 

 

 

 

 

  Six months ended 30.9.20

 

 

 

 

 

Six months 

 

At last 

 

At this 

 

Change at 

 

 

 

ended 

 

year's rates 

 

year's rates 

 

this year's 

 

 

 

30.9.21 

 

(restated)

 

(restated)

 

rates 

 

 

 

£ million 

 

£ million 

 

£ million 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Clean Air

1,196

 

1,003

 

964

 

24%

 

 

Efficient Natural Resources

523

 

411

 

393

 

33%

 

 

Health

83

 

119

 

112

 

-26%

 

 

Other Markets

191

 

191

 

182

 

5%

 

 

Elimination of inter-segment sales

(55)

 

(45)

 

(43)

 

 

 

 

Sales1

1,938

 

1,679

 

1,608

 

21%

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Clean Air

150

 

77

 

74

 

103%

 

 

Efficient Natural Resources

197

 

88

 

86

 

129%

 

 

Health

(4)

 

15

 

14

 

n/a

 

 

Other Markets

(11)

 

(2)

 

(2)

 

n/a

 

 

Unallocated corporate expenses

(39)

 

(27)

 

(27)

 

 

 

 

Underlying operating profit1

293

 

151

 

145

 

102%

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1 Sales and underlying operating profit are non-GAAP measures (see note 19 for reconciliation to GAAP measures). Sales excludes the sale of precious metals. Underlying operating profit excludes profit or loss on disposal of businesses, gain or loss on significant legal proceedings, together with associated legal costs, amortisation of acquired intangibles and major impairment and restructuring charges.

 

 

 

 

The comparative period is restated to reflect the group's updated reporting segments and revised inter-segment revenue and sales for Efficient Natural Resources and eliminations for copper zeolite sales. The overall group total is as previously reported.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

3

Revenue

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Products and services

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The group's principal products and services by operating sector and sub-sector are disclosed in the table below, together with information regarding performance obligations and revenue recognition. Revenue is recognised by the group as contractual performance obligations to customers are completed.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Sub-sector

Primary industry

Principal products and services

Performance obligations

 

Revenue recognition

 

 

Clean Air

 

 

Light Duty Catalysts

Automotive

Catalysts for cars and other light duty vehicles

Point in time

 

On despatch or delivery

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Heavy Duty Catalysts

Automotive

Catalysts for trucks, buses and non-road equipment

Point in time

 

On despatch or delivery

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Efficient Natural Resources

 

 

Catalyst Technologies

Chemicals / oil and gas

Speciality catalysts and additives

Point in time

 

On despatch or delivery

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Process technology licences

Over time

 

 

Based on costs incurred or straight-line over the licence term1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Engineering design services

Over time

 

 

Based on costs incurred

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Platinum Group Metal Services

Various

Platinum Group Metal refining and recycling services

Over time

 

 

Based on output

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Other precious metal products

Point in time

 

On despatch or delivery

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Platinum Group Metal chemical and industrial products

Point in time

 

On despatch or delivery

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Advanced catalysts

Point in time

 

On despatch or delivery

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Health

 

 

Generics

Pharmaceuticals

Manufacture of active pharmaceutical ingredients

Point in time

 

On despatch or delivery

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Innovators

Pharmaceuticals

Development and manufacture of active pharmaceutical ingredients

Over time

 

Based on costs incurred

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Other Markets

 

 

Advanced Glass Technologies

Automotive

Precious metal pastes and enamels

Point in time

 

On despatch or delivery

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Battery Materials

 

Automotive

Battery materials

Point in time

 

On despatch or delivery

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Fuel Cells

 

Automotive

Fuel cell technologies

Point in time

 

On despatch or delivery

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Battery Systems

 

Consumer goods

Battery systems for a range of applications

Point in time

 

On despatch or delivery

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Medical Device Components

Pharmaceuticals

Products found in devices used in medical procedures

Point in time

 

On despatch or delivery

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Diagnostic Services

Oil and gas

Detection, diagnostic and measurement solutions

Over time

 

 

Based on costs incurred

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1 Revenue recognition depends on whether the licence is distinct in the context of the contract.

