Source - LSE Regulatory
RNS Number : 0822W
Hornby PLC
11 July 2024
 

11 July 2024

HORNBY PLC

HORNBY ANNOUNCES ANNUAL RESULTS

 

Hornby Plc ("Hornby" or the "Group"), the international models and collectibles group, today announces its results for the year ended 31 March 2024

 

Highlights 2024

 


Revenue (2023: £55.1m)

£56.2m

Operating loss (2023: £5.0m loss)

(£7.1m)

Reported loss before taxation (2023: £5.9m loss)

(£8.7m)

Underlying1 loss before taxation (2023: £1.1m loss)

(£7.3m)

Reported loss after taxation (2023: £5.9m loss)

(£12.1m)

Reported loss per share (2023: 3.50p loss)

(7.10p)

Underlying2 basic loss per share (2023: 1.22p)

(6.40p)

Net debt (2023: £5.5m) (see Note 28)

(£14.3m)

1      Underlying profit before taxation is before amortisation of intangibles (brand names and customer lists), and net unrealised foreign exchange movements on intercompany loans, exceptional items and share-based payments (see page 10).

2      Underlying basic profit per share is before amortisation of intangibles (brand names and customer lists), and net unrealised foreign exchange movements on intercompany loans, exceptional items and shared-based payments (see note 7).

 

 

Hornby Plc

Olly Raeburn, CEO

Kirstie Gould, CFO

Holly Barnett, Head of PR

01843 233500

Web: www.hornby.plc.uk

 

Liberum Capital Limited (Nominated Advisor & Broker)

Andrew Godber

Edward Thomas

Anake Singh

020 3100 2222 

 

 


 

Non-Executive Chairman's Report

 

The Strategic Report comprises the Non-Executive Chairman's report, the Chief Executive's Report, the Operating and Financial Review of the year and our Key Performance Indicators ('KPIs')

 

 

Revenue in the year of £56.2 million (2023: £55.1 million) was 2% above the previous year. Underlying loss before tax was £7.3 million (2023: £1.1million loss). Reported loss after tax was £12.1 million (2023: £5.9 million loss).

 

Sales were slightly depressed in March compared to expectations by Red Sea delivery delays and the resultant movement of some high value containers into April.

 

Hornby group (pre-acquisition) stocks were £21.0 million (2023: £21.3 million) however total stock increased very slightly due to the acquisition of Corgi Model Club in March 2024 bringing total stock at year end to £21.5 million. Nevertheless net debt at year end increased to £14.3 million (2023: £5.5 million) due to increased overheads and capital expenditure on tooling and Wonderworks in Margate.

 

WonderWorks

 

During the year the Hornby Visitor Centre was totally refurbished and modernised into a state-of-the-art visitor attraction, rebranded WonderWorks and launched in November. The new facility displays the group's history and products in a modern environment and initial customer reaction has been extremely encouraging.

 

Board Changes

 

For personal, health related, reasons Lyndon Davies stepped down from his position as Chairman on 30 April 2024 and continues to serve on the Board as a Non-Executive Director. John Stansfield, an existing Non-Executive Director, and past Chairman of Hornby PLC, stepped into the role as Interim Chairman while the search for an Independent Non-Executive Chairman is conducted.

The group thanks Lyndon for his service in the role over the last 15 months and welcomes his continued involvement on the Board.

Governance

 

Good corporate governance provides a framework for delivering the objectives of the Company and is fundamental to a sound decision making process. It supports the executive management to control and achieve the maximum performance of the Company. I am pleased to report that the Board believes it applies the ten principles of the Quoted Companies Alliance Code ('QCA'). In the current uncertain economic and political period, management of risks remains a key focus for the Board. The Board has in place a robust process for identifying the major risks facing the business and for developing appropriate polices to manage those risks. The Board reviews those risks on an annual basis carrying out regular reviews and annual updates on our compliance with the QCA Code.

 

I am delighted that once again this year, we will be hosting our Annual General Meeting at the Hornby headquarters in Margate on Wednesday 11 September 2024. This will be an excellent opportunity for shareholders to see the new products for themselves and to understand the progress that the Company is making. Personally I am looking forward to welcoming as many shareholders as possible that are able to attend.

 

 

 

 

 

John Stansfield

Non-Executive Chairman

10 July 2024



 

CEO Report

 

As outlined in the last couple of trading statements, this has been a year of significant change - structurally, strategically, culturally and operationally. We have made promising progress on multiple fronts and there are many success stories to celebrate. Unsurprisingly, this progress has required investment in people, technology and time, impacting our profitability this year. All of which, however, has set solid foundations for future growth. 

 

In this report I will be covering;

 

1.     Headlines and financial overview

 

·      Revenue growth of 2%, D2C (direct to consumer) growth of 18%

·      Increase in fixed costs due to investments in future growth

·      £7.1 million operating loss, but improvements in H2

 

2.     Key initiatives and continuous improvement

 

·      Investments in people and structural change: Creation of Brand MD roles, plus strengthened Export Sales, Insights and Digital capabilities

·      Acquisitions and partnerships: Acquisitions of a 25% stake in Warlord Games and 100% of the trade and assets of The Corgi Model Club, plus a partnership with Mash Holdings following a further share purchase from Frasers Group

·      Retail Experience: Encouraging performance from our first site - footfall +42%, NPS (Net Promoter Score) above 50%

·      Loyalty and CRM: 80% increase in Hobby Rewards members and over £450K of incremental revenue from CRM initiatives

·      TT:120: Continued growth in this initiative with sales of £2.8 million since launch 

·      Digital Channel: Re-platforming almost completed and relaunch of all brand websites over the coming months

 

3.     A focus on the next 12 month

 

·      Improved inventory management and exploration of pricing and subject matter development

·      A robust approach to capital allocation

·      The journey to profitability

 

1.     Headlines and financial overview

H1 revenues were in line with expectations with £23.8 million being 6% ahead of last year. A strong third quarter, bolstered by highly effective Black Friday activities, driving a 10% outperformance vs last year for November, saw us hold that 6% outperformance to end of December.

 

Whilst fourth quarter revenue performance was ahead of management expectations, the compound impact of an early Easter and shipping delays due to Red Sea disruption saw us fall 8% behind the same period last year.

 

For the full year, and for the fifth year in a row, we saw an improvement in sales at the top line, growing 2% to £56.2 million. Another strong year of growth in our D2C channel saw digital revenues up 18% vs last year, to £10 million.

 

Gross margin fell by 5%, to 44%, for the full year, although we saw an improvement of 1.2% in H2. As highlighted in previous trading updates, the greatest contributor to margin reduction relates to high tooling amortisation charges, on account of higher CapEx in prior financial years. The balance of the negative impact was driven by rising costs, investment in growth initiatives and our decision to withhold from putting through any price increases. This was a deliberate and conscious choice in a year where consumer spending was impacted by ongoing rises in cost of living.

 

Gross profit reduced by £1.9 million, to £25.0 million, for the year, albeit 76% of that difference, or £1.3 million, directly relates to tooling amortisation charges. Critical investments for the future in sales, insights, data & loyalty, digital marketing and development, contributed to an 11% increase in fixed costs.  

Net debt still remains high at £14.3 million compared to £5.5 million at the end of March 2023, but shows a slight improvement from £14.6 million at the half year. Similarly, inventory is still too high at £21.0 million (excluding acquisition stocks of £471,000) compared to £21.3 million in the prior year, but has reduced by 12%, or £3 million, since the half year.

Whilst a full year operating loss of £7.1 million, versus an H1 operating loss of £4.9 million, is a disappointing outcome, the progress in several areas in H2 represents the start of the journey to the return to profitability, and the early signs of the positive impact of the investments that have been made in the year. 

 



 

Sales and margins are ahead of prior year for the first two months of the current year.

 

Key figures and KPI's:

 

2024

£'000

2023

£'000

Sales

56,244

55,105

Growth

2.07%

2.50%

Variable Costs

(31,248)

(28,165)

Gross Profit

24,996

26,940

Margin %

44%

49%

Underlying margin*

31,869

32,449

Underlying margin %

56.7%

58.9%

Fixed Costs

(31,631)

(28,009)

Operating Loss

(7,124)

(1,069)

Operating margin %

(12.67%)

(1.50%)

Underlying Operating Loss

(5,679)

(309)

Underlying operating loss %

(10.10%)

(0.60%)

KPI's



Digital sales

9,998

8,501

Digital sales Growth

17.61%

49.00%

Tooling Capex

4,946

4,640

Underlying Gross profit per capex (PY capex)

£6.87

£9.69

Net debt

14,292

5,530

Gross cash

1,116

1,337

Inventory

21,484

21,282

% of sales

38%

39%

*Underlying margin is pure cost of goods sold margin

 

 

2.     Key initiatives and continuous improvement

As will always be the case with a business going through a turnaround, there are many actions and initiatives being developed across the organisation and across the globe. All of the updates that follow represent momentum in a changing strategy that sees us broadening our footprint, appeal and opportunity to engage with new customers. Alongside all of these new growth initiatives there is a very clear focus on ensuring we continue to support and serve our existing customer base. Some of the more significant highlights include;

 

(i)            Investment in people and structural change

 

·      Brand MDs and Commercial Ownership

In the H1 Interims we talked about the need to give greater individuality to the brands, creating a structure that champions and supports their differing strengths, trajectories and opportunities. By creating a new role in the organisation, the Brand MD, we have restructured to give those at the coal face greater autonomy, accountability and responsibility for driving brands as business units. This restructuring is now complete, and we enter the new financial year with a far greater focus on the differences between the brands and their unique potential for growth.

 

We have appointed Brand MDs in 3 of our 5 core brands already; Martyn Weaver was promoted from Head of Brand to Brand MD for Hornby, Scott Elsey was promoted from Development Manager for Corgi and Pocher, to Brand MD for Pocher and Guy Stainthorpe, previously MD of Corgi Model Club (CMC), who joined the business as part of the CMC acquisition, has been appointed Brand MD for Corgi. We have yet to appoint Brand MDs for Airfix and Scalextric, although we will be doing so in due course.

 

The Brand MDs are entirely focused on driving profitable growth of their business unit, and charged with delivering positive contribution before shared costs. 
 

 

·      Export Sales

A Head of Export Sales was a key hire last summer, tasked with opening up new international retail partnerships, with an initial focus on the USA. Having had no national distribution in the US at the start of the year, we now find ourselves with orders for Airfix in 850 Michael's Craft stores and for Quickbuild in 1,600 Lowes stores, giving us presence in almost 2,500 locations across the states ahead of the peak season in 2024. In addition to these developments in the US, we have seen orders from new partners in Latin America, Indonesia and Australia.  

 

·      Insights

Another gap in our capabilities was insights and research. Our Head of Insights joined us, from Lego, in January 2024 and is making a significant impact on our ability to understand customer dynamics, desires and behaviours. With projects under way for Hornby, Airfix, Scalextric and Pocher, we are already starting to shape plans and initiatives for new product development and new subject matter, new propositions and new territories for expansion.

 

·      Digital Marketing and Development

A significant change in our operating model has seen us 'in-housing' digital marketing and development over the second half of the year. Having been outsourcing the majority of these competencies, at a cost of more than £1 million per annum, as we were building our digital proposition, we have since bolstered our internal team to include front-end and back-end development and full digital marketing capabilities. This delivers a significant cost saving, upskills our teams and gives us far greater flexibility and agility in execution.  

 

(ii)           Acquisitions and Partnerships

 

·      Warlord Games

In July 2023 we announced our acquisition of a 25% share of Warlord Games, a Nottingham-based designer and manufacturer of tabletop war games, miniatures and accessories. The last 9 months has seen us building a strong relationship with the team at Warlord and many initiatives are underway. In addition to collaborations around sales and distribution we are exploring the potential for a jointly branded range of paints, drawing on our Humbrol inventory and creating a Warlord specific set of products. 

 

·      Corgi Model Club

In March 2024 we announced the acquisition, via a trade and assets deal, of the Corgi Model Club, a subscription-based proposition set up in partnership with Hornby in 2021. The acquisition immediately brought in £2 million of annualised revenue at 15% operating margin and represents an excellent opportunity for further growth. In the early weeks since the acquisition we are in advanced stages of planning the launch of Corgi Model Club USA, cross selling the proposition within the wider Hornby Hobbies brand ecosystem (i.e. to existing customers of Corgi, Hornby and Airfix) and exploring new routes to market, including Direct Response TV. 

 

·      Frasers Group and Mash Holdings

We were delighted to report that Frasers increased their shareholding in the Group to 9.1% through two separate transactions across February and March. Our brands are already part of GAME's product offering and we're looking forward to exploring other opportunities, including leveraging Frasers Group's scale in retail logistics and distribution. An additional benefit from these transactions has been the consultancy agreement the Group has entered into with Mike Ashley, through Mash Holdings, which will see him providing support to the Board wherever relevant.  

 

(iii)          Retail Experience: The WonderWorks

As highlighted in the last report, we strongly believe that bringing our brands to life in a meaningful way in an experiential retail environment provides an opportunity to deepen engagement and drive growth as a result. Our first purposeful experiment in this space saw us opening The WonderWorks in Margate, on the site of the old Hornby Visitor Centre, at the end of October 2023.

 

The project encompassed the reimagining of 11,000 sq ft of space and creating a blended experience including a shop, a café and an engaging set of immersive attractions that showcase our key brands. After a successful opening, with significant broadcast, digital and print media coverage, we have continued to test and learn on site over the first 6 months since launch.

 

Footfall and ticket sales have lifted by 42%, café sales have lifted by 29% but shop sales are flat meaning overall revenue for the site has only lifted by 8%. Given that average transaction values in the shop have also remained flat, we surmise that we are driving more visits from the same captive audience and are not seeing retail spend increase with those return visits as a result.

 

Pleasingly, we are seeing the NPS (Net Promoter Score) from visitors consistently growing over time, as evidenced in the table below, suggesting that the experience is improving as the team is more settled over time. Also worth noting that anything above 50% is considered world class for this category so these are very encouraging results:

 

A graph with blue bars Description automatically generated

 

There were many good reasons for trialling our first WonderWorks on the site of the old Hornby Visitor Centre and we have benefitted from the proximity to the office in many ways. The insurmountable challenge is that there is almost no opportunity to capture passing footfall or drive new footfall to a trading estate on the outskirts of Margate.

 

We still believe in the value of bringing our brands to life in an experiential retail setting and are evaluating options and timings for the next iteration of The WonderWorks as a result. The likely outcome of this work will see us identifying a location with high footfall and creating a commercial model that ensures most effective allocation of capital, based on learnings to date

 

(iv)          TT:120

As highlighted this time last year, November 2022 saw the launch of TT:120, arguably the first major development in model railway systems in the UK for decades. TT:120 revenues to date are c£2.8 million, up from c£1.5 million at the end of March 2023.

 

TT:120 has been received extremely well by the Model Rail community attracting a lot of interest at events and through our owned media. In addition to owned media, specialist TT:120 social media groups have been formed with ever growing audiences and content.

Initially launched with 6 models, a further 8 have been added to broaden the scope of interest by era and region. By the end of March 2024, over 4,000 TT:120 sets had been sold, with an additional 8,000 locomotives and a staggering 30,000 coaches and wagons, reflecting the appetite for a new scale in the hobby.

 

TT:120 sets sales have surpassed our forecasts resulting in 3 re-orders on key product lines and the TT:120 Scotsman set has become the best-selling trainset, in value terms, from the entire Hornby catalogue over the last 18 months.

 

Initially launched as a D2C exclusive through www.hornby.com, TT:120 was opened up to the independent trade in late 2023 to grow the accessibility and footprint of the range and continues to be a focus for growth in the coming year.

 

(v)           Loyalty & Customer Relationship Management

 

·      Hobby Rewards

Launched in November 2022, Hobby Rewards is a loyalty currency that will allow us to create value in the relationships with our customers, vertically, within each of our brands, and horizontally across the portfolio.

 

From a base of 36,000 customers in March 2023 we have seen an 80% increase in membership to 65,000 at end of March 2024, and membership continues to grow at an average rate of 600 new customers per week.

 

Whilst this last year has seen Hobby Rewards members make up 39% of the total active D2C base, they have delivered over 53% of total D2C revenue, having contributed less than 50% in the previous year.

 

·      D2C CRM

Unlocking value from existing customer data was one of the things we highlighted as an opportunity in the last Annual Report. With expertise in place we started running our first CRM campaigns, focused on incentivising growth from our existing base, in August 2023. Key strategies have been concerned with (i) converting 'never purchased' and 'purchased once' to their first / next purchase, and (ii) targeted, 10-day, Spend Stretch campaigns designed to grow basket size through a time limited offer.

We have grown our consented customer volumes by 17% in the year, to 65,000, and have generated £435,000 of incremental revenue from these two initial CRM strategies since August.

The real beauty of these campaigns is that, outside of the cost of the incentive - which equates to £44,000 -  they require no investment in terms of production and distribution, and the number of concurrent campaigns and strategies can grow exponentially as they are all driven via automated journeys. As such, the year ahead will see us broadening the numbers of campaigns, and associated revenue will grow as a result.

 

·      B2B CRM

Off the back of the success of our initial D2C CRM activity we trialed our first B2B CRM campaign in the run up to Christmas with an Advent Calendar campaign. This resulted in c£150,000 of orders being written and is a clear indication of the opportunity to further expand these B2B initiatives throughout the coming financial year.

 

(vi)          Digital platform

 

In another year of solid growth we saw digital revenue increase by 18% and traffic to all sites increased by 15% to just over 10 million visits.

 

 

A graph with red bars Description automatically generated

A graph of a bar chart Description automatically generated with medium confidence

 

In the 12 months to end of March 2024 we saw an average basket value of £70.31, compared to £66.96 in the prior 12 months.

One of the deliberate changes in strategy across the year was to shift the focus of our marketing and merchandising towards increasing in-stock orders (i.e. transactions for products that were immediately available) and relying less on advanced pre-orders. The result was a 38% uplift in in-stock orders and a 22% reduction in pre-order cancellations.

 

In addition to the drive to upskill our in house digital marketing and development teams and reduce reliance on, and investment in, external support, our focus for 2024/25 is to migrate all of our websites to a headless ecommerce infrastructure. This will provide a framework which will significantly improve foundations for future growth and development, giving us greater control, flexibility and agility in our D2C actions.

 

With a new infrastructure in place we will also be launching newly designed websites, across the full suite of brands, which will build on our overall strategy of presenting each one in a more individual and engaging way.



3.     A focus on the next 12 months

 

(i)            Inventory Management

The current inventory position is still too high and in large part a reflection of an over-commitment to evergreen stock in prior years. Continuing to look at ways of reducing that number is a key focus in the next twelve months.

 

We have deliberately avoided the temptation to sell large quantities, and values, of stock at prices that would quickly reduce the volume and release some cash, as this short-term solution comes with unintended longer term consequences. Flooding the market with heavily discounted product, simply limits opportunities to build the business effectively in the following months and years.

 

Where we can find outlets that don't damage future potential (internationally, for example, where the dynamics and impact are different to the UK market), we will continue to do so.

 

Equally, we are very focused on ensuring that future buying decisions are firmly rooted in performance analysis and customer understanding, mitigating the likelihood of repeating or sustaining this over-stocked scenario.

 

A continued emphasis on commercial analysis of performance of specific product categories, and subject matter, will improve the quality of our decision-making moving forwards.  

(ii)           Pricing and Subject Matter

In the last Annual Report we highlighted the need to review our pricing and approach to entry level products across the brands. We have a very loyal base of existing customers who we continue to serve in ways we know to be effective. Acquiring new customers that help build our brands into the future requires some recalibration of pricing and subject matter to drive trial and engagement.

 

By way of example, in the last 12 months we have seen some good work on exploring the impact of more accessibly priced Scalextric Sets, driving significant uplifts in sales through our D2C channel with a test in the run up to Christmas. Reducing a 1:32 set to sub £100 drove a 100% increase in total set volumes from our website vs same period last year, and 66% of the total volume was driven by the sub £100 set.

 

Similarly, we have been working hard on successfully driving down the cost of goods (at source) for our Hornby train sets and our Micro Scalextric sets. Getting more sets into the market, at the right price, is a critical requirement for driving growth and new customer acquisition. We anticipate a positive impact from this work to flow through during peak trading in the current financial year.    

 

Our existing Airfix customers are huge fans of military subject matter and we have been serving their needs extremely well in recent years. Initial studies carried out by our Head of Insights, however, have highlighted the opportunities that exist in attracting new customers, pre-disposed to engaging in modelling, with alternative subject matter. We are at the early stages of this process but anticipate introducing new mini-ranges, of new subject matter, in the year ahead as part of our ongoing efforts to grow the brand and category.

 

These examples are indications of a new approach to driving growth through testing and learning, based on customer and market insight, and form a key component of our product strategy moving forwards.

 

(iii)          Capital Allocation

Investment in growth is a critical part of our strategy as we positively impact the trajectory and performance of the business. A key element of getting that right requires a greater focus on the merits of, and approach to, capital allocation on a case by case basis.

Strategic transactions like the acquisition of the business and assets of Corgi Model Club evidenced a thoughtful and effective approach to capital allocation, and we must ensure we continue to take a similar approach to the way we drive growth through investment on an ongoing basis.

 

Given that capital expenditure is fundamental requirement of a business that is concerned with introducing new product and driving customer growth, we are constantly reviewing and recalibrating our approach to capex in terms of volume and frequency across the brands.

 

In recent years we have allowed capex to grow disproportionately versus the returns it delivers, and this has been a key contributor to our high debt and inventory positions, as well as impacting our operating profit / loss position through amortisation charges.

Redressing this situation is a key focus for the year ahead.

 

(iv)          The journey to profitability

Our overall financial results for the year, culminating in a £6.5 million operating loss, are a long way from the desired outcomes for the business, but we have to recognise that a turnaround of this nature requires investment and takes time.

 

We came into the last financial year with a number of challenging headwinds relating to debt, inventory and operational inefficiencies, none of which could be addressed with quick fixes, without unintended consequences.

 

A year into the process, we have covered a huge amount of ground and made some very promising progress in many areas. The change in trajectory in the second half of the year gives us early indications that the investments in people, processes and product are starting to make a positive impact.

 

That notwithstanding, our commitment in the coming year is to get us back towards profitability with a continued effort on delivering more of the revenue driving initiatives outlined in this report, and a very clear focus on greater cost control, higher contribution and improved profitability.   

 

The past 12 months have been both challenging and rewarding, but I remain resolute that this is a business with enormous potential. We have wonderful product, loyal customers and a great opportunity to drive change and growth, as a result.

 

I am hugely enthusiastic about building on the progress we have made this year, and look forward to leading the business back to success and profitability in the future.   

 

 

 

 

Olly Raeburn

CEO

10 July 2024

 



 

Section 172 Statement and Stakeholder Engagement

 

As required by Section 172 of the Companies Act, a director of a company must act in the way he or she considers, in good faith, would likely promote the success of the company for the benefit of the shareholders. In doing so, the director must have regard, amongst other matters, to the following issues:

 

•         likely consequences of any decisions in the long term;

•         interests of the company's employees;

•         need to foster the company's business relationships with suppliers/customers and others;

•         impact of the company's operations on the community and environment;

•         the company's reputation for high standards of business conduct; and

•         need to act fairly between members of the company.

Culture

 

Our values and leadership behaviours are a vital part of our culture to ensure that through good governance, our conduct and decision making we do the right thing for the business and our stakeholders. The Board acknowledges that every decision it makes will not necessarily result in a positive short-term outcome for all of the Group's stakeholders. We believe in creating solid foundations for the future, so there is a balance between short term success and longer-term prosperity.

 

Shareholders

 

 

The Board values the views of our shareholders and recognises their interest in our strategy and performance. We endeavour to update shareholders on the Board's expectations for the outlook of the business and as and when this changes. As much as possible, we try to provide information that is relevant to our shareholders on our corporate website; in our annual report and accounts; and through regulatory news announcements throughout the year.

 

We also believe in knowing and understanding our shareholders. We encourage our shareholders to attend our Annual General Meetings (AGMs) and we welcome questions from them. At our AGMs, we provide the platform for robust discussions with our shareholders, during which the participants, both Directors and shareholders alike, are engaged with the proceedings. We believe this reflects the connection to the business which we have cultivated and continue to cultivate in our shareholders. In addition, the review of investor relations activity and analysis of our shareholder register is a standing item at each Board meeting.  Our corporate website http://www.hornby.plc.uk/ also includes the outcomes of shareholder votes cast at the AGMs, as well as Annual and Interim Reports from previous years.

 

The primary mechanism for engaging with our shareholders is through the Company's AGM and also through the publication of the Group's financial results for the half year and full year. Further information is disclosed in the Corporate Governance Statement on pages 13 to 16. The Board reviews feedback received from institutional investors following publication of our financial results. At the AGM we encourage our shareholders to ask questions and participate in debate about our performance and products.

 

 

Customers

 

Understanding our customers and what matters to them is key to the future success of Hornby. We listen and talk to them using all of the tools at our disposal. Our customers operate in a global, but niche market, we interact with them either directly, or via our retailers, wholesalers and distributors.

 

Suppliers

 

We have long-standing close relationships with our suppliers overseas, who we would normally visit on a regular basis. During the pandemic we have communicated via video conferencing, working together with a common goal, giving them visibility, sharing our plans allowing them to plan their factories capacity well into the future. We are have made several visits this year now that COVID restrictions in China have been lifted.

 

Employees

 

A key to the Group's future success is an engaged workforce. The Group's Directors, alongside our executive management teams, work hard to provide a positive working environment. As a well-respected local employer within each of the communities we operate, it is important for us to provide opportunities for all of our staff to allow them to grow and achieve their potential.

 

Community and environment

 

We are proud to employ people in the communities that we operate. The strength of our brands allows us to promote both local and national charitable causes. We have product standards, policies and guidance covering the products we make to help ensure that they are manufactured safely, legally and to the required quality standards and is an environmentally friendly way as possible.



 

Operating and Financial Review of the Year

Financial Review


2024

2023

Revenue

£56.2m

£55.1m

Gross profit

£25.0m

£26.9m

Gross profit margin

44.4%

48.8%

Overheads

£31.7m

£28.0m

Exceptionals

£0.5m

£4.0m

Operating Loss before exceptionals

(£6.6m)

(£1.1m)

Reported loss before tax

(£8.7m)

(£5.9m)

Underlying loss before tax*

(£7.3m)

(£1.1m)

Reported loss after tax

(£12.1m)

(£5.9m)

Basic loss per share

(7.10p)

(3.50p)

Underlying basic loss per share*

(6.40p)

(1.22p)

Net debt

(£14.3m)

(£5.5m)

Undrawn Facilities

£5.2m

£11.7m


 

 

* Stated before amortisation of intangibles (brands and customer lists), net unrealised foreign exchange movements on intercompany loans, goodwill impairments and exceptional items.

Performance on a statutory basis

Consolidated revenue for the year ended 31 March 2024 was £56.2 million, an increase of 2% compared to the previous year's £55.1 million. The revenue in the second half of the year of £32.4 million was inline with previous year which was £32.7 million. Gross profit margin was lower, at 44.4% (2023: 48.8%) primarily due to higher tooling amortisation costs and an increase in supply chain costs not passed on to the consumer.

 

Overheads increased year-on-year by 13.2% from £28.0 million to £31.7 million. UK distribution costs were higher than prior year due to an increase in revenue and minimum wage increases. Sales and marketing costs increased by £2.1 million year-on-year due to ongoing investment in direct relationships with our customers, restructuring of the sales teams, and investment in customer loyalty, insight and PR. Administration costs were £1.3 million higher due to increased Board costs, share-based payment accruals and rising insurance, maintenance and utility costs. Other operating expenses in the year of £0.2 million (2023: £0.7 million) includes foreign exchange losses and amortization of brand names.

 

Exceptional costs totalling £0.5 million (2023: £4.0 million) are predominantly intangible impairment on some international brands and restructuring costs as senior heads in sales and marketing were replaced.

 

Performance on an underlying basis

The underlying loss before taxation is shown to present a clearer view of the trading performance of the business. Management identified the following items, whose inclusion in performance distorts underlying trading performance: shared-based payments and the amortisation of intangibles which result from historical acquisitions. Additionally, exceptional items including refinance, relocation and restructuring costs are one off items and therefore have also been added back in calculating the underlying profit before taxation.


Group


2024

£'000

2023

£'000

Statutory loss before taxation

(8,726)

(5,875)

Adjustments:

 


Amortisation of intangibles - brands

227

227

Share-based payments

669

532

Exceptional items:

 


Restructuring costs

73

-

Costs relating to Hornby World

-

910

Goodwill impairment

10

2,915

Intangibles impairment

404

-

Refinancing

2

149

Underlying loss before taxation

(7,341)

(1,142)

 

Segmental analysis

Third party sales by the UK business of £40.2 million increased by 1.5% in the year as a result of an increase in direct sales via the website. The loss before taxation of £8.6 million compared to £5.9 million loss last year reflects the increased overheads as a result of investment in direct sales, restructuring of sales and marketing teams and a significant increase in the cost of finance (as a result of base rate increases and increases in borrowing).

Sales by the European businesses of £11.9 million increased by 12.3% in the year as a result of supply chain issues being resolved and goods arriving in a timely matter. We have also managed to streamline the delivery of pallets into Europe following the Brexit changes. The profit before tax was £0.6 million compared to £0.7 million profit last year.

Sales in the US business of £4.1 million decreased by 16%. The trading loss of £0.7 million compares to £0.6 million loss in last year. We expect sales to increase in this key market in the longer term and overheads to reduce following the recruitment of a new Head of Export and the listings of certain products into new stores as mentioned previously.

Statement of Financial Position

Property, plant and equipment increased year-on-year by £2.5 million to £14.5 million as a result of increased expenditure in tooling for new products and the opening of WonderWorks 1.0 in Margate. Group inventories increased from £21.3 million to £ 21.7 million due to a short Q4 due to Easter and the acquisition of £0.5 million of Corgi Model Club stock. Without this acquisition the group stock would have been slightly lower than previous year. Trade and other receivables was the same as the previous year. Trade and other payables are £3.3 million higher than previous year due to timing of supplier payments falling due over Easter while the offices were closed. Overall investment in new tooling, new intangible computer software, WonderWorks and other capital expenditure was £6.4 million (2023: £5.1 million).

Dividend

The Group is still in the turnaround phase and there will not be a dividend payment this year (2023: £nil). The Board continues to keep the dividend policy under review.

 

Financing

At 31 March 2024 the UK had a £12 million Asset Based Lending facility with Secure Trust Bank Limited ("STB") and a £11.25 million loan facility with Phoenix Asset Management Partners.

The facility with STB is a floating facility based on the current asset position capped at £12 million and has been extended post year end to expire December 2025 and carries a margin of 2.53% over base rate. The STB Facility has a fixed and floating charge on the assets of the Group. The Company provides customary operational covenants to STB on a monthly basis such as inventory turn, credit note dilutions and management accounts.

The Phoenix Facility was an £11.25 million facility which attracts interest at a margin of 5% over SONIA on funds drawn. Undrawn funds attract a nonutilisation fee of the higher of 1% or SONIA. This facility has been extended post year end to expire December 2025 with a facility limit of £12.55 million and interest margin is 5% over SONIA on £11.25 million and 15% on any drawings over £11.25 million up to £12.55 million. In addition Phoenix have provided a shareholder support letter for an additional £7 million expiring December 2025.

Borrowings in the year ended 31 March 2024 were £15,408,000 (2023: £6,867,000). This consists of a CBIL loan with £117,000 outstanding (acquired with LCD), amounts owing to STB of £5,742,000 and £9,549,000 shareholder loan drawdown.

Net debt at 31 March 2024 was £14.3 million compared with net debt of £5.5 million at 31 March 2023.

 

Our Key Performance Indicators ('KPIs')

 

The Directors are of the opinion that the financial KPIs are revenues, gross margins, underlying operating profit, capex productivity, inventory, digital change, variable and fixed costs the information for which is available in these financial statements and summarised on the financial highlights section earlier in this report.  We provide current and historical analysis in the CEO's Report on pages 3 to 8 and will continue to report in future Annual Reports. The Board monitors progress against plan on a regular basis adjusting future objectives annually in line with current circumstances.

 



 

Identification of principal risks and uncertainties

The Board has the primary responsibility for identifying the major risks facing the Group and developing appropriate policies to manage those risks. The Board completes an annual risk assessment programme to identify the major risks and has reviewed and determined any mitigating actions required as set out below. The risk assessment has been completed in the context of the overall strategic objectives and the Business Plan of the Group.

Principal risks and uncertainties

Risk

Description

Impact/Sensitivity

Mitigation/Comment

Market competition

The Group has competition in the model railway, slot racing, model kits, die cast and paint markets. Loss of market share to increased competitor activity or alternative hobbies would have a negative impact on the Group's results. Failure to evolve and innovate products may lead to brands becoming less relevant in the marketplace.

The Group performance is impacted by the actions of competitors and changes in the wider retail landscape.

In many of our markets the Group still enjoys a strong market position due to the continued development of our brands. We will strive to further improve the strength of our brands. Production of high-quality products which customers want is a key mitigating factor.

The Business Plan

The Business Plan may not fully achieve the aims of returning the Group to positive cash generation in 2024/25.

The increase in business scale and reduction of costs and the increase in direct sales currently anticipated is not achieved and the Group does not achieve sustainable profit and cash generation.

The Group has developed clear targets and has cost saving contingencies in the plan being actioned to put the necessary resources in place to deliver the aims of the plan.

Hobby market

Overall decline in the hobby market could lead to greater levels of competition in the medium term, which could have a negative impact on the Group's results.

Failing interest in traditional hobbies may impact our core Independent and National retailers and have a consequent impact upon the Group's performance.

In many of our markets the Group enjoys a strong market position due to the continued development of our brands. Brands are extremely important in the model sector with market entry costs being prohibitive. In the short-term there is an opportunity to regain market share lost through previous underperformance. We have also implemented tiering and only allowing certain percentage of our goods to go wholesale with balance only being available on our website.

Exchange rates

The Group purchases goods in US Dollars and sells in Pounds Sterling, Euros and US Dollars and is therefore exposed to exchange rate fluctuations.

Significant fluctuations in exchange rates to which the Group is exposed could have a material adverse effect on the Group's future results. In particular the negative impact on Sterling of Brexit and the continuing uncertainties  could make the US Dollar purchase of its goods more expensive.

The Group continues to hedge short-term exposures by establishing forward currency purchases using fixed rate and participating forward contracts up to twelve months ahead. It is deemed impractical to hedge exchange rate movements beyond that period.

.

Supply chain

The Group's products are manufactured by artisan labour in China, India and Vietnam. Risk that capacity is lost which could lead to delays in production.

The Group does not have exclusive arrangements with its suppliers and there is a risk that competition for manufacturing capacity could lead to delays in introducing new products or servicing existing demand.

The Group is continuing to develop and review its vendor portfolio and has started diversifying the supplier base. A 26-step critical path analysis tool has been developed to monitor the whole manufacturing process to identify and deal with issues as they arise. The Group has its own storage facilities in China where its tooling is secured and managed.

The Group manages the supply chain forecasts continuously and communicates regularly with suppliers and customers in turn. The Group maintains significant stock levels in the UK at any time and therefore this allows additional time to plan for stock output variances from overseas suppliers in time for the peak season.

 

 

Capital allocation

New tooling is important to support the production of new products.

The risk is that the Group has insufficient capital to fund new tooling or invests ineffectively in the wrong products.

The business plan includes significant capital expenditure to fund suitable products to underpin the implementation of the business plan strategy of the Group.  This process will be underpinned by a robust capital allocation process aligned to brand strategies and brand delivery targets.

Product compliance

The Group's products are subject to compliance with toy safety legislation around the world.

Failure to comply could lead to a product recall resulting in damage to Company and brand reputation along with an adverse impact on the Group's results.

Robust internal processes and procedures, active monitoring of proposed legislation and involvement in policy debate and lobbying of the relevant authorities.

Stock obsolescence

Stock held in the Group's warehouses ages and becomes obsolescent

The risk is that the Group has working capital tied up for too long in stock.

Robust internal processes and procedures to constantly monitor ageing stock and liaise with sales teams to focus on sell through.





Liquidity

Insufficient financing to meet the needs of the business.

Without the appropriate level of financing, it would be increasingly difficult to execute the Group's business plans.

The Group has a £12.0 million ABL facility with Secure Trust Bank (STB) and an £12.55 million revolving loan facility with Phoenix Asset Management Partners. Both facilities have been renewed post year end to expire December 2025. The Group's policy on liquidity risk is to maintain adequate facilities to meet the future needs of the business.

System and cyber risk

The Group continues to invest in the development of its website and ERP systems.

This exposes the business to greater risk of financial loss, disruption or damage to the reputation of an organisation from a failure of its information technology systems.

The Group is investing significant time and cost into  new websites and upgrading the current ERP system that went live in 2015. The Group has dedicated web and ERP teams to monitor and maintain the Group's systems and holds appropriate insurance policies to minimise material risk.

Talent and skills

Recruitment, development and retention of talented people are the key to the success of any business.

The Group fails to retain the necessary skills and talent to deliver the Group's plans.

Management team to encourage and empower employees. Key lost talent has been reacquired and brought back into the Company. All employees (after 12 months service) participate in profits of the Group.

Economic climate

Further cost of living increases could impact our sales

The further increase could inhibit sales as less residual income.

The ongoing situation is being monitored and we are ensuring that our products are priced competitively.

 

Main control procedures

Management establishes control policies and procedures in response to each of the key risks identified. Control procedures operate to ensure the integrity of the Group's financial statements and are designed to meet the Group's requirements and both financial and operational risks identified in each area of the business. Control procedures are documented where appropriate and reviewed by management and the Board on an ongoing basis to ensure control weaknesses are mitigated.

The Group operates a comprehensive annual planning and budgeting system. The annual plans and budgets are approved by the Board. The Board reviews the management accounts at its monthly meetings and financial forecasts are updated monthly. Performance against budget is monitored and where any significant deviations are identified appropriate action is taken.

The Strategic Report incorporates the statements on pages 3 to 11 and has been signed on behalf of the Board.

Kirstie Gould

Chief Finance Officer

10 July 2024

Corporate Governance Report

 

Corporate Governance

 

For the year ended 31 March 2024, and up to the date of this report, the Company has applied the main principles of the QCA Corporate Governance Code ("the Code") and complied throughout the period under review. Full details of our approach to governance are set out below and, as a Board, we continue to be committed to good standards in governance practices and will continue to review the governance structures in place, to ensure that the current practices are appropriate for our current shareholder base and that, where necessary, changes are made.

 

The key governance principles and practices are described in the statement below, together with the Audit and Nomination and Remuneration Committees' reports on pages 19 to 23 and the Directors report on pages 25 to 30.

 

Board of Directors

 

 

Lyndon Davies - aged 63

Non-Executive Director

 

Oliver Raeburn - aged 53

Chief Executive Officer

 

Kirstie Gould - aged 51

Chief Finance Officer

&

Company Secretary

Daniel Carter

- aged 29

Independent

Non-Executive Director

John Stansfield

 - aged 69

Interim Independent

Non-Executive Chairman

 

Nick Batram

 - aged 56

Independent

Non-Executive Director

 

Lyndon joined the Board as Chief Executive in October 2017 and was appointed to Executive Chairman in February 2022.

 

He is a highly-experienced model and hobby professional with 45 years' experience in the industry. He has built Oxford Diecast into a successful international business over the past two decades, focusing on Diecast vehicles, aircraft and, more recently, rail-based products.

 

Lyndon is also Chairman of Oxford Diecast ("Oxford"), a business founded in 1993. He was the majority shareholder of LCD Enterprises Limited, the ultimate owner of the Oxford Diecast brands until July 2021 when Hornby acquired the remaining stake. 

 

Lyndon is a member of the Remuneration and Nomination Committee and a member of the Audit Committee.

Oliver Raeburn was appointed as CEO on 23 January 2023.

 

A psychology graduate of the University of Leicester, Olly's career started out in advertising, including a 9 year stint as owner / manager of a London agency. A move into the corporate world saw Olly spend the next 6 years as Marketing Director at Coral and subsequently Brand Director for Ladbrokes and Coral in the newly formed Ladbrokes Coral PLC. Two years as Chief Marketing Officer at Rank PLC were followed by a move to Paperchase as CMO in 2019.  Having been promoted to CEO in 2020 he guided the company through an administration process during the Covid pandemic, followed by a turnaround process, refinancing and sale of the business in August 2022.

Kirstie Gould was appointed as Chief Finance Officer of the Company in January 2018 after spending over 2 years with Hornby as a consultant in the finance department. Kirstie also acts as Company Secretary.

 

Kirstie is a Fellow of the Institute of Chartered Accountants in England and Wales, qualifying with PricewaterhouseCoopers in 1997 and has since held senior management and directorship roles across a number of high growth SME firms including Affini Technology Limited (part of the TTG Group) and Gamma Communications plc.

 

 

Daniel Carter was appointed as a Non-Executive Director in July 2020.

 

Daniel is an Investment Analyst at Phoenix Asset Management which controls the funds that own 73.38% of the ordinary shares of Hornby Plc.

 

Daniel studied Economics at The University of Bath.

 

Daniel is Chair of the Remuneration and Nomination Committee and a member of the Audit Committee.

John Stansfield was appointed interim Non-Executive Chairman on 30 April 2024. John was previously Independent Non-Executive Chairman in August 2018 to February 2022. Prior to that, he had been a non-executive Director of the Company, having been appointed in January 2018.

 

John is a Fellow of the Chartered Institute of Management Accountants and spent 31 years with the Group, 12 years of which he was Group Finance Director.

 

He re-joined the Company, after having left in 2013.

 

John helped to deliver some of the Group's most profitable years and has a wealth of experience in the toy and hobby sectors.

 

John is also Chair of the Audit Committee and a member of the Remuneration and Nomination Committee.

 

Nick Batram was appointed as Non-Executive Director  on 12 February 2024.

 

Nick has an extensive background in finance, with over 30 years experience working for financial institutions. The vast majority of his time was spent focused on researching and advising small and mid-cap companies.

 

In 2016, Nick joined Entain Plc, the FTSE 100 sports betting and gaming group, initially heading up Investors Relations & Strategy and until recently as Group Director of M&A and Corporate Development.

 

Nick is a member of the Remuneration and Nomination Committee and a member of the Audit Committee

 

 

 

 

 

Our Board and Committees Membership

 

The Board met twelve times during the year

 

Director

Board

Audit

Remuneration & Nomination

Number of meetings attended

John Stansfield

Chair

Chair

Member

10

Lyndon Davies

Member

Member

Member

9

Kirstie Gould

Member



12

Daniel Carter

Member

Member

Chair

12

Nick Batram

Member

Member

Member

2

Oliver Raeburn

Member



12

 

Composition and independence of the Board

 

The Board is comprised of two executive directors and four non-executive directors. During the year, the Board is of the opinion that the composition of the Board, continues to represent an appropriate balance between executive and non-executive directors, given our size and our operations. John Stansfield is considered independent due to the time elapsed since his employment with the Group originally. Daniel Carter is considered independent as he has no control over the voting shares of Phoenix Asset Management. Nick Batram is considered independent. Lyndon is not considered independent due to the time elapsed since his employment and his shareholding.

 

The Board members collectively have skills and expertise embracing a range of areas including finance, auditing, e-commerce, engineering, manufacturing, design, general management, sales and innovation. The Non-executive Chairman and Lyndon Davies in particular, have extensive, directly applicable experience of working within the toy and hobby products industry while Nick Batram has extensive corporate finance and M&A experience.. We do however intend to carry out periodic reviews of the composition of the Board to ensure that its skillset and experience are appropriate for the effective leadership and long-term success of the business as it develops. These reviews will give due consideration to having more diversity on the Board, as well as to other priorities.

 

Details of each Directors' background and experience are set out in the table above.

 

Appointments to the Board and re-election

 

The Board takes decisions regarding the appointment of new directors as a whole following the recommendations of its Remuneration and Nomination Committee. The task of searching for appropriate candidates and assessing potential candidates' skills and suitability for the role has been delegated to the Remuneration and Nomination Committee. Further information on the roles of the Remuneration and Nomination Committee and also the Audit Committee of the Board can be found on pages 19 to 23.