 

 

3

Revenue (continued)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Revenue from external customers by principal products and services

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Six months ended 30th September 2021

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Efficient

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Clean

Natural

 

Other

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Air

Resources

Health

Markets

Total

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

£ million 

£ million 

£ million 

£ million 

£ million 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Metal

2,553

4,044

1

50

6,648

 

 

Heavy Duty Catalysts

413

-

-

-

413

 

 

Light Duty Catalysts

768

-

-

-

768

 

 

Catalyst Technologies

-

219

-

-

219

 

 

Platinum Group Metal Services

-

251

-

-

251

 

 

Generics

-

-

40

-

40

 

 

Innovators

-

-

42

-

42

 

 

Fuel Cells

-

-

-

10

10

 

 

Battery Materials

-

-

-

6

6

 

 

Battery Systems

-

-

-

77

77

 

 

Advanced Glass Technologies

-

-

-

36

36

 

 

Diagnostic Services

-

-

-

26

26

 

 

Medical Device Components

-

-

-

36

36

 

 

Other

14

-

-

-

14

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Revenue

3,748

4,514

83

241

8,586

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Six months ended 30th September 2020

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Efficient

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Natural

 

Other

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Clean

Resources

 

Markets

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Air

(restated)

Health

(restated)

Total

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

£ million 

£ million 

£ million 

£ million 

£ million 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Metal

1,885

3,377

3

34

5,299

 

 

Heavy Duty Catalysts

310

-

-

-

310

 

 

Light Duty Catalysts

680

-

-

-

680

 

 

Catalyst Technologies

-

194

-

-

194

 

 

Platinum Group Metal Services

-

172

-

-

172

 

 

Generics

-

-

70

-

70

 

 

Innovators

-

-

49

-

49

 

 

Fuel Cells

-

-

-

19

19

 

 

Battery Materials

-

-

-

6

6

 

 

Battery Systems

 

 

 

 

 

-

-

-

76

76

 

 

Advanced Glass Technologies

-

-

-

27

27

 

 

Diagnostic Services

-

-

-

21

21

 

 

Medical Device Components

-

-

-

29

29

 

 

Other

13

-

-

14

27

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Revenue

2,888

3,743

122

226

6,979

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The comparative period is restated to reflect the group's updated reporting segments. The overall group total is as previously reported.

 

 

 

 

 

 

4

Operating profit

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Six months ended

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

30.9.21

30.9.20

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

£ million 

£ million 

 

 

Operating profit is arrived at after charging / (crediting):

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total research and development expenditure

 

109

96

 

 

Less: Development expenditure capitalised

 

(20)

(9)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Research and development expenditure charged to the income statement

 

89

87

 

 

Less: External funding received from governments

 

(6)

(5)

 

 

Net research and development expenditure charged to the income statement

 

83

82

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Depreciation of:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

   Property, plant and equipment

 

70

69

 

 

   Right-of-use assets

 

7

7

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Depreciation

 

77

76

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Amortisation of:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

   Internally generated intangible assets

1

2

 

 

   Acquired intangibles

3

5

 

 

   Other intangible assets

18

6

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Amortisation

 

22

13

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Gain on significant legal proceedings

 

 

 

(44)

-

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Major impairment and restructuring charges:

 

 

 

 

 

   Property, plant and equipment

 

 

216

12

 

 

   Right-of-use assets

 

 

5

1

 

 

   Other intangible assets

 

 

78

4

 

 

   Inventories

 

 

-

1

 

 

   Trade and other receivables

 

 

15

1

 

 

   Trade and other payables

 

 

-

(3)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Impairment losses

 

 

 

 

 

314

16

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Restructuring charges

 

-

62

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Major impairment and restructuring charges

 

314

78

 

                                                                     

 

Gain on significant legal proceedings

During the period, the group recognised a gain of £44 million in relation to damages and interest from a company found to have unlawfully copied one of our technology designs. The gain is reported as non-underlying, see note 19.

 

Major impairment and restructuring charges

Following a detailed review of our Battery Materials business the group has concluded that the potential future returns from the business would not be adequate to justify further investment. Accordingly, on 11th November 2021, the group announced its decision to pursue the sale of all or parts of Battery Materials. We have determined an impairment charge of £314m based on our estimate of the recoverable amount of the assets at 30th September 2021. The impairment charge comprises property, plant and equipment (£216 million), right-of-use assets (£5 million), other intangible assets (£78 million) and trade and other receivables (£15 million).

 

In the prior period, the group incurred non-underlying major impairment and restructuring charges of £78 million. The charges were in relation to efficiency initiatives that are transforming our organisation to create a more simple and efficient group allowing us to act with greater agility and pace in a dynamic external environment. There have been no further charges in relation to these initiatives in the current period.

 

 

 

 

 

5

Tax expense

 

 

 

 

 

The charge for taxation at the half year ended 30th September 2021 was £19 million (1H 2020/21: £2 million), this is after a major impairment charge of £314 million with an associated tax credit of £27 million. The tax charge on underlying profit before tax was £42 million (1H 2020/21: £17 million), an effective tax rate of 16.0% (1H 2020/21: 15.6%). Included in the first half tax charge is a tax credit of £6 million in relation to the UK rate change from 19% to 25%, which was enacted on 24th May 2021. In addition, there is a tax credit to other comprehensive income of £9 million in respect of the impact of the rate change on post-employment assets. The tax rate on underlying profit for the year ending 31st March 2022 is estimated to be between 16-17%.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

6

(Loss) / earnings per ordinary share

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

      Six months ended

 

 

 

 

 

30.9.21 

 

30.9.20 

 

 

 

 

 

pence

 

pence

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Basic

 

 

(14.8)

 

12.3

 

 

Diluted

 

 

(14.8)

 

12.3

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(Loss) / earnings per ordinary share have been calculated by dividing (loss) / profit for the period by the weighted average number of shares in issue during the period.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

      Six months ended

 

 

Weighted average number of shares in issue

 

 

30.9.21 

 

30.9.20 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Basic

 

 

192,829,279

 

192,650,843

 

 

Dilution for long term incentive plans

 

 

687,371

 

211,074

 

 

Diluted

 

 

193,516,650

 

192,861,917

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

                       

 

 

 

 

 

7

Dividends

 

 

 

 

 

An interim dividend of 22.00 pence (1H 2020/21 20.00 pence) per ordinary share has been proposed by the board which will be paid on 1st February 2022 to shareholders on the register at the close of business on 3rd December 2021. The estimated amount to be paid is £42 million (1H 2020/21 £39 million) and has not been recognised in these accounts.

 

 

 

 

 

      Six months ended

 

 

 

 

 

 

30.9.21 

 

30.9.20 

 

 

 

 

 

 

£ million 

 

£ million 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2019/20 final ordinary dividend paid ─ 31.125 pence per share

 

 

-

 

60

 

 

 

2020/21 final ordinary dividend paid ─ 50.00 pence per share

 

 

96

 

-

 

 

 

Total dividends

 

 

96

 

60

 

 

 

8

Property, plant and equipment

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Assets in

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Land 

Leasehold

Plant and

the course of

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

and buildings 

improvements

machinery 

construction 

Total 

 

 

 

 

 

 

£ million 

£ million 

£ million 

£ million 

£ million 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cost

 

 

 

 

 

 

At 1st April 2021

667

31

2,310

377

3,385

 

Additions

1

-

9

172

182

 

Transferred to assets classified as held for sale (note 12)

(15)

(2)

(47)

(1)

(65)

 

Reclassification

-

1

47

(48)

-

 

Disposals

(1)

-

(20)

-

(21)

 

Exchange adjustments

10

-

31

4

45

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

At 30th September 2021

662

30

2,330

504

3,526

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Accumulated depreciation and impairment

 

 

 

 

 

At 1st April 2021

321

17

1,606

17

1,961

 

Charge for the period

10

1

59

-

70

 

Impairment losses

9

-

25

182

216

 

Transferred to assets classified as held for sale (note 12)

(12)

(2)

(38)

-

(52)

 

Disposals

(1)

-

(19)

-

(20)

 

Exchange adjustments

4

-

20

1

25

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

At 30th September 2021

331

16

1,653

200

2,200

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Carrying amount at 30th September 2021

331

14

677

304

1,326

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Carrying amount at 1st April 2021

346

14

704

360

1,424

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

                                     

Following a review of the business the group concluded the potential future returns from the Battery Materials business did not support the carrying value of the business (see note 4). The carrying value of the assets of the Battery Materials business of £216 million have consequently been fully impaired during the period and included within major impairment charges.

 

9

Other intangible assets

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Customer

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

contracts and 

Computer 

Patents,
trademarks

Acquired research and 

Development 

 

 

 

 

 

 

relationships 

software 

and licences 

technology 

expenditure 

Total 

 

 

 

 

 

£ million 

£ million 

£ million 

£ million 

£ million 

£ million 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cost

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

At 1st April 2021

133

367

65

42

226

833

 

Additions

-

25

1

-

20

46

 

Exchange adjustments

2

1

-

1

2

6

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

At 30th September 2021

135

393

66

43

248

885

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Accumulated amortisation and impairment

 

 

 

 

 

 

At 1st April 2021

108

144

46

41

135

474

 

Charge for the period

2

18

-

1

1

22

 

Impairments

-

9

15

-

54

78

 

Exchange adjustments

3

-

-

1

-

4

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

At 30th September 2021

113

171

61

43

190

578

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Carrying amount at 30th September 2021

22

222

5

-

58

307

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Carrying amount at 1st April 2021

25

223

19

1

91

359

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Following a review of the business the group concluded the potential future returns from the Battery Materials business did not support the carrying value of the business (see note 4). The carrying value of the assets of the Battery Materials business of £78 million have consequently been fully impaired during the period and included within major impairment charges.