 

The Company's Articles of Association require that one-third of directors (excluding any directors who have been appointed since the last Annual General Meeting (AGM)), retire by rotation at each AGM. In accordance with best practice in corporate governance, all the Directors will offer themselves for re-election.

 

Division of responsibilities

 

There is a formal schedule of matters reserved for the Board which is set out in detail on the Hornby Plc corporate website at http://www.hornby.plc.uk/ and summarised further on in this report.

 

The Board is responsible for the formulating of the overall business strategy and the Executive team is responsible for the managing of the business to realise this strategy. The Non-executive Chairman is responsible for overseeing the Board and the implementation of the Company's strategy and its operational performance.

 

Executive Directors

 

The Executive Directors, as with the Non-Executive Directors, are encouraged to use their independent judgement in the discharging of their duties. They are responsible for the day-to-day management of the business, including its trading, financial and operational performance. Issues and progress made are reported to the Board by the CEO.

 

Executive Directors are full-time employees of the Company and have entered into service agreements with the Company. Directors' contracts are available for inspection at the Company's registered office and at the Annual General Meeting.

 

Non-Executive Directors

 

The Board considers the Non-Executive Directors to be sufficiently competent. They provide objectivity and substantial input to the activities of the Board, from their various areas of expertise.

 

Non-Executive Directors are contracted to work no less than 15 days per year.

 

Succession Planning

 

During the year, the Remuneration and Nomination Committee has been tasked with strengthening the expertise and diversity on the Board. As a result Nick Batram joined the Board in February and the search continues for a new Chairman who will replace John Stansfield who is the current interim Chairman.

 

The Board also recognises that diversity is a key element in strengthening the contribution made to Board deliberations and in the course of our search for suitable candidates, due regard is given to this in addition to the skills and experience a potential candidate brings.

 

How the Board operates

 

The Board retains control of certain key decisions through the Schedule of Matters reserved for the Board. Other matters, responsibilities and authorities have been delegated to its Audit and Remuneration and Nomination Committees and these are documented in the terms of reference of each of those committees, which can be found on the Company's corporate website at http://www.hornby.plc.uk/.

 

The Board is responsible for:

·      overall management of the business;

·      developing the Company's strategy, business planning, budgeting and risk management;

·      monitoring performance against agreed objectives;

·      setting the business' values, standards and culture;

·      internal control and risk management;

·      remuneration;

·      membership and chairmanship of Board and Board Committees;

·      relationships with shareholders and other stakeholders;

·      determining the financial and corporate structure of the business;

·      major investment and divestment decisions;

·      the Company's compliance with relevant legislations and regulations; and

·      other ad hoc matters such as the approval of the Company's principal advisors.

 

 

The main activities of the Board during the year

 

Key Board activities this year included:

·     recruitment of a new NED

·     discussing strategic priorities

·     reviewing feedback from our institutional shareholders following our full and half year results; and

·     input into implementing the next phase of the Turnaround Plan.

·     approving revised borrowing and credit facilities.

 

 

The Board Committees

 

The Board delegates authority to two committees: the Audit and the Remuneration and Nomination Committees, to assist in meeting its business objectives. The Committees meet independently of Board meetings.

 

Each committee has terms of reference setting out their responsibilities, which were reviewed and approved by the Board during the year. These are available on the Company's corporate website http://www.hornby.plc.uk/

 

We have made some improvements in our governance arrangements including introducing reporting by the Remuneration and Nomination Committee as well as the Audit Committee in our Annual Report and Accounts. These reports can be found on pages 19 to 23.

 

The Audit Committee comprises the independent non-executive directors of the Company and met three times during the year. The Chief Executive Officer, Chief Finance Officer and other managers attend by invitation. The external auditors attend meetings and have direct access to the Committee.

 

The Remuneration and Nomination Committee meet at least once a year with all members being present. The members are all non-executive directors. The Committee is responsible for establishing and reporting to the Board, procedures for determining policy on executive remuneration and also the performance-related elements of remuneration, which align the interest of the directors with those of the shareholders.

 

Its remit also includes matters of nomination and succession planning for Directors and senior key executives, with the final approval for appointments resting with the Board. Directors excuse themselves from meetings where the matter under discussion is their own succession when appropriate.

 

External Advisors

 

The Board makes use of the expertise of external advisors where necessary, to enhance knowledge or gain access to particular skills or capabilities. Areas where external advisors are used include and are not limited to: diligence work on major contracts; recruitment; and Company secretarial and corporate governance. The list of external advisors is set out on page 24.  

 

Directors' Induction, Development, Information and Support

 

The Board considers all Directors to be effective and committed to their roles.

 

All Directors receive regular and timely information on the business's operational and financial performance. Ahead of the Board and Committee meetings, papers are circulated to all Directors to ensure that they are fully informed and can participate fully in discussions.

 

Directors keep their skillset up to date through a combination of attendance at industry events, individual professional development and experience gained from other Board roles. The Company Secretary ensures that the Board is aware of any applicable regulatory changes and updates as and when relevant. The Board is also given an annual refresher in AIM Rules and this was last provided in February 2024 by its Nominated Advisors, Liberum Capital Limited. This refresher is designed to enable Directors to keep abreast of corporate governance developments.

 

Directors are also able to take independent professional advice in the furtherance of their duties, if necessary, at the Company's expense. Directors also have direct access to the advice and services of the Company Secretary. The Company Secretary supports the Non-Executive Chairman in ensuring that the Board receives the information and support it needs to carry out its roles.

 

Conflicts of Interest

 

Outside interests and commitments of Directors, and changes to these commitments are reported to and agreed by the Board.  In addition, no one member of the Board has unfettered powers to make decisions.

 

Performance Evaluation

The Non-Executive Chairman considers the operation of the Board and performance of the Directors on an ongoing basis as part of his duties and will bring any areas of improvement he considers are needed to the attention of the Board. However, the Board recognises the need to put in place an annual formal evaluation process for the Board, its Committees and individual directors.

 

The effectiveness of the Board, its Committees and Directors will be reviewed on an annual basis.

 

Accountability

 

Although the Board delegates authority to its committees and also the day-to-day management of the business to the Executive Directors, it is accountable for the overall leadership, strategy and control of the business in order to achieve its strategic aims in accordance with good corporate governance principles.

 

 

 

Risk Management and Internal Control

 

Mitigating the risks that a Company faces as it seeks to create long-term value for its shareholders, is the positive by-product of applying good corporate governance. At Hornby, all employees are responsible for identifying and monitoring risks across their areas. However, the Board sets the overall risk strategy for the business. The business maintains a Risk Register and a Fraud Register, which are presented and considered at the Audit Committee meetings.

 

Financial and Business Reporting

 

In our half-year, final and any other ad hoc reports and other information provided by the Company, the Board seeks to present a fair, balanced and understandable assessment of the business' position and prospects. The Board receives a number of reports, including those from the Audit Committee, to enable it to monitor and clearly understand the business' financial position.

 

The Board considers that this Annual Report and financial statements, taken as a whole, is fair, balanced and understandable and provides the information necessary for shareholders to assess the Company's performance, business model and strategy.

 

Business Ethics

 

Our commitment to our customers and having a people-oriented ethos is central to the success of achieving our strategy. We value the skills of our employees and it is through the efforts of these dedicated people that we are able to grow our customer base.

 

We endeavour to conduct our business affairs in a way that reflects our values. Our suppliers are audited to ensure that their policies and procedures comply with the Modern Slavery and Human Trafficking Act, which ensures that workplace and conditions of employment for their employees are of an acceptable standard. We reinforce our expectations to achieve and maintain these standards. Our Statement on Modern Slavery and Human Trafficking can be found on our corporate website http://www.hornby.plc.uk/.

 

Whistleblowing

 

The business has procedures in place for detecting fraud and for whistleblowing to ensure that arrangements are in place for all employees to raise concerns in confidence, about possible irregularities and non-compliance in matters of financial reporting or other matters. These procedures and policies are reviewed by the Audit Committee.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 



 

Audit Committee Report

 

As Chair of the Audit Committee ("the Committee"), I am pleased to present our Audit Committee Report for the year ended 31 March 2024.

 

Membership

 

The Audit Committee comprises four members, Daniel Carter, Nick Batram, Lyndon Davies and myself, John Stansfield. All of us are independent Non-Executive Directors of the Company. I am the member of the Committee, who with the background as a chartered management accountant has significant, recent and relevant financial experience. Our biographies are set out on page 15.

 

Meetings and attendance

 

The Committee met three times during the year ended 31 March 2024. All members of the Committee at the time of each meeting were present at the meetings. At least one of these meetings was with the external auditor, without the executive Board members present. Olly Raeburn and Kirstie Gould also attended meetings by invitation.

 

Duties:

 

The full list of the Committee's responsibilities is set out in its Terms of Reference, which is available on the Company's website at http://www.hornby.plc.uk/ and is summarised below as follows:

 

- External Audit;

- Financial Reporting;

- Internal Control and Risk Management;

- Internal Audit; and

- Reporting on activities of the Committee.

 

The terms of reference for the Committee are reviewed annually and approved by the Board.

 

The main items of business considered by the Committee during the year included:

 

- a review of the year-end external audit plan, consideration of the scope of the audit and the external auditor's fees;

- consideration and approval of the external audit report and management representation letter;

- a review of the Annual Report and financial statements, including consideration of the significant accounting issues relating to the    financial statements, the consistency in the application of accounting policies and the going concern review;

- a review and approval of the internal financial statement;

 

External Auditor

 

The Committee has the primary responsibility for recommending the appointment of the external auditor and reviewing the findings of the auditor's work. The Company's external auditor is Crowe U.K. LLP. There will be ongoing dialogue between the Committee and the auditor on actions to improve the effectiveness of the external audit process.

 

Having reviewed the auditor's independence and performance to date, the Committee has recommended to the Board that they be reappointed for the 2024 audit. A resolution to reappoint Crowe U.K LLP as the Company's auditor is to be proposed at the forthcoming Annual General Meeting (AGM) in September 2024. 

 

Non-audit services

 

In addition to the audit services they provide, Crowe U.K. LLP also provide tax compliance services.  These fees are within the 1:1 ratio of audit services.

 

Audit process

 

The external auditor prepares an audit plan setting out how the auditor will review the interim and audit the full-year financial statements. The audit plan is reviewed, agreed in advance and overseen by the Committee. The plan includes the proposed scope of the work, the approach to be taken with the audit and also describes the auditor's assessment of the principal risks facing the business.

 

Prior to approval of the financial statements, the external auditor presents its findings to the Committee, highlighting areas of significant financial judgement for discussion.

 

Internal Audit                                                                                        

 

The Audit Committee has considered the need for an internal audit function during the year and is of the view that, given the size and nature of the Company's operations and finance team, there is no current requirement to establish a separate internal audit function.

 

 



 

Risk Management and Internal Controls

 

Through the work of the Committee, the Board carries out an annual risk assessment programme to identify the principal risks to the business and these include:

 

- UK market dependence and conditions;

- the New Business Plan;

- the status of the model/hobby market;

- exchange rates;

- the supply chain function;

- capital allocation;

- product compliance;

- liquidity;

- systems and cyber risks; and

- talent and skills;

 

 

The Committee also reviews the effectiveness of control policies and procedures in place to deal with the risks mentioned. Further details on the business risks identified and the actions being taken are set out on pages 12 to 13 of the Operating and Financial Review Report.

 

The process of risk management in the business is continually reviewed.

 

 

John Stansfield

Chairman of the Audit Committee                       

10 July 2024

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Remuneration and Nomination Committee Report 

 

As Chairman of the Remuneration and Nomination Committee ("the Committee"), I am pleased to present our report for the year ended 31 March 2024 which sets out details of the composition, structure and activities of the Committee and remuneration paid to Directors during the year.

 

The Board has taken the decision to expand the schedule of matters it has delegated to its Remuneration Committee, to include matters which are typically within the remit of a nomination committee. Its terms of reference were revised accordingly and the Committee was renamed the Remuneration and Nomination Committee.

 

Membership

 

The Committee currently comprises four Non-Executive Directors, John Stansfield, Lyndon Davies, Nick Batram and myself, Daniel Carter, whose biographies are set out on page 15.

 

Meetings and attendance

 

The Committee meets at least once a year and at such other times during the year as is necessary to discharge its duties. During the year, the Committee met twice. Only members of the Committee have the right to attend meetings, although other individuals, such as the CEO and external advisers, may be invited to attend for all or part of any meeting.

 

Duties

 

The Committee works closely with the Board to formulate remuneration policy and consider succession plans and possible internal candidates for future Board roles, having regard to the views of shareholders. The main duties of the Committee are set out in its Terms of Reference, which are available on the Company's website (http://www.hornby.plc.uk/) and include the following key responsibilities:

 

Remuneration

 

·      set remuneration policy for all Executive Directors (including pension rights and any compensation payments), and in the process, review and give due consideration to pay and employment conditions throughout the Company, especially when determining annual salary increases;

·      approve the design of, and determine targets for any performance-related pay schemes operated by the Company;

·      recommend and monitor the level and structure of remuneration for senior management; and

·      review the design of all share incentive plans for approval by the Board and shareholders.

 

Nomination

 

·      regularly review the structure, size and composition, (including the skills, experience, knowledge and diversity) of the Board and make recommendations to the Board as to any changes necessary;

·      give full consideration to succession planning for directors and other senior executives in the course of its work, taking into account the challenges and opportunities facing the Company and the skills and expertise needed on the Board in the future;

·      lead the process for all potential appointments to the Board and making recommendations to the Board in relation to them;

·      evaluate the balance of skills, experience, independence and knowledge on the Board; and following any evaluation, identify and nominate for approval by the Board, potential candidates to fill Board vacancies as and when they arise.

 

Principal activities during the year

 

The Committee considered:

·      Executive Directors' bonuses and salaries;

·      Succession planning and the search for a new Chairman;

·      succession planning and the search for an additional Non-Executive director;

·      election and re-election of directors at the AGM;

·      a review of the Committee's terms of reference.

 

The Committee considers business' strategy when recommending the appointment of directors and setting and reviewing remuneration.

 

Diversity

 

It is the Board's view and commitment that recruitment, promotion and any other selection exercises are conducted on the basis of merit against objective criteria that avoid discrimination. No individual should be discriminated against on the ground of race, colour, ethnicity, religious belief, political affiliation, gender, age or disability, and this extends to Board appointments.

 

The Board recognises the benefits of diversity, including gender diversity, on the Board, although it believes that all appointments should be made on merit, while ensuring there is an appropriate balance of skills and experience within the Board. The Board currently consists of 17% (one) female and 83% (five) male Board members. The Board's age demographic ranges from 29 to 69. The business consists of 65% male employees and 35% female employees.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Remuneration policy

 

The objective of the remuneration policy is to promote the long-term success of the Company, giving due regard to the views of shareholders and stakeholders. In formulating remuneration policy for the Executive Directors, the Committee:

 

-considers Directors' experience and the nature and complexity of their work in order to pay a competitive salary, (in line with comparable companies), that attracts and retains directors of the highest quality;

-considers pay and employment conditions within the Company and salary levels within listed companies of a similar size;

-considers Directors' personal performance; and

-links individual remuneration packages to the business' long-term performance and continued success of the business through the award of annual bonuses and share-based incentive schemes.

 

Executive Directors

 

Base salary

 

Executive Directors' base salaries are reviewed annually by the Committee, taking into account the responsibilities, skills and experience of each individual, pay and employment conditions within the Company and the salary levels within listed companies of a similar size.

 

Annual bonus

 

The CEO is subject to a bonus scheme related to the market capitalisation increase over the three-year period ending January 2026 and adjusted for certain factors.


For the first two years of this scheme, the CEO may receive a discretionary bonus up to 38.9% of their base salary. Payments made during these years will be subtracted from the ultimate award amount due under this scheme.

 

The CEO bonus scheme, previously accounted for under IAS 19, is now being accounted for under IFRS 2 using Black-Scholes valuation. The bonus scheme pays a bonus for any uplift in the enterprise value of the business less any capital invested as at the 26 January 2026.

At 31 March 2024 the valuation model, using 50% share volatility, 4% risk-free rate of return and an option value of 0.165 leads to a provision being made in the year of £668,975. This is included in the Statement of Comprehensive Income within Administrative expenses.

The bonuses for other executives are reviewed annually by the committee following recommendations by the CEO.

 

Long-term Incentive Plan

 

There are currently no long-term incentive plans in place. The Remuneration committee will review and consider a suitable scheme for the future.

 

Other benefits

 

Policies concerning benefits are reviewed periodically. Currently taxable benefits comprise Company car allowance or a travel allowance and private health cover. The Committee also retains the discretion to offer additional benefits as appropriate.

 

The Executive Directors and senior managers are members of defined contribution pension schemes and annual contributions are calculated by reference to base salaries, with neither annual bonuses nor awards under the share incentive schemes taken into account in calculating the amounts due.

 

Service agreements and termination payments

 

Details of the Executive Directors' service agreements are set out below.

 

Director

Date of Contract

Unexpired Term

Notice period by Company

Notice period by Director

Oliver Raeburn

23 January 2023

Rolling contract

3 months

3 months

Kirstie Gould

21 December 2017

Rolling contract

9 months

6 months

 

Compensation for loss of office is based on the base salary of the Director.

 

Employees' pay

 

Employees' pay and conditions throughout the business are considered when reviewing remuneration policy for Executive Directors.

 

A profit share scheme exists for all employees (excluding Executive Directors), and 15% of operating profit is shared among employees proportionately. This is a mechanism aimed at addressing issues of motivation of employees below Board level. It is also to ensure that the Company attracts and retains the best talent and that their interests align with that of shareholders.

 

Non-Executive Directors

 

The remuneration payable to Non-Executive Directors is decided by the Non-executive Chairman and Non-Executive Directors (but excluded from discussing their personal fees). The remuneration payable to the Non-exec Chairman is decided by the other Board members.

 

Fees are designed to ensure the Company attracts and retains high calibre individuals. They are reviewed on an annual basis and account is taken of the level of fees paid by other companies of a similar size and complexity. Non-Executive Directors do not participate in any annual bonus, share options or pension arrangements. The Company repays the reasonable expenses that Non-Executive Directors incur in carrying out their duties as Directors.

 

 

 

 

Terms of appointment

 

Each of the Non-Executive Directors signed a letter of appointment for an initial period of two years which can be terminated by either party giving to the other prior written notice of three months.  John Stansfield signed a letter on 2 January 2018, Daniel Carter signed his on 16 July 2020, Lyndon Davies signed his on 22 February 2023 and Nick Batram signed his on 12 February 2024. The contract continues as long as the Non-Executive Directors are re-elected at the AGM. All non-executive directors will stand for re-election at the next AGM in September 2024.

 

 

 

A picture containing text, clipart Description automatically generated

 

 

Daniel Carter

Chairman of the Remuneration and Nomination Committee

10 July 2024



 

 

Directors and Corporate Information

 

Directors

Independent Auditors

The full details of all directors who served in the year ended 31 March 2024 can be found below.

Crowe U.K. LLP

John Stansfield

Riverside House

Non-Executive Chairman

40-46 High Street

Oliver Raeburn

Maidstone

Chief Executive Officer

Kent ME14 1JH

Kirstie Gould

 

Chief Finance Officer

Solicitors

Daniel Carter

Taylor Wessing LLP

Non-Executive Director

5 New Street Square

Lyndon Davies

London EC4A 3TW

Non-Executive Director

Principal Bankers

Henry de Zoete (resigned 30 June 2023)

Barclays Bank PLC

Non-Executive Director

9 St George's Street

Nick Batram

Canterbury

Non-Executive Director

Kent CT1 2JX

Kirstie Gould


Company Secretary



Nominated Advisor and Brokers

Registered office

Liberum Capital Limited

Enterprise Road

Ropemaker Place

Westwood Industrial Estate

25 Ropemaker Street

Margate, Kent CT9 4JX

London EC2Y 9LY


Registrars and Transfer Agents

Company Registered Number

Link Asset Services

Registered in England Number: 01547390

The Registry


34 Beckenham Road


Beckenham


Kent BR3 4TU



 

Directors' Report

The Directors present their Annual Report together with the audited consolidated and Company financial statements for the year ended 31 March 2024.

STATUTORY INFORMATION CONTAINED ELSEWHERE IN THE ANNUAL REPORT

Information required to be part of the Directors' Report can be found elsewhere in this document, as indicated, and is incorporated into this report by reference:

The Group's business review is set out in the Strategic Report on pages 10 to 11.

The Corporate Governance statement on page 16 to 23.

Details of the Directors who served during the year including their salaries, bonuses, benefits and share interests are on pages 29 to 30.

Directors' responsibility statements on page 27.

Likely future events are disclosed within the CEO report on page 8.

Post balance sheet events are set out in note 30.

Principal activities

The Company is a holding Company, limited by shares, registered (and domiciled) in England Reg. No. 01547390 with a Spanish branch and has seven operating subsidiaries: Hornby Hobbies Limited and Hornby World Limited in the United Kingdom with a branch in Hong Kong, Hornby America Inc. in the US, Hornby España S.A. in Spain, Hornby Italia s.r.l. in Italy, Hornby France S.A.S. in France, Hornby Deutschland GmbH in Germany, Hornby Hobbies India Private Limited in India and LCD Enterprises Limited in the United Kingdom. Hornby PLC is a public limited Company which is a member of AIM and incorporated and operating in the United Kingdom.

The Group is principally engaged in the development, design, sourcing and distribution of hobby and interactive products.

Results and dividends

The results for the year ended 31 March 2024 are set out in the Group Statement of Comprehensive Income. Revenue for the year was £56.2 million compared to £55.1 million last year. The loss for the year attributable to equity holders amounted to £11.4 million (2023: £5.9 million loss). The position of the Group and Company is set out in the Group and Company Statements of Financial Position. Future developments are set out within the CEO Statement.

No interim dividend was declared in the year (2023: £nil) and the Directors do not recommend a final dividend (2023: £nil).

 

GOING CONCERN

The Group has in place a £12.0 million Asset Based Lending (ABL) facility with Secure Trust Bank PLC ("STB") through to December 2025. The Company provides customary operational covenants to STB on a monthly basis such as inventory turn, credit note dilutions and management accounts. In addition, the Group has a committed £12.55 million loan facility with Phoenix Asset Management Partners Limited (the Group's largest shareholder) if it should be required currently expires December 2025.

 

The Group has prepared trading and cash flow forecasts for a period of three years, which have been reviewed and approved by the Board. On the basis of these forecasts, assuming the facilities with STB and Phoenix are renewed and after a detailed review of trading, financial position and cash flow models, the Directors have a reasonable expectation that the Group and Company have adequate resources to continue in operational existence for the foreseeable future. The Company has received a letter of support from Phoenix Asset Management confirming their intention to provide funds up to an additional £7 million to support the Company's business plan until at least 31 December 2025. The current budgets do not show the Group requiring support beyond the already committed facilities. For these reasons, the Directors continue to adopt the going concern basis of accounting in preparing the annual financial statements.

 

Research and development

The Board considers that research and development into products continues to play an important role in the Group's success. R&D costs of £1.8 million (see Note 4) incurred in the year have been charged to the Statement of Comprehensive Income as these costs all relate to research activities.

Directors' indemnities

The Company maintained liability insurance for its Directors and officers during the financial year and up to the date of approval of the Annual Report and Accounts. The Company has also provided an indemnity for its Directors and the secretary, which is a qualifying third party indemnity provision for the purposes of the Companies Act 2006.



 

STREAMLINED ENERGY AND CARBON REPORTING (SECR)

Streamlined Energy and Carbon Reporting (SECR) is the UK Government's name for energy and carbon reporting and taxation.

 

As a largely office-based business, the Group has a relatively low carbon presence. Under the SECR requirements we are reporting energy use and business mileage for all our UK operations.

 



2024

2024

2023

2023

Scope

Activity

Consumption kWh

Consumption (tCO2e)

Consumption kWh

Consumption (tCO2e)

Scope 1

Business Mileage

137,593

34.5

112,748

28.3

Scope 2

Purchased Electricity

506,620

107.6

529,956

112.5

 

Purchased Gas

281,672

57.4

199,449

40.6



               925,885 

199.5

               842,153 

181.4







Intensity metric

 




An intensity metric of tCO2e per £m revenue has been applied for the annual total consumption











2024

2023



tCO2e/£m Revenue

3.55

3.29









 

 

 

During the reporting year the gas has increased due to the increased use of gas heating in the new Wonderworks building in Margate.

 

 

Substantial shareholdings

The Company has been notified that at close of business on 9 July 2024 the following parties were interested in 3% or more of the Company's ordinary share capital.

Shareholder

Number of ordinary shares

Percentage held

Phoenix Asset Management

121,662,481

71.63

Artemis Fund Managers Limited

16,543,775

9.74

Fraser Group Plc

15,719,424

9.25

 



 

STATEMENT OF DIRECTORS' RESPONSIBILITIES

The Directors are responsible for preparing the Annual Report and the financial statements in accordance with applicable law and regulation.

Company law requires the directors to prepare financial statements for each financial year. Under that law the directors have prepared the Group and Company financial statements in accordance with UK-adopted international accounting standards in conformity with the requirements of the Companies Act 2006. Under Company law the directors must not approve the financial statements unless they are satisfied that they give a true and fair view of the state of affairs of the Group and Company and of the profit or loss of the Group and Company for that period. In preparing the financial statements, the directors are required to:

·      select suitable accounting policies and then apply them consistently;

·      state whether applicable UK-adopted international accounting standards in conformity with the Companies Act 2006 have been followed, subject to any material departures disclosed and explained in the financial statements;

·      make judgements and accounting estimates that are reasonable and prudent; and

·      prepare the financial statements on the going concern basis unless it is inappropriate to presume that the Group and Company will continue in business.

The directors are also responsible for safeguarding the assets of the Group and Company and hence for taking reasonable steps for the prevention and detection of fraud and other irregularities.

The directors are responsible for keeping adequate accounting records that are sufficient to show and explain the Group and Company's transactions and disclose with reasonable accuracy at any time the financial position of the Group and Company and enable them to ensure that the financial statements comply with the Companies Act 2006.

The directors are responsible for the maintenance and integrity of the Company's website. Legislation in the United Kingdom governing the preparation and dissemination of financial statements may differ from legislation in other jurisdictions.

Directors' confirmations

The directors consider that the annual report and accounts, taken as a whole, is fair, balanced and understandable and provides the information necessary for shareholders to assess the Group and Company's position and performance, business model and strategy.

In the case of each director in office at the date the Directors' Report is approved:

·      so far as the director is aware, there is no relevant audit information of which the Group and Company's auditors are unaware; and

·      they have taken all the steps that they ought to have taken as a director in order to make themselves aware of any relevant audit information and to establish that the Group and Company's auditors are aware of that information.

Financial instruments

The Group's financial instruments, other than derivatives, comprise borrowings, cash and liquid resources, and various items, such as trade receivables, trade payables, etc. that arise directly from its operations. The Group's financial liabilities comprise borrowings, trade payables, other payables and finance leases. The main purpose of the Group's borrowings is to provide finance for the Group's operations. The Group has financial assets comprising cash and trade and other receivables.

The Group also enters into derivatives transactions (principally forward foreign currency contracts). The purpose of such transactions is to manage the currency risks arising from the Group's operations. It is, and has been throughout the period under review, the Group's policy that no speculative trading in financial instruments shall be undertaken.

FINANCIAL RISK MANAGEMENT

The financial risk is managed by the Group and more information on this can be found within the Notes to the financial statements.

Personnel policies

Hornby is committed to eliminating discrimination and encouraging diversity amongst our workforce. Our aim is that our workforce will be truly representative of all sections of society and each employee feels respected and able to give of their best.

To that end the purpose of personnel policies are to provide equality and fairness for all in our employment and not to discriminate on grounds of gender, marital status, race, ethnic origin, colour, nationality, national origin, disability, sexual orientation, religion or age. We oppose all forms of unlawful and unfair discrimination.

All employees, whether part time, full time or temporary, are treated fairly and with respect. Selection for employment, promotion, training or any other benefit is on the basis of aptitude and ability. All employees are helped and encouraged to develop their full potential and the talents and resources of the workforce are fully utilised to maximise the efficiency of the organisation.

 

Our commitments are:

 

·      To create an environment in which individual differences and the contributions of all our staff are recognised and valued;

·      Every employee is entitled to a working environment that promotes dignity and respect to all. No form of intimidation, bullying or harassment is tolerated;

·      Training, development and progression opportunities are available to all staff;

·      Equality in the workplace is good management practice and makes sound business sense;

·      To regularly review all our employment practices and procedures to ensure fairness;

·      Breaches of our equality policy are regarded as misconduct and may lead to disciplinary proceedings; and

·      These policies will be monitored and reviewed on a regular basis.

 

The Group places importance on the contributions made by all employees to the progress of the Group and aims to keep them informed via formal and informal meetings.

 

ARTICLES OF ASSOCIATION

The rules governing the appointment and replacement of Directors are set out in the Company's Articles of Association. The Articles of Association may be amended by a special resolution of the Company's shareholders.

 

Share capital

The share capital of the Company comprises ordinary shares of 1p each. Each share carries the right to one vote at general meetings of the Company. The issued share capital of the Company, together with movements in the Company's issued share capital is shown in Note 21. Ordinary shareholders are entitled to receive notice and to attend and speak at general meetings.

 

Each shareholder present in person or by proxy (or by duly authorised corporate representatives) has, on a show of hands, one vote. On a poll, each shareholder present in person or by proxy has one vote for each share held.

 

Other than the general provisions of the Articles (and prevailing legislation) there are no specific restrictions of the size of a holding or on the transfer of the ordinary shares.

 

The Directors are not aware of any agreements between holders of the Company's shares that may result in the restriction of the transfer of securities or on voting rights. No shareholder holds securities carrying any special rights or control over the Company's share capital.

 

Authority to purchase own shares

The Company was authorised by shareholder resolution at the 2023 Annual General Meeting to purchase up to 10% of its issued share capital. A resolution will be proposed at the forthcoming Annual General Meeting and authority sought to purchase up to 10% of its issued share capital. Under this authority, any shares purchased must be held as treasury shares or, otherwise, cancelled resulting in a reduction of the Company's issued share capital.

 

No shares were purchased by the Company during the year.

 

Change of control - significant agreements

There are a number of agreements that may take effect, alter or terminate on a change of control of the Company. None of these are considered to be significant in their likely impact on the business as a whole.

 

POLITICAL DONATIONS

 

The Company has made no political donations during the year.

 

Independent auditor

A resolution to reappoint the auditor Crowe U.K. LLP, will be proposed at the forthcoming Annual General Meeting.

 

Annual General Meeting

The Annual General Meeting is to be scheduled for 11 September 2024. A notice of the Annual General Meeting will be sent out to shareholders separately to this Annual Report and Accounts.

 

DIRECTORS' REMUNERATION

Executive Directors' base salaries are reviewed annually by the Remuneration and Nomination Committee taking into account the responsibilities, skills and experience of each individual, pay and employment conditions within the Company and salary levels within listed companies of a similar size.

 



 

The following table summarises the total salary and pension contributions received by Directors for 2023/24 and 2022/23 in line with the Companies Act 2006 requirement:

 

 

AUDITED

 











Year ended 31 March 2024

Year ended 31 March 2023






Basic salary

Pension

Bonus

Total

Basic salary

Pension

LTIP

LTIP

Total


& fees

contributions

 


& fees

contributions

- shares

- cash



£'000

£'000

£'000

£'000

£'000

£'000

£'000

£'000

£'000



















O Raeburn (Appointed 23 January 2023)

270

14

105

389

51

2

-

-

53

K Gould (Appointed 4 January 2018)

198

37

56

291

191

36

186

178

591

L Davies (Appointed 5 October 2017)

175

6

-

181

247

6

186

178

617

D Carter (Appointed 16 July 2020)

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

J Stansfield (Appointed 4 January 2018)

50

-

-

50

51

-

-

-

51

Nick Batram (Appointed 12 February 2024)


6



6

-


-


-



H De Zoete (Appointed 5 January 2022, resigned 30 June 2023.)

11

-

-

11

45

-

-

-

45

Total

710

57

161

928

585

44

372

356

1,357

 

 

Performance Share Plan awards outstanding (Audited)

At 31 March 2024, there are no outstanding awards to Directors under any PSP scheme.

Benefits and Pension (Unaudited)

Policies concerning benefits, including the Group's Company car policy, are reviewed periodically. Currently, benefits in kind comprise motor cars or a travel allowance and private health cover, both of which are non-performance related. The Executive Directors and senior managers are members of defined contribution pension schemes and annual contributions are calculated by reference to base salaries, with neither annual bonuses nor awards under the share incentive schemes taken into account in calculating the amounts due.

Executive Directors' service contracts (Unaudited)

Executive Directors do not have fixed period contracts.

Payments to Past Directors, policy on payment of loss of office and termination payments (Audited)

There were no payments to past directors made during the year. Notice periods are set under individual service contracts but the Company has a policy for Executive directors of a notice period of nine months to be given by the Company and of six months to be given by the individual. The compensation for loss of office is based upon the respective service contracts and the components are based on the base salary of the director.



 

DIRECTORS' INTERESTS

Interests in shares

 

Interests of the Directors in the shares of the Company at 31 March 2024 and 31 March 2023 were:


At

31 March

2024

number



At

31 March

2023

number

Executive Directors





O Raeburn

-    



-    

K Gould

786,489



786,489

Non-Executive Directors





L Davies

1,526,627



1,526,627

H De Zoete (resigned 30 June 2023)

-



-

D Carter

-



-

J Stansfield

85,358



85,358

N Batram

-



-

 

Apart from the interests disclosed above no Directors were interested at any time in the year in the share capital of any other Group Company. Daniel Carter is also an employee at Phoenix Asset Management Partners Limited who hold a substantial shareholding in Hornby PLC.

 

 

 

On behalf of the Board

Kirstie Gould

Chief Finance Officer

Westwood

Margate

CT9 4JX

10 July 2024

 

 



Independent auditor's report to the members of Hornby PLC

Opinion

We have audited the financial statements of Hornby Plc (the "Parent Company") and its subsidiaries (the "Group") for the year ended 31 March 2024, which comprise:

·      the Group statement of comprehensive income for the year ended 31 March 2024;

·      the Group and Parent Company statements of financial position as at 31 March 2024;

·      the Group and Parent Company statements of cash flows for the year then ended;

·      the Group and Parent Company statements of changes in equity for the year then ended; and

·      the notes to the financial statements, including significant accounting policies.

The financial reporting framework that has been applied in the preparation of the financial statements is applicable law and UK-adopted international accounting standards.

In our opinion the financial statements:

·      give a true and fair view of the state of the Group's and of the Parent Company's affairs as at 31 March 2024 and of the Group's loss for the period then ended;

·      have been properly prepared in accordance with UK-adopted international accounting standards;

·      have been prepared in accordance with the requirements of the Companies Act 2006.

Basis for opinion

We conducted our audit in accordance with International Standards on Auditing (UK) (ISAs (UK)) and applicable law. Our responsibilities under those standards are further described in the Auditor's responsibilities for the audit of the financial statements section of our report. We are independent of the Group and the Parent Company in accordance with the ethical requirements that are relevant to our audit of the financial statements in the UK, including the FRC's Ethical Standard as applied to listed entities, and we have fulfilled our other ethical responsibilities in accordance with these requirements. We believe that the audit evidence we have obtained is sufficient and appropriate to provide a basis for our opinion.

Conclusions relating to going concern

In auditing the financial statements, we have concluded that the directors' use of the going concern basis of accounting in the preparation of the financial statements is appropriate. Our evaluation of the directors' assessment of the Group's and Parent Company's ability to continue to adopt the going concern basis of accounting included:

·      testing the cash flow model provided by management and challenging the assumptions made;

·      assessing the accuracy of past budgeting, as well as a review of the April management accounts compared to forecast;

·      considering the cash position of the business along with current facilities available for drawdown including obtaining evidence of the signed facility agreements;

·      considering the appropriateness of the going concern period;

·      reviewing sensitised forecasts and considering whether the sensitivities applied were appropriate and reflected a reasonable 'severe but plausible downside' scenario;

·      evaluating the support provided by Phoenix UK Fund Limited.  In reviewing this support we considered the ability of Phoenix UK Fund Limited to provide the support, whether the support was legally enforceable and whether the support offered was appropriate in light of the sensitised forecasts;

·      discussing the support directly with representatives from Phoenix UK Fund; and

·      considering the appropriateness of the related disclosures against the requirements of the accounting standards.

 

Based on the work we have performed, we have not identified any material uncertainties relating to events or conditions that, individually or collectively, may cast significant doubt on the Group's and Parent Company's ability to continue as a going concern for a period of at least twelve months from when the financial statements are authorised for issue.

Our responsibilities and the responsibilities of the directors with respect to going concern are described in the relevant sections of this report.

 

 

Overview of our audit approach

Materiality

In planning and performing our audit we applied the concept of materiality. An item is considered material if it could reasonably be expected to change the economic decisions of a user of the financial statements. We used the concept of materiality to both focus our testing and to evaluate the impact of misstatements identified.

Based on our professional judgement, we determined overall materiality for the Group financial statements as a whole to be £250,000 (2023 £250,000), based on turnover and the underlying profitability of the business. We consider these to be the key performance metric reported by management to shareholders to assess the performance of the business. Materiality represents approximately less than 0.5% of turnover and 3% of loss before tax (2023: 0.5% of turnover and 9% of loss before tax).

Overall Parent Company materiality was set at £200,000 (2023: £200,000) based on net assets, restricted so as not to exceed Group materiality.

We use a different level of materiality ('performance materiality') to determine the extent of our testing for the audit of the financial statements.  Performance materiality is set based on the audit materiality as adjusted for the judgements made as to the entity risk and our evaluation of the specific risk of each audit area having regard to the internal control environment. Performance materiality was set at £175,000 (2023: £175,000) for the Group and £140,000 (2023 : £140,000) for the Parent Company.

Where considered appropriate performance materiality may be reduced to a lower level, such as, for related party transactions and directors' remuneration.

We agreed with the Audit Committee to report to it all identified errors in excess of £10,000 (2023: £10,000). Errors below that threshold would also be reported to it if, in our opinion as auditor, disclosure was required on qualitative grounds.

Overview of the scope of our audit

We performed an audit of the financial information of two full scope components, Hornby Plc and Hornby Hobbies Limited.  The European sales offices, the US trading subsidiary, Hornby World, Hornby India, LCD Enterprises Limited and Oxford Diecast Limited were audited using a component materiality level of £200,000 for the purposes of the consolidation only. 

Key Audit Matters

Key audit matters are those matters that, in our professional judgement, were of most significance in our audit of the financial statements of the current period and include the most significant assessed risks of material misstatement (whether or not due to fraud) that we identified. These matters included those which had the greatest effect on: the overall audit strategy, the allocation of resources in the audit; and directing the efforts of the engagement team. These matters were addressed in the context of our audit of the financial statements as a whole, and in forming our opinion thereon, and we do not provide a separate opinion on these matters.

We considered going concern to be a key audit matter.  Our observations on this area are set out in the Conclusions relation to Going Concern section of the auditors' report.

 

This is not a complete list of all risks identified by our audit.

 

Key audit matter

How the scope of our audit addressed the key audit matter

Carrying value of goodwill and intangibles and investments - Notes 8, 9 and 11

The Group holds goodwill at a carrying value of £2m and brand relations at a carrying value of £1.3m.

The Parent Company also holds significant investments and debtor balances with Group companies.

Recovery of these assets is dependent upon future cash flows which are required to be discounted.  Recovery is based on future cashflows which are inherently subjective, and this increases the risk the cashflow forecasts may not be met.

 

We also consider there to be a risk that cashflows have not been discounted at an appropriate rate.  If the cash flows do not meet expectations the assets may become impaired

We tested management's impairment review which includes impairment reviews for investments and intercompany debt in the parent and goodwill and intangible assets at group level.

The audit work relied on forecasts of future cash flows based on board approved forecasts. We challenged management on the assumptions made, including the forecast growth rate, profitability, terminal growth rates applied and discount rate applied.  We used the expertise of our valuations team to review the discount rate.  As part of our testing we benchmarked assumptions such as the terminal growth rate and inputs into the calculation of the cost of capital (discount rate).

For investments and intercompany balances we considered the fair value of the group with reference to market capitalisation of the group. 

 

Inventory provisioning - Note 13

The Group is holding £21.5m of inventory at the year end.  There is a risk that inventory may become difficult to sell and thereby become impaired.

We consider that, due to the losses in the group and the persistent high levels of stock, there is an increased risk of either stock obsolescence or stock being valued above its net realisable value.

Management provides for key lines of stock based on a historical provisioning policy. We therefore consider there to be risk that this provision is incorrectly calculated, the historical assumptions are incorrect or that there are lines of stock, not in the provision, that require providing for.

We obtained the aged inventory reports and recalculated the provision. We also verified the accuracy of the ageing report.

We compared the assumptions used to those used in the prior year and challenged management where assumptions had either changed or no longer appeared appropriate.

We compared the aging of stock year on year to consider whether the stock was getting older that may indicate a need for a provision.  For a sample of older stock items we examined evidence that stock lines were moving and that these were being sold above cost.

For a sample of the remainder of inventory, we reviewed sales post year end to consider if any items were being sold below cost.

Our audit procedures in relation to these matters were designed in the context of our audit opinion as a whole. They were not designed to enable us to express an opinion on these matters individually and we express no such opinion.

Other information

The directors are responsible for the other information contained within the annual report. The other information comprises the information included in the annual report, other than the financial statements and our auditor's report thereon. Our opinion on the financial statements does not cover the other information and, except to the extent otherwise explicitly stated in our report, we do not express any form of assurance conclusion thereon.

Our responsibility is to read the other information and, in doing so, consider whether the other information is materially inconsistent with the financial statements or our knowledge obtained in the audit or otherwise appears to be materially misstated. If we identify such material inconsistencies or apparent material misstatements, we are required to determine whether this gives rise to a material misstatement in the financial statements themselves. If, based on the work we have performed, we conclude that there is a material misstatement of this other information, we are required to report that fact. We have nothing to report in this regard.

Opinion on other matter prescribed by the Companies Act 2006

In our opinion based on the work undertaken in the course of our audit

·      the information given in the strategic report and the directors' report for the financial year for which the financial statements are prepared is consistent with the financial statements; and

·      the directors' report and strategic report have been prepared in accordance with applicable legal requirements.

Matters on which we are required to report by exception

In light of the knowledge and understanding of the Group and the Parent Company and their environment obtained in the course of the audit, we have not identified material misstatements in the strategic report or the directors' report.

We have nothing to report in respect of the following matters where the Companies Act 2006 requires us to report to you if, in our opinion:

·      adequate accounting records have not been kept by the parent company, or returns adequate for our audit have not been received from branches not visited by us; or

·      the parent company financial statements are not in agreement with the accounting records and returns; or

·      certain disclosures of directors' remuneration specified by law are not made; or

·      we have not received all the information and explanations we require for our audit.

 

Responsibilities of the directors for the financial statements

As explained more fully in the directors' responsibilities statement set out on page 25, the directors are responsible for the preparation of the financial statements and for being satisfied that they give a true and fair view, and for such internal control as the directors determine is necessary to enable the preparation of financial statements that are free from material misstatement, whether due to fraud or error.

In preparing the financial statements, the directors are responsible for assessing the Group's and Parent Company's ability to continue as a going concern, disclosing, as applicable, matters related to going concern and using the going concern basis of accounting unless the directors either intend to liquidate the Group or the Parent Company or to cease operations, or have no realistic alternative but to do so.

Auditor's responsibilities for the audit of the financial statements

Our objectives are to obtain reasonable assurance about whether the financial statements as a whole are free from material misstatement, whether due to fraud or error, and to issue an auditor's report that includes our opinion. Reasonable assurance is a high level of assurance, but is not a guarantee that an audit conducted in accordance with ISAs (UK) will always detect a material misstatement when it exists. Misstatements can arise from fraud or error and are considered material if, individually or in the aggregate, they could reasonably be expected to influence the economic decisions of users taken on the basis of these financial statements.

A further description of our responsibilities is available on the Financial Reporting Council's website at: www.frc.org.uk/auditorsresponsibilities. This description forms part of our auditor's report.