 

10

Trade and other receivables

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

30.9.21

31.3.21

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

£ million 

£ million 

 

Current

 

 

 

 

Trade receivables

 

 

1,394

1,571

 

Contract receivables

 

 

132

181

 

Prepayments

 

 

 

 

 

 

108

88

 

Value added tax and other sales tax receivable

 

 

69

119

 

Advance payments to customers

 

 

10

11

 

Amounts receivable under precious metal sale and repurchase agreements1

 

162

308

 

Other receivables

 

 

 

 

 

 

41

144

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Trade and other receivables

 

 

1,916

2,422

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Non-current

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Value added tax and other sales tax receivable

 

 

2

2

 

Prepayments

 

 

 

 

 

 

-

3

 

Advance payments to customers

 

 

28

45

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Other receivables

 

 

 

 

 

 

30

50

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1 The fair value of the precious metal contracted to be sold by the group under sale and repurchase agreements is £139 million (31st March 2021: £407 million).

 

11

Trade and other payables

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

30.9.21

31.3.21

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

£ million 

£ million 

 

Current

 

 

 

 

Trade payables

 

 

716

996

 

Contract liabilities

 

 

292

184

 

Accruals

 

 

 

 

 

 

347

369

 

Amounts payable under precious metal sale and repurchase agreements1

1,448

1,442

 

Other payables

 

 

247

334

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Trade and other payables

 

 

3,050

3,325

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Non-current

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Other payables

 

 

 

 

 

 

5

5

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Other payables

 

 

 

 

 

 

5

5

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1 The fair value of the precious metal contracted to be repurchased by the group under sale and repurchase agreements is £1,228 million (31st March 2021: £1,766 million).

 

12

Assets and liabilities classified as held for sale

 

 

 

 

 

 

                       

During the half year the group decided to sell its Advanced Glass Technologies business. As at 30th September 2021, the proceeds less costs to sell for the Advanced Glass Technologies business are estimated to be greater than book value and so no impairment is required. The business is classified as a disposal group held for sale and presented separately on the balance sheet.

The sale of the Advanced Glass Technologies business was agreed on 23rd November 2021, with proceeds of £178 million.

The major classes of assets or liabilities comprising the businesses classified as held for sale are:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Advanced

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Glass

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Technologies

 

At 30th September 2021

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

£ million

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Non-current assets

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Property, plant and equipment

 

 

 

 

 

13

 

Right-of-use-assets

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1

 

Goodwill

 

 

 

 

2

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Current assets

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Inventories

 

 

 

 

20

 

Trade and other receivables

 

 

 

 

 

16

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Assets classified as held for sale

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

52

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Current liabilities

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Trade and other payables

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(11)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Non-current liabilities

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Lease liabilities

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(1)

 

Employee benefit obligations

 

 

 

 

 

 

(1)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Liabilities classified as held for sale

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(13)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net assets of disposal group

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

39

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

13

Post-employment benefits

 

 

 

 

 

 

                             

Background

The group operates a number of post-employment benefit plans around the world, the forms and benefits of which vary with conditions and practices in the countries concerned. The major defined benefit plans are pension plans and post-retirement medical plans in the UK and the US.

 

 

 

Financial assumptions

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The financial assumptions for the major plans are as follows:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

30.9.21

31.3.21

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

UK plan

 

US plans 

 

UK plan

 

US plans 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

%

 

First year's rate of increase in salaries

 

 

 

 

3.50

 

3.00

 

3.40

 

3.00

 

Ultimate rate of increase in salaries

 

 

 

 

3.50

 

3.00

 

3.40

 

3.00

 

Rate of increase in pensions in payment

 

 

 

 

3.15

 

-

 

3.05

 

-

 

Discount rate

 

 

 

 

2.00

 

2.70

 

2.10

 

3.00

 

Inflation

 

 

 

 

 

-

 

2.20

 

-

 

2.20

 

 - UK Retail Prices Index (RPI)

 

 

 

 

3.30

 

-

 

3.20

 

-

 

 - UK Consumer Prices Index (CPI)

 

 

 

 

2.75

 

-

 

2.65

 

-

 

Current medical benefits cost trend rate

 

 

 

 

5.40

 

2.20

 

5.40

 

2.20

 

Ultimate medical benefits cost trend rate

 

 

 

 

5.40

 

2.20

 

5.40

 

2.20

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The financial assumptions for the other plans are reviewed and updated annually.

 

 

Financial information