 

Extent to which the audit is capable of detecting irregularities, including fraud

Irregularities, including fraud, are instances of non-compliance with laws and regulations. We identified and assessed the risks of material misstatement of the financial statements from irregularities, whether due to fraud or error, and discussed these between our audit team members. We then designed and performed audit procedures responsive to those risks, including obtaining audit evidence sufficient and appropriate to provide a basis for our opinion.

We obtained an understanding of the legal and regulatory frameworks within which the company operates, focusing on those laws and regulations that have a direct effect on the determination of material amounts and disclosures in the financial statements. The laws and regulations we considered in this context were the Companies Act 2006 and Taxation legislation.

Auditing standards limit the required audit procedures to identify non-compliance with these laws and regulations to enquiry of the Directors and other management and inspection of regulatory and legal correspondence, if any.

We identified the greatest risk of material impact on the financial statements from irregularities, including fraud, to be the override of controls by management and the recognition of revenue. Our audit procedures to respond to these risks included:

• enquiry of management about the Group's policies, procedures and related controls regarding compliance with laws and regulations and if there are any known instances of non-compliance;

• examining supporting documents for all material balances, transactions and disclosures;

• review of the board meeting minutes;

• enquiry of management and review and inspection of relevant correspondence with any legal firms;

• detailed testing of a sample of sales made during the year and around the year and agreeing these through to invoices and despatch records;

• testing the appropriateness of a sample of significant journal entries recorded in the general ledger and other adjustments made in the preparation of the financial statements; and

• review of accounting estimates for biases.

Owing to the inherent limitations of an audit, there is an unavoidable risk that we may not have detected some material misstatements in the financial statements, even though we have properly planned and performed our audit in accordance with auditing standards. We are not responsible for preventing non-compliance and cannot be expected to detect non-compliance with all laws and regulations.

Use of our report

This report is made solely to the company's members, as a body, in accordance with Chapter 3 of Part 16 of the Companies Act 2006. Our audit work has been undertaken so that we might state to the company's members those matters we are required to state to them in an auditor's report and for no other purpose. To the fullest extent permitted by law, we do not accept or assume responsibility to anyone other than the company and the company's members as a body, for our audit work, for this report, or for the opinions we have formed.

 

Close-up of a signature Description automatically generated

 

 

Mark Sisson (Senior Statutory Auditor)

for and on behalf of

Crowe U.K. LLP

Statutory Auditor

40-46 High Street

Maidstone

Kent ME14 1JH

 

11 July 2024



 

 

Group Statement of Comprehensive Income

for the Year Ended 31 March 2024

 



Group


Note

2024

£'000

2023

£'000

Revenue

2

 56,244

 55,105

Cost of sales


(31,248)

(28,166)

Gross profit


24,996

26,939

Distribution costs


(8,991)

(8,196)

Selling and marketing costs


(13,523)

(11,448)

Administrative expenses


(8,982)

(7,712)

Other operating expenses


(135)

(653)

Operating loss before Exceptional items


(6,635)

(1,070)

Exceptional items

             4

(489)

(3,974)

Operating loss


(7,124)

(5,044)

Finance income

3

26

11

Finance costs

3

(1,688)

(843)

Net finance expense


(1,662)

(832)

Share of profit of investments using the equity method

11

60

-

Loss before taxation


(8,726)

(5,876)

Income tax

5

(3,361)

(46)

Loss for the year after taxation


(12,087)

(5,922)

Loss for the year after taxation attributable to:

 


 

 

Equity holders of the Company


(12,064)

(5,905)

Non-controlling interests


(23)

(17)

Other comprehensive income


 

 

Items that may be subsequently reclassified to profit or loss:


 

 

Cash flow hedges


474

(932)

Currency translation gains/(losses)


(110)

161



 


Other comprehensive (loss)/income for the year, net of tax


364

(771)

Total comprehensive (loss)/income for the year


(11,723)

(6,693)



 

 

Comprehensive income attributable to:


 


Equity holders of the Company


(11,700)

(6,676)

Non-controlling interests


(23)

(17)

(Loss)/Profit per ordinary share


 


Basic

7

(7.10p)

(3.50p)

Diluted

7

(7.10p)

(3.50p)

 

All results relate to continuing operations.

The notes on pages 40 to 70 form part of these accounts.

Group and Company Statements of Financial Position as at 31 March 2024


 

Group

Company


Note

2024

£'000

2023

£'000

2024

£'000

2023

£'000

Assets


 


 


Non-current assets


 


 


Goodwill

8

2,001

1,732

-

-

Intangible assets

9

2,656

2,986

-

-

Property, plant and equipment

10

14,507

12,041

-

-

Investments

11

1,498

-

27,092

25,509

Right of Use Assets

12

2,312

2,087

-

-

Deferred tax assets

21

279

3,571

-

-



23,253

22,417

27,092

25,509

Current assets


 


 


Inventories

13

21,484

21,282

-

-

Trade and other receivables

14

9,245

9,181

13,829

14,978

Derivative financial instruments

20

23

2

-

-

Cash and cash equivalents

15

1,116

1,337

1

1



31,868

31,802

13,830

14,979

Liabilities


 


 


Current liabilities


 


 


Borrowings

19

(15,341)

(6,750)

-

-

Trade and other payables

16

(11,337)

(8,067)

(11,459)

(11,065)

Lease liabilities

18

(479)

(409)

-

-

Derivative financial instruments

20

(104)

(557)

-

-


 

(27,261)

(15,783)

(11,459)

(11,065)

Net current assets

 

4,607

16,019

2,371

3,914

Non-current liabilities


 


 


Borrowings

19

(67)

(117)

(5,711)

(5,871)

Lease liabilities

18

(2,249)

(2,047)

-

-

Other payables

23

(669)

-

(669)

-

Deferred tax liabilities

21

(559)

(233)

-

-



(3,544)

(2,397)

(6,380)

(5,871)

Net assets

 

24,316

36,039

23,083

23,552

 



 

Group and Company Statements of Financial Position as at 31 March 2024



Group

Company


Note

2024

2023

2024

2023

 

£'000

£'000

£'000

£'000

 

 

 

 

 

 

Equity attributable to owners of the parent


 

 

 

 

Share capital

22

1,699

1,699

1,699

1,699

Share premium


52,857

52,857

52,857

52,857

Capital redemption reserve


55

55

55

55

Translation reserve

24

(1,763)

(1,653)

(1,029)

(1,232)

Hedging reserve

24

(81)

(555)

-

-

Other reserves

24

1,688

1,688

19,145

19,145

Accumulated losses

24

(30,111)

(18,047)

(49,644)

(48,972)

Equity attributable to PLC shareholders

 

24,344

36,044

23,083

23,552

Non-controlling interests

 

(28)

(5)

 

 

Total equity

 

24,316

36,039

 

 

 

The Company made a loss after tax of £672,000 (2023: £36,704,000). The loss made in the previous year was due to impairment of investments.

The notes on page 40 to 70 form part of these accounts. The financial statements on pages 34 to 70 were approved by the Board of Directors on 10 July 2024 and were signed on its behalf by:

 

 

 

 

K Gould, Director, Registered Company Number: 01547390



 

Group and Company Statements of Changes in Equity

For the Year Ended 31 March 2024

 

GROUP

Share capital

Share premium

Capital

redemption   reserve

Translation reserve

Hedging reserve

Other      reserves

Non-controlling interests

Accumulated losses

Total equity

 


£'000

£'000

£'000

£'000

£'000

£'000

£'000

£'000

£'000


Balance at 31 March 2022 and 1 April 2022

1,669

52,857

55

(1,814)

377

1,688

12

(11,734)

43,110


Loss for the year

-

-

-

-

-

-

(17)

(5,905)

(5,922)


Other comprehensive

(expense)/income for the year

-

-

-

161

(932)

-

-

-

(771)


Total comprehensive (loss)/income for the year

-

-

-

161

(932)

-

(17)

(5,905)

(6,693)


Transactions with owners











Share-based payments - cash

30

-

-

-

-

-

-

(940)

(910)


Share-based payments - non-cash

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

532

532


Total transactions with owners

30

-

-

-

-

-

-

(408)

(378)


Balance at 31 March 2023

1,699

52,857

55

(1,653)

(555)

1,688

(5)

(18,047)

36,039


Loss for the year

-

-

-

-

-

-

(23)

(12,064)

(12,087)


Other comprehensive

(expense)/income for the year

-

-

-

(110)

474

-

-

-

364


Total comprehensive (loss)/income for the year

-

-

-

(110)

474

-

(23)

(12,064)

(11,723)


Balance at 31 March 2024

1,699

52,857

55

(1,763)

(81)

1,688

(28)

(30,111)

24,316


 



 

COMPANY

Share Capital

Share  premium

Capital redemption reserve

Translation reserve

Other reserves

Retained earnings

Total equity

 


£'000

£'000

£'000

£'000

£'000

£'000

£'000


Balance at 31 March and 1 April 2022

1,669

52,857

55

(963)

19,145

(11,860)

60,903


Loss for the year

-

-

-

-

-

(36,704)

(36,704)


Other comprehensive expense for the year

-

-

-

(269)

-

-

(269)


Total comprehensive income/(expense) for the year

-

-

-

(269)

-

(36,704)

(36,973)


Transactions with owners









Share-based payments (Note 22)

30

-

-

-

-

(408)

(378)


Total transactions with owners

30

-

-

-

-

(408)

(378)


Balance at 31 March 2023

1,699

52,857

55

(1,232)

19,145

(48,972)

23,552


Loss for the year

-

-

-

-

-

(672)

(672)


Other comprehensive expense for the year

-

-

-

203

-

-

203


Total comprehensive income/(expense) for the year

-

-

-

203

-

(672)

(469)


Balance at 31 March 2024

1,699

52,857

55

(1,029)

19,145

(49,644)

23,083


 

The notes on page 40 to 70 form part of these accounts.

Group and Company Cash Flow Statements

for the Year Ended 31 March 2024



Group

Company


Note

2024

2023          (restated)

2024

2023

£'000

£'000

£'000

£'000

Loss before taxation


(8,726)

(5,876)

(672)

(36,704)

Interest payable


1,527

689

213

212

Interest paid on Lease liabilities


162

153

-

-

Interest receivable


(26)

(11)

(175)

(175)

Share of profit of Investments using the equity method


(60)

-

(60)

-

Amortisation of intangible assets


564

553

-

-

Impairment of intangible assets


404

-

-

-

Impairment of goodwill/intercompany balances


10

2,915

-

33,389

Depreciation


3,901

2,762

-

-

Depreciation on right of use assets


499

528

-

-

Share-based payments (non cash)


669

532

669

266

Share-based payments (cash)


-

(940)

-

-

Decrease / (increase) in inventories


218

(4,680)

-

-

Decrease / (increase) in trade and other receivables


199

(373)

1,315

(870)

Increase in trade and other payables


1,328

366

233

3,851

Cash flows from operating activities


669

(3,382)

1,523

(31)

Interest paid


(566)

(322)

-

-

Interest element of ROU lease payments


(162)

(153)

-

-

Net cash (used in)/generated from operating activities


(59)

(3,857)

1,523

(31)

Cash flows from investing activities


 


 


Purchase of interest in associate (net of cash acquired)

11

(1,438)

-

(1,438)

-

Equity investment in subsidiary company


-

-

(85)


Purchase of property, plant and equipment

10

(6,369)

(4,744)

-

-

Purchase of intangible assets

9

(451)

(351)

-

-

Interest received


26

11

-

-

Net cash (used in)/generated from investing activities


(8,232)

(5,084)

(1,523)

-

Cash flows from financing activities


 


 


Proceeds from issuance of ordinary shares


-

30

-

30

Repayment of CBIL loan


(50)

(50)

-

-

Proceeds from Asset Based Lending Facility


1,152

4,590

-

-

Shareholder Loan


7,439

2,000

-

-

Payment of lease liabilities


(462)

(460)

-

-

Net cash generated from/(used in) financing activities


8,079

6,110

-

30



 


 


Net (decrease)/increase in cash and cash equivalents


(212)

(2,831)

-

(1)

Cash and cash equivalents at the beginning of the year


1,337

4,139

1

2

Effect of exchange rate movements


(9)

29

-

-

Cash and cash equivalents at the end of year


1,116

1,337

1

1

Cash and cash equivalents consist of:


 


 


Cash and cash equivalents

15

1,116

1,337

1

1

Cash and cash equivalents  at the end of year

 

1,116

1,337

1

1

The cashflow for year ended March 2023 has been restated due to a prior year error in the split of interest paid and accrued.

Notes to the Financial Statements

 

1. MATERIAL ACCOUNTING POLICIES

Accounting policies for the year ended 31 March 2024

The principal accounting policies adopted in the preparation of these financial statements are set out below. These policies have been consistently applied to all the years presented, unless otherwise stated. The registered address and principal place of business is Westwood Industrial Estate, Enterprise Road, Margate CT9 4JX.

BASIS OF PREPARATION

The financial statements are presented in sterling, which is the Group's functional currency and the Group's presentation currency. The figures shown in the financial statements are rounded to the nearest thousand pounds.

The financial information for the year ended 31 March 2024 has been prepared in accordance with UK-adopted international accounting standards. The consolidated Group and Parent Company financial statements have been prepared on a going concern basis and under the historical cost convention, as modified by the revaluation of certain financial assets and liabilities (including derivative instruments) at fair value through profit or loss. Under section 408 of the Companies Act 2006 the Company is exempt from the requirement to present its own income statement or statement of comprehensive income.

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with UK-adopted IAS requires the use of estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. Although these estimates are based on management's best knowledge of the amount, event or actions, actual results ultimately may differ from those estimates.

GOING CONCERN

The Group has in place a £12.0 million Asset Based Lending (ABL) facility with Secure Trust Bank PLC ("STB") through to December 2025. The Company provides customary operational covenants to STB on a monthly basis such as inventory turn, credit note dilutions and management accounts. In addition, the Group has a committed £12.55 million loan facility with Phoenix Asset Management Partners Limited (the Group's largest shareholder) which currently expires December 2025.

The Group has prepared trading and cash flow forecasts for a period of three years, however for the purposes of going concern review we have looked in detail at the period to December 2025 which is when the facilities with STB and Phoenix currently expire. which have been reviewed and approved by the Board. On the basis of these forecasts, and after a detailed review of trading, financial position and cash flow models, the Directors have a reasonable expectation that the Group and Company have adequate resources to continue in operational existence for the foreseeable future. The Company has received a legally binding letter of support from Phoenix UK Fund Limited confirming to provide funds if required up to an additional £7 million to support the Company's business plan until at least 31 December 2025. The current budgets do not show the Group requiring support beyond the already committed facilities. The Board have prepared a severe but plausible downside scenario and consider that the Group will continue to be a going concern with the additional support provided by Phoenix UK Fund. The Board have also considered various mitigating actions that could be taken if required. For these reasons, the Directors continue to adopt the going concern basis of accounting in preparing the annual financial statements.

 

BASIS OF CONSOLIDATION

Subsidiaries are all entities over which the Group has control. The Group controls an entity where the Group is exposed to, or has the rights to, variable returns from its involvement with the entity and has the ability to affect those returns through its power to direct the activities of the entity. Subsidiaries are fully consolidated from the date on which control is transferred to the Group. They are deconsolidated from the date that control ceases.

The acquisition method of accounting is used to account for the acquisition of subsidiaries by the Group. The cost of an acquisition is measured as the fair value of the assets given, equity instruments issued, liabilities incurred or assumed at the date of exchange, plus costs directly attributable to the acquisition. Identifiable assets acquired, and liabilities and contingent liabilities assumed in a business combination are measured initially at their fair values at the acquisition date, irrespective of the extent of any non-controlling interest. The excess of the cost of acquisition over the fair value of the Group's share of the identifiable net assets acquired is recorded as goodwill.

Intercompany transactions, balances and unrealised gains on transactions between Group companies are eliminated. Unrealised losses are also eliminated but considered an impairment indicator of the asset concerned. Accounting policies of subsidiaries have been changed where necessary to ensure consistency with the policies adopted by the Group.

ADOPTION OF NEW AND REVISED STANDARDS

The following standards and interpretations relevant to the Group are in issue but are not yet effective and have not been applied in the historical financial information. In some cases these standards and guidance have not been endorsed for use.

·      IAS 1 Presentation of liabilities as current or non-current

·      IAS 8 definition of accounting estimates

·      amendments to IFRS 16 re lease liability in a sale and leaseback

·      IAS 7 and IFRS 7 re supplier finance disclosures

 

Adoption of these standards is not expected to have a material impact on the group.

REVENUE RECOGNITION

The Group's revenue is mostly from product sales and is recognised as follows:

(a) Sale of goods

              Sales of goods are recognised when a Group entity has delivered products to the customer. The customer is either a trade customer or the consumer when sold through Hornby concessions in various retail outlets, or via the internet.

(b) Royalty income

   Royalty income is recognised when the performance obligation is satisfied depending on the terms of the contract and the amount of revenue can be measured reliably.

(c) Sales returns

              The Group establishes a refund liability (included in trade and other payables) at the period end that reduces revenue in anticipation of customer returns of goods sold in the period. Accumulated experience is used to estimate such returns at the time of sale at a portfolio level (expected value method). Goods to be returned are not recognised as assets until they are returned and have been inspected.

 

(d) Hornby Visitor Centre

                Revenue is generated from the ticket and product sales at our Visitor Centre in Margate and recognised at the point of sale.

(e) Customer Loyalty

Loyalty points issued by Hornby when a customer purchases goods from the website are a separate performance obligation providing a material right to a future discount.  The amount allocated to loyalty points is deferred as a contract liability within trade and other payables. Revenue is recognised as the points are redeemed by the customer. As the scheme is still in its early years we fully accrue the liability. Revenue is adjusted by 1p for every £1 spent by a Hornby Rewards customer. When the points are redeemed and the Group fulfils its obligationsthe revenue that was deferred is recognised.

Dividend income in the Company is recognised upon receipt. Revenue from management services are recognised in the accounting period in which the services are rendered.

EXCEPTIONAL ITEMS

Where items of income and expense included in the statement of comprehensive income are considered to be exceptional in nature, separate disclosure of their nature and amount is provided in the financial statements. These items are classified as exceptional items. The Group considers the size and nature of an item both individually and when aggregated with similar items when considering whether it is material, for example impairment of intangible assets or restructuring costs.

OPERATING SEGMENTS

Operating segments are reported in a manner consistent with the internal reporting provided to the chief operating decision-maker. The chief operating decision-maker, who is responsible for allocating resources and assessing performance of the operating segments, has been identified as the Board of the Company that makes strategic decisions.

Operating profit of each reporting segment includes revenue and expenses directly attributable to or able to be allocated on a reasonable basis. Segment assets and liabilities are those operating assets and liabilities directly attributable to or that can be allocated on a reasonable basis.

BUSINESS COMBINATIONS

Goodwill arising on a business combination, is not subject to amortisation but tested for impairment on an annual basis. Intangible assets, excluding goodwill, arising on a business combination are separately identified and valued, and subject to amortisation over their estimated economic lives.

ASSOCIATE WITH EQUITY ACCOUNTING

The investment in July 2023 in 25% of Warlord Games Limited is included in these accounts using the Equity Method.

 

Associates are all entities over which the Group has significant influence but not control, generally accompanying a shareholding of between 20% and 50% of the voting rights. Investments in associates are accounted for using the equity method of accounting. Under the equity method, the investment is initially recognised at cost and the carrying amount is increased or decreased to recognise the investor's share of the profit or loss of the investee after the date of acquisition. The Group's investment in associates includes goodwill identified on acquisition.

 

The Group's share of post-acquisition profit or loss is recognised in the income statement, and its share of post-acquisition movements in other comprehensive income is recognised in other comprehensive income with a corresponding adjustment to the carrying amount of the investment. When the Group's share of losses in an associate equals or exceeds its interest in the associate, including any other unsecured receivables, the Group does not recognise further losses, unless it has incurred legal or constructive obligations or made payments on behalf of the associate.

 

The Group determines at each reporting date whether there is any objective evidence that the investment in the associate is impaired. If this is the case, the Group calculates the amount of impairment as the difference between the recoverable amount of the associate and its carrying value and recognises the amount as 'share of profit/(loss) of associates' in the income statement.

 

 

GOODWILL

 

Goodwill represents the excess of the cost of an acquisition over the fair value of the Group's share of the net identifiable assets of the acquired subsidiary at the date of acquisition.

Goodwill is tested annually for impairment and carried at cost less accumulated impairment losses. Impairment losses on goodwill are not reversed. Gains and losses on the disposal of an entity include the carrying amount of goodwill relating to the entity sold. Goodwill is allocated to cash-generating units for the purpose of impairment testing. The allocation is made to those cash-generating units or Groups of cash-generating units that are expected to benefit from the business combination in which the goodwill arose identified according to operating segment. Goodwill is recorded in the currency of the cash generating unit to which it is allocated.

INTANGIBLES

 

Other intangibles include brands, customer lists and computer software. They are recognised initially at fair value determined in accordance with appropriate valuation methodologies and subjected to amortisation and annual impairment reviews, as follows:

 

(a) Brand names

      Brand names, acquired as part of a business combination, are capitalised at fair value as at the date of acquisition. They are carried at cost less accumulated amortisation and any accumulated impairment losses. Amortisation is calculated using the straight-line method to allocate the fair value of brand names over their estimated economic life of 15-20 years.

(b) Customer lists

      Customer lists, acquired as part of a business combination, are capitalised at fair value as at the date of acquisition. They are carried at their fair value less accumulated amortisation and any accumulated impairment losses. Amortisation is calculated using the straight-line method to allocate the fair value of customer relationships over their estimated economic life of ten years. Customer lists have been valued according to discounted incremental operating profit expected to be generated from each of them over their useful lives of 10 years.

 (c) Computer software and website costs

Computer software and website expenditure is capitalised at the value at the date of acquisition and depreciated over a useful economic life of 4-6 years.

 

PROPERTY, PLANT AND EQUIPMENT

Land and buildings are shown at cost less accumulated depreciation. Other property, plant and equipment are shown at historical cost less accumulated depreciation. Cost includes the original purchase price of the asset and the costs attributable to bringing the asset to its working condition for its intended use.

Depreciation is provided at rates calculated to write off the cost or valuation of each asset, on a straight-line basis (with the exception of tools and moulds) over its expected useful life to its residual value, as follows:

Plant and equipment             - 5 to 10 years

Motor vehicles                       - 4 years

Tools and moulds are depreciated at varying rates in line with the related product production on an item-by-item basis up to a maximum of four years. Tools and moulds purchased but not ready for production are not depreciated.

LEASES

The Group assesses whether a contract is or contains a lease, at inception of the contract. Lease liabilities are measured at the present value of the contractual payments due to the lessor over the lease term, with the discount rate determined by reference to the rate implicit in the lease unless (as is typically the case) this is not readily determinable, in which case the Group's incremental borrowing rate on commencement of the lease is used.

 

INTERCOMPANY BALANCES

Recovery of intercompany receivable balances is reviewed annually. The Company guarantees the amounts due from other companies to its subsidiaries. This guarantee is not contractual and therefore amounts are provided for within the parent Company statement of financial position in accordance with IAS 37 when the recoverability of the balance is not probable.

IMPAIRMENT OF NON-CURRENT ASSETS

Assets that have an indefinite useful life, for example goodwill, are not subject to amortisation and are tested annually for impairment. Assets that are subject to amortisation are reviewed for impairment when events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying value may not be recoverable. An impairment loss is recognised for the amount by which the asset's carrying value exceeds its recoverable amount, which is considered to be the higher of its value in use and fair value less costs to sell. In order to assess impairment, assets are grouped into the lowest levels for which there are separately identifiable cash flows (cash-generating units). Cash flows used to assess impairment are discounted using appropriate rates taking into account the cost of equity and any risks relevant to those assets.

INVESTMENTS

In the Company's financial statements, investments in subsidiary undertakings are stated at cost less any impairment. Investments in associates are recognised using the equity method of accounting, where the investments are initially recognised at cost and adjusted thereafter to recognise the Group's share of the profits or losses of the investee. Dividend income is shown separately in the Statement of Comprehensive Income.

INVENTORIES

Inventories are stated at the lower of cost and net realisable value. Cost is predominantly determined using the first-in, first-out ('FIFO') method. The cost of finished goods comprise item cost, freight and any product specific development costs.

Net realisable value is based on anticipated selling price less further costs expected to be incurred to completion and disposal. Provisions are made against those stocks considered to be obsolete or excess to requirements on an item-by-item basis.

FINANCIAL INSTRUMENTS

Financial assets and financial liabilities are recognised in the Group and Company's statements of financial position when the Group or Company becomes a party to the contractual provisions of the instrument.

TRADE RECEIVABLES

Trade receivables are recognised initially at fair value and subsequently measured at amortised cost less provision for impairment. To establish the provision for impairment, the Group applies IFRS 9 simplified approach to measuring expected credit losses which uses a lifetime expected loss allowance for all trade receivable.

To measure the expected credit losses, trade receivables have been grouped based on shared credit risk characteristics and the days past due. The expected loss rates are based on the payment profiles of sales over a period of twelve months before 31 March 2024 and the corresponding historical credit losses experienced within this period.

FINANCIAL LIABILITIES AND EQUITY

Financial liabilities and equity instruments are classified according to the substance of the contractual arrangements entered into.

An equity instrument is any contract that evidences a residual interest in the assets of the Group and Company after deducting all of its liabilities. Equity instruments issued by the Group and Company are recorded at the proceeds received, net of direct issue costs.

REFUND LIABILITY

Provisions for sales returns are recognised for the products expected to be returned. Accumulated experience is used to estimate such returns at the time of sale at a portfolio level (expected value method).

 

CUSTOMER LOYALTY LIABILITY

Loyalty points issued by Hornby when a customer purchases goods from the website are a separate performance obligation providing a right to a future discount.  The amount allocated to loyalty points is deferred as a contract liability within trade and other payables. Revenue is recognised as the points are redeemed by the customer. As the scheme is still in its early years we fully accrue the liability. Points awarded expire after 24 months.

 

CASH AND CASH EQUIVALENTS

Cash and cash equivalents for the purpose of the cash flow statement includes cash in hand, deposits at banks, other liquid investments with insignificant risk of changes in value with original maturities of three months or less and bank overdrafts. Bank overdrafts or loans where there is no right of set off are shown within borrowings in current or non-current liabilities on the statement of financial position as appropriate.

 

 

BORROWING COSTS

Borrowings are recognised initially at fair value, net of transaction costs incurred. Borrowings are subsequently carried at amortised cost; any difference between the proceeds (net of transaction costs) and the redemption value is recognised in the Statement of Comprehensive Income over the period of the borrowings using the effective interest method.

Fees paid on the establishment of loan facilities are recognised as transaction costs of the loan to the extent that it is probable that some or all of the facility will be drawn down. In this case, the fee is deferred until the draw-down occurs and subsequently amortised over the life of the facility. To the extent that there is no evidence that it is probable that some or all of the facility will be drawn down, the fee is capitalised as a prepayment for liquidity services and amortised over the period of the facility to which it relates.

 

TRADE PAYABLES

Trade payables are recognised initially at fair value and subsequently measured at amortised cost using the effective interest method.

TAXATION INCLUDING DEFERRED TAX

Corporation tax, where payable, is provided on taxable profits at the current rate.

The taxation liabilities of certain Group undertakings are reduced wholly or in part by the surrender of losses by fellow Group undertakings.

Deferred tax is provided on all temporary differences at the statement of financial position date between the tax bases of assets and liabilities and their carrying amounts for financial reporting purposes.

Deferred tax assets are recognised for all deductible temporary differences, carry-forward of unused tax assets and unused tax losses, to the extent that it is probable that taxable profit will be available against which the deductible temporary differences, and the carry-forward of unused tax assets and unused tax losses can be utilised. The carrying amount of deferred income tax assets is reviewed at each balance sheet date and reduced to the extent that it is no longer probable that sufficient taxable profit will be available to allow all or part of the deferred income tax asset to be utilised.

Deferred income tax assets and liabilities are offset when there is a legally enforceable right to offset current tax assets against current tax liabilities, and when the deferred income tax assets and liabilities relate to income taxes levied by the same taxation authority on either the taxable entity or different taxable entities where there is an intention to settle the balances on a net basis.

Deferred tax assets and liabilities are measured at the tax rates that are expected to apply to the year when the asset is realised or the liability is settled, based on tax rates (and tax laws) that have been enacted or substantively enacted at the balance sheet date. Tax relating to items recognised directly in equity is recognised in equity and not in the Statement of Comprehensive Income.

EMPLOYEE BENEFIT COSTS

During the year the Group operated a defined contribution money purchase pension scheme under which it pays contributions based upon a percentage of the members' basic salary. The scheme is administered by trustees either appointed by the Company or elected by the members (to constitute one third minimum).

Contributions to defined contribution pension schemes are charged to the Statement of Comprehensive Income according to the year in which they are payable.

Further information on pension costs and the scheme arrangements is provided in Note 25.

The Group has a profit share scheme for all employees below Executive level. This scheme commenced in 2020/21 with a 5% bonus for all when the Group broke even. Thereafter, 15% of all Group operating profit will be shared between the employees every year.

The CEO is subject to a bonus scheme related to the market capitalisation increase over the three-year period ending January 2026 and adjusted for certain factors. The bonus has been determined as a cash settled share-based payment arrangement. Further details are included in note 23.


For the first two years of this scheme, the CEO may receive a discretionary bonus up to 38.9% of their base salary. Payments made during these years will be subtracted from the ultimate award amount due under this scheme.

 

The bonuses for other executives are reviewed annually by the committee following recommendations by the CEO.

 

FINANCIAL RISK MANAGEMENT

DERIVATIVE FINANCIAL INSTRUMENTS

To manage exposure to foreign currency risk, the Group uses foreign currency forward contracts, also known as derivative financial instruments.

Derivatives are initially recognised at fair value on the date a derivative contract is entered into and are subsequently remeasured at their fair value at the end of each reporting period. The Group documents at the inception of the transaction the relationship between hedging instruments and hedged items, as well as its risk management objective and strategy for undertaking various hedge transactions. The accounting for subsequent changes in fair value depends on whether the derivative is designated as a hedging instrument and, if so the nature of the item being hedged.

(a)   Cash flow hedge

      The effective portion of changes in the fair value of derivatives that are designated and qualify as cash flow hedges are recognised in the hedging reserve within equity and through the Statement of Comprehensive Income within Other Comprehensive Income. The gain or loss relating to the ineffective portion is recognised immediately in the Statement of Comprehensive Income within operating expenses.

      Amounts accumulated in Other Comprehensive Income are recycled in the Statement of Comprehensive Income in the periods when the hedged item affects profit or loss (for instance when the forecast purchase that is hedged takes place). The gain or loss relating to the effective portion of forward foreign exchange contracts hedging import purchases is recognised in the Statement of Comprehensive Income within 'cost of sales'. However, when the forecast transaction that is hedged results in the recognition of a non-financial asset (for example, inventory) the gains and losses previously deferred in Other Comprehensive Income are transferred from the hedging reserve and included in the initial measurement of the cost of the asset. The deferred amounts are ultimately recognised in cost of goods sold in the case of inventory.

      When a hedging instrument expires or is sold, or when a hedge no longer meets the criteria for hedge accounting, any cumulative gain or loss existing in equity at that time remains in equity and is recognised in income when the forecast transaction is ultimately recognised in the Statement of Comprehensive Income. When a forecast transaction is no longer expected to occur, the cumulative gain or loss is immediately transferred to the Statement of Comprehensive Income.

      The company only hedges for future inventory and tooling purchases in US dollars.

FAIR VALUE ESTIMATION

The fair values of short-term deposits, loans and overdrafts with a maturity of less than one year are assumed to approximate to their book values.

The fair values of the derivative financial instruments used for hedging purposes are disclosed in Note 19.

FOREIGN CURRENCY

Transactions denominated in foreign currencies are recorded in the relevant functional currency at the exchange rates ruling at the date of the transaction. Foreign exchange gains and losses resulting from such transactions are recognised in the Statement of Comprehensive Income, except when deferred and disclosed in Other Comprehensive Income as qualifying cash flow hedges. Monetary assets and liabilities denominated in foreign currencies are translated at the exchange rates ruling at the balance sheet date and any exchange differences are taken to the Statement of Comprehensive Income.

Foreign exchange gains/losses recognised in the Statement of Comprehensive Income relating to foreign currency loans and other foreign exchange adjustments are included within operating profit.

On consolidation, the Statement of Comprehensive Income and cash flows of foreign subsidiaries are translated into Sterling using average rates that existed during the accounting period. The balance sheets of foreign subsidiaries are translated into Sterling at the rates of exchange ruling at the balance sheet date. Gains or losses arising on the translation of opening and closing net assets are recognised in Other Comprehensive Income.

CRITICAL ESTIMATES AND JUDGEMENTS IN APPLYING THE ACCOUNTING POLICIES

The Group's estimates and judgements are continually evaluated and are based on historical experience and other factors, including expectations of future events that are believed to be reasonable under the circumstances.

Critical accounting estimates and assumptions:

The Group makes estimates and assumptions concerning the future. The resulting accounting estimates will, by definition, seldom equal the related actual results. The estimates and assumptions that have a significant risk of causing a material adjustment to the carrying amounts of assets and liabilities within the next financial year are addressed below.

(a)   Impairment of goodwill, intangibles and investments

The Group tests annually whether any goodwill, investment or intangible asset has suffered any impairment. The recoverable amounts of cash-generating units (CGUs) have been determined based on value-in-use calculations. The critical areas of estimation applied within the impairment reviews conducted include the weighted average cost of capital used in discounting the cash flows of the cash generating units, the forecast margin growth rate, the growth rate in perpetuity of the cash flows and the forecast operating profits of the cash generating units. The judgements used within this assessment are set out within Note 8.

 

Other estimates and assumptions:

(a)   Inventory provision

Whenever there is a substantiated risk that an item of stock's sellable value may be lower than its actual stock value, a provision for the difference between the two values is made. Management review the stock holdings on a regular basis and consider where a provision for excess or obsolete stock should be made based on expected demand for the stock and its condition.

 

(b)   Receivables provision

The Group reviews the amount of credit loss associated with its trade receivables, intercompany receivables and other receivables based on forward looking estimates that consider current and forecast credit conditions as opposed to relying on past historical default rates.

 

(c)   Fair value of derivatives

The fair value of the financial derivatives is determined by the mark to market value at the year end date with any movement in fair value going through Other Comprehensive Income if qualifying as a cash flow hedge.

 

(d)   Refund liability

The refund liability is based on accumulated experience of returns at the time of sale at a portfolio level (expected value method). Because the number of products returned has been steady for years, it is highly probable that a significant reversal in the cumulative revenue recognised will not occur. The validity of this assumption and the estimated amount of returns are reassessed at each reporting date. The right to the returned goods is measured by reference to the carrying amount of the goods.

 

 

 

Critical judgements in applying the Group's accounting policies:

(a)   Recognition of deferred tax on losses

Deferred tax assets are recognised for deductible temporary differences, carry-forward of unused tax assets and unused tax losses, to the extent that it is probable that the taxable profit will be available against which the deductible temporary differences, and the carry-forward of unused tax assets and unused tax losses can be utilised. The carrying amount of deferred tax assets is reviewed at each balance sheet date and reduced to the extent that it is no longer probable that sufficient taxable profit will be available to allow all or part of the deferred income tax asset to be utilised.

 

(b)   Going concern

The directors apply judgement to assess whether it is appropriate for the Group to be reported as a going concern by considering the business activities and the Group's principal risks and uncertainties. Details of the consideration made are included within the Directors report (page 23) and the basis of preparation (page 42).

 

A number of assumptions and estimates are involved in arriving at this judgement including management's projections of future trading performance and expectations of the external economic environment.

 

Other judgements:

(a)   IFRS 16 Estimates

The Group makes judgement to estimate the incremental borrowing rate used to measure lease liabilities based on expected third party financing costs when the interest rate implicit in the lease cannot be readily determined. This is explained further in the Leases accounting policy. Where leases include break dates the management make decisions as to whether the lease is likely to be broken and calculations are based on this judgement.



 

2. SEGMENTAL REPORTING

Management has determined the operating segments based on the reports reviewed by the Board (chief operating decision-maker) that are used to make strategic decisions.

The Board considers the business from a geographic perspective. Geographically, management considers the performance in the UK, USA, Spain, Italy and the rest of Europe.

Although the USA segment does not meet the quantitative thresholds required by IFRS 8, management has concluded that this segment should be reported, as it is closely monitored by the Board as it is outside Europe.

The Company is a holding Company operating in the United Kingdom and its assets and liabilities given in the Company Statement of Financial Position on page 34. Other Company information is provided in the other notes to the accounts.

Year ended 31 March 2024


UK

USA

Spain

Italy

Rest of

Total Reportable

Intra

Group

 




Europe

 Segments

Group

 

£'000

 £'000

£'000

£'000

£'000

£'000

£'000

£'000

Revenue - External

40,200

4,125

2,056

3,907

5,956

56,244

-

56,244

- Other segments

2,527

-

-

-

-

2,527

(2,527)

-

Operating (Loss)/Profit before

exceptional items

(6,881)

(679)

48

380

497

(6,635)

-

(6,635)

Exceptional items

(456)

(10)

-

-

(23)

(489)

-

(489)

Operating Profit/(Loss)

(7,337)

(689)

48

380

474

(7,124)

-

(7,124)

Finance income - External

26

-

-

-

-

26

-

26

- Other segments

460

-

-

-

-

460

(460)

-

Finance costs - External

(1,668)

(14)

(1)

(2)

(3)

(1,688)

-

(1,688)

- Other segments

(175)

-

(213)

-

(72)

(460)

(460)

-

Minority interest

60

-

-

-

-

60

-

60

Profit/(Loss) before taxation

(8,634)

(703)

(166)

378

399

(8,726)

(8,726)

Taxation

(3,305)

-

-

(28)

(28)

(3,361)

-

(3,361)

Profit/(Loss) for the year

(11,940)

(703)

(166)

350

371

(12,087)

(12,087)

Segment assets

70,790

2,404

6,141

565

5,610

85,510

85,510

Less intercompany receivables

(18,556)

-

(6,052)

(820)

(4,961)

(30,389)

(30,389)

Total assets

52,234

2,404

89

(255)

649

55,121

55,121

Segment liabilities

(46,484)

(8,237)

(5,946)

(530)

(6,601)

(67,798)

(67,798)

Less intercompany payables

15,965

8,108

5,841

123

6,397

36,434

36,434

Add tax liabilities

559

-

-

-

-

559

559

Total liabilities

(29,960)

(129)

(105)

(407)

(204)

(30,805)

(30,805)

Other segment items






 


 

Capital expenditure

6,356

-

7

6,369

6,369

Depreciation

3,878

16

3

4

3,901

3,901

Net foreign exchange on intercompany loans

(210)

-

-

-

-

(210)

(210)

Amortisation of intangible assets

564

-

-

-

-

564

564

 



 

Year ended 31 March 2023


UK

USA

Spain

Italy

Rest of

Total Reportable

Intra

Group

 




Europe

 Segments

Group

£'000

£'000

 £'000

£'000

£'000

£'000

£'000

£'000


Revenue - External

39,617

4,875

1,464

3,494

5,655

55,105

-

55,105

- Other segments

3,193

-

-

-

-

3,193

(3,193)

-

Operating (Loss)/Profit before

exceptional items

(1,467)

(598)

21

371

603

(1.070)

-

(1,070)

Exceptional items

(3,974)

-

-

-

-

(3,974)

-

(3,974)

Operating Profit/(Loss)

(5,441)

(598)

21

371

603

(5,044)

-

(5,044)

Finance income - External

11

-

-

-

-

11

-

11

- Other segments

473

-

-

-

-

473

(473)

-

Finance costs - External

(825)

(12)

(1)

(2)

(3)

(843)

-

(843)

- Other segments

(174)

-

(212)

(15)

(72)

(473)

473

-

Profit/(Loss) before taxation

(5,956)

(610)

(192)

354

528

(5,876)

(5,876)

Taxation

(21)

-

-

(25)

-

(46)

-

(46)

Profit/(Loss) for the year

(5,977)

(610)

(192)

329

528

(5,922)

(5,922)

Segment assets

65,951

2,307

6,222

198

5,401

80,079

80,079

Less intercompany receivables

(18,215)

-

(6,136)

(424)

(4,657)

(29,432)

(29,432)

Add tax assets

3,637

-

-

(65)


3,572

3,572

Total assets

51,373

2,307

86

(291)

744

54,219

54,219

Segment liabilities

(33,244)

(7,611)

(5,852)

(442)

(6,756)

(53,905)

(53,905)

Less intercompany payables

15,523

7,537

5,760

127

6,545

35,492

35,492

Add tax liabilities

233

-

-

-

-

233

233

Total liabilities

(17,488)

(74)

(92)

(315)

(211)

(18,180)

(18,180)

Other segment items






 


 

Capital expenditure

4,721

16

7

4,744

4,744

Depreciation

2,739

17

2

4

2,762

2,762

Net foreign exchange on intercompany loans

(313)

-

-

-

-

(313)

(313)

Amortisation of intangible assets

553

-

-

-

-

553

553

 

 

 

 

3. NET FINANCE EXPENSE


Group


2024

£'000

2023

£'000

Finance costs:

 

 

Interest expense on bank borrowings

(565)

(322)

Interest expense on shareholder loan

(961)

(368)

Interest element of lease payments made

(162)

(153)


(1,688)

(843)

Finance income:

 


Bank interest

26

11




Net finance costs

(1,662)

(832)

 

4. PROFIT/(LOSS) BEFORE TAXATION




2024

2023

£'000

£'000

The following items have been included in arriving at loss before taxation:



Staff costs

12,201

10,316

Inventories:

 

 

- Cost of inventories recognised as an expense (included in cost of sales)

24,375

22,656

- Stock provision

(138)

29

Depreciation of property, plant and equipment:

 

 

- Owned assets

3,901

2,763

- Leased assets

499

492

Repairs and maintenance expenditure on property, plant and equipment

48

65

Research and development expenditure

1,818

1,719

Impairment of trade receivables

4

(31)

Share-based payment charge(Note 23)

669

532

Goodwill impairment

10

2,915

Other operating expenses/(income):

 

 

- Foreign exchange on trading transactions

(64)

426

- Amortisation of intangible brand assets and customer lists

223

227

 



 


Group


2024

£'000

2023

£'000

 

Exceptional items comprise:

 


- Refinancing costs

2

149

- Hornby World Experience

-

910

- Goodwill impairment

10

2,915

- Intangible impairment

404

-

- Restructuring costs

73

-


 



489

3,974

 

The group exceptional items totalling £489,000 (2023: £3,974,000) are costs relating to restructuring of the sales and marketing teams, intangible impairment on International Brands and customer lists and a small goodwill impairment. These are classified as exceptional as they are one off, non-recurring costs.

 

AUDITORS REMUNERATION

During the year the Group (including its overseas subsidiaries) obtained the following services from the Company's auditors and network firms as detailed below:


Group


2024

2023

£'000

£'000

Fees payable to the Company's auditors for the audit of Parent Company and consolidated accounts

144

98

Fees payable to the Company's auditors and its associates for other services:

 


- The auditing of accounts of the Company's subsidiaries

12

38

- Audit-related assurance services

-

-

- Tax services

9

8


165

144

 

In the prior financial year the level of non-audit fees were £8k and related to tax services and was within the 1:1 ratio to audit fees as per Audit Committee policy.

5. INCOME TAX (CREDIT)/CHARGE

Analysis of tax (credit)/charge in the year


Group

Company


2024

£'000

2023

£'000

2023

£'000

2022

£'000

Current tax


 



UK Taxation:





-       Current

-

-

-

-

-       Adjustments in respect of prior years

(280)

(32)

-

-

Overseas taxation

70

97

-

-

Deferred tax (Note 20)


 



Current year

-

-

-

-

Origination and reversal of temporary differences

3,571

(19)

-

-

Effect of tax rate change on opening balance

-

-

-

-

Total tax charge to the loss before tax

3,361

46

-

-

 

The tax for the year differs to the standard rate of corporation tax in the UK of 19%. Any differences are explained below:


Group


2024

£'000

2023

£'000

Profit/(Loss)before taxation

(8,726)

(5,876)

Loss on ordinary activities multiplied by rate of

 


Corporation tax in UK of 25% (2023: 19%)

(2,182)

(1,116)

Effects of:

 


Adjustments to tax in respect of prior years

(280)

(32)

Permanent differences

118

(35)

Non taxable income

(15)

-

Plant and machinery super-deduction

-

(265)

Difference on overseas rates of tax

48

57

Deferred tax not recognised

5,672

1,437

Effect of tax rate change

-

-

Total taxation

3,361

46

 

The Company's profits for this accounting year are taxed at an effective rate of 25% (2023: 19%)

UK deferred tax balances have been carried forward at a rate of 25% (2023: 25%)

Unrecognised deferred tax relates to UK and overseas subsidiaries and is not recognised, except to the extent of the prior year movement in the change in tax rate noted above. This is due to the directors taking the view that deferred tax should only be recognised to the extent significant taxable profits are likely to be achieved in the short term. More detail can be found in Note 20.

 

6. DIVIDENDS

No interim or final dividends were paid in relation to the year ended 31 March 2023 and no interim dividend has been paid in relation to the year ended 31 March 2024. The Directors are not proposing a final dividend in respect of the financial year ended 31 March 2024.

 

7. LOSS PER SHARE

Basic loss per share is calculated by dividing the loss attributable to ordinary shareholders by the weighted average number of ordinary shares outstanding during the year.

For diluted loss per share, the weighted average number of ordinary shares in issue is adjusted to assume conversion of all dilutive potential ordinary shares that have satisfied the appropriate performance criteria at 31 March 2024.

The underlying loss per share is shown to present a clearer view of the trading performance of the business. Management identified the following items, whose inclusion in performance distorts underlying trading performance: net foreign exchange (gains)/losses on intercompany loans which are dependent on exchange rate fluctuations and can be volatile, and the amortisation of intangibles which results from historical acquisitions. Additionally, share-based payments and exceptional items including refinance are one off items and therefore have also been added back in calculating underlying profit/(loss) per share.



 

Reconciliations of the profit and weighted average number of shares used in the calculations are set out below.


2024

2023


(Loss) / earnings

Weighted average number of shares

Per-share amount

(Loss) / earnings

Weighted average number of shares

Per-share amount

£'000

'000s

pence

£'000

'000s

pence

REPORTED







Basic (loss)/profit per share







(Loss)/Profit attributable to ordinary shareholders

(12,063)

169,854

(7.10)

(5,904)

168,812

(3.50)

Effect of dilutive share options

-

-

-

-

-

-

Diluted (loss)/profit per share

(12,063)

169,854

(7.10)

(5,904)

168,812

(3.50)

UNDERLYING

 

 

 




(Loss)/Profit attributable to ordinary shareholders

(12,063)

169,854

(7.10)

(5,904)

168,812

(3.50)

Share-based payments

502 

0.30

431

0.26

Amortisation of intangibles

223

-

0.13

180

-

0.11

Refinance costs

121

0.07

Hornby World costs

737

0.44

Goodwill impairment

10

-

0.01

2,361

-

1.40

Intangible impairment

404

-

0.23




Restructuring costs

56

-

0.03

-

-

0.00

Underlying basic (loss)/profit /EPS

(10,701)

169,854

(6.40)

(2,074)

168,812

(1.22)

 

The above numbers used to calculate the underlying EPS for the year ended 31 March 2024 have been tax effected at

the rate of 25% where applicable (2023: 19%).

 

8. GOODWILL

 

GROUP

£'000

COST


At 1 April 2023

  13,138

Exchange adjustments

(1)

Acquisition (note 17)

280

At 31 March 2024

13,417

AGGREGATE IMPAIRMENT


At 1 April 2023

           11,406

Impairment charge in the year

            10

At 31 March 2024

11,416

Net book amount at 31 March 2024

2,001

Net book amount at 31 March 2023

1,732

 

The Company has no goodwill.

The goodwill impairment in the year relates to goodwill on Hornby USA. The Directors have taken the approach of no longer recognising this goodwill due to the continued local losses. Details of valuation method are detailed below in impairment tests for goodwill. The impairment charge for the year has been included with exceptional items (see note 4).

The goodwill has been allocated to cash-generating units and a summary of carrying amounts of goodwill by brand and geographical segment (representing cash-generating units) at 31 March 2024 and 31 March 2023 is as follows:

GROUP

UK

£'000

France

£'000

Germany

£'000

USA

£'000

Total

£'000

At 31 March 2024

1,439

365

197

-

2,001

At 31 March 2023

1,160

365

197

10

1,732

 

Goodwill allocated to the above cash-generating units of the Group has been measured based on benefits each geographical segment is expected to gain from the business combination.

 

Impairment tests for goodwill

 

Management reviews the business performance based on geography. Budgeted revenue was based on expected levels of activity given results to date, together with expected economic and market conditions. Budgeted operating profit was calculated based upon management's expectation of operating costs appropriate to the business as reflected in the business plan.

 

The relative risk adjusted (or 'beta') discount rate applied reflects the risk inherent in hobby-based product companies. The 31 March 2024 forecasts are based on a 3 year business plan for the years ending 31 March 2025 to 31 March 2027. Cash flows beyond these years are extrapolated using an estimated 2.0% year on year growth rate. The cash flows were discounted using a pre-tax discount rate of 16.9% (2023: 15.5%) which management believes is appropriate for all territories.

 

The key assumptions used for value-in-use calculations for the year ended 31 March 2024 and 2023 are as follows:

 

2024






GROUP


UK  

France

Germany





Gross Margin1


61.0%

43.5%

47.10%

Growth rate to perpetuity2


2.00%

2.00%

2.00%

Revenue growth3


10.2%

14.9%

3.8%

Growth rate to perpetuity


2.0%

2.00%

2.00%

 

1. Average of the variable yearly gross margins used over the period 24'25 to 26'27. Airifx and Humbrol margins are higher than overall group margins

2. Weighted average growth rate used to extrapolate cash flows beyond the budget period reflecting the long term future growth rate of the economy.

3. Average growth over the period 24'25 to 26'27

 


 

2023

 

GROUP


UK  

France

Germany


Gross Margin1


55.30%

43.80%

49.30%

Growth rate to perpetuity2


2.00%

2.00%

2.00%

Revenue growth3


13.15%

26.80%

4.98%

Growth rate to perpetuity


2.00%

2.00%

2.00%

 

The 2023 gross margins have been restated to include variable costs of sales to be consistent with this year and presentation in the financial statements.

1. Average of the variable yearly gross margins used over the period 23'24 to 25'26.

2. Weighted average growth rate used to extrapolate cash flows beyond the budget period.

3Average growth over the period 24'25 to 26'27

 

 

These assumptions have been used for the analysis of each CGU within the operating segments.

For the UK CGU, the recoverable amount calculated based on value in use exceeded carrying value by £5.6 million. A reduction of the average gross margin to 53.3% for Airfix / Humbrol, or a rise in discount rate to respectively 62.6% for the UK would remove the remaining headroom.

 

For the France CGU, the recoverable amount calculated based on value in use exceeded carrying value by £6.1 million. A reduction of the average gross margin to 16.8%, or a rise in discount rate to 110.5% would remove the remaining headroom.

 

For the Germany CGU, the recoverable amount calculated based on value in use exceeded carrying value by £6.5 million. A reduction of the average gross margin to 20.3%, or a rise in discount rate to 115.0% would remove the remaining headroom.

 

 

 

 

 

 

9. INTANGIBLE ASSETS

GROUP

Brand names £'000

Customer lists

 £'000

Computer Software and Website £'000

Total

£'000

COST





At 1 April 2023

5,200

1,459

4,676

11,335

Additions

-

-

451

451

Acquired in business

-

187

-

187

At 31 March 2024

5,200

1,646

5,127

11,973

ACCUMULATED AMORTISATION




 

At 1 April 2023

3,679

1,419

3,251

8,349

Charge for the year

223

4

337

564

Impairment charge

368

36

-

404

At 31 March 2024

4,270

1,459

3,588

9,317

Net book amount at 31 March 2024

930

187

1,539

2,656

 

GROUP

Brand names £'000

Customer lists

 £'000

Computer Software and Website £'000s

Total

£'000

COST





At 1 April 2022

5,200

1,459

4,325

10,984

Additions

-

-

351

351

At 31 March 2023

5,200

1,459

4,676

11,335

ACCUMULATED AMORTISATION





At 1 April 2022

3,456

1,415

2,925

7,796

Charge for the year

223

4

326

553

At 31 March 2023

3,679

1,419

3,251

8,349

Net book amount at 31 March 2023

1,521

40

1,425

2,986

 

All amortisation charges in the year relating to brand names and customer lists have been charged in other operating expenses. Amortisation in relation to computer software and website is withing admin costs. The Group holds intangible computer software and website assets that are fully amortised but still in use and therefore the cost is still included.

The intangible impairment in the year relates to brand names and customer lists for international brands. The Directors have taken the approach of no longer recognising these intangible assets due to an increase in the discount rate and a more prudent forecast over the next couple of years. The impairment charge has been included in exceptional items (see note 4).

The Company held no intangible assets.



 

 

10. PROPERTY, PLANT AND EQUIPMENT

 

 

GROUP


Plant and equipment

£'000

Motor

Vehicles

Tools and moulds

£'000

£'000

£'000

COST


 

 

 

 

At 1 April 2023


1,761

53

81,653

83,467

Exchange adjustments


(19)

-

-

(19)

Additions at cost


1,423

-

4,946

6,369

Disposals


(56)

-

-

(56)

At 31 March 2024


3,109

53

86,599

89,761

ACCUMULATED DEPRECIATION






At 1 April 2023


1,417

53

69,956

71,426

Exchange adjustments


(17)

-

-

(17)

Charge for the year


266

-

3,635

3,901

Disposals


(56)

-

-

(56)

At 31 March 2024


1,610

53

73,591

75,254

Net book amount at 31 March 2024


1,499

-

13,008

14,507

 

Depreciation is charged in the Group's statement of comprehensive income within cost of sales for tooling amortisation and Administrative expenses for all other depreciation.

 

GROUP


Plant and equipment

£'000

Motor

Vehicles

Tools and moulds

£'000

£'000

£'000

COST






At 1 April 2022


1,706

55

77,013

78,774

Exchange adjustments


31

1

-

32

Additions at cost


104

-

4,640

4,744

Disposals


(80)

(3)

-

(83)

At 31 March 2023


1,761

53

81,653

83,467

ACCUMULATED DEPRECIATION






At 1 April 2022


1,320

50

67,347

68,717

Exchange adjustments


26

1

-

27

Charge for the year


150

4

2,609

2,763

Disposals


(79)

(2)

-

(81)

At 31 March 2023


1,417

53

69,956

71,426

Net Book Value at 31 March 2023


344

-

11,697

12,041

 

 

The Company does not hold any property, plant and equipment.



 

11. INVESTMENTS

The Group investment comprises the associate, included in the company balance sheet, details of which are given below.

COMPANY

The movements in the net book value of interests in subsidiary and associated undertakings are as follows:

 


Interests in subsidiary undertakings  £'000

Interests in associate undertakings £'000

Loans to subsidiary undertakings

Total

£'000

£'000

At 1 April 2023

21,160

-

4,349

25,509

Warlord Games Limited Acquisition


1,438


1,438

Share of profit of investments accounted for using the equity method

60

60

Capital contribution to Hornby India

85

-

-

85

At 31 March 2024

21,245

1,498

4,349

27,092






At 1 April 2022

21,743

-

4,349

26,092

Capital contribution relating to share-based payment

266

-

-

266

Options granted

(849)

-

-

(849)

At 31 March 2023

21,160

-

4,349

25,509

 

Interest was charged on loans to subsidiary undertakings at 4.6%.

Loans are unsecured and exceed five years' maturity.



 

GROUP SUBSIDIARY UNDERTAKINGS

Details of the subsidiaries of the Group are set out below. Hornby Hobbies Limited is engaged in the development, design, sourcing and distribution of models. Hornby America Inc., Hornby Italia s.r.l., Hornby France S.A.S., Hornby España S.A., Hornby Deutschland GmbH, Hornby Hobbies India Private Limited, Hornby LCD Enterprises Limited and Oxford Diecast Limited are distributors of models. Hornby World Limited is a retail and consumer experience business. Hornby Industries Limited and H&M (Systems) Limited are dormant companies. All subsidiaries are held directly by Hornby PLC with the exception of Oxford Diecast Limited which is held by LCD Enterprises Limited and Hornby Hobbies India Private Limited with 1% ownership by Hornby Hobbies Limited.




Proportion of nominal value of issued shares held


Registered office

Description of shares held

Group

%

Company

 %

Hornby Hobbies Limited

Westwood, Margate, Kent CT9 4JX, UK

Ordinary shares

100

100

Hornby America Inc.

3900 Industry Dr E, Fife, WA 98424, USA

Ordinary shares

100

100

Hornby España S.A

C/Federico Chueca, S/N, E28806 ALCALA DE HENARES Spain

Ordinary shares

100

100

Hornby Italia s.r.l.

Viale dei Caduti, 52/A6 25030 Castel Mella (Brescia), Italy

Ordinary shares

100

100

Hornby France S.A.S.

31 Bis rue des Longs Pres, 92100 Boulogne, Billancourt, France

Ordinary shares

100

100

Hornby Deutschland GmbH

Oeslauer StraBe 36, 96472, Rodental, Germany

Ordinary shares

100

100

Hornby Industries Limited

Westwood, Margate, Kent CT9 4JX, UK

Ordinary shares

100

100

H&M (Systems) Limited

Westwood, Margate, Kent CT9 4JX, UK

Ordinary shares

100

100

Hornby World Limited

Westwood, Margate, Kent CT9 4JX, UK

Ordinary shares

100

100

Hornby Hobbies India Private Limited

205, 2nd Floor, Plot 67, Hem Bldg Hatkesh Society, N S Road No. 8, JVPD Scheme, Vileparle West, Juhu, Mumbai-400049

Ordinary shares

100

99

LCD Enterprises Limited

Unit 6 119 Ystrad Road, Fforestfach, Swansea, Wales, SA5 4JB

Ordinary shares

100

100

Oxford Diecast Limited

Unit 6 119 Ystrad Road, Fforestfach, Swansea, Wales, SA5 4JB

Ordinary shares

91

91

 

                                                                                                                                 



 

12. RIGHT OF USE ASSETS

GROUP


Property

 

 

£'000

Motor

Vehicles

Fixtures, Fittings and Equipment

Total

£'000

£'000

£'000

COST


 

 

 

 

At 1 April 2023


3,757

310

22

4,089

Additions at cost


485

105

11

601

Adjustment


(10)

-

-

(10)

Lease adjustment


133

-

-

133

At 31 March 2024


4,365

415

33

4,813

ACCUMULATED DEPRECIATION





 

At 1 April 2023


1,697

287

18

2,002

Charge for the year


456

42

1

499

At 31 March 2024


2,153

329

19

2,501

Net book amount at 31 March 2024


2,212

86

14

2,312

 

GROUP


Property

 

 

£'000

Motor

Vehicles

Fixtures, Fittings and Equipment

Total

£'000

£'000

£'000

COST


 

 

 

 

At 1 April 2022


3,726

346

22

4,094

Additions at cost


207

-

-

207

Adjustment


(176)

-

-

(176)

Disposal


-

(36)

-

(36)

At 31 March 2023


3,757

310

22

4,089

ACCUMULATED DEPRECIATION





 

At 1 April 2022


1,266

226

18

1,510

Charge for the year


431

61

-

492

At 31 March 2023


1,697

287

18

2,002

Net book amount at 31 March 2023


2,060

23

4

2,087

 

The adjustment in the year relates to a lease incentive previously classified under accruals. The lease adjustment relates to a rent review on the head office in Margate.

 

13. INVENTORIES


Group

Company


2024

£'000

2023

£'000

2024

£'000

2023

£'000

Finished goods

21,484

21,282

-

-


21,484

21,282

-

-

Movements on the Group provision for impairment of inventory is as follows:


 



2024

2023

 


 £'000

 £'000

 

At 1 April


2,453

2,428

 

Provision for inventory impairment


139

29

 

Exchange adjustments


(1)

(4)

 

At 31 March

 

2,591

2,453

 

14. TRADE AND OTHER RECEIVABLES


Group

Company


2024

2023

2024

2023

£'000

£'000

£'000

£'000

CURRENT:

 

 

 

 

Trade receivables

7,415

7,425

-

-

Less: loss allowance for receivables

(762)

(777)

-

-

Trade receivables - net

6,653

6,648

-

-

Other receivables

829

543

-

-

Prepayments

1,763

1,990

77

58

Amounts owed by subsidiary undertaking 

-

-

13,752

14,920


9,245

9,181

13,829

14,978

 

We initially recognise trade and other receivables at fair value, which is usually the original invoiced amount. They are subsequently carried at amortised cost using the effective interest method. The carrying amount of these balances approximates to fair value due to the short maturity of amounts receivable.

 

We provide goods to business customers mainly on credit terms. We know that certain debts due to us will not be paid through the default of a small number of customers. Because of this, we recognise an allowance for doubtful debts on initial recognition of receivables, which is deducted from the gross carrying amount of the receivable. The allowance is calculated by reference to credit losses expected to be incurred over the lifetime of the receivable. In estimating a loss allowance we consider historical experience and informed credit assessment alongside other factors such as the current state of the economy and particular industry issues. We consider reasonable and supportive information that is relevant and available without undue cost.

 

Once recognised, trade receivables are continuously monitored and updated. Allowances are based on our historical loss experiences for the relevant aged category as well as forward-looking information and general economic conditions.

 

Concentrations of credit risk with respect to trade receivables are limited due to the Group's customer base being large and unrelated and therefore the loss allowance for trade receivables is deemed adequate. Other receivables include deposits paid to suppliers for tooling.

 

Gross trade receivables can be analysed as follows:


2024

 £'000

2023

 £'000

Fully performing

6,152

6,426

Past due

501

222

Fully impaired

762

777

Trade receivables

7,415

7,425

 

As of 31 March 2024 trade receivables of £501,000 (2023: £222,000) were past due but not impaired. These relate to a number of independent customers for whom there is no recent history of default.

 

As of 31 March 2024, trade receivables of £762,000 (2023: £789,000) were impaired and provided for in full.

The Group applies the IFRS 9 simplified approach to measuring expected credit losses which uses a lifetime expected loss allowance for all trade receivables.

 

Movements on the Group loss allowance for trade receivables is as follows:

 


2024

 £'000

2023

£'000

At 1 April

777 

789

(Decrease)/increase in loss allowance

4

(31)

Receivables written-off during the year as uncollectible

-

-

Exchange adjustments

(19) 

19

At 31 March

762 

777

 

The decrease in loss allowance has been included in 'administrative expenses' in the Statement of Comprehensive Income.

 

Amounts owed to the Company by subsidiary undertakings are repayable on demand, unsecured and interest bearing. Recoverability review is performed annually and balances impaired if not considered recoverable.. The fair value of the business was used to calculate the impairment and was determined with reference to the company's market capitalisation and share price at 31 March 2024 but adjusted based on management's understanding of the business.

 

The carrying amounts of the Group and Company trade and other receivables except prepayments and Amounts owed by subsidiary undertaking are denominated in the following currencies:

 


Group

Company

 



2024

2023

2024

2023


£'000

£'000

£'000

£'000


Sterling Intercompany

13,829

14,978


Sterling

4,758

3,103

-

-


Euro

1,838

2,657

-

-


US Dollar

895

1,318

-

-



7,491

7,078

13,829

14,978


 

 

15. CASH AND CASH EQUIVALENTS


Group

Company

 


2024

£'000

2023

£'000

2024

£'000

2023

£'000

 


Cash at bank and in hand

1,116

1,337

1

1

 

Cash at bank of £1,116,000 (2023: £1,337,000) is with financial institutions with a credit rating of A3 per Moody's rating agency.

 

16. TRADE AND OTHER PAYABLES


Group

Company


2024

£'000

2023

£'000

2024

£'000

2023

£'000

CURRENT:





Trade payables

 4,514

 4,194

 -

 -

Other taxes and social security

 1,138

 913

51 

 36

Other payables

3,190

1,034

 1,305

 1,124

Refund liability

 264

 260

 -

 -

Accruals and contract liabilities

 2,231

 1,666

 245

 47

Group receivables guarantee (note 28)

 -

 -

 9,858

 9,858


11,337

8,067

11,459

11,065

 

Revenue of £464,000 has been deferred into 2024 as delivery had not taken place at year end. Revenue of £320,000 deferred in 2023, was recognised as income in the year ended 31 March 2024.

Hornby Plc have provided a guarantee of £9.858 million against intercompany receivables in Hornby Hobbies.  This guarantee is included in liabilities.



 

17. ACQUISITION

On 9 March 2024 The Group acquired the assets, trade and intellectual property of The Corgi Model Club for cash consideration of £655,000 and deferred contingent consideration of £236,000 uncapped.  The deferred consideration is payable to Conrad Lewcock based on profitability of CMC over the next three years. No adjustment has been made for discounting as this is not considered to be material. The acquisition adds a subscription base of c6,000 die-cast customers


Book value

Fair value adjustments

Fair value


£'000

£'000

£'000

Intangible assets

 

187

187

Stock

471

 

471

Deferred tax liability

 

(46)

(46)

Total fair value

471

141

612

 

 

 

 

Consideration

892

 

892


 

 

 

Goodwill

 

 

280

 

Goodwill relates to expected synergies from combining CMC into the Hornby Group and the effect of brand and product expertise being brought into the Group.

Since the acquisition £148,000 revenue and £82,000 gross profit has been included within the Group's financial statements.  Had the acquisitions been included from the start of the period revenue of £1,984,000 and gross profit of £953,000 would have been included in the Group's financial statements for the period.

 



 

18. RIGHT OF USE LEASE LIABILITIES

 

The movement in the right of use lease liability over the year was as follows:


Group

Company


2024

£'000

2023

£'000

2024

£'000

2023

£'000


 

 

 


As at 1 April

2,456

2,746

-

-

New leases

601

206

-

-

Disposals

-

(36)



Lease modification

133

-

-

-

Interest payable

162

153

-

-

Repayment of lease liabilities

(624)

(613)

-

-

As at 31 March

2,728

2,456

-

-

Lease liability less than one year

479

409

-

-

Lease liability greater than one year and less than five years

767

677

-

-

Lease liability greater than five years

1,482

1,370

-

-

Total Liability

2,728

2,456

-

-

 

Maturity analysis of contracted undiscounted cashflows is as follows:

 


Group

Company


2024

£'000

2023

£'000

2024

£'000

2022

£'000


 

 

 


Lease liability less than one year

679

544

-

-

Lease liability greater than one year and less than five years

1,465

1,191

-

-

Lease liability greater than five years

2,049

1,836

-

-

Total Liability

4,193

3,571

-

-

Finance charges included above

(1,465)

(1,115)

-

-


2,728

2,456

-

-

19. BORROWINGS


Group

Company


2024

£'000

2023

£'000

2024

£'000

2023

£'000

Secured borrowing at amortised cost

 

 

 

 

CBIL Bank Loan

117

167

-

-

Asset Based Lending Facility

5,742

4,590

-

-

Shareholder Loan

9,549

2,110

-

-

Loan from subsidiary undertakings

-

-

5,711

5,871


15,408

6,867

5,711

5,871

Total borrowings

 


 


Amount due for settlement within 12 months

15,341

6,750

-

-

Amount due for settlement after 12 months

67

117

5,711

5,871


15,408

6,867

5,711

5,871

 

The Company borrowings are denominated in Sterling. All intercompany borrowings are formalised by way of loan agreements. The loans can be repaid at any time however the Company has received confirmation from its subsidiary that they will not require payment within the next twelve months.

 

 

The principal features of the Group's borrowings are as follows:

At 31 March 2023 the UK had a £12 million Asset Based Lending facility with Secure Trust Bank PLC (STB) expiring October 2024 and an £11.25 million shareholder loan facility with Phoenix Asset Management Partners expiring December 2024.

 

The £12 million facility with STB has been extended until December 2025 and carries a margin of 2.53% over base rate. The STB Facility has a fixed and floating charge on the assets of the Group. The Company is expected to provide customary operational covenants to STB on a monthly basis such as inventory turn, credit note dilutions and management accounts.

 

The Phoenix Facility was an £11.25 million facility with a current expiration date of December 2024 but has recently been extended to December 2025 and increased to £12.55 million facility and attracts interest at a margin of 5% over SONIA on funds drawn up to £11.25 million and 15% over SONIA on funds drawn over £11.25 million. Undrawn funds attract a nonutilisation fee of the higher of 1% or SONIA.

 

LCD Enterprises Limited has a CBIL loan of £117,000 being repaid at £4,167 per month. This should be repaid by August 2026.

 

Undrawn borrowing facilities

 

At 31 March 2024, the Group had available £5,199,695 (2023: £11,742,338) of undrawn committed borrowing facilities in respect of which all conditions precedent had been met. The facility from Secure Trust Bank PLC has limits based on the Group's asset position at any one time.

 

20. FINANCIAL INSTRUMENTS

CLASSIFICATION AND MEASUREMENT

Under IFRS 9 the Group classifies and measures its financial instruments as follows:

 • Derivative financial instruments: classified and measured at fair value through profit or loss;

 • All other financial assets: classified as receivables and measured at amortised cost; and

 • All other financial liabilities: classified as other liabilities and measured at amortised cost.

 

 

CARRYING VALUE AND FAIR VALUE OF FINANCIAL ASSETS AND LIABILITIES

 

 

 









Amortised Cost

Held at Fair Value




Financial Assets

Financial Liabilities

Cash flow hedges

Carrying value

Fair value


£'000

£'000

£'000

£'000

£'000

At 31 March 2024

 





Trade and other receivables

7,481

-

-

7,481

7,481

Trade and other payables

-

(8,372)

-

(8,372)

(8,372)

Derivative Financial instruments

-

-

(81)

(81)

(81)

Borrowings


(15,408)

-

(15,408)

(15,408)

Cash and cash equivalents

1,116

-

-

1,116

1,116

Lease liabilities

-

(2,728)

-

(2,728)

(2,728)








Amortised Cost

Held at Fair Value




Financial Assets

Financial Liabilities

Cash flow hedges

Carrying value

Fair value


£'000

£'000

£'000

£'000

£'000

At 31 March 2023






Trade and other receivables

7,191

-

-

7,191

7,191

Trade and other payables

-

(5,228)

-

(5,228)

(5,228)

Derivative Financial instruments

-

-

(555)

(555)

(555)

Borrowings

-

(6,867)

-

(6,867)

(6,867)

Cash and cash equivalents

1,337

-

-

1,337

1,337

Lease liabilities

-

(2,456)

-

(2,456)

(2,456)

 

 

 

 

 

 

The Group's policies and strategies in relation to risk and financial instruments are detailed in note 1.


Assets

Liabilities

GROUP

2024

£'000

2023

£'000

2024

£'000

2023

£'000

Carrying values of derivative financial instruments

 


 


Forward foreign currency contracts - cash flow hedges

23

2

(104)

(557)

 

The hedged forecast transactions denominated in foreign currency are expected to occur at various dates during the next 12 months. Gains and losses recognised in reserves on forward foreign exchange contracts as of 31 March 2024 are recognised in the Statement of Comprehensive Income first in the period or periods during which the hedged forecast transaction affects the Statement of Comprehensive Income, which is within twelve months from the balance sheet date.

At 31 March 2024 and 31 March 2023, the gross value of forward currency contracts was as follows:


2023

'000s

2023

'000s

US Dollar

15,100

18,750

The contracts are expected to be used at various dates within the next twelve months. The average rate for the outstanding contracts is 1.255.

The fair value for the forward foreign currency contracts is an asset of £23,000 (2023: £2,000 asset) and a liability of £104,000 (2023: £557,000) of which £81,000 net liability (£555,000 net liability) represents an effective hedge at 31 March 2024 and has therefore been credited to Other Comprehensive Income. During the year hedge ineffectiveness was not considered material and therefore no amount has been expensed.

The Group has reviewed all contracts for embedded derivatives that are required to be separately accounted for if they do not meet certain requirements set out in the standard. No embedded derivatives have been identified.

The Company has no derivative financial instruments.

Maturity  of financial liabilities

 


GROUP

2024

2023

£'000s

£'000

Less than one year

23,523

12,387

Between one and five years

1,503

794

More than five years

1,482

1,370


26,508

14,551

 

COMPANY

2024 Intercompany Debt

£'000

2023 Intercompany Debt

£'000

Between one and five years

669

-

More than five years (Note 18)

5,711

5,871

 

HIERARCHY OF FINANCIAL INSTRUMENTS

The following tables present the Group's assets and liabilities that are measured at fair value at 31 March 2024 and 31 March 2023. The table analyses financial instruments carried at fair value, by valuation method. The different levels have been defined as follows:

 

·      Quoted prices (unadjusted) in active markets for identical assets or liabilities (Level 1).

·      Inputs other than quoted prices included within level 1 that are observable for the asset or liability, either directly (that is, as prices) or indirectly (that is, derived from prices) (Level 2).

·      Inputs for the asset or liability that are not based on observable market data (that is, unobservable inputs) (Level 3).

 

There were no transfers or reclassifications between Levels within the year. Level 2 hedging derivatives comprise forward foreign exchange contracts and have been fair valued using forward exchange rates that are quoted in an active market. The effects of discounting are generally insignificant for Level 2 derivatives.

 

 

 

The fair value of the following financial assets and liabilities approximate their carrying amount: Trade and other receivables, other current financial assets, cash and cash equivalents (excluding bank overdrafts), trade and other payables.

Financial Instruments


Level 1

£'000

Level 2

£'000

Level 3

£'000

Total

£'000

Assets





Derivatives used for hedging

-

23

-

23

Total assets as at 31 March 2024

-

23

-

23

Liabilities





Derivatives used for hedging

-

(104)

-

(104)

Net liabilities at 31 March 2024

-

(81)

-

(81)

 

 

Level 1

£'000

Level 2

£'000

Level 3

£'000

Total

£'000

Assets





Derivatives used for hedging

-

2

-

2

Total assets as at 31 March 2022

-

2

-

2

Liabilities





Derivatives used for hedging

-

(557)

-

(557)

Net liabilities at 31 March 2023

-

(555)

-

(555)

 

Interest rate sensitivity

The Group is exposed to interest rate risk as the Group borrows funds at both fixed and floating interest rates. The exposure to these borrowings varies during the year due to the seasonal nature of cash flows relating to sales.

In order to measure risk, floating rate borrowings and the expected interest costs are forecast on a monthly basis and compared to budget using management's expectations of a reasonably possible change in interest rates.

The effect on both income and equity based on exposure to borrowings at the balance sheet date for a 1% increase in interest rates is £126,000 (2023: £41,000) before tax. A 1% fall in interest rates gives the same but opposite effect.

Foreign currency sensitivity in respect of financial instruments

The Group is primarily exposed to fluctuations in US Dollars, and the Euro. The following table details how the Group's income and equity would increase on a before tax basis, given a 10% revaluation in the respective currencies against Sterling and in accordance with IFRS 7 all other variables remaining constant. A 10% devaluation in the value of Sterling would have the opposite effect. The 10% change represents a reasonably possible change in the specified foreign exchange rates in relation to Sterling.


Comprehensive Income and Equity Sensitivity


2024

£'000

2023

£'000

US dollars

953

714

Euros

434

120


1,387

834

 

Capital risk management

The Group's objectives when managing capital are to safeguard the Group's ability to continue as a going concern in order to provide returns for shareholders and benefits for other stakeholders and to maintain an optimal capital structure to reduce the cost of capital.

 

In order to maintain or adjust the capital structure, the Group may adjust the amount of dividends paid to shareholders, return capital to shareholders, issue new shares or sell assets to reduce debt.

 

 

 

 

The Group monitors capital on the basis of the gearing ratio. The ratio is calculated as net (cash)/debt divided by total capital. Net debt is calculated as total borrowings as shown in the Statement of Financial Position less cash and cash equivalents. Total capital is calculated as 'equity' as shown in the Statement of Financial Position plus net debt.


2024

£'000


2023

£'000

Total borrowings (Note 18)

15,408


6,867

Less:

 



Total cash and cash equivalents (Note 15)

(1,116)


(1,337)

Net debt (cash)

14,292


5,530

Total equity

25,603


36,040

Total capital

39,895


41,570

Gearing

(35%)


(13%)

 

Financial risk factors

The Group's operations expose it to a variety of financial risks that include the effects of changes in foreign currency exchange rates, market interest rates, credit risk and its liquidity position. The Group has in place a risk management programme that seeks to limit adverse effects on the financial performance of the Group by using foreign currency financial instruments.

(a)   Foreign exchange risk

      The Group is exposed to foreign exchange risks against Sterling primarily on transactions in US Dollars. It enters into forward currency contracts to hedge the cash flows of its product sourcing operation (i.e. it buys US Dollars forwards in exchange for Sterling) and looks forward six-twelve months on a rolling basis at forecasted purchase volumes. The policy framework requires hedging between 70% and 100% of anticipated import purchases that are denominated in US Dollars.

The Company has granted Euro denominated intercompany loans to subsidiary companies that are translated to Sterling at statutory period ends thereby creating exchange gains or losses. The loans to the subsidiaries, Hornby Deutschland GmbH, Hornby Italia s.r.l. and Hornby France S.A.S. are classified as long-term loans and therefore the exchange gains and losses on consolidation are reclassified to the translation reserve in Other Comprehensive Income as per IAS 21. The loan to the branch in Spain is classified as a long-term loan however repayable on a shorter timescale than those of the other subsidiaries and therefore the exchange gains or losses are taken to Statement of Comprehensive Income.

(b)   Interest rate risk

      The Group finances its operations through a mixture of Asset Based lending facilities and shareholder loans. The Group borrows, principally in Sterling, at floating rates of interest to meet short-term funding requirements. At the year end the Group's borrowings were £15,408,000.

(c)   Credit risk

      The Group manages its credit risk through a combination of internal credit management policies and procedures.

(d)   Liquidity risk

At 31 March 2024 the UK had a £12 million Asset Based Lending facility with Secure Trust Bank PLC and an £11.25 million loan facility with Phoenix Asset Management Partners. The funding needs are determined by monitoring forecast and actual cash flows. The Group regularly monitors its performance against its banking covenants to ensure compliance.

 

21. DEFERRED TAX

Deferred tax is calculated in full on temporary differences under the liability method.

Deferred tax assets have been recognised in respect of certain UK timing differences only. Temporary differences giving rise to deferred tax assets have been recognised in the UK where it is probable that those assets will be recovered.

No deferred tax is provided for tax liabilities which would arise on the distribution of profits retained by overseas subsidiaries because there is currently no intention that such profits will be remitted.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The movements in deferred tax assets and liabilities during the year are shown below.

Deferred tax assets and liabilities are only offset where there is a legally enforceable right of offset.






Acquisition intangibles

Fixed Asset & Other UK temporary timing       differences 







Total

Deferred tax liabilities




£'000

£'000

£'000

At 1 April 2023




233

339

572

Charge to Statement of Comprehensive Income


-

(60)

(60)

Acquisition of trade and assets


47 

-

47

At 31 March 2024




280

279

559

At 1 April 2022




233

485

718

Charge to Statement of Comprehensive Income


-

(19)

(19)

Charge to Other Comprehensive Income


(127)

(127)

At 31 March 2023




233

339

572

 

 


Group

Deferred tax assets

Acquisition intangibles

Fixed Asset and other UK temporary timing differences

Total

£'000

£'000

£'000

At 1 April 2023

-

3,910

3,910

Charge to Statement of Comprehensive Income


(3,631)

(3,631)

At 31 March 2024

-

279

279




 

At 1 April 2022

-

3,910

3,910

Charge to Statement of Comprehensive Income

-

-

-

At 31 March 2023

-

3,910

3,910

Net deferred tax (liability)/asset

      


 

At 31 March 2024

(279)

-

(279)

At 31 March 2023

(233)

3,571

3,338

 

 

Management have released the deferred tax asset and will recognise when profits are made.

 

 

 

 

 


2024

2023

 

GROUP

Recognised £'000

Not recognised £'000

Recognised £'000

Not recognised £'000

 

 

 



Deferred tax comprises:





Depreciation in excess of capital allowances

(279)

4,916

3,338

249

Acquisition of trade and assets

(280)




Losses and other temporary differences - UK

279

6,319

-

5,513

Losses and other temporary differences - Overseas

-

2,178

-

2,212

Deferred tax asset

(280)

13,413

3,338

7,974

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2024

2023

COMPANY

Recognised £'000

Not recognised £'000

Recognised £'000

Not recognised £'000

Deferred tax comprises:





Other timing differences

-

(253)

-

(206)

Deferred tax (asset)/liability

-

(253)

-

(206)

 

The UK deferred tax asset not recognised of £11,236,000 (2023: £5,762,000) primarily relates to unrecognised losses in Hornby Hobbies Limited of £22,734,000 (potential deferred tax asset of £5,683,000), Hornby Plc of £1,012,000 (potential deferred tax asset of £253,000) and Hornby World Limited of £910,000 (potential deferred tax asset of £228,000),along with other timing differences of £624,000 (potential deferred tax asset of £156,000).. It also relates to an unrecognised gross temporary difference of £4,916,000 (2023:£795,000) related to unclaimed capital allowances.

 

The deferred tax asset not recognised in respect of overseas losses carried forward of £2,178,000 relates to losses carried forward of £1,274,000 in respect of Hornby Espana SA (potential deferred tax asset of £319,000, £958,000 in respect of Hornby Deutschland GmbH (potential deferred tax asset of £287,000), £2,948,000 in respect of Hornby Italia srl (potential deferred tax asset of £708,000) and £4,116,000 in respect of Hornby America Inc (potential deferred tax asset of £864,000).

No further deferred tax has been recognised at this point as they are not expected to be utilised in the short term. The deferred tax losses do not have an expiry date.

 

22. SHARE CAPITAL

 

GROUP AND COMPANY

Allotted, issued and fully paid:


2024


2023



Number of shares

£'000

Number of shares

£'000

Ordinary shares of 1p each:





At 1 April and 31 March

169,853,770

1,699

169,853,770

1,699

 

 

23. SHARE-BASED PAYMENTS ('PSP')

There are no Performance Share Plan ('PSP') awards outstanding at 31 March 2024 and 2023.

The CEO bonus scheme, was previously accounted for under IAS 19 and no charge was recorded in the financial statements in the year ending 31 March 2023. Following a significant movement in the share price in the year the accounting for this bonus scheme was reconsidered and it was determined that the arrangement fell within the scope of IFRS 2. Had the bonus scheme been accounted for under IFRS 2 as at 31 March 2023 the charge would have not been material. The bonus scheme pays a bonus for a percentage uplift in the enterprise value of the business less any capital invested over the three year period to 26 January 2026.

At 31 March 2024, using a Black-Scholes valuation model, using 50% share volatility, 4% risk-free rate of return and an option value of 0.165 leads to a provision being made in the year of £668,975. This is included in the Statement of Comprehensive Income within Administrative expenses.

 

24. RESERVES

GROUP

Capital Redemption Reserve

This reserve records the nominal value of shares repurchased by the Company.

Share Premium reserve

Share premium represents the excess of the fair value of consideration received for the equity shares, net of expenses of the share issue, over the nominal value of the equity shares.

Accumulated losses

This reserve represents accumulated gains and losses less distributions to the shareholders.

Translation Reserve

The translation reserve represents the foreign exchange movements arising from the translation of financial statements in foreign currencies.

Hedging Reserve

The hedging reserve comprises the effective portion of changes in the fair value of forward foreign exchange contracts that have not yet occurred.

Other Reserves

This reserve represents historic negative goodwill arising prior to the transition to IFRS.

Share-based payment reserve

The share-based payment reserve arises from the requirement to value share options in existence at the fair value at the date they are granted.

COMPANY

Capital Redemption Reserve

This reserve records the nominal value of shares repurchased by the Company.

Translation Reserve

The translation reserve represents the foreign exchange movements arising from the translation of financial statements in foreign currencies.

Other Reserves

This reserve represents the revaluation of investments in subsidiaries as allowable under previous UK GAAP.  The reserve was frozen on transition to IFRS in 2006.

Accumulated losses

This reserve represents accumulated gains and losses less distributions to the shareholders.

 

25. EMPLOYEES AND DIRECTORS


Group

Company


2023

£'000

2023

£'000

2024

£'000

2023

£'000

Staff costs for the year:

 




Wages and salaries

9,644

8,301

866

585

Share-based payment (Note 23)

669

532

669

266

Social security costs

1,155

963

117

82

Other pension costs (Note 26)

678

520

51

44

Redundancy and compensation for loss of office

56

-

-

-


12,202

10,316

1,703

977

 




The redundancy costs form part of the restructuring costs in the year classified as exceptional items.

Average monthly number of people (including Executive Directors) employed by the Group:


Group

Company


2024

 

2023

 

2024

 

2023

 

Operations

86

80

-

-

Sales, marketing and distribution

107

98

-

-

Administration

34

34

6

4


227

212

6

4

 

Key management compensation:


Group

Company

 

2024

£'000

2023

£'000

2024

£'000

2023

£'000

Salaries and short-term employee benefits

1,204

1,022

873

585

Share-based payments

669

532

669

266

Other pension costs

66

47

56

44

Redundancy and compensation for loss of office

45

-

-

-

 

1,984

1,601

1,598

895

 

Key management comprise the individuals involved in major strategic decision making and includes all Group and subsidiary Directors.

A detailed numerical analysis of Directors' remuneration and share options showing the highest paid Director, number of Directors accruing benefits under money purchase pension schemes, is included in the Directors' Report on pages 25 to 28 and forms part of these financial statements.

 

26. PENSION COMMITMENTS

The Group operates a defined contribution pension scheme by way of a Stakeholder Group Personal Pension Plan set up through the Friends Provident Insurance Group.

Alexander Forbes International is appointed as Independent Financial Adviser to work in liaison with the Group.

The level of contributions to the Group Personal Pension Plan for current members is fixed by the Group.

The Group pension cost for the year was £678,000 (2023: £520,000) representing the actual contributions payable in the year and certain scheme administration costs. The Company pension cost for the year was £56,000 (2023: £44,000). No contributions were outstanding at the year end of 31 March 2024.

 

27. FINANCIAL COMMITMENTS

GROUP

2024

£'000

2023

£'000

At 31 March capital commitments were:



Contracted for but not provided

1,477

2,757

 

The commitments relate to the acquisition of property, plant and equipment.

The Group issued an unsecured convertible term loan facility to Warlord which expires 7 July 2024 and will not be drawn down before expiry.

The Company does not have any capital commitments.

Contingent Liabilities

The Company and its subsidiary undertakings are, from time to time, parties to legal proceedings and claims, which arise in the ordinary course of business. The Directors do not anticipate that the outcome of these proceedings and claims, either individually or in aggregate, will have a material adverse effect upon the Group's financial position.

28. NET FUNDS RECONCILIATION AND MATURITY ANALYSIS

Maturity of financial liabilities

2024

2023

£'000

£'000

Cash and cash equivalents

1,116

1,337

Borrowings - repayable within one year

(15,341)

(6,750)

Borrowings - repayable after one year

(67)

(117)

Net Funds

(14,292)

(5,530)




Cash and liquid investments

1,116

1,337

Gross debt - variable interest rates

(15,408)

(6,867)

Net Funds

(14,292)

(5,530)

 

 

 

 




GROUP

Borrowings

Leases

Deferred

Consideration

Total

£'000s

£'000s

£'000s

£'000s






At 31 March 2022

327

2,746

-

3,073

New leases

-

206

-

206

Cash flows

6,540

(613)

-

5,927

Interest

-

153

-

153

Disposal

-

(36)

-

(36)

At 31 March 2023

6,867

2,456

-

9,323

New leases

-

601

-

601

Cash flows

8,541

(624)

-

7,917

Interest

-

162

-

162

Disposal

-

133

-

133

Contingent consideration

-

-

236

236

Deferred consideration

-

-

656

656

Balance at 31 March 2024

15,408

2,728

892

19,028

 

29. RELATED PARTY DISCLOSURES

Hornby Hobbies Limited purchased services from a company called Rawnet Limited which is 100% owned by Phoenix Asset Management, the controlling party of the Group.

Therefore transactions between the parties are related party transactions and disclosed below:


2024

2023


Transactions

Balance at year end

Transactions

Balance at year end

Company

£'000

£'000

£'000

£'000






Rawnet Limited (supplier)

919

47 

1,201

72

Warlord Games Limited (supplier)

5

-

-

-

Warlord Games Limited (customer)

8